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The Fall 2011 issue of Runoff Rundown is here!
We hope you have been able to spend some time outside to enjoy the beautiful Fall weather and colors. To get you in the Halloween spirit, we've unearthed some photos of Halloweens past at the Center. First is a photo of some current and former Center staff. We also have a photo from our annual Halloween tradition of macroinvertebrate pumpkin carving (usually inflicted on our newest unsuspecting hire). Don't you want to join this motley crew? (see our Announcements below)
As always, if you have suggestions for future content, or would like to contribute to Runoff Rundown, email us at email@example.com
Click here to view this newsletter on the web.
Runoff Ramblings: I Flush, Therefore I Waste
by David Hirschman and Karen Cappiella
Last year, the Rambler explored the topic of the integration, or lack thereof, of the water supply, wastewater and stormwater management sectors and their disconnection from the watershed scale (Water Supply, Wastewater & Stormwater: Are These Cousins Kissing or Feuding?). In the Fall 2011 issue of Runoff Rundown, we continue on this thread by focusing on a specific question related to this potential integration: could we be using our potable water more efficiently, and how would that make our jobs as watershed, stormwater, and utility managers different, easier, and/or more effective?
The short answer to the first part of this question is (or certainly should be) YES! It takes a lot of technical know-how, sophistication, and money to collect, treat, store, and distribute potable water supplies. Yet, we tend to actually drink a very small proportion of that painstakingly supplied water.
What do we do with nearly 60% of the precious potable supply delivered to our homes? We spray it outdoors to keep our lawns green and landscapes growing, accounting for more than 7 billion gallons per day collectively. Of the remaining 40% or so that we DO use indoors, over one-quarter of the supply is used TO FLUSH TOILETS and an additional one-fifth TO WASH CLOTHES! In fact, just over 17% of indoor use is used at the faucet or dishwasher. If you throw in baths and showers, it brings the percentage of indoor use to just over 35%. See the following graphic from Mayer et al. (1999) for a nice pie-chart break-down.
In the energy and water supply fields, there is lot made out of the difference between "conservation" and "efficiency." Conservation implies some sense of doing without or sacrifice, while efficiency implies getting the same level of output by using fewer resources as inputs. Both conservation and efficiency are critical elements for managing water supplies. However, our water infrastructure was largely constructed during an era where our cities were growing and water availability was not a limiting factor. Therefore, it made a lot of sense to construct one-size-fits-all infrastructure to collect, treat, and store water, and distribute it to individual homes and businesses for whatever purposes they deemed fit. Now that we have inherited this type of infrastructure, it would be a very slow, incremental, and expensive prospect to separate out water systems for potable versus non-potable uses, and thus create a vastly more efficient system.
While that may seem a bit far-fetched, it becomes less so when we consider expanding our drinking water supplies. The next increment of supply is bound to be harder to find, more expensive, more difficult to protect, and more environmentally-damaging, and we may have to fight our neighbors (or neighboring cities or states) over it, not to mention face the vagaries of permitting and a complex regulatory framework.
While infrastructure separation would also be costly, it could be done incrementally as part of much needed infrastructure upgrades that - according to a new report from Green For All in partnership with American Rivers, Pacific Institute, and the Economic Policy Institute -- would inject a quarter of a trillion dollars into the economy, create nearly 1.3 million direct and indirect jobs and result in 568,000 additional jobs from increased spending.
Maybe it makes more sense to start now with incremental separation of potable and non-potable water infrastructure. An important assumption of this "pipe dream" is that other, cheaper supplies would be available and could be harnessed to satisfy the non-potable fraction of overall usage. Candidate technologies include harvested rainwater and reclaimed or recycled water (e.g., treated wastewater), not to mention continuing to enhance the efficiency of water-using appliances and equipment. Many parts of the country have already started down this path due to constraints on existing water supplies in the face of population growth.
This brings us back to the connection between watershed and utility managers. If our potable and non-potable supplies continue to be blended together (and most of the supply is for non-potable purposes), then we will continue to expend enormous energy and resources protecting, collecting, and treating source water that isn't going to be used for drinking. In terms of alternatives, we cannot "rain barrel" our way out of this particular dilemma, but it certainly is an issue that should stimulate the creative juices of the next generation of watershed and drinking water managers. How can we use potable water supplies more efficiently by retooling our infrastructure at the scales of the municipality, neighborhood, and individual home or business? How can watershed and stormwater managers and their counterparts in the utility sector contribute in constructive ways to guide us towards that future? Let us know your thoughts and ideas on this topic. Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Rainwater Harvesting on the Farm
by Laurel Woodworth
The Center for Watershed Protection has been branching out into new territory recently: rainwater harvesting and poultry farming. In fact, we thought, why not combine the two?
With funds from Altria and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, we were able to contribute approximately half the cost of installing a rainwater harvesting system to capture runoff from the roofs of two poultry barns in Virginia - totaling over one acre of roof. Federal Environmental Quality Incentive Program agricultural cost-share funds paid for the other half. The 600-foot long barns belong to Dewitt Goin of Prince Edward County, Virginia, a farmer with a long tradition of using conservation best management practices. The rainwater captured in his new 20,000-gallon underground tank is circulated through evaporative pads that help cool the barns when the Piedmont heat sets in. For Mr. Goin, being able to use the cistern during wet times of year provides additional security that his well water will be available during drought conditions. For the Center and others concerned with water quality, it means that the farm produces less runoff and less pressure on local groundwater supplies.
Figure 1: Installation of modular RainTank system at Mr. Goin's farm. (Photo courtesy of Rainwater Management Solutions)
Although the captured rainwater is currently used on a seasonal basis, there is potential for it to also be used as drinking water for the chickens. To help answer questions about the suitability of the water for poultry and livestock consumption, as well as other water quality questions, the project team has been monitoring concentrations of nutrients, metals, and bacteria, as well temperature and pH in the stored rainwater since the system was "activated" in May. We hypothesize that a number of factors, including the galvanized steel roof, aluminum gutters, poultry dust, and bird droppings can influence the quality of the water. We have also installed equipment at the site to collect continuous data on rainfall depth, water level in the cistern, and volume of rainwater used. This information will quantify the volume of groundwater saved and runoff reduced, and may help us to understand fluctuations in water quality conditions in the tank. Since many poultry farms use similar building materials and have similar environmental conditions, our aim is to learn how best to use captured rainwater in poultry production, and other farming functions (e.g., water for cattle and horses, irrigation, wash water).
Figure 2: Laurel Woodworth (Center) and Dewitt Goin looking at rain gauge data at cistern site.
Some great partners havemade this project a reality: Rainwater Management Solutions (designers of the system), Dr. David Buckalew of Longwood University (bacteria monitor extraordinaire), the Farmville office of Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and the Piedmont Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) (experts in reaching out to farmers), and Brent Clayton (original instigator), formerly with the Prince Edward County Agricultural Extension office. Despite being an ancient source of water, rainwater harvesting on farms in this part of the country is considered an emerging conservation practice with few applications in place so far. Therefore, this has been an experiment and learning opportunity for all those involved - with exciting prospects for more implementation already emerging. In September, our NRCS and SWCD partners hosted a workshop and tour of Mr. Goin's rainwater collection system, and many of the poultry producers in attendance expressed serious interest in installing such systems on their farms. Momentum is building.
In the months to come, we will continue monitoring and analyzing water quality and quantity parameters and getting the word out about rainwater harvesting on farms and in developed areas. On November 17th, we will host a workshop and tour in Charlottesville, Virginia on large-scale rainwater harvesting for urban applications (e.g. commercial, industrial, and institutional settings). Email me at email@example.com for more information or to register.
You may wonder how the Center for Watershed Protection got involved with rainwater harvesting for chickens. Well, the origins may be less glamorous, but equally interesting. The Center was part of an effort to develop Virginia's first design specifications for rainwater harvesting as a stormwater management practice. When we heard about the opportunity to apply rainwater harvesting at Mr. Goin's barns, we were eager to broaden our stormwater management efforts to the farmyard setting. After all, where there is a roof, there is runoff just waiting for someone to come along and use it.
Yes, Virginia, There is Such a Thing as Stormwater Maintenance
by Dave Hirschman
Long-term maintenance of stormwater BMPs has long been considered the Achilles' heel of stormwater management. Much emphasis is placed on the early stages of design and installation, but, thereafter, many BMPs are put out to pasture with no shepherd to tend to the flock. That situation is beginning to change, one institution at a time. Non-traditional MS4s, such as universities, are in a unique position to lead by example in the field of stormwater maintenance.
Over the summer, the Center worked with facilities management staff at the University of Virginia to conduct stormwater maintenance training for those engaged in all manner of maintenance activities (of which stormwater is a subset). Prior to the training, the Center customized BMP-specific checklists to represent existing and possible future practices at the University. Based on the institutional set-up of maintenance at the University, the checklists were divided into monthly and annual maintenance activities as well as unique tasks for utilities and landscaping crews. In all, we developed twenty-three individual checklists.
The maintenance took place on four half-days in July, dividing training topics by the type of BMP (e.g., basins vs. small-scale vegetated practices vs. in-ground vaults). Training largely took place in the field, using the new checklist templates and visiting a variety of sites. A classroom session was held at the end of the field training to reinforce lessons we all learned together in the field.
This was a heartening and positive experience because the staff recognizes the importance of BMP maintenance, and, in general, is doing an admirable job keeping the practices in good operating condition. The University has also branched out in recent times to include a wide variety of both traditional and innovative practices (including one of the coolest urban bioretention applications we've seen so far). The biggest maintenance challenges are identifying the ultimate target vegetative community in large practices and identifying the right triggers for maintenance of underground structures.
Center Staffer Laurel Woodworth leads crews through the checklist for an extended detention basin
UVA crews check the sediment level in an underground vault structure
Using Watershed Planning to Meet Local and Bay-Wide TMDL Goals in Baltimore County, Maryland
by Julie Schneider
The Center is currently working with the Baltimore County, Maryland Department of Environmental Protection and Sustainability to develop a watershed plan for the Beaverdam Run watershed. This project is part of a long term effort to develop watershed plans for the entire County. These plans will provide the County with a list of identified protection and restoration projects and their associated pollution reduction will help to achieve both the local and Chesapeake Bay-wide Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs).
The Beaverdam Run watershed drains 13 mi2 and is located outside the Baltimore County Urban Rural Demarcation Line. Land use in the watershed is dominated by low density residential (47%), forest (30%), and agriculture (17%), according to 2007 data from Maryland Department of Planning. Development in the watershed is entirely on septic systems and has a low population density of 0.7 people/acre based on 2000 Census data. Populations of native brook trout are found in the upper reaches of the watershed.
The watershed represents 6% of the drainage area to the Loch Raven Reservoir, one of the three reservoirs in the region that supplies drinking water to surrounding counties and Baltimore City. TMDLs for the Loch Raven Reservoir include total phosphorus (TP), total suspended solids, methylmercury in fish tissue, and fecal coliform in the tributary streams. For the development of the Beaverdam Run watershed plan, TP is the main nutrient of concern as it is also one of the pollutants of concern for the Chesapeake Bay TMDL. For the Loch Raven Reservoir, the goal for TP reduction is 50%.
Although there are many types of pollution sources in the watershed, including agricultural runoff and septic systems, development of the watershed plan for Beaverdam Run primarily utilized stream and upland field assessments to identify restoration and protection projects that can reduce TP on developed lands and along stream corridors. Stream stability assessments were conducted by Coastal Resources Inc. to quickly identify environmental problems within the stream network, including stream erosion, channel alterations, stream buffer impacts, resulting in recommendations for stream stabilization, buffer reforestation and other restoration projects. In conjunction with the stream assessments, upland assessments of residential neighborhoods, commercial lands and institutional areas were led by KCI Technologies, Inc. to identify potential sources of pollution (e.g. overflowing dumpsters) and restoration opportunities (e.g. lawn nutrient reduction).
The result of the field assessments was a proposed list of best management practices (BMPs) at specific problem sites. Using this list, a quantitative analysis of potential pollutant reduction was conducted using the latest Chesapeake Bay Program removal efficiencies. The results indicate that a 38.4% TP reduction is expected in the watershed from the identified BMPs alone, which falls short of the 50% TP TMDL reduction goal but is likely to be made up by achieving greater pollutant reductions in other watersheds draining to the Loch Raven Reservoir or from other sectors, such as agriculture or septic systems. Additional TP removal can be achieved from BMPs that are not currently accounted for in the CBP's Watershed Model, but may be in the future (e.g., pollution prevention, education and outreach, on-lot tree planting). Later this year, the planning process will begin for a watershed just east of the Loch Raven reservoir. Once all the plans are completed for Loch Raven Reservoir, the expected pollutant reductions will be tallied to determine progress towards achieving TMDL goals. The resulting plans meet the EPA's a-i criteria for developing watershed plans and therefore will be eligible for §319 funding for watershed plan implementation.
Join the Center for Watershed Protection team
We are looking for a Water Resources Engineer. Visit our Career Center for complete job description and to apply.
Looking for careers in watershed and stormwater? The AWSPs Career Center connects watershed professionals with employment opportunities locally and nationally. The AWSPs Career Center is an exclusive resource for online employment connections.
AWSPs Career Center is FREE to all job seekers and provides you with access to the best employers and jobs in the watershed field:
- Advanced job searching options
- Control over your career advancement
- Increased exposure for your résumé
- Optional email alerts of new jobs
Résumés posted here will be visible to not just the Center for Watershed Protection, they are also visible to the entire Engineering and Science Career Network (ESCN) built exclusively for professionals working within engineering and science industries organizations.
Submit your Photos
Each applicant must also submit a completed application form in .pdf format or fax the form to: 410-461-8324. Deadline for Submissions is November 5, 2011
The Fall 2011 Issue of the Watershed Science Bulletin goes DIGITAL!
AWSPs members and Bulletin subscribers have full access to this digital version by logging in here. Guest access is also available for a limited time. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to receive your username and password to access the issue through November 18, 2011.
|Trainings and Conferences
Center Webcast: Stream Restoration
December 7, 2011, 12-2 Eastern
Cost: $149 Registration ends 12/2/11
$139 Early Bird Registration ends 11/11/11 Stream Restoration is a multibillion dollar industry worldwide. In fact, the explosion of stream restoration as a watershed management practice has helped create another series of questions regarding the effectiveness of stream restoration in meeting overall watershed and project-specific goals. This webcast will get to the root of the issue and present different points of view from academia, watershed managers and stream restoration practitoners.
AWSPs members receive $60 off regular registration. Register here.
Must enter your webcast discount code when registering to apply discount. Discount not valid on Early Bird Specials. Can't find the webcast discount code, please send an email requesting the code.
Partners in Community Forestry Conference
November 15-17, 2011. La Buena Vista, Florida
Register now and book your room for the 2011 Partners in Community Forestry National Conference, November 15-17, at Disney's Coronado Springs Resort. The Partners Conference serves as the annual learning and networking opportunity for all who impact community trees and offers diverse presentations on sustainable partnerships and collaboration models. This year's event will feature preconference activities, general and concurrent sessions, evening presentations, a networking reception and a half-day urban forestry tour. Register online now and receive $50 off the regular conference rate. We look forward to seeing you in Central Florida! Visit the Conference Site Now!
Wet Weather Issues: Piped and Un-Piped
November 15, 2011. Linthicum Heights, Maryland
The mission of the Chesapeake Water Environment Association's (CWEA) Collection Systems Committee and Stormwater Committee is to share knowledge and experience with water resources professionals within the greater Chesapeake Bay area. This joint committee seminar highlights wet weather issues, both piped and un-piped. The morning session brings together professionals working in the fields of collections systems and stormwater management and presents the challenges and solutions achievable by working together. The afternoon session includes two tracks covering topics such as funding, data management, reducing inflow and infiltration, infrastructure rehabilitation, stream restoration, and environmental permitting.
For additional information, click here
To register, click hereAWSPs members register for CWEA member rates!
Sign in to the Members Only section for more information.
Build Cleaner and Greener Workshop November 17, 2011. Richmond, Virginia
Presenters from the Green Infrastructure Center and the Capital Region Land Conservancy will share proven tips, strategies and de-signs to help the development community be green and make some green at the same time.
Space is limited and pre-registration is required. Registration fee is $20 if made by November 1, $30 if made by November 10. Fee includes a chef-prepared lunch.
Register online at http://www.gicinc.org/events.htm.
Click here for more information
Turning a New Leaf Sustainable Landscaping Conference
December 2, 2011. Lancaster, Pennsylvania
The Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council (CCLC) is bringing its fourth "Turning a New Leaf" Conference to the Doubletree Willow Valley Resort in Lancaster, PA on Friday, December 2, 2011. The conference provides professionals with the latest information on sustainable landscaping and development best practices. Because every effort to be sustainable counts, this year the conference tracks are titled Every Design Counts, Every Drop Counts, Every Plant Counts and Every Message Counts. The conference also hosts an EcoMarketplace featuring a variety of local organizations and green businesses. A wine and cheese networking reception (with cash bar) will follow the main program. Registration is $99 through November 1, $119 thereafter. Additional discounts are available for CCLC members! For more information or to register, visit www.chesapeakelandscape.org/2011leaf.htm
Winter 2011 Information Exchange: Making Projects Successful in a Changing Climate
December 13, 2011. Front Royal, Virginia
Free and Open to the Public. RSVP
You are invited to join concerned citizens, watershed and conservation leaders, and public officials to attend our free Information Exchange. Hundreds of individuals from dozens of organizations share experience and gain new prospective on important issues. Since 2006, PWP Info Exchanges have included broad audiences of federal, state & local planners and conservation leaders as well as non-profits and volunteer watershed and forest stewards. Extreme weather such as flooding and severe droughts is becoming more frequent throughout the Potomac River Watershed. Invasive are spreading, and species are drifting north. Come gain the tools to make your projects successful in the future.
Click here for more information
USEPA SWMM & PCSWMM Stormwater Modeling 1 Day Advanced Workshop
February 21, 2012. Toronto, Ontario.
Designed with the experienced PCSWMM user in mind, the 1-day Advanced training course builds on previous PCSWMM experience to sharpen and enhance your software experience. Explore the newest PCSWMM interface, become acquainted with the enhanced state-of-the-art tools and learn tips and tricks from PCSWMM professionals to streamline your work flow. It is highly recommended that participants have already participated in PCSWMM training or have taken the online course as the focus of this training is to progress existing skills and familiarize existing users to the latest version of PCSWMM.
1 Day Training: C$395 /US$395
AWSPs members receive a special 15% discount off the conference & workshop. Sign in to the Members Only section for more information.
For more information visit www.chiwater.com
International Conference on Stormwater and Urban Water Systems Modeling
February 22-23, 2012. Toronto, Ontario.
The annual International Conference on Stormwater and Urban Water Systems Modeling is a forum for professionals from across North America and overseas to exchange ideas and experience on current practices and emerging technologies. This forum is for engineers, scientists, modelers and administrators involved in water pollution control and water systems design and analysis. The conference is sponsored by the American Society of Civil Engineers Urban Water Resources Research Council, the American Water Resources Association, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy, the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, and Conservation Ontario. It generates a 500 page hard-cover book of the proceedings which is extensively referenced, edited and indexed. This is the 21st in the current series of annual Toronto conferences and is also effectively the 45th SWMM Users Group Meeting, and the 30th to be held in Canada. Presentations are of a high standard, attendance is large and discussion is lively. And, by accepting papers up to the last few weeks before the event, a spontaneity is achieved which gives this conference special character.
2 Day Conference: C$395 /US$395
AWSPs members receive a special 15% discount off the conference & workshop. Sign in to the Members Only section for more information.
Call for Exhibits: Requests to display equipment, instrumentation, publications and other material should be directed to the contact below.
For more information and to submit abstracts, visit www.chi-conference.com
Contact: Bill James (email@example.com)
Tel: (519) 767-0197
Stormwater Symposium 2012
The Water Environment Federation (WEF) is pleased to announce the 2012 Stormwater Symposium. The two-day event will be in cooperation with the Chesapeake Water Environment Association (CWEA). Building on a tradition of strong stormwater related education in the mid-Atlantic region, this event will focus on national issues, including the proposed national stormwater rulemaking, regional issues, developing technologies, and management approaches that are key to this growing and evolving topic. This symposium will bring together practitioners, regulators, academics, manufacturers, and visionaries to network and exchange information on the challenges, successes and opportunities related to stormwater.
Click here for more information on submitting Abstracts
" Cool Links" provides information on some new and new-found resources that are helpful to watershed managers and stormwater professionals.
Download the Pollution Detectives Toolkit Today!
The Pollution Detectives Toolkit provides resources to local governments who are implementing illicit discharge detection and elimination (IDDE) programs and provides resources to help address the required programmatic elements for IDDE programs. The Pollution Detectives Toolkit contains: two short videos on illicit discharge detection and elimination (IDDE), seven presentations designed to provide training for local staff and watershed groups about IDDE activities, an illicit discharge detection and tracking mini-guide containing procedures for detecting and tracking illicit discharges, a comprehensive technical guidance manual on IDDE, outfall screening field forms and a pollutant load calculator. Funding for the toolkit was provided by Altria Group, Inc. and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Coastal Plain Low Impact Development Tools Now Available
Researchers from the Center for Watershed Protection (Center), with funding support from CICEET, have adapted a suite of accessible tools for land use planning, site design, and low impact development (LID) along the 2,200 miles of the Atlantic coastal plain. The toolkit includes four easy to use, unique tools to help coastal communities overcome LID implementation obstacles:
1) coastal case studies demonstrating successful local designs;
2) a coastal community watershed management checklist providing guidance for using good standards and practices;
3) a coastal watershed treatment model for improving watershed health; and
4) coastal education materials for local officials about the benefits of LID.
The tools can be used for land conservation, shoreline management, and hazard mitigation planning and are intended for use by local governments, public works, plan reviewers, land use planners, engineers, and natural resources managers. Local communities participating in the case studies ranged from Fairfax County, VA, to Pensacola, FL, and Galveston, TX.
You can access the toolkit at no cost at the Center's online Coastal Plain Watershed Information Center.
New Curriculum Demonstrates Economic Benefits of LID
Forging the Link (FTL) is a free, comprehensive curriculum that demonstrates the economic benefits of combining low impact development (LID) and traditional stormwater management approaches for municipalities and commercial developers. Designed for organizations that educate municipal decision makers, the FTL consists of a series of case studies from around the country presented in a resource manual, PowerPoint presentation, and delivery and facilitation guides. A project team from the University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center (UNHSC), Virginia Commonwealth University, and Antioch University New England developed this curriculum, with funding from CICEET in partnership with groups including: Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO), Coastal Training Programs (CTPs), Sea Grant, Cooperative Extension, National Estuary Programs (NEP), and other municipal decision makers.
Many Aquatic Resources Left Vulnerable Following 2006 Rapanos v. United States Decision
A new ELI report assesses what wetlands and waters are not being protected by the Army Corps of Engineers since changes in federal Clean Water Act jurisdiction following the Supreme Court's 2006 decision in Rapanos v. United States. The report, America's Vulnerable Waters: Assessing the Nation's Portfolio of Vulnerable Aquatic Resources since Rapanos v. United States, also examined what states lack regulatory programs for these waters, finding that at least half the states do not regulate activities in waters not regulated by the federal government.
Responding to an Impervious Cover-based TMDL: A Brief Step-by-Step Guide
This booklet is meant to provide succinct, step-by-step guidance for communities who are required to use an impervious cover-based framework for protecting and restoring their water resources. However, it can be used by any community, regulated or not, since there are advantages to using this type of approach to stormwater management. While it doesn't get into the fine details of each step, most of which must be determined case-by-case, it should provide the reader with a good feel for the major tasks involved, and how to go about them. The guide is based on the experience of the Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO) Program of the University of Connecticut Center for Land Use Education and Research (CLEAR) and its partners in helping to fashion a practical response to the first impervious cover-based TMDL in the nation.
Resources on Pesticides in the Chesapeake Bay
In 2007, Maryland Pesticide Network and co-sponsor, Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, established the Pesticides and the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Project, the first working group in Maryland dedicated to reducing the occurrence and risks of pesticides in the Watershed in order to protect water quality, aquatic life, wildlife and public health. The workgroups have developed many products, available for free at the weblink above. Highlights include a user-friendly centralized summary of BMPs and related technologies to reduce pesticide loadings in the watershed from the residential, commercial and agricultural sectors; a white paper examining the impact of pesticides on the Bay watershed and proposing a range of actions, both to address key data gaps and to reduce pesticide contamination of Bay waters; a Farmer Information Kit to address the concerns of farmers in the Chesapeake Bay region with at-a-glance, constructive information on a number of important issues related to the use of pesticides, especially BMPs and conservation planning to reduce pesticide impact on health and the environment; fact sheets on alternative practices to pesticide use; and a model integrated pest management/natural landcare policy for municipal governments.
Water Works: Rebuilding Infrastructure, Creating Jobs, Greening the Environment
Want to create 1.9 million American jobs and add $265 billion to the economy? Upgrade our water infrastructure. That's the message of Water Works: Rebuilding Infrastructure, Creating Jobs, Greening the Environment, a report by Green For All, in partnership with American Rivers, Pacific Institute, and the Economic Policy Institute. The report looks at an investment of $188.4 billion in water infrastructure-the amount the EPA indicates would be required to manage stormwater and preserve water quality. That investment would inject a quarter of a trillion dollars into the economy, create nearly 1.3 million direct and indirect jobs and result in 568,000 additional jobs from increased spending.
Five-Year Survey Shows Wetlands Losses are Slowing, Marking Conservation Gains and Need for Continued Investment in Habitat
America's wetlands declined slightly from 2004-2009, underscoring the need for continued conservation and restoration efforts, according a report to issued by the Department of the Interior's U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The findings are consistent with the Service's Status and Trends Wetlands reports from previous decades that reflect a continuous but diminishing decline in wetlands habitat over time. The report, which represents the most up-to-date, comprehensive assessment of wetland habitats in the United States, documents substantial losses in forested wetlands and coastal wetlands that serve as storm buffers, absorb pollution that would otherwise find its way into the nation's drinking water, and provide vital habitat for fish, wildlife and plants. The net wetland loss was estimated to be 62,300 acres between 2004 and 2009, bringing the nation's total wetlands acreage to just over 110 million acres in the continental United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. The rate of gains from reestablishment of wetlands increased by 17 percent from the previous study period (1998 to 2004), but the wetland loss rate increased 140 percent during the same time period. As a consequence, national wetland losses have outpaced gains.
Runoff Rundown Team:
Karen Cappiella, David Hirschman, Julie Schneider, Laurel Woodworth, and Snehal Pulivarti
If you have suggestions for future Runoff Rundown content, or would like to contribute an article, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org