Volume  3 Issue 2
August 2012
In This Issue
2012 NNHVIP Conference
Marla Becker Scholarship
Program Profile: Project Ujima
Upcoming Events
Order the NNHVIP Best Practices Guide

2012 NNHVIP Annual Conference
Registration Closes and Hotel Government Rate Availability Ends August 10th! 
The NNHVIP Headquarters is pleased to confirm Joe Torre, Chairman of the Joe Torre Safe at Home Foundation and Co-Chair of the Defending Childhood Taskforce, as one of our conference presenters! 
August 29-30, 2012
Drexel University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
CMEs, CNEs, CEUs available
(pending approval)


2012 Marla Becker Scholarship


About the Marla Becker Scholarship

To honor our founder, the NNHVIP Steering Committee created The Marla Becker Scholarship in 2011. The scholarship is awarded annually to a new or emerging hospital-based violence intervention program. Scholarship winners will receive financial support to visit an established NNHVIP member program and participate in a 2-day on-site training.


Last year, members of Denver's new AIM (At-Risk Intervention and Mentoring) Program won the scholarship and visited NNHVIP members in Oakland and San Francisco (photo attached). The site visit "was exceptional," reported Dr. Katie Bakes of Denver Health. "We are all so grateful for this amazing opportunity!" Among the areas of training they cited as most useful were: budgeting and fundraising strategies, measuring success, developing hospital referral processes, and discussing potential stumbling blocks.


About Marla Becker

Marla Becker, MPH was the first National Director of NNHVIP and worked in the field of violence prevention for 13 years at Youth ALIVE!, a non-profit dedicated to preventing youth violence and developing youth leaders in Oakland, CA. Marla's published work includes two evaluations of the Caught in the Crossfire program and co-authoring Violence is Preventable: A Best Practices Guide for Launching & Sustaining a Hospital-based Program to Break the Cycle of Violence.


The 2012 Marla Becker Scholarship

We will announce the application process for a second year of the Marla Becker Scholarship at the NNHVIP conference this August. The Marla Becker Scholarship is funded by donations from NNHVIP members like you. Our shared purpose as a Network is to strengthen existing programs and help develop similar programs in communities across the country.


You can help us do that by making a donation to the Marla Becker Scholarship fund online by clicking here (PayPal membership NOT required) or by sending a check made out to "Youth ALIVE!" with "Marla Scholarship" in the memo to:


3300 Elm Street

Oakland, CA 94609

NNHVIP Program Profile: 

Violence Intervention Program

at the R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center

(Baltimore, MD)


 VIP Background

Dr. Carnell Cooper started the Violence Intervention Program (VIP) in 1998 after seeing victims of traumatic violent injury being treated, released, and readmitted months later due to another, often more serious, violent injury.


Dr. Cooper recognized that this "revolving door phenomenon" occurred repeatedly, with patients being discharged without any form of counseling or intervention to the same streets where they had sustained their injuries. Seeing this caused Dr. Cooper to ask a simple scientific question: "How can we reduce the number of repeat victims of intentional violent injury coming through the doors of Shock Trauma every day?"


To answer this question, Dr. Cooper, Dr. Paul Stolley, and other colleagues completed a comprehensive case-control study (Archives of Surgery, Vol. 135, No. 7, July 2000) that identified the risk factors for repeat victims of violence. The study identified the following risk factors:

  1. African-American male
  2. Median age 31
  3. Unemployed
  4. No health insurance
  5. Income less than $10,000 yearly
  6. Current drug user
  7. Past or present drug dealer
  8. Positive test for psychoactive substances upon admission

Additionally, eighty-six percent (86%) of the victims felt that disrespect was involved with their injury, and a majority of the victims had a history of involvement with the criminal justice system. This comprehensive data analysis provided the basis for the evidence-based Violence Intervention Program (VIP) model.

VIP Approach

The VIP is an intensive hospital-based intervention program that assists victims of intentional violent injury, including gunshots, stabbings, and beatings.  Victims receive assessment, counseling, and social support from a multi-disciplinary team to help make critical changes in their lives.


However, the program also recognizes that victims of violence may also be perpetrators of violence. This dynamic plays an important role in the program, but does not interfere with the overlying belief that reaching victims of violence in the hospital setting immediately following a life-threatening or life-changing event is an opportune moment to engage them for intervention. Individuals are not only experiencing a medical crisis at this time, but also social, emotional, psychological, and spiritual crises. This approach also hinges on the reality that health care professionals are frequently the first, and sometimes the only, professionals who have the opportunity to intervene.

Read more about VIP here.


Upcoming Events

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) will host "The Causes, Correlates, and Pathways of Multi-System Youth: Research, Data, and What We Know." 

July 26, 2012 at 2:00 PM E.T.

Presenters will discuss current research linking maltreatment and delinquency and its implications for policy and practice. They will highlight the research and explore the characteristics of youth who cross over as well as the system experience and pathways they follow as they move between the child welfare system and juvenile justice systems. More information and registration can be found here.


Measuring Success: Strategies for Effective Program Evaluation. 

July 25, 2012, 1:00-2:00 PM E.T.

This UNITY webinar will review the relevant steps of program evaluation, including planning tips, development strategies and data requirements. From needs assessments to different types of outcomes, this webinar will provide practical approaches to conducting a program evaluation. More information and registration at this link.



is dedicated to

strengthening existing hospital-based violence intervention programs and helping develop similar programs in communities across the country.


NNHVIP releases Best Practices Guide 
Violence is Preventable: A Best Practices Guide for Launching & Sustaining a Hospital-based Program to Break the Cycle of Violence
To order a copy, click here


Contact Us

Ayana Bradshaw
NNHVIP Project Manager

Research Updates


The relationship between cumulative risk and promotive factors and violent behavior among urban adolescents.

Stoddard SA, Whiteside L, Zimmerman MA, Cunningham RM, Chermack ST, Walton MA. Am. J. Community Psychol. 2012.


Somatic symptoms, peer and school stress, and family and community violence exposure among urban elementary school children.

Hart SL, Hodgkinson SC, Belcher HM, Hyman C, Cooley-Strickland M. J. Behav. Med. 2012.


The missing link between juvenile delinquency and pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder: an attachment theory lens.

Amatya PL, Barzman DH. ISRN Pediatr. 2012; 2012(ePub): 134541.




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Quarterly E-Bulletin 

The E-Bulletin will now be distributed Quarterly.  2012 Distribution dates include:

May 2012

August 2012

November 2012



This e-bulletin was produced by Drexel University under grant #2011-VF-GX-K019 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations

expressed in this e-bulletin are those of the contributors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.   



National Network of Hospital-based Violence Intervention Programs (NNHVIP)

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