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     Issue No. 3(19)                                                                                           SEPTEMBER 3, 2014
From Editor
The U.S. Department of Labor's page on the history of Labor Day notes the holiday "is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers."  Before the story goes further, I just want to clarify the meaning of "labor." It isn't pointing to the dictionary definition of work but to a productive activity where people's work done in a certain mode of production is compensated with a wage in return. In other words, labor is valued as a commodity.  In the late 1800s, at the height of the Industrial Revolution in the U.S., the average American worked 12-hour days and seven-day weeks. Despite restrictions in some states, children as young as 5 or 6 toiled in mills, factories and mines across the country. People of all ages, particularly the very poor and recent immigrants, often faced extremely unsafe working conditions.  A watershed moment in American labor history brought workers' rights into the public's view. On May 11, 1894, employees of the Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago went on strike to protest wage cuts and the firing of union representatives. To break the strike, the federal government (President Grover Cleveland) dispatched troops to Chicago, unleashing a wave of riots that resulted in the deaths of more than a dozen workers. Congress passed legislation making the first Monday of September a day to "recognize" (more like, appease) workers. Today, Labor Day symbolizes the end of summer and is celebrated with parades and parties. But in this time of economic recovery, with an apparently unstoppable widening of America's wealth stratification, it's worth taking a moment to think about Labor Day in its original, bloody backdrop.  
A video that shows the beheading of American Steven Sotloff was delivered as a "second message to America" to halt airstrikes in Iraq, following through on a threat to kill the journalist. (CNN)  

Some 400 hectares (988 acres) in the Etzion Jewish settlement bloc near Bethlehem were declared "state land, on the instructions of the political echelon" by the military-run Civil Administration. (HP)
Halliburton Co, North America's top oilfield services provider, said it reached a $1.1bn settlement for a majority of claims related to its role in BP's fatal oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. (Guardian)   
Revel, which employed 3,100 at its peak, was the third Atlantic City casino to close this year. Its nearest neighbor, the Showboat, closed on Sunday. A fourth casino, the Trump Plaza, is scheduled to close Sept. 16. (Reuters)
North Korea allowed three American prisoners to speak briefly with Western reporters Monday. Kenneth Bae, Matthew Miller and Jeffrey Edward Fowle described their time in captivity and appealed in interviews with CNN and the Associated Press to have a high-ranking U.S. official negotiate for their release. (USA Today)
Tom Hanks' love affair with typewriters began in the 1970s, with his first proper typewriter - a Hermes 2000. Typewriters are "beautiful works of art," he tells NPR's Audie Cornish. "And I've ended up collecting them from every ridiculous source possible." (NPR)
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자유한인보'는 일제에 징용돼 남양군도 등에서 미군 포로가 됐던 2700여명의 한인 징용자들이 하와이 수용소에서 만든 주간지로 이번 잡지는 하와이 포로수용소에서 수용된 한인들이 해방 후 귀국을 앞두고 자체의 단결을 도모하고 강제 동원의 경험을 토대로 귀국 후 새로운 독립국가 건설을 대비하기 위해 발행.
캘리포니아주 오클랜드 태생인 류 전 담당관은 헤이글 장관이 상원의원으로 일하던 2005년부터 2009년 사이에 헤이글 장관의 부비서실장으로 근무.류 전 담당관은 국무부에서 중동 관련 업무를 맡으면서 외교안보분야 경력을 쌓기 시작했지만, 존 볼턴 전 유엔 주재 미국대사와의 갈등으로 국무부를 떠나야 했던 것으로 알려졌다. 

올해로 10회째를 맞고 있으며 한국 디자이너들의 미국 패션 시장 진출을 위해 문화체육 관광부와 한국콘텐츠 진흥원, 대구 광역시 등의 지원으로 개최.올 가을에는 이주영과 이승희, 고태용 등 3명의 한인 디자이너가 컨셉 코리아를 통해 자신들의 컬렉션, 'Resurrection' 'LEY II', 'Beyond Closet'를 선보인다.   
중부 뉴저지 대표적인 한인 밀집지역 에디슨에 지난해 9월 SYK 한미 커뮤니티 센터를 설립한 이후 각종 무료 프로그램과 무료 점심과 저녁 식사를 제공하고 있는 설립자이며 봉사자인 린다 강 대표. 6일 설립 1주년 기념 다양한 행사 마련 주소는 5 Olsen Ave Edison NJ 08820이고 전화번호는 732-243-9199