The Gist of Freedom Newsletter   Summer 2012

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Dr. Kwame Shabazz, Pan-Africanist
Dr. Kwame Shabazz
OCTOBER IS 
BLACK HISTORY MONTH IN
The United Kingdom
 
Abolitionist and Philanthropist, Ignatius Sancho the first black person of African origin to vote in parliamentary elections in Britain (1774 & 1780).

Sancho was born in 1729 on a slave ship and spent the first two years of his life enslaved in Grenada. His mother died when he was very young and his father killed himself, rather than become enslaved. When he was two, his owner brought him to England.

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What is PanAfricanism? Dr. Kwame Shabazz Explains:
 October is Black History Month in The United Kingdom!
  
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 William Katz:
Authored
Black Indians
Black Indians, Freedom Fighters!
 

William Loren Katz (Black Indians) appeared with Pompey Fixico, Semiroon, whose Black Seminole ancestors fought slave-catchers and US armed forces to a standstill in Florida for almost half a century. They will discuss the heritage of this courageous freedom-fighting alliance and its meaning for today.

 

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 The Northup's Reunion 
Movie: 12 Years A Slave

This film, an extraordinary True story based on Solomon Northup's autobiography 
1
2 Years A Slave is 

Unlike, The Help, The Butler and Django this film, is about self preservation and perseverance. It is inspired by a book written by an African American and it is Directed by a Black Man! 

In 1841 Solomon while visiting Washington D.C. was kidnapped and sold into slavery (12 years). Anne, his wife, later learned of New York's anti-kidnapping law of 1840, petitioned the Governor to enforce the law and to restore her husband's liberty. 

Your excellency is entreated to employ such agent or agents as shall be deemed necessary to effect the restoration and return of said Solomon Northup, in pursuance of an act of the Legislature of the State of New-York, passed May 14th, 1840, entitled "An act more effectually to protect the free citizens of this State from being kidnapped or reduced to slavery." And your memorialist will ever pray.  

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Senator Charles Sumner
The Moors, Christopher Columbus, White Slavery 
 

Christopher Columbus and "White Slavery In The Barbary States" book written by Senator Charles Sumner, the white abolitionist who was beat nearly to death on the floor of Congress for calling White Slavers Barbaric.

  

"While the boundless discoveries of Columbus, giving to Castile and Aragon a new world,  he found time to direct an expedition into Africa,

Columbus had proved himself unfit to govern the newly-acquired territory by treating the conquered Indians as slaves...

  

Piracy in the Mediterranean had existed since time immortal, but the first real wave of Barbary piracy came at the time that the Moors were driven from Spain in 1492, and Spanish vessels and coastal cities were their first targets. As they became more powerful and brought the Moslem governors of North Africa under their control, they became a greater threat to all of Europe. 

 

Not only did they plunder the cargo of merchant ships, but they took all of the Christian passengers hostage, and either ransomed them, or sold them as slaves.

  

 

Four Little Girls 

 

Four Little Girls Church Bombing Victims

September 15th, 2013 

The 50th anniversary 

 
1963 A Pivotal Year in 
The Civil Rights Movement

 

TIMELINE: The Birmingham Civil Rights Movement

 

May 2- 7th 1963, Martin Luther King Children's crusade 3,000 children arrested.

 

August 28th Martin Luther King gives the "I have a Dream Speech " King makes reference to the Children Crusaders' Bail money, 

 

""It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory (Constitutional Rights) note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned," King intoned from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. "Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check; a check which has come back marked 'insufficient funds.' "

 

September 15th The bombing, the fourth such incident in less than a month, the four little girls are killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Ala.

 

These tensions and terroristic acts were supposedly aroused by the desegregation of three schools.

 

None of the 50 bombings of Negros and their property, here since World War II have been solved.

 

The bombing of The Four Little Girls brought hundreds of angry Negroes pouring into the streets.

The police dispersed them by firing shotguns over their heads.

 

Johnny Robinson, a 16-year-old Negro, was shot in the back and killed by a policeman with a shotgun. 

 

Virgil Wade, a 13-year-old Negro, was shot and killed just outside Birmingham while riding a bicycle.

 

The bombing helped to galvanize the American civil rights movement. 

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"The Four Little Girls" lives will be honored with Stage Readings, simultaneously throughout the Country... We invite you to host a viewing party via the Live Stream! @

 

http://www.kennedy-center.org/explorer/videos/?id=M5581

 

The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts present:

FOUR LITTLE GIRLS: Birmingham 1963--A Staged Reading

Written by Christina Ham

Directed by Phylicia Rashad

 

 

  

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 WilliamStill~The black Abolitionist the New York Times called "The Father of the Underground Railroad."He commissioned Harriet Tubman's rescue missions and literally wrote the book The Underground Railroad.
 
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J.W. PENNINGTON INTERNATIONAL BLACK ABOLITIONIST


ANTOINETTE TUFF, AVERTED MASS SCHOOL SHOOTING WITH COMPASSION

Meet the Heroine, Antoinette Tuff! She Prevented a Mass School Shooting In at The Ronald McNair Elementary School in Georgia!

 

The Gunmen entered the office and shoots, then darts between the office and outside to fire at approaching police. Armed with an AK-47 type assault rifle, along with bags containing hundreds of rounds of ammunition and a couple of magazines he fired on a campus where more than 800 students, pre-kindergarteners - fifth graders attend school. 

 

"He told me he was sorry for what he was doing. He was willing to die," said Antoinette Tuff:

 

"I told him, 'OK, we all have situations in our lives," she said. She told him her life story, about how her marriage fell apart after 33 years and the "roller coaster" of opening her own business.

 

"It was going to be OK. If I could recover, he could, too."

 

Then Tuff said she asked the suspect to put his weapons down, empty his pockets and backpack on the floor.

 

"I told the police he was giving himself up. I just talked him through it," she said.

 

"I give it all to God, I'm not the hero. I was terrified."

 

Book Reading: William Still's Book The Underground Railroad, Published 1871


Blak Wall Street
 600- Businesses / 21 -Churches / 30 - Grocery Stores / 21 - Restaurants / 6 - Private Airplanes / A Bus System Schools, Libraries / Law Offices / A Hospital / Post Office, 2 - Movie Theaters


Old Leather Shoe - Unearthed in Search for Black Settlement  Seneca Village, Once a self-sustaining community, blacks were forced out to make way for Central Park..   Andrew Williams, a former boot black, established Seneca Village, NY on September 27, 1825 when he bought six lots of land for $125; along with a laborer named Epiphany Davis, who bought 12 lots for $578. It was the area's first predominantly African American settlement of property owners.    The area was located between 82nd and 89th Streets and Seventh and Eighth Avenues, in what is now Central Park.  


SIGN THE PETITION

 

This verdict, finding Zimmerman Not Guilty has taken us much farther back than the 60's--it is a culmination and the resurrection of the Dred Scott Decision of 1857; "Negroes have no rights (now life) which the white man is bound to respect" 

and 

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 (a law that deputized and paid ANYONE who arrested and enslaved a black person they "SUSPECTED" of being, a run-away slave). 

 

This jury's decision is much worse than the laws from the 1850's, The stand Your Ground law is an attack on our very existence, not just our liberty but our lives. In the words of Nina Simone Looks like only God can save our family...

Anthony Burns- Fugitive Slave Law Rescue Riot

 

In 1854, Anthony Burns, a self emancipated former enslaved black man, from Virginia, was arrested in Boston. His capture enraged black and white abolitionists. Two days after the arrest, a number of them attacked the federal courthouse with a battering ram, hoping to free Burns. Their attempt failed. 

 

Burns's defense lawyer, a black attorney Robert Morris was not successful. After a brief trial, he was ordered returned to slavery. On June 2nd, thousands of people lined the streets of Boston. They hissed and shouted, "Shame! Shame!" as federal authorities escorted Anthony Burns to a ship waiting in the harbor. It took approximately 2,000 troops and cost $40,000 to maintain order and return the black man to bondage. No fugitive slave was ever captured in Massachusetts again.

 

 

Olaudah Equiano.

 

 

In his book, describes the Horrors of the Middle Passage, 1780s

 

Olaudah Equiano had been kidnapped from his family when he was 11 years old, carried off first to Barbados and then Virginia. After serving in the British navy, he was sold to a Quaker merchant from whom he purchased his freedom in 1766. His pioneering narrative of the journey from slavery to freedom, a bestseller first published in London in 1789, builds upon the traditions of spiritual narratives and travel literature to help create the slave narrative genre.

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Read Olaudah Equiano's book on-line

 

Black Farmers

Black farmers to receive payouts in $1.2 billion from federal lawsuit settlement

A bittersweet victory decades later after experiencing discriminatory lending

 

After years of protests and lawsuits, black farmers in the south will begin receiving payments this week as a result of a $1.2 billion settlement in their discrimination case against federal agriculture officials. About 18,000 farmers in total are expected to receive checks over the next few days.

Black Settlement Maryland

 

Another Free Black Settlement Discovered!

 

Just days after archaeologists on Maryland's eastern shore uncovered what they believe to be the oldest settlement of African-Americans in the United States, another team in Philadelphia unearthed what may be the resting place of nearly 3,000 others under a playground in the city's Weccecoe Park. Mother Bethel's Cemetery. Mother Bethel is the oldest Black Church in the Nation founded in 1786.