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American Survival Newsletter:
Combining the World of Finance, Health & Politics
1/1/16

American Gold

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Edited by Alfred Adask
Friday, January 1, AD 2016
 
MARKETS
 
Between Friday, December 11AD 2015 and 
Friday, December 31, AD 2015, the bid prices for:
Gold fell 1.2 % from $1,074.20 to $1,061.00
Silver fell 0.4 % from $13.89 to $13.83
Platinum rose 0.8 % from $838 to $890
Palladium rose 3.9 % from $539 to $560
Crude Oil rose 5.1 % from $35.28 to $37.07
US Dollar Index rose 1.1 % from 97.57 to 98.68
DJIA rose 0.9 % from 17,265.21 to 17,425.03
NASDAQ rose 1.5 % from 4,933.47 to 5,007.41
NYSE rose 1.7 % from 9,976.65 to 10,143.40
 
 

"Only buy something that you'd be perfectly happy to hold
if the market shut down for 10 years." --Warren Buffett 

"If the markets shut down for 10 years, what investment would you dare to hold-- 
other than gold"? --Alfred Adask

Is economic depression a curse or a cure?
 
by Alfred Adask

Early last November, Financial Times published an article entitled "The Bank of Japan Considers More Easing". That "Easing" was more Quantitative Easing (QE)-the printing and then injection of more, unearned fiat yen into the Japanese economy.

The object of QE is to create sufficient inflation to "stimulate" a slow, stagnant, recessed, or depressed economy back to economic vigor, productivity and prosperity.

According to that article,

"Last Friday the Bank of Japan [BoJ] decided to leave monetary policy unchanged. But it also revised down its inflation and growth forecasts, and pushed back its expectation of hitting the 2 per cent inflation target to the end of next year. . . . Disappointing outcomes do not mean that the BoJ's combination of an inflation target and using QE has failed, but that it needs to be more enthusiastically pursued.

"The BoJ can and should contemplate going further."

In other worlds, even though a Japanese version of QE (Quantitative Easing) has failed to stimulate the Japanese economy for most of 20 years . . . even though QE has failed to stimulate the US economy for the past seven years and, currently, seems to be failing to stimulate the EU and Chinese economies . . . Japan has nevertheless concluded that there's no reason to think that QE just doesn't work.

After all, it's conventional wisdom that "If at first you don't succeed, try, try again."

It's also conventional wisdom to say, "Doing the same thing over and over and hoping to get a different result is the definition of insanity."

So, dear reader, which of these "conventional wisdoms" is most applicable to Japan's current situation: "try, try again"-or the "definition of insanity"?

Is Japan admirably persistent or inexplicably insane?

"For one, the practice of extending target dates for hitting the goal of 2 per cent inflation does not reassure investors, households and companies that the bank is doing whatever it takes."

Not exactly.

Repeatedly "extending target dates" doesn't merely diminish public confidence in believing that the bank is "doing whatever it takes".

Instead, by repeatedly extending its target dates further into the future, Japan has not only diminished confidence that QE even works, but has also diminished confidence that the Bank of Japan has any tools that evencould workto repair the economy. Repeatedly "extending target dates" (much like the Federal Reserve repeatedly extended the target date for raising interest rates by 0.25% for nearly seven years) isn't simply an admission that the central bank hasn't done enough-it's an admission that the central bank is helpless to do more to solve the problem and is therefore not in control of the economy. The overt inability to control diminishes the public confidence on which this system is based.

* In the end, most people don't understand economics but they do understand-and have confidence in-power. People don't mind that they're personally ignorant about economics (or anything else) so long as they can see that some politician (who presumably does understand) in a position of power who is able to control or fix things.

From the voters' perspective, all they want to see in public office is a man who can "get 'er done!". They don't care if their leader is the Messiah, the Mahdi, some mulatto from Kenya, Al Capone or Larry the Cable Guy. All they care about is whether their leader can at least appear to "get 'er done" and, by that appearance, inspire public confidence that somebody's in control who's looking out for the voters.

We haven't had one President since Nixon took us off the gold standard who could truly "get 'er done". As evidence look at how the national debt (which will eventually collapse or even destroy this nation) has persistently grown over the past 44 years.

* We have had presidents who at least appeared to "get 'er done". That appearance, however false and fraudulent, was good enough to inspire the American voters' confidence in their leaders and their currency.

But today, after 44 years of appearing to "get 'er done" (but actually failing to do so) the national debt has increased to the point where it's no longer possible for anyone to even appear to "get 'er done". The debt problem is too big. The voters are starting to understand that nobody can "get 'er done" and, in that knowledge, they're losing confidence in the system/racket/con-game that we call "government," "banking" and "dollars".

How do the voters know "it can't be done"?

They know because they've watched Zero Interest Rate Policy (ZIRP) persist for seven years. They may not understand ZIRP; they may not even understand what "ZIRP" means. But they dimly know "ZIRP" hasn't caused a significant improvement in the economy in past seven years and is unlikely to do so in the next seven.

Likewise, voters have watched Quantitative Easing (QE), "too big to fail" banks, too big to jail corporate executives and politicians who will look you in the eye and lie, lie, lie. Most voters don't object to any of that idiocy, immorality or criminality so long as our leaders can appear to "get 'er done". But they can see from the persistent, repeated and long-term failures of QE, ZIRP, Wall Street and Washington DC, that their leaders have not only failed to "get 'er done," but are probably now incapable of ever "getting 'er done".

Insofar as the gov-co can't ever "get 'er done," we don't talk about it much, but we all sense that that must mean the "end" is approaching and may even be near.

The system, the nation, runs on and stays cohesive based on public confidence. But, insofar as the people sense that nobody can "get 'er done" and the "end" is therefore "near," the people are losing confidence in their leaders and institutions.

* Declining confidence is true in the US and also true in Japan:

"Setting a target date [in Japan] and missing it is bad for credibility [confidence], but so is endlessly deferring the goal into the future.

"Haruhiko Kuroda, the BoJ's governor, observes that inflation rates have been pushed down by lower oil prices. But the weakness of real consumption, which fell 0.4 per cent in September on a year earlier, suggests there remain serious problems [in] generating domestically-driven demand and inflation.

By "serious problems [in] generating domestically-driven demand and inflation," they mean the Japanese people aren't borrowing enough currency to purchase more products, increase demand, cause inflation and thereby stimulate their economy. The people aren't borrowing enough to achieve that objective.

In a debt-based economy, that's a "serious problem," alright.

Something has happened.

The Japanese people aren't responding to economic stimulus as expected. Neither are the American people.

The people's conditioning has failed (they won't borrow even when currency is plentiful and interest rates are near zero) and/or their confidence in their leaders has been lost.

"By continuing its QE programme, the BoJ has done a fair amount of what it can. It should continue to explore the possibilities for doing more. But it cannot just be up to Mr Kuroda [Governor of the BoJ] and his colleagues to get Japan's sputtering economy up to cruising speed."

Insofar as the BoJ has done "what it can" without getting the Japanese economy "up to speed," that's evidence that there's not much more that Japan's central bank can do. They're out of arrows, out of spears, out of corncobs and out of bullets. These outages do not inspire public confidence.

The Financial Times article has implicitly admitted the obvious: the central bank of Japan and its QE programs have been proven to be incapable or reviving Japan's stagnant economy.

If QE won't work . . . if QE can't work . . . what will?

* Both Japan and the US are facing possible economic depressions. The world is facing a global economic depression. Virtually everyone is concerned by those possibilities.

But, must economic depressions be viewed as something intrinsically terrible-like cancer? Or should depressions be viewed as something painful but necessary and even beneficial much like a hangover that removes toxins from our systems and perhaps even teaches us a valuable lesson about avoiding alcohol?

Getting drunk feels good. Having a hangover feels bad. But, what's the terrible thing? Having a hangover? Or, getting drunk in the first place? Is the hangover simply the result of the terrible thing (getting drunk)? Could it be that the hangover is part of the cleansing, remedy and cure for the terrible thing (getting drunk)?

Similarly, should an economic depression be viewed as the "terrible," stand-alone event that "just happens" without cause?

Or could the depression be viewed as not only as a painful consequence caused by economic imbalances, but even as a beneficial remedy for the "terrible" thing (economic imbalances)?

If so, what are "economic imbalances" and why might they be viewed as "terrible"? Are these "imbalances" terrible in the sense that mathematical errors are simply unintended mistakes? Or could it be that persistent economic "imbalances" are "terrible" in the moral sense of being evidence of persistent governmental policy and intentional injustice?

* What "injustice" might be found in economic "imbalances"?

Bernie Sanders claims the richest 0.1% of Americans own as much wealth as the bottom 90%. That income inequality is not the simple result of hard work. To significant degree, it's the result of the super-rich bribing politicians and officials to violate their oaths of office to serve the general welfare of all the people and instead serve the special interests of the super-rich. That injustice is achieved in part by means of institutionalized economic imbalances.

Gerald Celente has claimed that 85 of the richest people in this world have more wealth than the bottom 3.5 billion. Those 85 super-rich aren't only Americans. They can be found in a host of nations. But their multi-national distribution is evidence that official policies of institutionalized economic imbalances favoring the rich exist on a global basis. Those imbalances are largely unjust.

Not all economic imbalances are evidence of injustice. Some imbalances are anomalies that happen without intent, last briefly and are soon corrected. A fundamental idea behind a free (unmanipulated) market is that, given the opportunity, people will sense and correct the economic imbalances of prices that are too high or too low.

However, a persistent "economic imbalance" isn't evidence of a mathematical anomaly. It's evidence of an established policy implemented for the unwarranted benefit of whoever prospers from that imbalance. A persistent economic imbalance is evidence of significant social injustice.

* Could it be that one reason the Japanese people won't respond as expected to the BoJ's stimulus is that, unlike their leaders, the Japanese people want to be moral? Are they sick of economic injustice? Could it be that a majority of Japanese sense that QE (printing fictional currency and then giving it to people who didn't earn it) is inherently unjust? We all want more currency, but how many of us really want currency that's been stolen?

Could it be that most Japanese understand that Zero Interest Rate Policy robs creditors by paying them only a fraction of a percent interest on the wealth they've diligently earned and saved for lending? Are the Japanese refusing to respond to ZIRP because they've hit a gag reflex and no longer wish to be accomplices to the theft that's inherent in ZIRP?

Does the central bank's economic "stimulus" programs only work on immoral people? After all, the fundamental idea behind all economic "stimulus" is giving currency to people who haven't earned it in order to seduce them into spending that currency and thereby stimulating the economy. Economic control is finally the science of the "free lunch". The Federal Reserve and/or government will give you something for nothing if you will obediently respond to their desires.

* It is implicitly argued that giving currency to people who haven't earned it (be they welfare recipients or Wall Street bankers) is OK because the "end" (economic stimulus) justifies the means (the immoral giving of currency to special interest that haven't earned that currency).

But can the "end" really "justify the means"?

Ohh, it might work for a while and in rare instances.

However, can a seemingly desirable "end" (economic prosperity) really provide long-term justification for an immoral means such as spinning currency out of nothing; taking currency from those who've earned and saved it and giving that currency to people who haven't earned it?

After all, if the end justifies the means (giving unearned billions to institutions that are "too big to fail"), then isn't bank robbery also justified? If I'm arrested for bank robbery, will the judge declare me Not Guilty if I claim I stole currency from the bank to feed my family? If I shoot some guy so I can steal his credit cards, can that means be justified by my need to get some drugs or feed the kids?

Of course not.

Then how can some semblance of increased economic activity be deemed to justify leaving an unpayable debt to our children and grandchildren?

In the end, the whole idea of economic control is immoral because it almost always requires that wealth be taken from those who've earned it and given to special interests who have not. Economic control is the science of massive, institutionalized, organized "income redistribution" (a/k/a "theft").

But, do you really want to live as a thief? Yes, this organized theft may get you a bigger house and a newer car and you may appear to be prosperous. But in your heart, you'll know you're only a thief and a crook and your apparent prosperity and character are lies since you didn't really earn the house or car.

I know that some people don't care how they got the big house or the fast car so long as they've got it. I also know that some people, and more than a tiny minority, actually want to earn their house and car-not just steal them. Some of us are moral people who would rather earn than simply have. I strongly suspect that those moral people are revolted by the prospect of participating in the organized theft we call economic control.

Even Mafia thugs who've made it big want to give up organized crime and become "legitimate businessmen".

There is something in most of us that wants and even needs the dignity and self-esteem of earning our own way. That dignity and self-esteem are destroyed by government handouts, subsidies and even high, unjust taxes. It's hard to take pride in being an accomplice to theft.

* I can't argue that morality is rising in this world. But, could it be that, in the sense we once had the "silent majority," some of the world's people are becoming "silently moral"? They're not openly complaining, but they don't want to participate in a rigged economy and so they're opting out and intentionally resisting the bait of ZIRP, QE and the "free lunch"?

What about the American people? Is their failure to adequately respond to the economic stimulus of ZIRP and QE the result of some mathematical error in an economics formula or a sudden, inexplicable disinterest in the promise of more free lunches?

Or, could it be that some Americans have also hit a gag limit to the immorality of rigged markets, paying creditors near-zero interest rates and awarding trillions of QE dollars to bankers who didn't earn those dollars and are little more than gangsters? Have some of us grown so disgusted with the corrupt enterprises that we call government, Federal Reserve, economic control and manipulated markets, that we're simply refusing to participate in those enterprises-even when we could achieve a personal benefit by doing so?

It might not be a majority of Americans who've hit the moral gag reflex. It might not even be a large number. But how many moral people does it take to provide enough "sand in the gears" to slow or stop an economic machine that's fundamentally immoral and unjust?

* If the previous conjecture is roughly correct, should an economic depression be viewed as a terrible catastrophe or as a beneficial cure for economic imbalances (injustice)?

Is an economic depression a "time out" during which a nation (or a world) slowly regains some sense of morality, dignity and self-esteem?

Could it be that an economic depression is the only viable cure for the economic imbalances (social and economic injustice) created by our government, the monetary system and the oligarchy?

Will our national and global economies continue to stagnate or even decline until we "take our medicine"?

Can we escape the current economic malaise without first going through an economic depression?

I don't think so.

Full Story on What's Going on In Oregon - Militia Take over Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Protest to Hammond Family Persecution...

Many people will awaken today to the news of approximately 100 to 150 armed militia taking control of a closed Wildlife Park Headquarters, and not know the full back-story - so here it is:

The short summary is:  in an effort to draw attention to a ridiculous arrest of a father and son pair of Oregon Ranchers ("Dwight Lincoln Hammond, Jr., 73, and his son, Steven Dwight Hammond, 46,) who are scheduled to begin five year prison sentences (turning themselves in tomorrow January 4th 2016), three brothers from the Cliven Bundy family and approximately 100/150 (and growing) heavily armed militia (former U.S. service members) have taken control of Malheur Wildlife Refuge Headquarters in the wildlife reserve. 

They are prepared to stay there indefinitely.

Here's the long version: including history, details, links video(s) and explanations:

Hammond Family

HISTORY: (aa) The Harney Basin (were the Hammond ranch is established) was settled in the 1870's. The valley was settled by multiple ranchers and was known to have run over 300,000 head of cattle. These ranchers developed a state of the art irrigated system to water the meadows, and it soon became a favorite stopping place for migrating birds on their annual trek north.

(ab) In 1908 President Theodor Roosevelt, in a political scheme, create an "Indian reservation" around the Malheur, Mud & Harney Lakes and declared it "as a preserve and breeding ground for native birds". Later this "Indian reservation" (without Indians) became the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.

(a) In 1964 the Hammonds purchased their ranch in the Harney Basin. The purchase included approximately 6000 acres of private property, 4 grazing rights on public land, a small ranch house and 3 water rights. The ranch is around 53 miles South of Burns, Oregon.

(a1) By the 1970's nearly all the ranches adjacent to the Blitzen Valley were purchased by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and added to the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge covers over 187,000 acres and stretches over 45 miles long and 37 miles wide. The expansion of the refuge grew and surrounds to the Hammond's ranch. Being approached many times by the FWS, the Hammonds refused to sell. Other ranchers also choose not to sell.

(a2) During the 1970's the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), in conjunction with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), took a different approach to get the ranchers to sell.

Ranchers were told that, "grazing was detrimental to wildlife and must be reduced". 32 out of 53 permits were revoked and many ranchers were forced to leave. Grazing fees were raised significantly for those who were allowed to remain. Refuge personnel took over the irrigation system claiming it as their own.

(a3) By 1980 a conflict was well on its way over water allocations on the adjacent privately owned Silvies Plain. The FWS wanted to acquire the ranch lands on the Silvies Plain to add to their already vast holdings.

Refuge personnel intentional diverted the water to bypassing the vast meadowlands, directing the water into the rising Malheur Lakes. Within a few short years the surface area of the lakes doubled.

Thirty-one ranches on the Silvies plains were flooded. Homes, corrals, barns and graze-land were washed away and destroyed.

The ranchers that once fought to keep the FWS from taking their land, now broke and destroyed, begged the FWS to acquire their useless ranches.

In 1989 the waters began to recede and now the once thriving privately owned Silvies pains are a proud part of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge claimed by the FWS.

(a4) By the 1990's the Hammonds were one of the very few ranchers that still owned private property adjacent to the refuge. Susie Hammond in an effort to make sense of what was going on began compiling fact about the refuge. In a hidden public record she found a study that was done by the FWS in 1975. The study showed that the "no use" policies of the FWS on the refuge were causing the wildlife to leave the refuge and move to private property.

The study showed that the private property adjacent to the Malheur Wildlife Refuge produced 4 times more ducks and geese than the refuge did. It also showed that the migrating birds were 13 times more likely to land on private property than on the refuge. When Susie brought this to the attention of the FWS and refuge personnel, her and her family became the subjects of a long train of abuses and corruptions.

(b) In the early 1990's the Hammonds filed on a livestock water source and obtained a deed for the water right from the State of Oregon.

When the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) found out that the Hammonds obtained new water rights near the Malhuer Wildlife Refuge, they were agitated and became belligerent and vindictive towards the Hammonds.

The US Fish and Wildlife Service challenged the Hammonds right to the water in an Oregon State Circuit Court. The court found that the Hammonds legally obtained rights to the water in accordance to State law and therefore the use of the water belongs to the Hammonds.*

(c) In August 1994 the BLM & FWS illegally began building a fence around the Hammonds water source.

Owning the water rights and knowing that their cattle relied on that water source daily the Hammonds tried to stop the building of the fence. The BLM & FWS called the Harney County Sheriff department and had Dwight Hammond (Father) arrested and charged with "disturbing and interfering with" federal officials or federal contractors (two counts, each a felony).

He spent one night in the Deschutes County Jail in Bend, and a second night behind bars in Portland before he was hauled before a federal magistrate and released without bail.

A hearing on the charges was postponed and the federal judge never set another date.

(d) The FWS also began restricting access to upper pieces of the Hammond's private property. In order to get to the upper part of the Hammond's ranch they had to go on a road that went through the Malhuer Wildlife Refuge.

The FWS began barricading the road and threatening the Hammonds if they drove through it. The Hammonds removed the barricades and gates and continued to use their right of access.

The road was proven later to be owned by the County of Harney. This further enraged the BLM & FWS.

(e) Shortly after the road & water disputes, the BLM & FWS arbitrarily revoked the Hammond's upper grazing permit without any given cause, court proceeding or court ruling.

As a traditional "fence out state" Oregon requires no obligation on the part of an owner to keep his or her livestock within a fence or to maintain control over the movement of the livestock.

The Hammonds intended to still use their private property for grazing.

However, they were informed that a federal judge ruled, in a federal court, that the federal government did not have to observe the Oregon fence out law.

"Those laws are for the people, not for them".

(f) The Hammonds were forced to either build and maintain miles of fences or be restricted from the use of their private property. Cutting their ranch in almost half, they could not afford to fence the land, so the cattle were removed.

(g) The Hammonds experienced many years of financial hardship due to the ranch being diminished. The Hammonds had to sale their ranch and home in order to purchase another property that had enough grass to feed their cattle. This property included two grazing rights on public land.

Those were also arbitrarily revoked later.

(h) The owner of the Hammond's original ranch passed away from a heart attack and the Hammonds made a trade for the ranch back.

(i) In the early fall of 2001, Steven Hammond (Son) called the fire department, informing them that he was going to be performing a routine prescribed burn on their ranch. Later that day he started a prescribed fire on their private property.

The fire went onto public land and burned 127 acres of grass. The Hammonds put the fire out themselves.

There was no communication about the burn from the federal government to the Hammonds at that time.

Prescribed fires are a common method that Native Americans and ranchers have used in the area to increase the health & productivity of the land for many centuries.

(j) In 2006 a massive lightning storm started multiple fires that joined together inflaming the countryside. To prevent the fire from destroying their winter range and possibly their home, Steven Hammond (Son) started a backfire on their private property.

The backfire was successful in putting out the lightning fires that had covered thousands of acres within a short period of time.

The backfire saved much of the range and vegetation needed to feed the cattle through the winter.

Steven's mother, Susan Hammond said: "The backfire worked perfectly, it put out the fire, saved the range and possibly our home".

(j1) The next day federal agents went to the Harney County Sheriff's office and filled a police report making accusation against Dwight and Steven Hammond for starting the backfire.

A few days after the backfire a Range-Con from the Burns District BLM office asked Steven if he would meet him in town (Frenchglen) for coffee. Steven accepted. When leaving he was arrested by the Harney County Sheriff Dave Glerup and BLM Ranger Orr.

Sheriff Glerup then ordered him to go to the ranch and bring back his father. Both Dwight and Steven were booked and on multiple Oregon State charges. The Harney County District Attorney reviewed the accusation, evidence and charges, and determined that the accusations against Dwight & Steven Hammond did not warrant prosecution and dropped all the charges.

(k) In 2011, 5 years after the police report was taken, the U.S. Attorney Office accused Dwight and Steven Hammond of completely different charges, they accused them of being "Terrorist" under the Federal Antiterrorism Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996.

This act carries a minimum sentence of five years in prison and a maximum sentence of death. Dwight & Steven's mug shots were all over the news the next week posing them as "Arsonists". Susan Hammond (Wife & Mother) said: "I would walk down the street or go in a store, people I had known for years would take extreme measures to avoid me".

(l) Shortly after the sentencing, Capital Press ran a story about the Hammonds. A person who identified as Greg Allum posted three comments on the article, calling the ranchers "clowns" who endangered firefighters and other people in the area while burning valuable rangeland.

Greg Allum, a retired BLM heavy equipment operator, soon called Capital Press to complain that he had not made those comments and request that they be taken down from the website. Capital Press removed the comments.

A search of the Internet Protocol address associated with the comments revealed it is owned by the BLM's office in Denver, Colorado.

Allum said, he is friends with the Hammonds and was alerted to the comments by neighbors who knew he wouldn't have written them. "I feel bad for them. They lost a lot and they're going to lose more," Allum said of the ranchers. "They're not terrorists.

There's this hatred in the BLM for them, and I don't get it," The retired BLM employee said. Jody Weil, deputy state director for communications at BLM's Oregon office, indicated to reporters that if one of their agents falsified the comments, they would keep it private and not inform the public.

(m) In September 2006, Dwight & Susan Hammond's home was raided. The agents informed the Hammonds that they were looking for evidence that would connect them to the fires. The Hammonds later found out that a boot print and a tire tracks were found near one of the many fires. No matching boots or tires were found in the Hammonds home or on their property.

Susan Hammond (Wife) later said; " I have never felt so violated in my life. We are ranchers not criminals". Steven Hammond openly maintains his testimony that he started the backfire to save the winter grass from being destroyed and that the backfire ended up working so well it put out the fire entirely altogether.

(n) During the trial proceedings, Federal Court Judge Michael Hogan did not allow time for certain testimonies and evidence into the trail that would exonerate the Hammonds.

  1. Federal prosecuting attorney, Frank Papagni, was given full access for 6 days.
  2. He had ample time to use any evidence or testimony that strengthened the demonization of the Hammonds.
  3. The Hammonds attorney was only allowed 1 day.
  4. Much of the facts about the fires, land and why the Hammonds acted the way they did was not allowed into the proceedings and was not heard by the jury.
  5. For example, Judge Hogan did not allow time for the jury to hear or review certified scientific findings that the fires improved the health and productivity of the land.
  6. Or, that the Hammonds had been subject to vindictive behavior by multiple federal agencies for years.

(o) Federal attorneys, Frank Papagni, hunted down a witness that was not mentally capable to be a credible witness. Dusty Hammond (grandson and nephew) testified that Steven told him to start a fire. He was 13 at the time and 24 when he testified (11 years later).

At 24 Dusty had been suffering with mental problems for many years. He had estranged his family including his mother. Judge Hogan noted that Dusty's memories as a 13-year-old boy were not clear or credible. He allowed the prosecution to continually use Dusty's testimony anyway. When speaking to the Hammonds about this testimony, they understood that Dusty was manipulated and expressed nothing but love for their troubled grandson.

(p) Judge Michael Hogan & Frank Papagni tampered with the jury many times throughout the proceedings, including during the selection process.

Hogan & Papagni only allowed people on the jury who did not understand the customs and culture of the ranchers or how the land is used and cared for in the Diamond Valley.

All of the jurors had to drive back and forth to Pendleton every day. Some drove more than two hours each way. By day 8 they were exhausted and expressed desires to be home.

On the final day, Judge Hogan kept pushing them to make a verdict. Several times during deliberation, Judge Hogan pushed them to make a decision. Judge Hogan also would not allow the jury to hear what punishment could be imposed upon an individual that has convicted as a terrorist under the 1996 act.

The jury, not understanding the customs and cultures of the area, influenced by the prosecutors for 6 straight days, very exhausted, pushed for a verdict by the judge, unaware of the ramification of convicting someone as a terrorist, made a verdict and went home.

(q) June 22, 2012, Dwight and Steven were found guilty of starting both the 2001 and the 2006 fires by the jury. However, the federal courts convicted them both as "Terrorist" under the 1996 Antiterrorism Act. Judge Hogan sentenced Dwight (Father) to 3 months in prison and Steven (son) to 12 months in federal prison.

They were also stipulated to pay $400,000 to the BLM. Hogan overruling the minimum terrorist sentence, commenting that if the full five years were required it would be a violation of the 8th amendment (cruel and unusual punishment). The day of the sentencing Judge Hogan retired as a federal judge. In his honor the staff served chocolate cake in the courtroom.

(r) On January 4,, 2013, Dwight and Steven reported to prison. They fulfilled their sentences, (Dwight 3 months, Steven 12 months). Dwight was released in March 2013 and Steven, January 2014.

(s) Sometime in June 2014, Rhonda Karges, Field Manager for the BLM, and her husband Chad Karges, Refuge Manager for the Malheur Wildlife Refuge (which surrounds the Hammond ranch), along with attorney Frank Papagni exemplifying further vindictive behavior by filing an appeal with the 9th District Federal Court seeking Dwight's and Steven's return to federal prison for the entire 5 years.*

(t) In October 2015, the 9th District Court "resentenced" Dwight and Steven, requiring them to return to prison for several more years. Steven (46) has a wife and 3 children. Dwight (74) will leave Susan (74) to be alone after 55 years of marriage. If he survives, he will be 79 when he is released.

(u) During the court preceding the Hammonds were forced to grant the BLM first right of refusal. If the Hammonds ever sold their ranch they would have to sell it to the BLM.

(v) Dwight and Steven are ordered to report to federal prison again on January 4th, 2016 to begin their re-sentencing. Both their wives will have to manage the ranch for several years without them.

To date they have paid $200,000 to the BLM, and the remainder $200,000 must be paid before the end of this year (2015). If the Hammonds cannot pay the fines to the BLM, they will be forced to sell the ranch to the BLM or face further prosecution. (more citations here)

HEALTH
How much rest to heal?
 
by Herbalist Wendy Wilson
 

Most people understand that getting enough rest helps us not only function better but also to look younger. The more rest we get the less likely we'll have dark circles under our eyes. However getting quality rest goes beyond how perky we look and act. Our heart, brain and entire metabolism rely on rest just as it relies on food, water and oxygen. Let's take a look at how we can speed healing and boost our immune system with the right amount of rest.

REST IMPROVEMENTS

When we rest our brain is able to learn much more quickly and memory recall is enahanced. Many physicians have harmed patients due to lack of sleep. Getting good, consistent rest also influences our longevity. Research states that if we cheat ourselves with only five or less hours of rest per day it increases the risk of death. We've been hearing how medicine thinks many diseases are linked to an inflammatory condition. Now, research points to sleep reducing the likelihood of inflammatory disease such as; heart disease, stroke, diabetes, arthritis and premature aging. The report says more than six hours of rest daily is needed to derail the inflammation beast. There also seems to be a link between people with insomnia, and sleep apnea and blood pressure or heart conditions. In a 2010 study, there was a correlation between C-reactive protein, heart attacks and less than six hours of rest daily. Countless reports award sleep the credit for improving creativity, concentration, scholastic grades and IQ. Rest will also lower our stress levels.

"Many things that we take for granted are affected by sleep. Sleeping better equals living better. For instance, rest can reduce stress and help lower blood pressure."
Raymonde Jean, MD, Director of sleep medicine and critical care at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York City.

METABOLISM

New research is affirming that if we don't get adequate rest we will sabotage our weight management efforts. A research team at the University of Chicago found that when we rest we lose more weight by about 56%. Sleep deprivation prevented fat weight loss and crated a loss of muscle mass. A lack of sleep affects our appetite and we feel hungrier than normal.

"Sleep and metabolism are controlled by the same sectors of the brain. When you are sleepy, certain hormones go up in your blood, and those same hormones drive appetite. Rest influences the electrical impulses in the brain." Dr. David Rapoport NYU Langone Medical Center Dept. of Sleep Disorders

REVERSING SLEEP DEPRIVATION

According to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, if you find you are lacking adequate sleep the shortfall can be made up with a nap. They found you can reverse the negative effects of less than six hours of sleep with a short (30-minute) nap. Apparently the nap will reduce the cellular stress on the body and boost immune system. According to their report, just thirty minutes of snooze time reverses the negative hormonal impact from the sleep deprivation and restores or resets the biomarkers involving neuro-endocrine to normal levels. A mere 30-minute nap will increase these levels in men by 2.5 times, which influence stress, heart function, blood pressure and blood sugar. So, "catching up on sleep" is definitely a necessity. The research also mentions that a lack of rest reduces the interleukin-6 protein level linked to the immune system's ability to fight off viruses.

REST, MOOD & IDENTITY

We already know that rest is important for the body and in particular the brain. Lack of rest affects our mood and research concludes that a habit of not getting enough rest and not taking naps to make up the shortfall will lead to depression. An area where more depression is evident is among workers engaged in shift work or the working the night shift. According to the Harvard Medical School, the caffeine, alcohol and energy drinks is not helping Americans cope with no time to rest. Antidepressant use is up 400% within the last decade. We are over-stimulated with technology in our instant-gratification world and find it difficult to rest. Over-stimulation stresses our cells and enhancing aging. According to neurosurgeon Dr. Sanjay Gupta, this artificial, accelerated aging is "America's hidden epidemic." In a recent Work and Education Gallup poll, their findings showed that 7 out of 10 get a sense of identity from their job. This was slightly more significant for women than men. So, who are you if you aren't your work? If you schedule time to rest the same way you schedule time to work or other appointments, you may discover some new things about yourself.

"He that can take rest is greater than he that can take cities."
Benjamin Franklin

SPEED YOUR HEALING

The National Institutes of Health have published studies on the influence rest has on the immune system. Rest influences your healing potential because it has a direct impact on immune system cells. If there is no disturbance in the normal sleep and wake cycle called the circadian system, we will have a stronger immune system. The amount of rest you get influences the number of anti-inflammatory (cytokine cells) and killer-T cells of the immune system. Research shows that resting impacts the immune system through these cells but science isn't completely sure how it works. They do know that normal sleep redistributes the T-cells to lymph nodes. Rest also impacts the interaction (communication) between the different immune system cells. When research was carried out on how rest affects the immune system with regards to vaccinations, it showed that adequate sleep improved immune system memory. So, your immune system likes it when you get rest because rest is a key factor in the regulation of what medicine calls the immunological processes.

"Our study reveals the clinical relevance and role of sleep in how the immune system functions as a whole."
Aric Prather, PhD, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley 2010-2012

LIFE'S RHYTHMS

What the research is telling us is that our metabolic functions of our bodies are all connected and are organized in rhythms. When a rhythm is disrupted it affects other areas also. Think of the body having many cellular clocks and when one chimes it signals another clock to chime. When a clock does not chime, it throws off the signals to the other clocks creating metabolic imbalance. Medicine recognizes that rest creates a synergistic action within the circadian system. Rest allows the body to exchange and share signals via hormones, neurotransmitters and proteins. An important find with regard to your body's defenses is that the peak of sleep and wake hours also influence the immune systems capabilities. Again, the rhythm was established by our Creator and disruption throws a monkey wrench into the works.

CELLS WITH POWER

The moral of all the scientific research is that 8 to 10 hours of sleep is necessary when we are healthy and more sleep is required when we are sick. It makes perfect sense that when we are sick the body likes to take several naps. It is using the circadian rhythm to assist the immune system in making more immune system cells. The human body manufacturers several different immune system cells depending on the type of infection you have. The immune system may engage more than one type offering the immune system more sophisticated capabilities of adapting its response. Therefore, one of the immune system cells is the Lymphocytes and it offers an adaptive response. The Antigen cells bring antigens to the lymphocytes to adapt the antigen as needed. The Effector cells are the gladiators of the cells that kill microbes after the adaptive response is initiated. Remember we talked about the many cellular clocks forming this rhythm for our defense? Well this is where the lymph nodes, submucosal lymphoid tissues and your spleen come in chiming right along with the immune system cells. These tissues help carry the blood with all the immune system cells in it to destroy the pathogen.

SLEEP DISRUPTORS

Sometimes it can be the medications the doctor prescribed that is the culprit of robbing us of rest. According to Professor Errol Fikrig of Yale's School of Medicine, we should investigate all factors that impact our sleep including medications. Some of these drugs may reduce symptoms but they are messing up the rhythm the body depends on for optimal function. The top ten items that will put your overall rest mechanism at risk are:

Alpha-blockers for blood pressure and other conditions.

Beta-blockers for high blood pressure, arrhythmia, angina, migraines, tremors and glaucoma.

Corticosteroids for inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, allergies and other conditions.

SSRI Antidepressants (selective serotonis-reuptake inhibitors) for depression.

ACE Inhibitors for high blood pressure and congestive heart failure.

Angiotensin II - receptor blockers for coronary artery disease or heart failure.

Cholinesterase inhibitors for memory loss, Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

H1 Antagonists (2nd generation antihistamines) for allergies.

Glucosamine & Chondroitin dietary supplements for joint pain and inflammation.

Statin drugs for high cholesterol.

"These findings not only unveil a novel, direct molecular link between circadian rhythms and the immune system, but also open a new paradigm in the biology of the overall immune response with important implications for the prevention and treatment of disease. Furthermore, patients in the ICU often have disturbed sleep patterns, due to noise, nocturnal light exposure and medications; it will be important to investigate how these factors influence immune responses." Professor Erol Fikrig, Epidemiology Yale's School of Medicine.

OTHER INFLUENCES

Health experts also advise that regular exercise will help us to sleep better. It is pretty clear that a simple thing of not getting adequate rest will disrupt neurotransmitters and hormones that can increase our risk to certain types of cancer. It can be easy for our body and immune system to become confused from lack of rest and it won't know if it should manufacture the chemicals for sleep or not. Some people feel that they function just fine on 4, 5 or 6 hours of sleep per day. What they are not taking into account is that it will catch up with them. At the minimum they are reducing the efficiency of their immune system by at least 12% or more.

HOW YOU CAN SLEEP BETTER & LIVE BETTER

As we approach a very hectic time of year, we should take extra care to protect our immune system so we don't get sick. One candy bar can suppress the immune system for 8 hours. Add lack sleep, to the holiday sweets and you can catch a cold or flu bug fairly easily. If you don't think you will be able to miss out on any activities or the holiday desserts then I would boost the immune system with powerful herbs. Broad-spectrum herbs helps the immune system sweep for a variety of pathogens. For more specific issues such as sinus or lung congestion I would use more targeted herb formulas. There are a variety of immune boosting herb products at Apothecary Herbs (all certified organic and whole-food ingredients). Look for All-In-One, My 3 Amigos, Astragalus Root, Echinacea Deluxe (sinus) and Pneumonia Kit. If you need to skip the drugs that prevent sleep then look at the herbs to help you sleep, relax, lose weight, lift mood and strengthen the cardio system. All these organic whole-food herb formulas are at Apothecary Herbs. Look for Relaxation, Valerian Root, Emotional Stress, Heart & Cholesterol, Body Foundation Food and Calcium formula. Call Apothecary herbs to order or for a free product catalog 866-229-3663, International 704-885-0277 http://www.thepowerherbs.com. If you are serious about herbs you need Apothecary Herbs.

"Using your top quality supplements has been a game changer for me."
Bill Knott, Cobleskill, NY

Sources:

http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20459221,00.html

http://www.medicaldaily.com/health-benefits-napping-resting-can-help-reduce-stress-and-protect-immune-system-321580

http://www.eomega.org/article/4-surprising-benefits-of-rest

http://www.gallup.com/poll/175400/workers-sense-identity-job.aspx

http://www.rwjf.org/en/library/articles-and-news/2012/08/sleep-tight--the-immune-system-needs-rest-to-work-best.html

http://missinglink.ucsf.edu/lm/immunology_module/prologue/objectives/obj04.html

http://www.aarp.org/health/drugs-supplements/info-04-2013/medications-that-can-cause-insomnia.html

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2012/06/02/can-sleeping-affect-immune-system.aspx

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