Frostnip, frostbite in children
Burns and prevention
CPR class schedule

February 2016


"There is nothing more important than the safety of your child".

Baby Zone & Beyond LLC is dedicated to providing information for emergency care until trained medical help arrives.  
 
In that spirit, it is our mission to bring you newsletter topics that are relevant to child & family safety and wellness. 

Cold related injuries.

It's the time of year for outdoor fun. While playing outdoors in winter can be healthy and packed with fun for your child you need to be aware of some dangers.
Children are at a greater risk of experiencing frostnip and frostbite because they lose heat from their skin more rapidly and they tend to stay outside longer because they're having so much fun.
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Frostnip:
Also known as (Chillblains) is a milder form of frostbite. It is sometimes referred to as a first degree frostbite.There is no tissue destruction and the skin goes back to normal when it is re-warmed.

Causes:
Frostnip occurs as a result of exposure to extremely cold weather and wet clothing in cold temperatures. It usually affects areas exposed such as the ears, nose, cheeks, fingers and toes.

Symptoms:
Redness, paleness, tingling and numbness.

Treatment:
Frostnip can be treated at home.
  • Get the child to a warm place
  • Remove wet clothing and dry
  • Rewarm the skin by using your own body heat or immerse in warm water for 20 to 30 minutes until all sensation returns
  • Do not rub the area
  • Get medical help if all sensation does not return
 
Frostbite:
Frostbite is frozen body tissue. The extent of permanent injury, however, is determined not by how cold the skin and the underlying tissues becomes but by how long they remain frozen

Causes:
The skin is damaged as a result of freezing from exposure to extremely cold temperatures or wet clothing in very cold weather. Most frostbite affects the hands and feet but can affect the nose, ears, cheeks and even the penis.

Symptoms:
The affected area feels cold, numb and hard to the touch. The skin turns white, yellow or waxy.

Treatment:
  • Seek immediate medical help
  • Get the child to a warm area
  • Remove wet and tight clothing
  • Put on loose clothing and cover with a blanket
  • Do not re-warm if there is a chance of re-freezing again
  • Rewarm slowly without excessive movement or rubbing if medical help is not immediately available
  • Rewarm the affected part for 15 to 30 minutes in water at a temperature of 104-108F (40-42C)
  • Do not allow the child to use or walk on the affected limbs
Frostnip and frostbite in children can be prevented even in the coldest conditions if parents take the following precautions.
  • Stay updated on weather forecasts. If it's extremely cold even brief exposure to cold can cause frostbite
  • Dress children in loose layered clothing with an inner moisture absorbing layer and outer wind and water proof layer
  • Cover the hands, feet and head including the ears
  • Make sure kids come indoors at regular intervals
  • Wet clothing should be removed as quickly as possible
  • Watch for frostnip frosbite's early warning sign and treat appropriately
  • Take a CPR and First Aid class to help learn what to do in emergency situations
Hypothermia:  
Hypothermia is a life-threatening emergency and needs immediate medical treatment.

Symptoms: 
There is shivering in mild hypothermia but people with severe hypothermia may be lethargic. the hands, feet and abdomen are cold. The body temperature is below 95 degrees F and 35 C.

 

Treatment: 

  • Move the child to a warm place
  • Remove wet clothing
  • Give warm liquids to drink if conscious
  • Call 911
Never allow a child to rewarm themselves because they may not have feeling in that area and can burn the skin.
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Burns

Did you know that every day over 300 children are treated in emergency rooms for burns and 2 die as a result.

Hot tap water burns cause more deaths and hospitalization than burns from any other liquid. 
Children 4 and under are at greater risk because they're curious and have very sensitive skin.

Burn prevention:
  • Set the thermostat at 120 degrees F. on the water heater
  • Cook with care..turn the pot handles toward the back of the stove
  • Childproof your home
  • Install alarms on every floor and near all sleep areas
  • Test alarms once a month
  • Have an escape plan...practice should involve kids
  • Make sure everyone knows two ways out of a room and identify a central meeting place outside

Take a First Aid class and know what to do if a child gets a burn. 


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In-home "Party"
This is our most popular class. The Infant and Child CPR, choking & Basic First Aid for Children class is conducted in the comfort of your home with your family & friends.

The host receives Baby Zone & Beyond's award winning DVD "Saving Baby's Life...When Every Second Counts.
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Call or email to schedule.

Infant and Child CPR, Choking & Basic First Aid for children.

Chatham NJ schedule.

Tuesday, February 16th at 7pm (Space still available).
Tuesday, March 1st at 7pm
Tuesday, March 15th at 7pm
Tuesday, April 5th at 7pm
Tuesday, April 19th at 7pm

Purchase our DVD for only $10 when you take a class.

Visit our website for class description. 
 
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Remember to keep your CPR and First Aid training up to date. Don't wait for a tragedy or near-tragic event to take these all important life-saving classes. If it's more than 2 years since you took a CPR/First Aid class it's time to take one again.    

TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE AFFORDABLE AND FLEXIBLE IN-HOME INFANT AND CHILD CPR AND FIRST AID TRAINING. WE'LL BRING THE CLASS TO YOU.

Call for all your certification needs.

Have a great and safe month.

Sincerely,

Geraldine Hickey, RN
CPR Instructor.
Winner of 2014 Women of Excellence for Medicine/Health Union County, NJ
Owner, Baby Zone & Beyond, LLC
www.babyzoneandbeyond.com