Malcolm X (1925 - 1965) 
"Our Shining Prince"
Assassinated 50 Years Ago 

"We believe that our problem is one not a violation of civil rights but a violation of human rights. Not only are we denied the right to be a citizen in the United States, we are denied the right to be a human being."

February 21 marks the 50th anniversary of Malcolm X/El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz being shot and killed in Harlem in 1965. As historian John Henrik Clarke said, "We have buried the body of Malcolm, we have not buried the spirit. We have not buried the teachings. If we hear him and heed him, we will make a better world for our children." 

Teaching for Change recommends these materials to bring the lessons and legacy of Malcolm X/El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz to the classroom.

Additional Resources

"Message to the Grass Roots"

Film clip of Mos Def reading Malcolm X's "Message to the Grass Roots." View online.

Malcolm X: Make it Plain (Film)

The life and legacy of Malcolm X through the memories of Maya Angelou, Ossie Davis, Wallace D. Muhammad, Betty Shabazz, and many more. There is also extensive archival footage of Malcolm X. View online.

Malcolm X: Make it Plain (Book)

Excerpts from the book Malcolm X: Make It Plain by William Strickland. The text concludes, "Like Prometheus, Malcolm stole the flame of secret knowledge and set America on fire." Read here.

A People's History of Muslims
in the United States

What school textbooks and the media miss. This article is by Alison Kysia from the Zinn Education Project. Read here.

Civil Rights Movement "Mythbusters" Quiz

Who took steps to petition the United Nations Commission on Human Rights to investigate charges that the United States was violating not just the civil rights, but also the human rights, of African Americans?

Each answer has links to more information. Our publication, Putting the Movement Back into Civil Rights Teaching, provides readings and lessons on all the issues addressed in the quiz.


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