one...the SEVENTEENTH DAY of SEPTEMBER, in the year of our LORD
one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven."
This is the last line of the U.S. Constitution. John Jay
, the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, stated September 8, 1777:
"The Americans are the first people whom Heaven
has favored with an opportunity of deliberating upon, and choosing the forms of government under which they should live.
All other constitutions have derived their existence from violence or accidental circumstances." James Wilson
, who signed the Declaration and Constitution and was appointed to the Supreme Court by George Washington, remarked at Pennsylvania's ratifying convention, November 26, 1787:
"Governments, in general, have been the result of force, of fraud, and accident.
After a period of 6,000 years has elapsed since the creation, the United States exhibit to the world the first instance...of a nation...assembling voluntarily...
and deciding calmly concerning that system of government under which they would wish that they and their posterity should live."
In 1802, Daniel Webster
stated in a Fourth of July Oration:
"We live under the only government that ever existed which was framed by the unrestrained and deliberate consultations of the people.
Miracles do not cluster. That which has happened but once in 6,000 years cannot be expected to happen often.
Such a government, once gone, might leave a void, to be filled, for ages, with revolution and tumult, riot and despotism." Daniel Webster
"The history of the world is before us...
Ambitious men must be restrained by the public morality; when they rise up to do evil, they must find themselves standing alone.
Morality rests on religion. If you destroy the foundation, the superstructure must fall...
The civil, the social, the Christian virtues are requisite to render us worthy the continuation of that government which is the freest on earth." Harvard President Samuel Langdon
was a delegate to New Hampshire's ratifying convention
He gave a speech titled "The Republic of the Israelites An Example to the American States," June 5, 1788. New Hampshire became the 9th State to ratify the U.S. Constitution, thereby putting the Constitution into effect:
"Instead of the twelve tribes of Israel, we may substitute the thirteen States of the American union
, and see this application plainly offering itself, viz. ---
That as God in the course of his kind providence hath given you an excellent Constitution
of government, founded on the most rational, equitable, and liberal principles, by which all that liberty is secured....
and you are impowered to make righteous laws for promoting public order and good morals;
and as he has moreover given you by his Son Jesus Christ...a complete revelation of his will...
it will be your wisdom...to...adhere faithfully to the doctrines and commands of the gospel, and practice every public and private virtue."
Professors Donald S. Lutz and Charles S. Hyneman published an article in American Political Science Review
, 1984, titled "The Relative Influence of European Writers on Late 18th-Century American Political Thought."
They examined nearly 15,000 writings of the 55 writers of the U.S. Constitution,
including newspaper articles, pamphlets, books and monographs, and discovered that the Bible, especially the book of Deuteronomy, contributed 34 percent of all direct quotes made by the Founders.
When indirect Bible citations were included, the percentage rose even higher.Get the book America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations Benjamin Franklin
wrote to the Editor of the Federal Gazette, April 8, 1788 (The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787
, Farrand's Records, Vol. 3, CXCV, pp. 296-297; Documentary History of the Constitution
, IV, 567-571):
"I beg I may not be understood to infer, that our general Convention was divinely inspired when it form'd the new federal Constitution
yet I must own I have so much faith in the general government of the world by Providence
, that I can hardly conceive a transaction of such momentous importance to the welfare of millions now existing, and to exist in the posterity of a great nation,
should be suffered to pass without being in some degree influenc'd, guided and governed by that omnipotent, omnipresent Beneficent Ruler
, in whom all inferior spirits live & move and have their being."
Presiding over the Constitutional Convention was George Washington
, who wrote ten days after his Presidential Inauguration to the United Baptist Churches of Virginia, May 10, 1789:
"If I could have entertained the slightest apprehension that the Constitution
framed by the Convention, where I had the honor to preside, might possibly endanger the religious rights of any ecclesiastical Society, certainly I would never have placed my signature to it."
The same week Congress passed the First Ten Amendments to the Constitution, President Washington
declared, October 3, 1789:
"Whereas both Houses of Congress have by their joint Committee requested me
'to recommend...a Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer
to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many signal favors of Almighty God
especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government
for their safety and happiness'...
...I do recommend...the 26th day of November...to be devoted by the People of these United States to the service of that great and glorious Being, who is the beneficent Author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be;
that we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks...for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government
for our safety and happiness,
and particularly the national one now lately instituted
, for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed." Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
"America is another name for opportunity.
Our whole history appears like a last effort of Divine Providence
in behalf of the human race."