arion Mitchell Morrison, of Presbyterian Scots-Irish descent, was a veteran of the Civil War.
His grandson of the same name, Marion Mitchell Morrison
, was born MAY 26, 1907.
He became an Academy award winning actor for portraying cowboys and soldiers in action western and war films, appearing in over 200 films and holding the Hollywood record of starring in 142.
Raoul Walsh, director of film The Big Trail
(1930), first suggested his screen name be "Anthony Wayne" after Revolutionary War general "Mad Anthony" Wayne
, but settled upon "John Wayne". "Mad Anthony" Wayne
raised a militia unit at the beginning of the Revolutionary War
and participated in the invasion of Canada.
He fought in the Battle of Trois-Rivières
, and led forces at Fort Ticonderoga
and Mount Independence
. "Mad Anthony" Wayne
fought at Brandywine in 1777, then harassed British General Howe
as his troops marched towards Pennsylvania.
He fought at Germantown
, and quartered the winter at Valley Forge
In 1778, Wayne
attacked at the Battle of Monmouth
, and in 1779, he led a stealth, bayonet-only night to capture Stony Point, New York
, for which he was awarded a medal by the Continental Congress.
When the Pennsylvania Line of the Continental Army threatened mutiny
for being paid with worthless "continental currency," Wayne
was able to keep the army together.
led Lafayette's forces in the 1781 Green Springs
action and led a bayonet charge against British Lord Cornwallis's troops in Virginia.
After the Revolution, Wayne
was recalled by Washington to fight an Indian confederacy in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794
.Get the book America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations
Many places in the United States are named for General"Mad Anthony" Wayne
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Wayne, New Jersey
Wayne, New York
Wayne, West Virginia
South Wayne, Wisconsin
Waynesville, North Carolina
The DC Comic Books depict Bruce Wayne
as a descendant of General "Mad Anthony" Wayne
. "Mad Anthony" Wayne's
courageous reputation as fit the character of actor John Wayne
had played football for U.S.C. and worked behind-the-scenes at Fox Studios.
career took off when director John Ford cast him in epic western films such as: Fort Apache
(1948); She Wore A Yellow Ribbon
(1949); and Rio Grande
became an icon of the U.S. Armed Forces for depicting the strength and sacrifice of American military personnel during World War II, Korea
: The Flying Tigers
(1942);The Fighting Seabees
(1944);They Were Expendable
(1945);Back to Bataan
(1945);The Sands of Iwo Jima
(1949);The Flying Leathernecks
(1951);The Longest Day
(1962);In Harm's Way
(1965); andThe Green Berets
These films had the international effect of publicizing America's military might and moral values, as demonstrated when Japanese Emperor Hirohito
visited the United States in 1975 and asked to meet John Wayne.
Regarding socialism, John Wayne stated in an interview, May 1971:
"In the late Twenties, when I was a sophomore at USC, I was a socialist myself-but not when I left.
The average college kid idealistically wishes everybody could have ice cream and cake for every meal.
But as he gets older and gives more thought to his and his fellow man's responsibilities, he finds that it can't work out that way-that some people just won't carry their load ...
...I believe in welfare-a welfare work program. I don't think a fella should be able to sit on his backside and receive welfare.
I'd like to know why well-educated idiots keep apologizing for lazy and complaining people who think the world owes them a living.
I'd like to know why they make excuses for cowards who spit in the faces of the police and then run behind the judicial sob sisters.
I can't understand these people who carry placards to save the life of some criminal, yet have no thought for the innocent victim."
On MAY 26, 1979, the U.S. Congress awarded him the Congressional Gold Medal and President Jimmy Carter, who later awarded John Wayne
the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously, stated:
"I have today approved...a specially struck gold medal to John Wayne
. For nearly half a century, the Duke
has symbolized the American ideals of integrity, courage, patriotism, and strength and has represented to the world many of the deepest values that this Nation respects."
In 1998, the U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation honored John Wayne
with the Naval Heritage Award for his support of the U S Navy and military.
A Harris Poll, January 2011, ranked John Wayne
third among America's favorite film stars.
In 1979, California's Orange County airport was named John Wayne Airport
Ronald Reagan said November 5, 1984:
"I noted the news coverage about the death of my friend, John Wayne
. One headline read 'The Last American Hero.'...
No one would be angrier than Duke Wayne
at the suggestion that he was America's last hero.
Just before he died, John Wayne
said in his unforgettable way, 'Just give the American people a good cause, and there's nothing they can't lick.'" John Wayne
stated in a 1971 interview:
"Tomorrow is the most important thing in life.
Comes into us at midnight very clean. It's perfect when it arrives and it puts itself in our hands. It hopes we've learned something from yesterday."
In his album, America-Why I Love Her
, 1977, John Wayne
"Face the Flag, son, and face reality.
Our strengths and our freedoms are based in unity.
The flag is but a symbol, son, of the world's greatest nation,
And as long as it keeps flying, there's cause for celebration.
So do what you've got to do, but always keep in mind,
A lot of people believe in peace...but there are the other kind.
If we want to keep these freedoms, we may have to fight again.
God forbid, but if we do, let's always fight to win,
For the fate of a loser is futile and it's bare:
No love, no peace...just misery and despair.Face the Flag, son...and thank God it's still there