he Star-Spangled Banner was written while the British bombed Fort McHenry
, named after Secretary of War James McHenry. Dr. James McHenry
served as a surgeon during the Revolutionary War.
He was taken prisoner by British when General William Howe captured Fort Washington, New York.
Paroled in 1777, James McHenry
was at the Battle of Monmouth, then became an aide to General George Washington in 1779.
On September 24, 1780, James McHenry
was riding with Major-General Lafayette and General Washington examining defenses on their way to West Point for a breakfast meeting with General Benedict Arnold.
Being delayed, Washington sent McHenry ahead to give his apologies to Benedict Arnold
McHenry arrived only to find that Arnold
had moments before learned his treasonous plot to betray the American military had been discovered and that he had fled to the British ship, Vulture
After the War, Dr. James McHenry
was elected to the Maryland Legislature and sent as a delegate to the Continental Congress.
He was at the Constitutional Convention and signed the U.S. Constitution
George Washington wrote to James McHenry
, July 31, 1788:
"I earnestly pray that the Omnipotent Being, who has not deserted the cause of America in the hour of its extremest hazard, may never yield so fair a heritage of freedom a prey to anarchy or despotism." James McHenry
served as Secretary of War under Presidents George Washington and John Adams.
He transitioned western military posts from Great Britain's control to the United States under the Jay Treaty.
He advised the Senate against reducing military forces. James McHenry
is credited with establishing the Department of the Navy
, based on his March 8, 1798, recommendation that the "War Department should be assisted by a commissioner of marine."
As Secretary of War
, he added his voice to those demanding a military academy to train officers, laying the groundwork for the United States Military Academy at West Point
. Charles Carroll,
a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, wrote to James McHenry, November 4, 1800:
"Without morals a republic cannot subsist any length of time;
they therefore who are decrying the Christian religion, whose morality is so sublime and pure and which insures to the good eternal happiness, are undermining the solid foundation of morals, the best security for the duration of free governments."Three Secular Reasons Why America Should Be Under God
After public service, former Secretary of War James McHenry
became President of the first Bible Society in Baltimore, Maryland
, stating in 1813:
"Neither...let it be overlooked, that public utility pleads most forcibly for the general distribution of the Holy Scriptures.The doctrine they preach
, the obligations they impose, the punishment they threaten, the rewards they promise, the stamp and image of divinity they bear, which produces a conviction of their truths, can alone secure to society, order and peace
, and to our courts of justice and constitutions of government, purity, stability and usefulness.
In vain, without the Bible, we increase penal laws
and draw intrenchments around our institutions. Bibles are strong intrenchments.
Where they abound, men cannot pursue wicked courses, and at the same time enjoy quiet conscience..." James McHenry
"Consider also, the rich do not possess aught more precious than their Bible
, and that the poor cannot be presented by the rich with anything of greater value. Withhold it not from the poor.
It is a book of councils and directions, fitted to every situation in which man can be placed. It is an oracle which reveals to mortals the secrets of heavens and the hidden will of the Almighty
..." James McHenry
"It is an estate, whose title is guaranteed by Christ, whose delicious fruits ripen every season, survive the worm, and keep through eternity.
It is for the purpose of distributing this divine Book
more effectually and extensively among the multitudes, whose circumstances render such a donation necessary, that your cooperation is most earnestly requested."
After his death MAY 3, 1816, his wife, Margaret Allison "Peggy" McHenry
"Here we come to the end of a life of a courteous, high-minded, keen-spirited, Christian gentleman.
He was not a great man, but participated in great events and great men loved him, while all men appreciated his goodness and purity of soul.
His highest titles to remembrance are that he was faithful to every duty and that he was the intimate and trusted friend of Lafayette, of Hamilton, and of Washington."