ne week after the First Amendment was approved by the U.S. Congress, President George Washington issued the First National Day of Thanksgiving and Prayer to Almighty God
on OCTOBER 3, 1789.
From the U.S. Capitol in New York City, the First Session of the United States Congress successfully placed ten 'handcuffs' or limitations on the power of the new Federal Government.
These limitations were called the First Ten Amendments or Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights have one signature on them - that of the ordained Lutheran minster who was elected the First Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives - Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg.
The Preamble to the Bill of Rights explained the States' concerned the Federal Government might abuse its power:
"The Conventions of a number of the States
, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire
, in order to prevent misconstruction or ABUSE OF ITS POWERS
, that further declaratory and RESTRICTIVE CLAUSES
should be added
...as amendments to the Constitution
of the United States."
The First of the Ten Amendments restricting the Federal Government began:
"CONGRESS shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,
OR PROHIBITING THE FREE EXERCISE THEREOF;
or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;
or the right of the people peaceably to assemble,
and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." Get the book PRAYERS AND PRESIDENTS - Inspiring Faith from Leaders of the Past
In his National Proclamation of Prayer and Thanksgiving, President George Washington stated OCTOBER 3, 1789:
"Whereas it is the DUTY of all nations to acknowledge the Providence of ALMIGHTY GOD, to obey His will, to be grateful for his benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor; and
Whereas both Houses of Congress have by their joint Committee requested me
'to recommend to the People of the United States A DAY OF PUBLIC THANKSGIVING AND PRAYER to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many signal favors of ALMIGHTY GOD,
especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to ESTABLISH A FORM OF GOVERNMENT for their safety and happiness;'
Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the twenty-sixth day of November next, to be devoted by the People of these United States to the service of that GREAT AND GLORIOUS BEING, who is the BENEFICENT AUTHOR of all the good that was, that is, or that will be;
That we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks,
for His kind care and protection of the People of this country previous to their becoming a Nation;
for the signal and manifold mercies, and the favorable interpositions of HIS PROVIDENCE, which we experienced in the course and conclusion of the late war;
for the great degree of tranquility, union, and plenty, which we have since enjoyed,
for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to ESTABLISH CONSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT for our safety and happiness, and PARTICULARLY THE NATIONAL ONE NOW LATELY INSTITUTED,
for the CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY with which we are blessed, and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge;
and in general for all the great and various favors which He hath been pleased to confer upon us.
And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to THE GREAT LORD AND RULER OF NATIONS, and beseech Him
to pardon our national and other transgressions,
to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually;
to render OUR NATIONAL GOVERNMENT a blessing to all the People, by constantly being A GOVERNMENT OF WISE, JUST AND CONSTITUTIONAL LAWS, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed;
to protect and guide all Sovereigns and Nations (especially such as have shown kindness unto us) and to bless them with good government, peace, and concord;
TO PROMOTE THE KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF TRUE RELIGION AND VIRTUE, and the increase of science among them and us;
and generally to grant unto all Mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as He alone knows to be best.
Given under my hand, at the city of New York, the 3rd of October, IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine. -George Washington."PRAYERS AND PRESIDENTS-Inspiring Faith from Leaders of the Past
Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger
stated in the case of Marsh v. Chambers
(675 F. 2d 228, 233; 8th Cir. 1982; review allowed, 463 U.S. 783; 1982):
"The men who wrote the First Amendment
religion clause did not view paid legislative chaplains and opening prayers as a violation of that amendment...
The practice of opening sessions with prayer has continued without interruption ever since that early session of Congress... It can hardly be thought that in the same week the members of the first Congress
voted to appoint and pay a chaplain for each House and also voted to approved the draft of the First Amendment
...(that) they intended to forbid what they had just declared acceptable.
" PRAYERS AND PRESIDENTS