ritish forces left Boston and headed to New York.
General George Washington moved his troops to New York, fortifying Brooklyn Heights.
Enthusiasm was high and Washington's ranks swelled to nearly 20,000.
Before long, hundreds of British ships filled New York's harbor, carrying 32,000 troops.
It was the largest invasion force in history to that date.
The thousands of wooden masts of the British ships were described as looking like a forest.
In Congress, May 1776, General William Livingston made a resolution which passed without dissent:
"We earnestly recommend that Friday, the 17th day of May be observed by the colonies as a day of humiliation, fasting, and prayer,
that we may with united hearts confess and bewail our manifold sins and...and by a sincere repentance...appease God's righteous displeasure,
and through the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ obtain His pardon and forgiveness."
In New York, General Washington ordered his troops, May 15, 1776:
"The Continental Congress having ordered Friday the 17th...to be observed as a Day of Fasting, Humiliation and Prayer,
humbly to supplicate the mercy of Almighty God, that it would please Him to pardon all our manifold sins and transgressions, and to prosper the arms of the United Colonies,
and finally establish the peace and freedom of America upon a solid and lasting foundation;
The General commands all officers and soldiers to pay strict obedience to the orders of the Continental Congress;
that, by their unfeigned and pious observance of their religious duties, they may incline the Lord and Giver of victory to prosper our arms."
On July 9, 1776, messengers from Philadelphia delivered to New York a copy of the Declaration of Independence, which Washington had read to his troops.
The Declaration mentioned God four times:
"Laws of Nature and of Nature's God..."
"All Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights..."
"Appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the Rectitude of
"With a firm Reliance on the Protection of divine Providence."
Citizens of New York pulled down the statue of the 'tyrant' King George and classes were stopped at King's College, which later reopened as Columbia College.
On AUGUST 27, 1776, the Battle of Brooklyn Heights (Long Island) began.
It was the first major battle after America had officially declared its independence, and it was the largest battle of the entire war.
Washington expected an attack from the sea, similar to what the British did at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Instead, 10,000 British troops landed a distance from New York and a British loyalist led them through Jamaica Pass, marching all night long to make a surprise attack on the Continental Army from behind.
An estimated 3,000 Americans were killed or wounded compared to only 392 British casualties.
As General Washington watched 400 soldiers of the First Maryland Regiment charge six times directly into the British lines, allowing the rest of the Continental Army to find cover, he exclaimed:
"Good God, what brave fellows I have lost this day."
British General Howe trapped the 8,000 American troops on Brooklyn Heights with their backs against the sea.
That night, Washington made the desperate decision to evacuate his entire army by ferrying it across the East River to Manhattan Island.
The sea was boisterous where the British ships were, but providentially calm in the East River allowing Washington's boats to transport troops, horses and cannons.
The next morning, as the sun began to rise, half of the America troops were still in danger, but a "miraculously" thick fog lingered blocking the evacuation from being seen by the British.
Major Ben Tallmadge, Washington's Chief of Intelligence, wrote:
"As the dawn of the next day approached, those of us who remained in the trenches became very anxious for our own safety, and when the dawn appeared there were several regiments still on duty.
At this time a very dense fog began to rise off the river, and it seemed to settle in a peculiar manner over both encampments.
I recollect this peculiar providential occurrence perfectly well, and so very dense was the atmosphere that I could scarcely discern a man at six yards distance...
We tarried until the sun had risen, but the fog remained as dense as ever."
General Washington was on the last boat that left Brooklyn Heights. Get your own copy of the best-selling America's God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations
Had the Americans not been able to evacuate, the war would have ended there.
As it happened, the British never again had such an opportunity to capture the entire American army at one time.
Washington wrote later that year, August 20, 1778:
"The Hand of Providence has been so conspicuous in all this-the course of the war-that he must be worse than an infidel that lacks faith."
Speaking in Brooklyn, New York, of enemy tactics during World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt stated November 1, 1940:
"Those forces hate democracy and Christianity as two phases of the same civilization.
They oppose democracy because it is Christian. They oppose Christianity because it preaches democracy...
We are a nation of many nationalities, many races, many religions bound together by a single unity, the unity of freedom and equality..."
"Whoever seeks to set one nationality against another, seeks to degrade all nationalities.
Whoever seeks to set one race against another seeks to enslave all races...
So-called racial and religious voting blocs are the creation of designing politicians who profess to be able to deliver them on Election Day...
But every American citizen...will scorn such unpatriotic politicians.
The vote of Americans will be American - and only American."