Pyramid of Potential


Reading Problems


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December 3, 2015
Hi All!

It's December, a wonderful month of family and friends, celebrations and activities. I hope that everyone has an inspired month!
 
Last week I wrote an article titled "Help! My child doesn't know the short vowel sounds!" Today I follow up from that and list issues that could contribute to struggles learning to read that do not include the many issues from the last two articles. Many, many issues contribute to the ability of someone learning to read well. The list might be overwhelming, but the plan as outlined at the end should take less than a year.



If you had missed one of the previous newsletters, head over to  www.pyramidofpotential.com/read-newsletters/ to read older newsletters.

Our next session of Brain Advancement Training starts February 1st. If you would like to become a coach or learn how to help your own children with this training while going through the training yourself, please look into this training. Sign up before January and save $50! Click Here for more information. 

We just had a live webinar last night, if you had missed it and would like to view the webinar, here you are.
We will be having one more live webinar with more information on Brain Advancement Training in January. If you would like to attend, use the following information to join. If you have questions, please ask us!


Brain Advancement Coaching Intro Webinar

January 12th at 8pm EST

Please join my meeting from your computer, tablet or smartphone.
https://global.gotomeeting.com/join/462067453
Click this link before the meeting to download the app. 

You can also dial in using your phone.
United States : +1 (510) 201-0301

Access Code: 462-067-453
 


Thank you so much! Kathy
Reading Problems
Vision Issues
  • Near point acuity - the ability to see words and letters clearly
  • Sustained focus - to be able to focus on the words for a long period of time
  • Tracking - the ability to follow a moving object smoothly across or up and down
  • Convergence - the ability to see near to far and back again
  • Saccades - allows the eyes to quickly and efficiently move from one word to the next
  • Amblyopia (lazy eye) and Strabismus (crossed eyes)
  • Double vision
  • Reversals - visual perception, mixing up b's and d's, saw and was, u and n, 6 and 9, etc.
  • Visual discrimination - the ability to tell the difference easily between words and letters that look alike
  • Visual attention - being able to stay with the reading and not be distracted by lots of other information on the page
  • Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome - makes text move, shake or have other visual disturbances
Decoding
  • Decoding by sound vs. phonics - only 44 sounds in English; fast to remediate
  • Auditory memory - necessary for remembering the sounds and corresponding letters
  • Visual memory - to be able to remember letter combinations
  • Working Memory - the ability to hold at least 7 pieces of separate information in brain; needed to decode larger words
Fluency
  • Processing Speed - to be able to quickly read fluently
  • Rapid automatic naming - uses memory, processing speed to know sight words, parts of words
  • The role of vision - tracking, double vision, etc. can cause a student to stop reading to figure out words
  • Working memory - a lot of information needs to be processed at the same time to read fluently
Comprehension
  • Decoding - if this is an issue, the brain cannot hold what was read while decoding
  • Double vision or other visual issues - the brain cannot comprehend if working hard on these
  • Fluency - if not fluent, the thread of what was read is lost
  • Visualization, visual memory - most students remember what was read by creating a movie
  • Working memory - When reading log passages, the beginning gets lost before reaching the end
  • Vocabulary, poor expressive and receptive language - needs to be at reading level to understand
  • Logic and reasoning - concrete thinkers cannot interpret passages; in 4th grade we introduce symbolism, similes and metaphors; reasoning is needed
  • Auditory vs. visual learner - auditory learners need to read aloud to comprehend
  • Attention - sustained, visual, auditory - necessary to read entire passages
 
Create a Plan
  1. Use Pyramid of Potential to plan
  2. Start with integrating primitive reflexes

      3.  Next get a full vision screening

  • Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome (www.irlen.com)
  • Optometrist - get prescription glasses as needed
  • Screening by a developmental or behavioral optometrist
  • Complete vision therapy if needed

      4.  Cognitive Skills Training - Brain Advancement Coaching

  • Reversals
  • Attention - sustained, auditory, visual
  • Memory - auditory, visual, working
  • Logic and Reasoning
  • Visualization
  • Processing Speed
  • www.brainadvancementteam.com
 
Best wishes for fun reading in 2016!!




Contact Us
Kathy Johnson, MS Ed
kjohnson@pyramidofpotential.com

Bob Johnson
bobjohnson@pyramidofpotential.com

Pyramid of Potential
245 Washington St #3369
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
(518) 260-3937

Take a Look!
Video of the Week

Vision Development: Causes of Learning Disabilities
Kathy Johnson describes how vision - beyond acuity and the need for glasses - is a cause of learning disabilities. Watch her eyes closely!!
Kathy Johnson describes how vision - beyond acuity and the need for glasses - is a cause of learning disabilities. Watch her eyes closely!!

Where's Kathy?

It is now time to set up your professional development at your school - Kathy is available for many dates this Fall! Call now to secure YOUR date!
 
Below are the upcoming workshops that Kathy Johnson is giving. If she is not coming to your area, why not hire her for your next professional development?
   
  Kathy Johnson Photo 2010
Monday, December 14 2015 in Cherry Hill, NJ 
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Tuesday, December 15, 2015 in Bensalem, PA
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Wednesday, December 16, 2015 in King of Prussia, PA
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Thursday, January 21 2015 in Boise, ID 
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Friday, January 22, 2015 in Salt Lake City, UT
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Monday, January 25, 2015 in Tucson, AZ
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Tuesday, January 26, 2015 in Phoenix, AZ
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Wednesday, January 27, 2015 in Scottsdale, AZ
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Monday, February 22, 2015 in San Jose, CA
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Tuesday, February 23, 2015 in Palo Alto, CA
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Wednesday, February 24, 2015 in San Francisco, CA
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Wednesday, March 9, 2015 in Northbrook, IL
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Thursday, March 10, 2015 in Schaumburg, IL
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 
Friday, March 11, 2015 in Oak Lawn, IL
Speaker: KATHY JOHNSON, MS ED
Early Registration: $199.99 

If you aren't near any of these on-site professional development conferences, consider the following:
 
Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach  Price: $169.99  Author: Kathy Johnson, MS Ed.  Format: DVD