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Pyramid of Potential
245 Washington St., #3369,
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866


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  Where's Kathy?


It is now time to set up your professional development at your school - Kathy is available for many dates this summer! Call now to secure YOUR date!


Below are the upcoming workshops that Kathy Johnson is giving. If she is not coming to your area, why not hire her for your next professional development?



The following professional development workshops are sponsored by PESI. If one is not coming to your area, but you would like to see this workshop, on April 30 the workshop will be aired live via webcast.Click here for more information.

Tuesday, April 08, 2014 in LOUISVILLE, KY

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Wednesday, April 09, 2014 in BLUE ASH, OH

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Thursday, April 10, 2014 in COLUMBUS, OH

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Tuesday, April 29, 2014 in OKLAHOMA CITY, OK

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Wednesday, April 30, 2014 in DALLAS, TX

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Wednesday, May 07, 2014 in RICHMOND, VA

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Thursday, May 08, 2014 in CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Wednesday, May 21, 2014 in TEMECULA, CA

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Thursday, May 22, 2014 in CARLSBAD, CA

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Wednesday, June 04, 2014 in HASBROUCK HEIGHTS, NJ

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach
Thursday, June 05, 2014 in PARSIPPANY, NJ

If you aren't near any of these on-site professional development conferences, consider the following:

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: An Integrated Approach 
Price: $169.99  Author: Kathy Johnson, MS Ed.
Format: DVD

Dyslexia, Dyscalculia & Dysgraphia: Brain Development Causes & Remediation
Speaker: Kathy Johnson, MS Ed.
  • Video Webcast (4/30/2014) - $169.99
  • Buy It - $169.99
  • Rent It - $99.99
  • Rent It - $99.99

Visual Processing, Learning Disabilities, and Primitive Reflexes
March 25, 2014

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"Did you know that 90% of brain development happens based primarily on experiences during the ages of 0-5 years? 

Dear All,

In this newsletter, we continue looking at the foundation for learning.

Visual processing, learning disabilities and the primitive reflexes


The following article assumes that you have a basic understanding of the primitive reflexes. Please go to to learn more.


On sale for only a few more days, is the Primitive Reflexes: Foundation for Learning webinar recording. It has over 7 hours of information, including videos to train a person to learn about, test, and integrate the reflexes. The best way to help people with learning issues to empower YOURSELF. I had to learn this myself, because there simply were not enough people around who knew the information, and my trusted occupational therapist retired. You can do it too!!


When I Learned

About 15 years ago I took training on the primitive reflexes. Because I was an educator, and the room was filled with occupational therapists, I thought that all OTs learned everything I was learning, and that this information was conventional wisdom. I did not think at the time how odd that the course was taught by Samuel Berne, an optometrist. I was new to the information, and had seen how quickly a person could integrate the reflexes and how it made significant changes in cognition as well. I thought everyone knew how to test reflexes, how to integrate them, and most importantly (in my mind) why. The why is the most important for me - because it directly correlates to learning disabilities. I have found that for a good half of the children that come to me for learning struggles, there is also vision issues, and most of those are due to something beyond acuity, the ability to see clearly.


Developmental Optometry

There is a group of optometrists called developmental optometrists that include primitive reflex integration as part of their work to overcome vision issues. What? Use physical exercises rather than glasses? Are you nuts?!?


Hold on; let's look at this "developmentally".


A newborn can only focus about a foot away - to Mom's face. By the time that baby is a year old, he or she should be able to see well all the way across the room. Yet, how many of our learning disabled kids have glasses for distance? Many, because their vision did not develop appropriately. And that's just acuity. 


Vision Issues:

Let's look at all the things that can go wrong with vision if a child did not go through the stages of development well.


Acuity: Far-point acuity is tested in all schools to be sure that the child can see the board well. Note that there are only a few states in the United States that require near-point acuity testing before Kindergarten - yet that is exactly what children need in order to read a book.


Sustained Focus: Not only do we need to be able to focus near-point well, but we need to be able to sustain that over a long period of time. In my screening, I ask the child how long he or she can read before their eyes hurt. Some children cannot read more than a paragraph or two before their focus/near-point acuity is lost. A regular optometrist does not test for this; only a developmental or behavioral optometrist does.


Double vision: Once I was speaking to one of my students when one of his eyes drifted off. I asked him if he saw double vision, and he said yes, doesn't everyone? We have no idea what another person sees unless we ask. Click here for a double vision screening tool. Using the sample, I ask the children how often they see this - the children who do not know they do not. The ones that do can tell me. It's not more than about 20% of the LD population that I see, but it is still significant.


Other vision issues I have seen include the inability to follow a line of text without the eyes jumping over words, over lines, all over the place. Or the inability to converge - to be able to quickly and efficiently see distance to near and back again, necessary in school for copying. Some of the children do not process the visual information well, and therefore don't "see" the difference between b's and d's or saw and was; for others, it's h, n, and r that look the same, or similar words like when and then, or snake and snack.


Without addressing vision, a child could be labeled as learning disabled. They are smart, but cannot demonstrate it in school where learning must be done through the visual system.


Primitive Reflexes:

Let's now look at the primitive reflexes and which visual skills are developed when.


The Moro Reflex is normally present prenatally to 4 months. If this is not "integrated" on time, you may see problems with fixation - where the person cannot hold their gaze on something for a length of time, resulting in the inability to maintain eye contact, for example. Also, there may be light hypersensitivity, which effects reading black text on white paper, causing eye strain.


The Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex is normally present prenatally to 4 months, and can result in convergence problems - the inability to comfortably refocus near to far and back again. This skill comes up developmentally with several reflexes as the baby converges farther and farther during the first year of life.


The Spinal Galant is a stage normally present prenatally to 9 months during which near-focusing skills are developed.


The integration of the Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex, normally present prenatally to 6 months, is necessary for overcoming reversals, like saw and was or b's and d's. During this reflex, the baby is once again working on converging farther away. The ability to track across a line of text without jumping starts here.


Finally, the Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex, normally present 6 months to 11 months, is important for tracking from line to line, more convergence, and more near-point focusing.


All of these reflexes are important for vision, and for overcoming learning disabilities.


On Sale until March 31 - HURRY!

If you would like to learn more about primitive reflexes, I have my course Primitive Reflexes: Foundations for Learning on sale this month. It was originally given as a webinar, is over 7 hours long, and includes a ton of information, videos and more! For this month only, it is 20% off the normal price of $199 and is only $159. Don't miss out on this fantastic sale!


Have a great week, 


Kathy Johnson


Equipping Minds Conference   

  Strengthening Cognitive Abilities Through a Multi-Disciplinary Approach


                           April 9-11, 2014   

                                 Danville, KY 

 World Renown Guest Speakers Joining Us:


Dr. David Martin, PhD, Co-Author, Developing Minds: A Resource for Teaching Thinking and The Thinking Academy


Rafaele Joundry, Author, Why Aren't I Learning?


Dr. Tracy Alloway, PhD, Author, The Working Memory Advantage: Train Your Brain to Function Stronger, Smarter, and Faster 



Host Presenters: Carol Brown and Kyle Brown


The Equipping Minds Conference trains educators, therapists, and other specialists in our multi-disciplinary approach, which increases anyone's capacity to learn. You will be introduced to the theory of Structural Cognitive Modifiability, the role of neuro-developmental therapy, sound therapy, vestibular therapy, vision therapy, and cognitive developmental therapy. You will be provided with a proven set of exercises in these areas through a hands-on approach. This conference is designed for those who want to implement this program into their private practice, learning center, or school.


Conference Schedule


  • 9:00 am - Carol Brown: "The Equipping Minds Program: Understanding, Identifying, and Strengthening Cognitive Abilities"
  • 10:00 am - "Neuro-Developmental Therapy and Exercises"
  • 11:00 am - Carol Brown: "Working Memory Exercises Crucial for Learning, Language, and Life Skills"
  • 12:00 pm - Lunch
  • 1:00 pm - Dr. David Martin: "Structural Cognitive Modifiability and Mediated Learning Based on Reuven Feuerstein's Instrumental Enrichment Program"
  • 2:00 pm - "Vestibular Therapy for Dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, Anxiety, Dysgraphia, and Other Disorders"
  • 3:00 pm - Carol Brown: "Auditory and Visual Processing Exercises"
  • 4:00 pm - Rafaele Joudry: "Understanding the Benefits of Sound Therapy"


  • 9:00 am - Dr. Tracy Alloway: "Working Memory: Why It Is More Important Than IQ and How to Increase It"
  • 10:30 am - Carol Brown: "Developing Critical Thinking"
  • 12:00 pm - Lunch
  • 1:00 pm - Kyle Brown: "Remembering What You Read: Visualizing for Comprehension"
  • 2:00 pm - Kyle Brown: "Putting Your Thoughts on Paper"
  • 3:00 pm - Carol Brown: "Adapting for All Ages and Abilities: Gifted, Dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, Down Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Traumatic Brain Injuries, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, and Others"


  • 9:00 am-5:00 pm - Carol Brown: "Putting Everything Together: A Typical Day in Your Practice, Center, or Classroom"





Pyramid of Potential Series Exercises are now available as apps for your iPhone or iPad!

These apps contain exercises that, if done daily for at least 30 days, have helped many people improve the issues identified below! Based on brain development research and "integration of primitive reflexes", the exercises are appropriate for ages 5 through 99, are simple, and take about 10 minutes a day.


Use these for home therapy at a price anyone can afford!


For the Overview app, click here  


Hypersensitivity and Anxiety

Are you anxious or nervous? Are you sensitive to light or sound? Would you like to live a calmer, easier life?

For Hypersensitivity and Anxiety click here    


Organization and Time Management

 Are you disorganized? Are you frequently late but don't mean to be and mix up time? Do you find it hard to keep things in sequential order?

For Organization and Time Management click here  


ADD-ADHD, Memory & Bed wetting

Do you have trouble paying attention, are fidgety and impulsive? Do you have trouble with short term memory or with things that are said? Perhaps someone you know has had trouble with bed wetting?

 For ADD/ADHD, Memory and Bedwetting click here


Dyslexia and Dysgraphia

Do you or someone you know have a hard time reading, especially with reversing letters and numbers at an older age? Do you have poor handwriting? Do you have a hard time getting your thoughts down on paper?

For Dyslexia and Dysgraphia click here


Vision, Co-ordination & Attention

Do you know someone who struggles with vision - getting headaches when reading, eyes jump over words and lines, or who can read but doesn't like to? Or who had trouble learning to swim or is a messy eater? Who has problems concentrating, but not necessarily hyperactive? 

For Vision, Coordination and Attention click here
Save 20%
Primitive Reflexes: Foundation for Learning
7+ hour webinar and videos

Normally $198, until March 31 just $159!!

Offer Expires: March 31, 2014