Exotic Animal Care Center News
Happy Holidays! I ran around to all the holiday parties - Zooh Corner Rabbit Rescue, the Southwestern Herpetologist Society, and our very own EACC holiday party. Whew! The holidays were fun, but they kept me very busy. In January we have the next installment of the Zooh Corner/EACC Education Seminar on Geriatric Care. Go to mybunny.org for more details.
Sincerely, Dr. Sari Kanfer
Exotic Animal Care Adoptables
Noel was found wandering the streets Christmas Day. She's young, about 3 to 4 months old, curious and very sweet!
Ringo and Georgia are an adorable bonded pair, born March 2014. Both rabbits are healthy, with great personalities!
Thorn is a 2 year old neutered male rabbit. He came in emaciated and couldn't breathe. We were able to save him, and now he is fat and sassy! He has a very outgoing, puppy-like personality.
Willow and Gladys: Willow is a 6 ½ year old neutered male brown lop-eared rabbit. He has E-cuniculi and developed headtilt last year. His illness has resolved, and now he just looks at life from a different angle. He is a nice bunny and loves to cuddle with his girlfriend Gladys. She is a completely healthy 5 ½ year old spayed female white rabbit.
Zorro is a 4 year old gray neutered male Dwarf rabbit. He is very sweet and enjoys being petted as well as racing around and exploring. He has dental issues which require minimal care and will be discounted. He lost his bonded mate and is looking for a friend.
Looking for a cuddle bunny? C.C. loves to be held and cradled like a baby. He is a neutered male born late in 2011 and was brought to Kanfer Rescue because his owners were unable to afford the amputation surgery required for his broken hind right leg. Kanfer Rescue performed the amputation and C.C. is ready to go to his forever home. He has proven himself to be a very laid-back bunny that loves to relax in your arms, upside down! He currently is a bachelor because he has not found his forever friend, but would be equally content remaining alone.
Storm and Wolverine are an adorable bonded pair, both born April of 2012. Storm is a black and white blue eyed Netherland dwarf, and Wolverine is a gray neutered male holland lop.
Joey is a chill, 5 year old neutered male lop eared rabbit. He had his left rear leg amputated because he had a tumor on his foot. The surgery was curative, and he is completely healthy. Joey is very sweet and mellow, and would like a home with carpet for him to run around on.
Marshmellow is a white Satin spayed 2 year old bunny that was dropped by a child and now cannot walk. She is very sweet and enjoys being petted. Marshy is looking for a loving home with a bunny parent that can spend time with her in her wheelchair.
Nickel is an adorable 2 year old neutered male rabbit. He is sweet and curious, likes to be petted and explore. He was given up by his owner who couldn't afford to treat his dental abscesses. We performed surgery to fix his abscesses, and going forward he will only require minor dental maintenance.
Turtledove is an extremely cuddly bunny! She prefers to be held daily, as much as possible. She enjoys exploring and begging for attention. Turtledove is a 3 year old spayed female rabbit. She had a tooth root abscess that has been treated, and her dental issues are mild. If adopted, Turtledove's future costs of dental care will be heavily discounted. Turtle just wants someone to love her! And how can you resist those baby blue eyes!
Please call us at 626-405-1777 or email email@example.com if you are interested in any of the animals above.
This year EXOTIC ANIMAL CARE CENTER has developed a partnership with the Pasadena Humane Society and some of the local rehabilitators to help care for, raise, and release some of the various wildlife that they have taken in. In addition, we have cared for wildlife that has been brought into our clinic. We have also developed relationships with some of the local nature centers, which have safe areas to release these animals once they are old enough to survive on their own.
Due to the extreme drought conditions that are occurring this year, suitable release sites are very hard to find. They must have water and food sources available. Also, due to the weather conditions, some of the raccoon babies have been born very late in the summer out of the normal baby season, so they will not be old enough to be released until next spring.
The releases we have done have gone very well and we are very proud of the success rate that we have had. We look forward to more releases this next spring. Some of the animals we have raised and released are:
* One Canadian Goose
* Six Mallard Ducks
* Three Ground Squirrels
* Six Hummingbirds
* Five Crows
* Eleven Tree Squirrels
* One Opossum
* Various song birds, pigeons and doves
* And..... Thirteen Raccoons!
All of the babies take a lot of work, time and supplies. Dr. Kanfer has been very generous in helping out with some of the cost of the supplies, and additionally she has provided free medical care and medicines when needed.
The clinic has also assisted in the care and rehabilitation of:
* One Coot
* Two Cooper's Hawks
* One Great Horned Owl
* Various Opossums
* Mocking birds, blue jays, pigeons and doves
* Local wild Amazon Parrots
We also have a wish list:
* Towels of any size, baby blankets, and fleece
* Baby toys (anything that can be chewed up or go into the water)
* Teething beads, pacifiers, plastic beads or keys, etc.
* Baby bottles, food and water dishes
* Plastic litter boxes (any size)
* Puppy and kitten food (dry), jars of meat baby food (chicken and turkey), baby meat sticks
* Non-clumping cat litter (the cheap kind)
* Guinea Pig cages
In addition, we need funds to buy species-specific baby formula. For example, the powdered milk formula for raccoons and squirrels costs $50.00 for a 3.5 pound container! One container will feed ONE baby raccoon until it is almost old enough to be weaned.
If you would like more information or would like to help the babies out, please contact the clinic at 626-405-1777.
We are also in the process of setting up a sponsorship program for the babies. If you would like more information about the sponsorship program please contact the clinic at the above number.
Thank you for your support of the animals and the clinic!
Mark Your Calendars!
Zooh Corner Rabbit Rescue Presents 2015 Free Rabbit Care Seminars at Exotic Animal Care Center, hosted by Dr. Sari Kanfer of Exotic Animal Care Center and Cat Logsdon, founder of Zooh Corner Rabbit Rescue. Download the flyer for 2015 dates and for more information. The first seminar of the series will be held Sunday, January 18, from noon to 3 p.m.
Spaying, Neutering and Reproductive Diseases of Avian and Exotic
Many of us have more experience with pet dogs and cats, and we have been told that they need to be spayed and neutered to stop overpopulation. Another important reason for female dogs and cats to be spayed is to prevent life threatening infection and cancer. But many people that acquire a unique pet do not realize that they may need to be spayed or neutered also.
Female animals in many species have a very high risk of developing disease if they are not spayed when young.
Birds: Many female birds will ovulate and lay eggs without there being a male present to fertilize the eggs. Some species, like cockatiels, are well known for excessive egg-laying. Creating all of these eggs requires a great deal of calcium, something that is lacking in the seed diets frequently fed to cockatiels. These birds become hypocalcemic and can become very ill. They may become "egg bound," unable to pass an egg which can get stuck in their oviduct. Early treatment involves calcium supplements and an injection of a hormone-blocking medicine called Lupron. Egg bound birds may require emergency surgery. Some birds develop infections of their reproductive tract, or an abnormal egg may rupture into their belly, or they may develop cancer of the reproductive tract. For many female birds, spaying before problems start is ideal. If you aren't sure if your bird is female, a quick blood test will tell us its sex. Talk with your avian veterinarian to see if it is recommended that your bird be spayed.
Reptiles: Female reptiles are not as easily stimulated to over-produce eggs as birds are, but they can develop similar problems. Reptiles require calcium in their diet AND sunlight, or a special UVB bulb to supply them with the Vitamin D3 that will help them absorb the calcium that they eat. If they are creating eggs, then they will need additional calcium as well. Reptiles require the proper levels of heat and humidity to be strong enough and hydrated enough to produce eggs. Reproductive disease in reptiles is most common in green iguanas, so it is recommended that pet iguanas be spayed to prevent life threatening reproductive disease.
Rabbits: Female rabbits have an 80% or higher chance that they will develop uterine cancer if they are not spayed. I have seen uterine cancer in rabbits as young as 4 years old. Female rabbits can also develop an endometrial aneurism, causing them to bleed to death within a few days. This usually occurs in rabbits 2-4 years old. If you have an intact female rabbit and you see red blood in their urine, that may be an emergency - rabbits do not menstruate. If the urine is orange or rust colored, however, that is normal plant pigments.
Rabbits should be spayed around 6 months of age. If you wait and spay a rabbit when she is several years old, you run the risk of her developing breast cancer later in life. Spayed, well-cared for house rabbits usually live 10 to 14 years. Unspayed rabbits usually live 5 to 9 years. Rabbits tolerate anesthesia and the spay surgery very well, so it is strongly recommended that all female rabbits be spayed.
Guinea pigs rarely develop uterine cancer. Instead, they frequently develop ovarian cysts. Some of these are very benign, not causing any problems at all. Some of them can cause altered hormone production, leading to hair loss and sometimes abdominal discomfort. There is no effective medical treatment. Spaying guinea pigs is more challenging than spaying rabbits or other rodents, and they sometimes don't tolerate anesthesia as well. In general, guinea pigs are not routinely spayed, and if they do develop ovarian cysts, but they aren't causing the guinea pig any problems, we often do not spay them. If you see red bloody urine, it is more likely that your guinea pig has a bladder stone.
Chinchillas: Reproductive diseases are uncommon in chinchillas, but occasionally they can have a life threatening uterine infection or cancer. Any unusually colored urine or vulvar discharge is cause for concern. Chinchillas are not routinely spayed.
Rats: Female rats have a very high incidence of breast tumors, which usually start to develop after 1.5 years. They are often but not always benign. They will grow quickly, and can get as big as the rat. Treatment involves surgically removing the mass while it is still small. Because rats have breast tissue from their neck down to their genitals, they can develop multiple tumors during their lifetime. The best way to prevent tumors is to get your rat spayed when she is young, around 4 months old, to prevent the hormones from stimulating her breast tissue. Occasionally rats can develop uterine infection or cancer - bloody urine, vulvar discharge, lethargy, or weight loss would be signs to look for.
Ferrets: Female ferrets that aren't spayed can have so much estrogen produced that it affects their bone marrow and causes life-threatening anemia. But we don't have to worry about it much, because most all pet ferrets are already spayed before they are sold (unless you get a ferret directly from a private breeder).
Pet Pigs: Female pigs have a high incidence of uterine tumors, so spaying them preventatively is recommended. It is ideal to spay them when they are young and small, around 3 months old or 25 pounds.
Male animals are neutered mainly for behavioral reasons instead of to avoid cancer or infection. Occasionally some male animals can get testicular cancer. In the bird world, budgerigars are the most likely species to develop testicular tumors. In birds, the testes are inside their belly, so if a tumor develops, it can press on the nerve to their leg, causing them to hold their leg out to the side. It can also push on their other organs. Surgical neutering of budgies is a very delicate procedure that requires an experienced avian specialist, but hormone blocking injections can help. There are no preventative medical reasons to neuter male reptiles.
Rabbits: It is recommended to neuter rabbits mainly for behavioral reasons. When they hit puberty, around 6 months of age, many male rabbits will start spraying urine and humping everything that moves. They also may not develop good litterbox habits. In addition, an intact male rabbit will fight with other rabbits, or just hump them constantly. If you have a single male rabbit, and he isn't spraying or humping, he is using his litterbox, and you don't plan on getting another rabbit, then he does not need to be neutered. But if he is driving you crazy, neutering helps a lot. Intact male rabbits can develop testicular cancer, usually later in life. Neutering them is curative, and relatively easy. The problem that may occur is if it is an older, sickly rabbit that is too frail to be neutered. This is one of many reasons why yearly wellness exams are recommended, so we can find things early.
Guinea pigs: Intact males can often live with other intact males without fighting. But if you want to have a male with a female, and avoid them having babies, at least one of them needs to be sterilized. Usually we neuter the male because it is an easier and less risky surgery to neuter a male than spay a female guinea pig. Guinea pigs have a higher chance of getting an infected surgery site after being neutered, so careful surgical technique, antibiotics, and keeping them extremely clean for the week after the surgery helps decrease the risk of infection.
Male Rats and Chinchillas: Male rats that are intact get along fine, as do intact male chinchillas, so we rarely need to neuter these species. Sometimes we will neuter a male chinchilla so that he can live with a female.
Male Ferrets: Generally they are already neutered when you get them from the petstore, so nothing to worry about there.
Pet Pigs: Male pigs do need to be neutered, otherwise they will be very smelly, humpy, and aggressive. Neutering can be done as early as 4 weeks old, but it may be better to wait until closer to 4 months old to allow the urethra to develop fully, and potentially prevent any future urethral blockages.
When you have a bird, reptile, exotic companion mammal, or other unusual pet, the best thing you can do is to schedule a wellness exam right after you get your pet, with an experienced avian and exotic pet veterinarian. We can discuss everything that is necessary to keep your pet healthy and happy for a long life. Proper husbandry and preventive care goes a long way. Spaying or neutering your pet if indicated can extend their life, and save your pocket book from future costs of emergency care.
Update on Henry, One of EACC's Adoptables!
... It's been known that people flocked across the country to watch him groom himself... he takes a nap only on carpet made with synthetic fiber of 20 thread count... when he eats he makes snorting sounds... he is... the most interesting rabbit in the world...
"People find me so interesting that they invited me to submit an argumentative essay for the EACC newsletter to debunk the rumors that I am indeed the most interesting rabbit in the world. It is true that I relax and unwind by doing needlepoint and writing haikus, but in my everyday life I consider myself just like everyone else.
My name is Henry, but sometimes my folks call me Hank. I recently moved to a modern third floor condominium located in an urban area to take in what the city life has to offer. It's taken some getting used to, but after adapting, I have worked out a daily routine of patrolling the house. I take pride in performing this task in an orderly manner, punctually, on schedule, and with precision. I'm usually up in the morning just before my folks wake up to make sure I make it from the bedroom to the kitchen in a timely manner to position myself to beg, I mean remind, them that I need my breakfast.
After my breakfast of delicious Oxbow Pellets for Adult Rabbits (product placement), and sending my folks out the door with their packed lunches, I will take a quick nap in preparation for a busy day of house patrols. After a quick nip of hay, I will start my patrols in the living room to make sure all is well and that the turtles "No Way" and "Jose" are behaving themselves and not splashing around too much. Then I will head to the bedroom to make sure everything is status quo. After the arduous 10-second journey from the living room to the bedroom, I'll usually need another nap before finishing up my patrol circuit. Typically, I'll settle under the bed for shut-eye. By the time I've made it back to the living room, with requisite nips of hay and an additional nap (of course) Mom and Dad will have come home.
Once again, I will strategically place myself on the kitchen's center tile so that I can passive-aggressively remind them that I'm waiting for my dinner. My favorites include cilantro, parsley, and odds and ends from their salad. Following dinner, I spend the rest of the evening hanging with mom and dad on the couch, getting scratches in exchange for licks. Lately, I find myself enjoying the lower branches of the Christmas trees as an occasional snack. As I see it, I'm helping to make room for more presents.
After a few hours of relaxing with the folks and conversing about our interesting day, it's time for bed to recharge for what's sure to be a busy and hectic day of patrolling ahead. As mom and dad make their way to the bedroom, I'll follow, but only after I do a final sweep of the house for fallen scraps, I mean to make sure everything is in order.
So in closing, I want everyone to know that I don't always visit the vet's office, but when I do, I prefer EACC."
Prescriptions and Prescription Refills
In order for us to serve you better and have your prescription ready on time, please give us 24 hours notice on all prescriptions and prescription refills. Thank you for your cooperation!
Donations to EACC
We occasionally admit local wildlife that needs our help and in these cases, EACC pays for the care and medications to make these animals well again. Additionally, we always have a few individuals who are struggling to cover their EACC bills, as well as rescue organizations whose bills mount up quickly helping rescued and homeless animals.
If you have a few dollars or more to spare, EACC welcomes donations to help cover the costs of care for these animals. We appreciate any help you can give. Thank you!
We are in need of new or gently used towels, of any size, at the clinic. If you are able to make a towel donation we would very much appreciate it! We use them many times a day, for appointments, grooming, and inside the enclosures of pets that are staying for the day at the clinic.
WE VALUE YOUR COMMENTS!
There is a comment box at our reception desk. Please feel free to write down your comments, suggestions, or feedback for us. We are always looking for ways to improve ourselves to better serve you and your pets.