In This Edition: Feb. 28, 2013
TRADOC civilian workforce effects from fiscal uncertainty
NIE: Delivering capabilities to today's Soldier
Army leaders plan for uncertain future
Land power fundamental to strategic success within human domain
A virtual one-on-one for Land Nav
Defense leaders: Interoperability vital to strategic land power
Recognizing excellence
Shared principles form basis of leadership

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Farewell message from Secretary of Defense

Leon E. Panetta


To all Department of Defense Personnel:  


Feb. 26, 2013  


Tomorrow morning, Chuck Hagel will be sworn in to succeed me as secretary of defense. It's been the privilege of my life to serve with and lead the men and women of this department, and I am grateful that President Obama selected such an outstanding leader to take my place.


As my final act in this position, I want to express my deepest gratitude to each and every one of you who are fighting and working every day to keep this country safe. I also want to share with you my pride in what we've been able to accomplish together as one team and one family at the Department of Defense.


First and foremost, I'm proud that because of all of your hard work, your sacrifice, and your dedication, we've kept this country safe. I'm proud of the courage and commitment you've displayed in combat, and for your determination to defeat our enemies, prevail over significant challenges in two wars, and give the people of Iraq and Afghanistan a chance at a much brighter future.


I'm proud of the gains we've made in weakening al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. At all levels in this department, you've shown the ability to work together closer than ever before with our partners in government and abroad. Your skill and teamwork are undermining and frustrating our enemies' designs to attack this country.


I'm proud of the defense strategy that we've developed and started to implement, which sustains the world's strongest military and helps meet the department's obligations to fiscal discipline. Together we're keeping our military agile, flexible, and ready; we're rebalancing our force posture; we're building new partnerships and investing in new technologies.


I'm proud of expanding opportunities for everyone in the military, because I believe everyone deserves a chance to serve. And I'm proud of what we've done to help and care for returning service members, veterans, and their families, who've sacrificed so much especially over this past decade of war.    


Most of all, I'll always remain proud and honored to have led brave warriors who are risking their lives on behalf of the American people. Everything our military has been able to accomplish is because of dedicated people like you - it is because of your willingness to deal with extended absences from loved ones and deploy in harm's way.


I'll never forget, honoring our fallen to whom our nations rendered final honors, and I'll keep their families in my prayers. In my time as secretary of defense, I've seen the profound difference that each of you has made in the life of this nation and our world. You have responded to the call of the bugle with courage and with selfless dedication to country.


My prayer as I leave is that we all share the same courage and dedication to protecting the United States of America, the home of the free and the land of the brave.


God bless America, God bless you, and God bless the men and women of the Department of Defense.    
Former TRADOC leader dies


Retired Gen. Glenn K. Otis, 83, of Carlisle, died Feb. 21, 2013, at Carlisle Regional Medical Center. Born March 15, 1929 in Plattsburgh, N.Y., he was the son of the late Glen K. and Viola Hart Otis.


General Otis began his career as an enlisted Soldier on occupation duty in Korea following World War II, was selected from the ranks to attend West Point, later taught at the military Academy, fought valiantly as a cavalry squadron commander in Vietnam during the Tet Offensive of 1968, directed the XM-1 Tank Task Force that produced the technologically superior Abrams main battle tank, and positively affected the lives and training of thousands of soldiers as Commanding General of the 1st Armored Division, Commanding General of Training and Doctrine Command, and as Commander in Chief of the U.S. Army Europe during key periods of the Cold War. He then continued his service to his country as a core member of the Defense Science Board, the highest-level board advising the Secretary of Defense, and a member of similar, national-level advisory boards. He served his country in the U.S. Army for 42 years. He was a Soldier's Soldier.


Surviving are his wife of nearly 60 years, Barbara Otis of Carlisle; one son, Peter Otis (and wife, Lisa) of Glen Allen, Va.; two daughters, Caren Otis of Carlisle and Nancee Groh (and husband, Jeffrey) of Carlisle; and four grandchildren, Logan, Donovan, Tyler, and Emily. He was preceded in death by his sister, Janice Peoples.

Social Media Spotlight  

The U.S. Army Cadet Command (ROTC) official Facebook page recognizes 2nd Lt. Rockne Belmonte as he continues to chase his dream of reaching the National Football League by attending the 2013 NFL Scouting Combine.  


"As the NFL Combine takes place this weekend, 2nd Lt. Rockne Belmonte, who commissioned last month at the All-American Bowl, continues the pursuit of his dream to play professional football."


To read the full article, click here.

The Secretary of the Army has directed immediate action in the face of significant budgetary uncertainty in the coming months to reduce expenditures. The uncertain Fiscal Year 2013 funding, caused by the combined effects of a possible yearlong continuing resolution and sequestration, may result in adverse effects on TRADOC civilian personnel.


Click here for information and frequently asked questions provided by the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command G-1.  

NIE: Delivering capabilities to today's Soldier     

by Lt. Col. Deanna Bague, Brigade Modernization Command      

A Soldier from 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, ground guides during a convoy headed to White Sands Missile Range, N.M., to participate in the Network Integration Evaluation, or NIE, 13.1, which took place last fall. Soldiers from the brigade evaluate equipment for the Army in an operational environment in the NIEs that take place twice a year at Fort Bliss, Texas, and White Sands Missile Range, N.M. (U.S. Army photo by Lt. Col. Deanna Bague)
What does today's Soldier need? Still in its evolutionary state, the Network Integration Evaluation continues to make progress in achieving greater cost benefits and in streamlining the process of getting capabilities into the hands of Soldiers quicker.

Network Integration Evaluations, known as NIEs, were designed to integrate and mature the Army's tactical network through a series of semiannual evaluations that brought a fundamental change in the rapid fielding of Army capabilities.

Brig. Gen. Randal A. Dragon, commanding general of the Brigade Modernization Command, Army Capabilities Integration Center, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command, said operational assessments conducted in NIEs have enabled the Army to introduce industry network capabilities into an operational environment.

He pointed out some significant findings within the 21-month life cycle of the NIE during the Association of the United States Army's Winter Symposium and Exposition.

"Just looking at [NIE] 11.2, we documented over $6 billion dollars in cost avoidance of programs that were reduced or killed based on results that we achieved [at NIE]," said Dragon.

Jeff Carpenter, chief executive officer of Ringtail Design, said addressing the capabilities of today's Soldier in an operational environment can be challenging. But the advantages of the NIE can overshadow these challenges, he added.

"One of the key benefits, really from a small business perspective, is the interaction that you get with some of these Soldiers," said Carpenter. "It's really unprecedented to stand next to them [and] really understand how they think. You're not going to get user adoption of whatever capability you're developing without their input."

"Four NIEs have been conducted since May 2011, in which 143 systems were reviewed. Thirty-six have been recommended for fielding and 24 of those 36 have been funded and are being fielded," said Dragon.

Considerable progress has been made in developing a tactically deployable digital network, maturing the ability to perform mission command on-the-move functions, extending the network to the Soldier level and developing procedures to quickly organize or reorganize. The past four NIEs have set the stage for future innovation and integration as the Agile Process moves forward, said Dragon.

"We're trying to set the stage for a joint and multinational effort in 14.2," Dragon said. "And so we're looking across functions -- intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, close-air support,
air-ground integration, interoperability -- to progress from 13.2 to 14.1 to 14.2, with the major objectives focused on joint entry operations and the capabilities of the joint network."

Army team sets a standard for developing mobile learning apps      

by Greg Crowe, Brigade Modernization Command  




Mobile Learning - or mLearning, as it's being called - is starting to show up on the radar of many government agencies. IT departments are fielding requests to build a mobile app for many of the training and information-delivery applications their organizations offer, extending computer and online education to smart phones and tablets.


Part of a mobile app's appeal, of course, is visual, but starting by thinking about what the app should look like or do is like starting a journey halfway down the road.


This is what Matt MacLaughlin, technology integration branch chief for the Army's Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM) Sustainment Center of Excellence (SCoE), has learned over the past four years. Since 2009, his team has developed 77 mobile applications, some of which have been declassified and are available on commercial venues such as Google Play.


"My shop is completely different from other organizations in the Army because we are the only ones who actually have an institutionalized process for app development," MacLaughlin said. Many divisions are now trying to follow its example, but the SCoE mobile app development process remains at the forefront.


After the SCoE team held a forum for future endeavors in mobile in 2010, it seemed that everyone came to them for mobile apps.   

MacLaughlin's team has helped other groups with their mobile projects, such as the mobile app for the Joint Electronic Library for the Joint Staff  and mobile apps for the Defense Department's Office of Wounded Warrior Care and Transition Policy. 


The first step in building an app, according to MacLaughlin, is to work with the subject matter experts to determine whether the content is even appropriate for a mobile app.


"Because mLearning is a hot topic, everyone wants an app," he said. "We need to determine whether [the content] even needs an app or whether it could be better served with a Power Point presentation, for example."


Only after determining that a mobile app will maximize the user's learning experience does the design and development process begin. MacLaughlin's development team consists of three employees who, in addition to himself, develop the apps. One is an Apple iOS expert, while another works primarily on Android, BlackBerry and Windows platforms. The third is well-versed in HTML 5, which can be used to bridge across any of the platforms.


In what is sometimes the more strenuous portion of development, the app is reviewed by CASCOM's app approval board. If it satisfies all legal and national security concerns, it is approved either for use by the public or solely by Army personnel.


SCoE's mobile app development team is putting out more mLearning apps all the time, but MacLaughlin doesn't see them taking the place of all other forms of training.


"It will always depend upon subject matter and need," he said. "While many people think their mission specialty should be taught on a mobile device, there are many who think it shouldn't. The sweet spot for mLearning will be when a user needs access to information before a classroom training session and re-access to information to keep up with current training."


Also mLearning apps, like other training tools, need to maintain relevance over time. "You need to do your best to determine whether it is going to be used seven years down the road," MacLaughlin said. "Then will you be able to assess whether it is worth the development/approval effort."

Land power fundamental to strategic success within human domain         

by John Whipple, Army Capabilities Integration Center


(U.S. Army photo)
During the opening day of the 2013 Association of the United States Army's 2013 Winter Symposium and Exposition, senior leaders highlighted the Army's unique capabilities within the joint force to influence populations, shape the operational environment and achieve long-lasting strategic victory.

Lt. Gen. Keith C. Walker, Training and Doctrine Command deputy commanding general of Futures and director of Army Capabilities Integration Center, said "in the final analysis, tactical and operational success rests on controlling the air, sea, land, cyber and space domains," but added that strategic success requires lasting influence over the human domain.

During an Institute of Land Warfare presentation titled "The Nation's Strategic Hedge," Walker emphasized how influence over the human domain was the critical element in achieving lasting peace, and a key role the U.S. Army will play in future joint operations. 

For the rest of this story, click here

Today's question looks to the future of TRADOC and Tthe U.S. Army and asks:

The Army of 2020 will be shaped by _____ key areas:
A. Three
B. Four
C. Five
D. Ten

A virtual one-on-one for land nav           

by Lauren Biron, Defense News      


Before  cadets at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., hit the land navigation course for real, they'll do it virtually, and with a seasoned teacher by their side.

That's the idea behind the upgrades planned for West Point's land navigation simulator. Before the next batch of cadets arrives in June, the sim will add new teaching features to develop route-planning skills, as well as new imagery to better reflect the real world.


The Virtual Battlespace 2 Land Navigation Trainer-West Point Course is a simulation developed by the Training Brain Operation Center, part of the U.S. Army's Training and Doctrine Command. The current version has been formally incorporated into the West Point curriculum after a trial period, and teaches students to correctly plot points, operate a compass and map, track their own pace count, and navigate to a specific spot. The virtual training teaches cadets fundamentals of land navigation before they ever go out on the course.


TBOC is working with the academy's professors and simulation center to add new features, including terrain guides, route planning and intelligent tutoring. Students often struggle with smart orienteering choices, such as planning an easier route rather than driving toward the end point with the straightest line.


To counteract the problem, the new version of the Land Nav Trainer will incorporate a route guide that can show new users the "expert route." A green avatar can guide the cadet along the expert path, giving the user a chance to see what makes a good route and compare the terrain to the map.

For the rest of this story, click here

Defense leaders: Interoperability vital to strategic land power

by  John Whipple, Army Capabilities Integration Center   


(U.S. Army photo)
Senior U.S. Army and Marine Corps leaders joined prominent members of academia and defense think tanks to discuss the vital role of land power at the 2013 Association of the United States Army's 2013 Winter Symposium and Exposition. 

The distinguished panel brought unique perspectives on past lessons learned and current priorities, but one theme was common among all participants: land power will remain indispensible in meeting future wartime objectives, and interoperability among joint and coalition partners must continue to be a priority as America looks ahead to its "next first battle."

The panel was chaired by Lt. Gen. Keith C. Walker, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command's deputy commanding general of Futures and director of U.S. Army Capabilities Integration Center, who shared his own insights on strategic land power in a presentation earlier in the day. During his presentation, Walker explained that strategic land power is simply the application of land power to achieve strategic objectives, and that it requires achieving lasting influence on the human domain.

During the panel discussion, he emphasized that this is a task the Army cannot achieve on its own.

"One of the things that we clearly learned over the last dozen years," Walker said, "was we never want to go backward with regard to interoperability ... with conventional forces and special operations forces." Walker shared examples of how conventional and special operations forces continue to strengthen their connections through updated training, education and in formal military doctrine.  


For the rest of this story, click here.   

Recognizing excellence   

by Keith Desbois, Combined Arms Support Command    


Maj. Gen. Larry D. Wyche, Combined Arms Support Command and Fort Lee commanding general, recognized members of the Joint Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Requirements team during an award ceremony Feb. 26, in the James Madison Conference room. (U.S. Army photo by Keith Desbois)
Maj. Gen. Larry D. Wyche, Combined Arms Support Command and Fort Lee commanding general, recognized members of the Joint Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Requirements team during an award ceremony Feb. 26, in the James Madison Conference room. The Soldiers and civilians received the 2012 Team Capability Developer award from U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command.

The award is an opportunity for TRADOC to recognize the accomplishments of its individual and team developers, who are making significant contributions to the current and future force.

According to Fred Wehrli, JLTV division chief, the team was recognized for working with the other services to develop a new family of vehicles.

The team was also recognized earlier this year by Gen. Robert W. Cone, TRADOC commanding general, during a separate ceremony at Fort Eustis, Va.

CASCOM is a major subordinate command of TRADOC and is the Army's sustainment think tank.  
TRADOC Trivia      

And the answer to the TRADOC trivia question is ... C. Five.The Army of 2020 will be shaped by five key areas:

The Army Profession
Leader development
Doctrine 2015
Revolution in learning and training
The Squad

To learn more about U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, click here.

TRADOC This Week is the official newsletter of U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Contents of TRADOC This Week are not necessarily the official views of, or endorsed by, the U.S. government or the U.S. Army. The appearance of advertising found on links included in this publication does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Army.