The Carter-Simmons House near the Albertson crossroads of northeast Duplin County was apparently constructed as the plantation house of Alexander Carter in the first decade of the nineteenth century. The originally two-story-with-attic vernacular Georgian-style house with a double front porch and rear shed rooms was one of the most imposing residences in the county until 1851. Its purchase by Daniel W. Simmons in 1851 and gifting to his son Amos Simmons and new wife Exerlina in 1853 led to its reduction to a one-and-one-half-story house with an integral front porch, thus becoming what is ultimately one of the most intact antebellum examples of a coastal cottage extant in Duplin County. This one-and-one-half-story, side-gabled house type with an integral front porch was popular in eastern North Carolina from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries.
Located in High Point, the 1929 brick, three-story Carolina Casket Company building is architecturally important for its distinctive design of slow-burn, heavy-timber mill construction. With its load-bearing brick exterior walls, shallow gable roof, rows of large multi-pane metal industrial windows, two-layer wood floors, and wooden support posts and beams, the well preserved and remarkably intact building epitomizes this type of industrial construction.
Located in the vicinity of the rural community of Penrose, the Dillard B. and Georgia Sewell House was constructed circa 1924 as a summer home. The one-and-a-half-story dwelling is built of load-bearing stone masonry and features three bedrooms and a kitchen flanking a large living room that rises to the cathedral ceiling. With exposed stone interior walls, a wood shingle-clad roof, inset porch, and stone patio, the property embodies the distinctive characteristics of the Rustic Revival style.
The Coleman-Franklin-Cannon Mill in Concord was established in 1898 by Warren Clay Coleman, one of the state's wealthiest black businessmen at the time. It was the first African American owned and operated textile mill in North Carolina, and one of the first in the South. Coleman's enterprise received national and international attention, and press coverage by both black and white advocates for African American advancement. Numbering among Concord's many textile mills, the mill was bought by Washington Duke in 1904, and in 1912 by the Cannon Company. The mill complex has retained its cotton warehouses and office building, and it is architecturally significant for its heavy-timber mill construction.
The Chapel Hill Historic District was originally listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971, with a period of significance from 1793, the beginning of construction at the University of North Carolina, to an unspecified ending date in the early twentieth century, with the 1920s or 1930s implied. The nomination focused on the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century development of the university and the town and included architectural context for only the earliest and most prominent buildings. This new nomination provides information on the growth and development of the university and district from c. 1920 to 1964 and an architectural overview of the district from c. 1905, the date of construction for the oldest building in the boundary increase, to 1964. Thus the period of significance established by this additional documentation is c. 1793 to 1964. Additionally, the Chapel Hill Historic District Boundary Increase expands the boundary established by the original nomination to include additional areas tied to the development of the university including: the commercial corridor along East Franklin Street, additional residential development north and east of the original district, and two of Chapel Hill's oldest planned developments, Cobb Terrace and Tenney Circle.
Caswell County, Milton, Milton State Bank
This project resulted in the preservation of Milton State Bank, a significant mid-nineteenth-century combination dwelling and bank once part of the pre-Civil War North Carolina State Bank. The bank and a ca. 1860 outbuilding were rehabilitated 2013-2014 for use as a single-family rental residence. This historic rehabilitation was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment cost of $251,000.
Milton State Bank, before and after rehabilitation
Chowan County, Edenton, 207 Court Street
The ca. 1890 house in the Edenton Historic District was rehabilitated 2012-2014 for continued use as a single-family rental residence. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $18,000.
207 Court Street, Edenton, before and after rehabilitation
Cumberland County, Fayetteville, J. H. Culbreth and Company Warehouse
The 1908-1923 J. H. Culbreth and Company Warehouse in the Fayetteville Downtown Historic District was rehabilitated in 2014 for use as the office of the Fayetteville Chamber of Commerce, with two apartments on the second floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $866,000.
J. H. Culbreth and Company Warehouse, before and after rehabilitation
Durham County, Durham, O'Briant Store
The ca. 1915 O'Briant Store is the only historic commercial building in the mostly residential Holloway Street Historic District. Rehabilitated in 2013 for use as two rental residential units, this project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $131,000.
O'Briant Store, before and after rehabilitation
Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, Rosenbacher House
One of the grandest Neo-Classical Revival dwellings in Winston-Salem, the 1909 Rosenbacher House in the West End Historic District was rehabilitated in 2014 for two office tenants. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $566,000.
Rosenbacher House, before and after rehabilitation
New Hanover County, Wilmington, John J. Fowler House
The ca. 1895 John J. Fowler House in the Wilmington Historic District was rehabilitated 2012-2015 for use as two apartments. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with a private investment rehabilitation cost of $228,000.
John J. Fowler House, before and after rehabilitation
Surry County, Elkin, 119 West Main Street
The early twentieth-century commercial building in the Downtown Elkin Historic District was rehabilitated 2014-2015 for office space. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $568,000.
119 West Main Street, Elkin, before and after rehabilitation
Wake County, Raleigh, Martin Building
The 1951 modernist commercial building in the Fayetteville Street Historic District was rehabilitated in 2014 for continued use as newspaper office space. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $2,162,000.
Martin Building, before and after rehabilitation
New Documentaries and Discussions To Be Shown At National Rosenwald Schools Conference; Mel Melton and the Wicked Mojos with Special Guest John Dee Holman to Open Plenary
Looking for the coolest place to be for the National Rosenwald Schools Conference? Look no further: indoor screenings and post-screening discussions of three new documentaries will be featured at the conference in Durham June 17-20, 2015. Strength through our Roots will kick off the conference films Thursday morning, June 18th. This documentary illustrates the struggles and successes of students, families and the community associated with the Nansemond County Training School in Suffolk, VA. The second screening is Carrie Mae: An American Life, a story told by Carrie Mae Sharpless Newkirk of Pender County that conveys her deep commitment to service and education, values instilled in her through a Rosenwald school education.
Wrapping up the film series Friday morning, June 19th, is Rosenwald, a feature -length historical documentary by Aviva Kempner about businessman and philanthropist Julius Rosenwald joining Booker T. Washington and southern African American communities to build schools during the Jim Crow years of the early twentieth century. The historical partnership and the modern-day attempts to restore the schools is an inspiring story of philanthropy and local self-determination. All documentaries and discussions are included in conference registration and will show at Carolina Theater's Cinema 2 adjacent to the Durham Convention Center.
As a special treat to attendees, Mel Melton and the Wicked Mojos, with special guest John Dee Holman, will set the mood at Carolina Theater's Fletcher Hall on Thursday, June 18, at 3:30 PM during the welcoming plenary, which is open to the public and is co-sponsored by the Durham County Library. Holman hails from Durham County and is known as a Piedmont blues legend. He is a recipient of a National Heritage Fellowship-the National Endowment of the Arts highest cultural award-and his music reflects a distinct African American music tradition from the region. Mel and John Dee will show us why Durham County is known as fertile music ground.Register for the conference here.
Roof Repairs Scheduled for the E. A. Poe House
By Jeff Adolphsen
E. A. Poe House
The E. A. Poe House, part of the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex in Fayetteville, is scheduled for roof repairs this year. The house was built for Edgar Allan Poe - the Fayetteville brick maker, not the author - and his wife Josephine Montague Poe in 1898 on land that was part of the former U. S. Arsenal. The site is in the fashionable Haymount neighborhood (now the Haymount Historic District) on a hill that in the 1890s was outside the city limits just to the west of town, offering splendid views of the downtown. The two-story frame house was built in an eclectic Victorian design featuring a central two-story portico with flanking single story porches.
The E. A. Poe House roof is a true standing-seam metal roof. This is one of the most durable roof types for historic buildings and because of its construction affords some of the best protection against the elements. The metal pans of the roof are bent along each side and abut both sides of the cleats that are aligned parallel with the slope of the roof at regular intervals and are fastened to the sheathing. The edges of the pans and cleats are crimped twice in the field to provide a weather tight seal. Unlike new standing-seam metal roofs, there is no through-the-roof fastening of the material to the roof deck where water can eventually penetrate. Unfortunately, through the years, the terne coating has slowly eroded and the metal has pitted in several locations.
Field Formed Standing Seam. Architectural Sheet Metal Manual, courtesy of Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractor's National Association, Inc.
To extend the life of this superior roof, an elastomeric coating will be applied to the metal. This technology has been successfully used for decades and will allow the historic material to remain in place for future generations. The material forms a seamless, watertight, and UV-resistant membrane over the entire roof. To install, the roof is cleaned and prepped; rust primer applied; foundation coat applied (and reinforcing fabric if specified); and the finish coat(s) applied. The finish coat is reapplied every ten years to extend the warranty.
You may ask, why not just replace the historic standing-seam metal roof with a new metal roof? There are several reasons. First, the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation and the Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings state that historic building materials and features should be (1) identified and retained; (2) maintained; (3) repaired; and finally (4) replaced in kind, but only when too deteriorated to be repaired. The elastomeric coating is a technology that allows the life of the historic roof to be extended without loss of character. Second, new prefabricated metal roofs do not have the same detailing of historic standing-seam metal roofs. The new roofs have prominent ridge caps that rest atop the seams when compared against the subtle crimped ridges of a historic standing-seam roof.
Standing Seam at Hip or Ridge. Architectural Sheet Metal Manual, courtesy of Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractor's National Association, Inc.
Third, new roofs are secured directly through the metal roof into the roof deck, creating vulnerable areas that are subject to leaks. Lastly, the cost of applying the elastomeric coating is less than replacement cost for a new standing-seam metal roof. A possible option would be to fabricate the roof from terne-coated stainless steel or copper. Both of these options are more expensive than the terne-coated roofing that is no longer available. However, copper may not be appropriate unless the historic roof was copper. Terne-coated stainless steel may be an option as it can weather or be painted.
Survey of Raleigh's Oakwood Historic District Completed by Volunteer
By Claudia Brown
Historian Matthew Brown
Largely developed between the Civil War and World War I, Oakwood is Raleigh's oldest neighborhood and the capital city's oldest National Register historic district (listed 1974) and locally zoned historic district (designated 1975). Three boundary increases (in 1987, 1988, and 1989) that expanded both the National Register and zoned district produced inventory lists, but the nomination for the original district covering approximately forty blocks and comprising roughly 415 properties was prepared in the early years of the program when an inventory list was not required, and consequently the State Historic Preservation Office (HPO) had relatively few survey files on district properties. Addressing this inadequacy and populating HPO survey database records for all of Oakwood's properties is a project that the HPO has long desired, and at long last it has been accomplished.
Normally a project of this magnitude would be sponsored by a local government and funded by both the sponsor and a federal matching grant from the HPO. For the Oakwood Historic District, however, a comprehensive architectural survey update of the neighborhood was undertaken as a volunteer effort - more a labor of love - by Matthew Brown, a neighborhood resident and the historian of the Society for the Preservation of Historic Oakwood (SHPO). Matthew is an experienced researcher who has been with the Department of Cultural Resources' Publications Section for twenty-one years. In 2004, he began systematically researching each and every property in Oakwood, conducting title searches, tracing owners in city directories, and searching newspapers, tax records, and numerous archival collections.
Anna Ball Stronach House at 601 N. Bloodworth Street
As a self-taught architectural historian eager to update the records of the HPO, the SHPO, and the Raleigh Historic Development Commission, Matthew contacted the HPO's Survey and National Register staff in 2012 for a tutorial in using the HPO's survey database. This Spring he submitted a fully populated database and digital photographs for all of Oakwood's 588 properties, including the expansion areas. Matthew also submitted as a separate document a thorough inventory list containing all of his research, including the transcripts of his deed, city directory, and newspaper searches that detail the history of each property as well as identify architects and/or contractors for more than 140 properties, including one hundred built prior to 1940.
At long last Oakwood has the documentation it deserves. Many thanks to Matthew Brown for a remarkable job!
First Phase of Panther Branch School's Restoration Completed
By Claudia Brown
Celebration of local landmark designation at Panther Branch School
On Sunday, April 12, 2015, Panther Branch School was the focus of a celebration of both the completion of the first phase of its restoration and its designation as a Wake County Landmark. Beautiful spring weather graced the dedication ceremony attended by school alumni, Wake County commissioners Caroline Sullivan and James West, and members of the surrounding community, JLBC Alliance, Inc., and neighboring Juniper Level Baptist Church, which owns the former school building. The dedication began with prayer by Deacon Wilbert Clark, followed by remarks from the attending Wake County Commissioners. Deaconess Langston shared her heartwarming reflection of attending the Rosenwald School as a child. The dedication ended with Harold Miller affixing the Wake County Historic Landmark sign on the front of the building.
Documentary photo of Panther Branch School from Fisk Rosenwald Database
Located at 9109 Sauls Road about eight miles south of Garner, Panther Branch School (also known as Juniper Level School) was built in 1926 with funds from the Julius Rosenwald Foundation, contributions from the local African American Community, and support from the Wake County School Board. As one of only six Rosenwald schools surviving in Wake County, where twenty-two were constructed between 1918 and 1931, Panther Branch School was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2001 and designated a Wake County landmark in 2013. After the three-teacher school closed in 1952, it was used sporadically over the years and underwent a number of alterations, including the installation of very small windows in place of its original large, character-defining multi-paned windows.
After Panther Branch School was listed in the National Register, members of Juniper Level Baptist Church and numerous alumni became interested in restoring the school building. In 2013, alumna Barbara Ann Perry succeeded in launching the effort that led to completion of the exterior renovation, including removal of the small, inappropriate windows and replacing them with replicas of the original windows. Rehabilitation of the building, including repairs to the floor structure, is continuing under the direction of HPO Restoration Services Branch staff and Raleigh architect David Maurer. Once the school has been completely renovated, it will be used as community outreach center providing counseling and health care services, tutoring, basic job skills training, and referrals to appropriate resources, with a focus on at-risk youth.
Panther Branch School and St. Matthews School will be featured on the tour of Wake County's Rosenwald schools to be held on Thursday, June 18, 2015, during the National Rosenwald Schools Conference in Durham. For more information on the tour and the conference, see this page.
Historic Wilmington Foundation Releases its Annual List of 10 Most Threatened Cape Fear Historic Resources
On May 27, George Edwards, executive director of the Historic Wilmington Foundation, released this year's list of the ten most threatened historic resources in the Cape Fear Region. A similar list has been released each of the last several years as part of the foundation's Preservation Month activities in an effort to increase awareness of important but threatened historic resources in and around Wilmington. This year's list includes the expected buildings and cemeteries, but also three general categories-wooden windows, Rocky Point school buildings in Pender County, and Pender County's Rosenwald schools-also considered in "threatened" status. A "watch list" of five properties, including brick streets in the Wilmington Historic District, was also announced. For more information and to see the full list visit this page or this page.
Saluda Works to Preserve its Historic Depot
Saluda Depot, then and now
Once the stopping point for trains preparing to climb the notoriously steep Saluda Grade, Saluda was a tourist hub in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The dangerous route has not been used by trains in decades but the depot still stands as a reminder of Saluda's busier days. Locals are hoping to raise the funds needed to purchase the depot and rehabilitate the building for use as a local history museum. Saluda Historic Depot, the local non-profit organization spearheading the effort, has raised $30,000 toward a matching grant of $50,000 offered by an anonymous donor. For more information about their preservation efforts and the town's history visit this page.
Asheville Breweries Big Fans of Rehabilitated Historic Spaces
91 Biltmore Ave. before and after its rehabilitation as Wicked Weed Brewing. After photo courtesy of Carolina Epicurean, LLC
A growing trend for microbreweries and craft beer, especially popular in North Carolina, is contributing to historic preservation across the state. Breweries tend to renovate and rehabilitate historic buildings with large open spaces rather than build from scratch. Renovating rather than building offers a quicker turnaround and can be more affordable for breweries. Historic buildings also can provide in-town locations where available property can be limited. Asheville is home to several breweries and all but one is located in an older building. For more information about this reuse visit this page.
Public-Private Partnership May Save Colonial Inn in Hillsborough
After years of watching the Colonial Inn in Hillsborough deteriorate, local citizens may have found a solution to save the approximately two-hundred-year-old inn. A report authored by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Government provides several options on how to fund the building's restoration.
On January 12, the Hillsborough Board of Commissioners voted to pay $8,500 to the school's Development Finance Initiative to analyze different models for making the Colonial Inn attractive to private developers. DFI works exclusively with local governments with the goal of attracting private development and investment in community projects. According to Mayor Tom Stevens, it was felt that "The cost of the rehabilitation would make it prohibitive for the town to just take it [the Colonial Inn] on as a solo project." Enter the possibility of a public-private partnership to reopen the building, perhaps as a restaurant and offices. For more information visit this pageor this page.
Louisburg Architectural Tour Guide Published
The Tar River Center for History and Culture Foundation, Inc. has published a tour guide to the historic architecture of Louisburg. Most of the 7,000 copies will be distributed over time outside of Franklin County, to attract tourists to the town. The guide was sponsored by the Franklin County Tourism Development Authority, Franklin County, the Town of Louisburg, the North Caroliniana Society, and many individuals. To learn more and to view the booklet online, visit this page.
New State Highway Historical Marker Placed for "Greensboro Massacre"
On May 22, a marker commemorating the November 3, 1979, "Greensboro Massacre" was unveiled on McConnell Road in Greensboro. The tragic events of that day took the lives of members of the Communist Workers Party, who did biracial labor organizing at local mills, and injured 11 others during an anti-Ku Klux Klan march near Morningside Homes, a predominantly African American neighborhood. The unveiling was attended by more than 300 people. Leaders who spoke during a service before the ceremony included Guilford County Commissioner Ray Trapp, Greensboro Mayor Pro Tem Yvonne Johnson, Representative Ralph Johnson, State Senator Gladys Robinson, and U.S. Representative Alma Adams. For more about the unveiling, visit this site: this page.
The NC Highway Historical Marker Advisory Committee, a group of ten historians, unanimously approved a marker in December. However, the wording of the marker was unusually controversial with various groups advocating for "shoot-out" versus "massacre." Though the committee does not need the city council's approval, it indicated it would not place the marker without it. A February 3 city council vote of 7-2 for the use of "massacre" ended the controversy. For more information about the controversy, visit this page.
A Special Toolkit Series: How to Save a Place has been released by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. It is a primer for people who love places but aren't sure how to save them. Read the toolkits blog entries here.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation recently posted a series of articles about Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act:
2015 National Center for Preservation Technology and Training workshop and event list is available here.
Attention, Preservation Commissions! The UNC School of Government offers training to quasi-judicial boards. Visit their website for more information and the training schedule.
June 11 National Register Advisory Committee Meeting, 10 AM - 3 PM, 3rd floor conference room, Archives and History Building, 109 E. Jones St., Raleigh. Open to the public.
June 17-19 National Rosenwald Schools Conference: Sharing the Past → Shaping the Future, Durham. Riding the wave of the wildly successful 2012 Centennial Rosenwald Schools conference in Tuskegee, AL, the National Trust for Historic Preservation is partnering with the NC Department of Cultural Resources, Preservation Durham, the Conservation Trust of North Carolina, and others to sponsor a second national Rosenwald schools conference that will feature thirty educational sessions, poster sessions, field sessions at area schools, and other thematic tours. Registration is now open. For more information and to register, see this page. Click here to sign up to receive conference updates by email.
June 17 "A Gathering of Gatherings: The State of African American Museums and Heritage Work in North Carolina," 4 - 7 PM, Hayti Heritage Center, 804 Old Fayetteville Street, Durham. Join Michelle Lanier, Director of the North Carolina African American Heritage Commission, for the culminating event of the Gathering Place Project. A Gathering of Gatherings serves as a pre-conference event for the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Rosenwald Schools Conference. Museum professionals and heritage practitioners will gather to experience a roundtable discussion on the state of African American heritage work in North Carolina. To register and RSVP, download and print this form, and email it to Schree Chavdarov at [email protected].
June 17-20 National Underground Railroad Conference, "Into the Light: Striving for Freedom," Hilton Head Island, SC. For more information about this conference organized by the National Park Service, contact Diane Miller, National Program Manager, National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Program, 402-661-1588, [email protected] or Sheri Jackson, Southeast Regional Coordinator, 404-507-5635, [email protected]. For more information visit this page.
June 23-28 Association for Gravestone Studies 38th Annual Conference, Westfield, MA. For more information visit this website.
July 16 "Blue Ridge Parkway: The Mission Era and More," 5:30 PM, Blue Ridge Parkway Visitor Center Auditorium, 195 Hemphill Knob Road, Asheville (also known as Parkway Milepost 384). The Preservation Society of Asheville and Buncombe County (PSABC) will host a presentation on Blue Ridge Parkway structures and the imminent award of National Historic Landmark status. Speakers Steven Kidd and Cynthia Walton will discuss how the Parkway style evolved via the successful collaboration of engineers, landscape architects, and historians. Generous sponsors include Terry and Ted Van Duyn and the Blue Ridge Parkway Visitor Center. PSABC members and all area residents are invited. A $10 donation is suggested. For more information, please contact Jack Thomson by phone at 828-254-2343 or by email at [email protected].
September 16-18 Save the Date! 2015 Annual Preservation North Carolina Conference, Salisbury. Keynote speakers will be Don Rypkema and Tom Mayes. Go ahead and book your hotel room now - click here for details.
September 16-19 American Association for State and Local History Annual Meeting and Online Conference, Louisville, KY. Information is available at this page.
October 8-10 2nd Annual Slave Dwelling Project Conference, North Charleston, SC. The conference's mission is to convene attendees from around the United States and abroad to exchange ideas and resources and to share perspectives and solutions for preserving extant African American slave dwellings for future generations. For more details go to this page.
November 3-6 Save the date for PastForward 2015, the National Trust Annual Conference to be held this year in Washington, DC, at the Omni Shoreham Hotel. Sign up for PastForward 2015 updates.
New Prize for Social Sector Innovators The J.M.K. Innovation Prize is a new initiative of the J.M. Kaplan Fund, a New York-based family foundation. Up to ten prizes will be awarded to U. S.-based individuals or teams addressing the country's most pressing needs through social sector innovation. The prize will provide up to three years of support at $50,000 per year, as well as a $25,000 "bank" of funds available for technical assistance or targeted project expenses, making a total award of $175,000. Specifically, the prize seeks to support inter-disciplinary innovation in the fields of cultural heritage, human rights, the built environment, and the natural environment. The prize is particularly designed for early stage ideas being piloted or prototyped by dynamic visionaries. To learn more, or to apply, visit this website.
Best of the South: Preserving Southern Architecture Award Nominations are being accepted from the Southeast Chapter of the Society of Architectural Historians until July 1. This annual award honors a project that preserves or restores a historic building, or complex of buildings, in an outstanding manner and that demonstrates excellence in research, technique, and documentation. Projects in the 12-state region of SESAH (which includes North Carolina) that were completed in 2013 or 2014 are eligible. Nominations should consist of no more than two typed pages of description and be accompanied by hard-copy illustrations and any other supporting material. A cover letter should identify the owner of the project, the use of the building(s), and the names of all the major participants of the project. Send three (3) copies to Paige Wagoner Claassen, 2608 Chesterfield Avenue, Charlotte, NC 28205. Questions: [email protected]. For more information about the award and SESAH,visitthis website.
Please send any comments or suggestions to Jessica Dockery at [email protected] . Please forward this newsletter to others who might be interested in the information.