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In This Issue
Recent National Register Listings
Rehabilitation Highlights
Welcome to Laurie Mitchell, the Newest HPO Staff Member
Inaugural HPO Newsletter for Commissioners and Certified Local Governments Released
Smart Roofing Solution
Rehabilitation of an Edenton Landmark
Local Efforts Can Save Downtowns, Just Look at Asheville
Complicated Ownership of Grove Arcade Aids Continued Preservation
Chapel Hill Entertainment Institution Threatened with Closure
Artifacts Found at Suspected Settlement Point of Lost Colony
Native American Book Set Available from Publications Branch
2014 List of Won and Lost Preservation Battles from National Trust
National Main Street Program Celebrates 35 Years
Revolving Funds Impact
New World Heritage Sites Itinerary Released by NPS
For Your Entertainment and Edification...
Events, Awards, and Grants
Staff in the Field
Worth Saving
The Newsletter of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office

Cook's Mill, Mebane vicinity, Alamance County, recently added to
the NC Study List

Recent National Register Listings

 

William Henry and Sarah Holderness House, Caswell County, prepared by R. Little, listed 12/02/14

 

The ca. 1855 William Henry and Sarah Holderness House has statewide significance as one of North Carolina's finest and most intact Greek Revival-style houses finished with interior woodwork by master artisan Thomas Day. Built for William Henry Holderness and his wife Sarah, the prominent two-story house features a low hip roof, a one-story, pedimented entrance portico with Doric columns, and one-story wings, each with a matching portico, that are a rare element of Greek Revival-style houses in North Carolina. The original smokehouse and carriage house to the rear create a well-preserved 1850s complex.

 

D. C. Umstead Store and House, Durham County, prepared by H. Slane and E. Wallrath , listed12/02/14

 

The D. C. Umstead Store and House, located near the small town of Bahama, served an important role in the commerce and communication of its rural community. The store was built ca. 1880, and from 1882 to 1903 it also operated as a post office. In the late 1870s storekeeper D. C. Umstead built the two-story frame house that contributes to the historic character and setting of the store, together with outbuildings dating to the late nineteenth century. The one-story frame store has a small post office space partitioned off on the interior and is a rare survivor of this rural building type in the county.

 

Old German Baptist Brethren Church, Forsyth County, prepared by H. Fearnbach , listed 12/01/14

 

In 1860, a small group of Old German Baptist Brethren constructed a plain, heavy-timber frame building, and over time the church members remodeled and enlarged the church to accommodate their specific worship practices. The church featured an attached lovefeast kitchen where meat, soup, buttered bread, pickles and water were prepared for the silent meditation service, which included foot washing and communion. Other Brethren congregations worshipped at the church annually, and in 1942 the sanctuary was expanded and the main entrance moved to the long side wall. In 1950, the kitchen was expanded across the end wall, and the entire building covered in German siding. All three phases of construction are key elements in understanding the architectural significance of the building and its manifestation of the sect's worship practices.

 

Enterprise Building, Guilford County, prepared by C. Griffith and A. Cole, listed 12/02/14

 

The Enterprise Building is architecturally important for its fully articulated Art Deco-style exterior. Originally two stories in height, the newspaper building was designed by High Point architect Tyson T. Ferree in 1935. The new stylish headquarters reflected the growing success of the publishing company. The pale gray cast stone fašade of the original building was seamlessly replicated in the third story added in 1945. The remarkably intact building fašade features a stylized classicism, including the full height fluted and incised pilasters, curving, solid brackets above the door, and the round-arched windows.

 

Proximity Print Works, Guilford County, prepared by C. de Miranda and J. Martin, listed 12/01/14

 

In the early twentieth century, the Cone family expanded their textile empire by broadening their product line to include printed fabric, which previously had been the domain of textile companies in the Northeast. The Proximity Print Works stands on the rail line that accessed all three of the Cone's Greensboro textile mills, Revolution, Proximity, and White Oak. Starting with raw cotton, denim, khaki, and another durable fabric, drill, were produced. The process of finishing and dyeing fabric at the extensive complex of buildings at Proximity Print Works is believed to be one of the largest such operations in North Carolina.

 

Standard Drug # 2, Lenoir County, prepared by S. Wyatt and S. David, listed 12/01/14

 

Located near the county courthouse in Kinston, Standard Drug # 2, built from 1918 to 1924, had a racially-segregated lunch counter frequented by Kinston's white leaders and businessmen. Two Civil Rights movement sit-ins occurred during the early 1960s at the lunch counter in an effort to force its desegregation. The first sit-in occurred in 1960, shortly after the February 1960 Greensboro Woolworth's sit-in, during which three local African American high school students were able to gain service for one of the youths at the lunch counter.  The second, larger sit-in was held in 1961 and led to the successful desegregation of the lunch counter. Boycotts and picketing that followed the 1961 sit-in at several of the most important downtown Kinston businesses brought about meetings between the protesters and downtown businessmen, including the owner of Standard Drug #2, resulting in desegregation of downtown Kinston businesses.

 

Everetts Historic District, Martin County, prepared by S. Wyatt and S. David, listed 12/02/14

 

The Everetts Historic District encompasses most of the well-preserved rural railroad town in Martin County, featuring commercial and small industrial buildings, houses, and churches dating from the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth century. The town sustained prosperity as a rural trading center serving local farmers with a variety of stores, a cotton gin and sawmill, and agricultural export facilities. The collection of historic buildings within the district exemplifies the architectural styles and forms found in small railroad towns in eastern North Carolina during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

 

Savona Mill, Mecklenburg County, prepared by R. Sidebottom and J. Hembree, listed 12/02/14

 

The remarkably intact Savona Mill is architecturally significant for the sequence of mill construction methods featured in the building. The 1915-1916 one-story, brick and heavy-timber weave mill has a low-pitched gable and monitor roof and all of its nine-over-six wooden windows are still in place. The three-story spinning mill dating to 1921-1922 doubled the size of the textile mill, and its interior exhibits a combination of heavy-timber, metal, and concrete construction. In 1951, the building was expanded again with a large, three-story fireproof addition at the north end constructed of reinforced concrete and brick infill walls. Distinctive mushroom shaped columns provide interior structural support.

 

Brookwood Historic District, New Hanover County, prepared by H. Slane and S. Stewart, listed 12/02/14

 

The Brookwood Historic District was platted in 1920 and 1927 and constructed near the terminus of the streetcar line, illustrating a shift away from city center neighborhoods to subdivisions at the perimeter of the city in the early twentieth century. Initially located just beyond the city limits and several blocks from the streetcar line, Brookwood is among the most intact of Wilmington's early to mid-twentieth-century middle-class suburbs. The development included municipal services such as water, sewer, gas, and electric lines, and a public park, a feature usually found only in more prestigious suburbs. Brookwood developers used the rising popularity of the automobile to their advantage, as advertisements for the development touted straight roads that offered easy access "without a turn or a curve." The district comprises houses constructed in a variety of early twentieth-century architectural styles, including Craftsman, Colonial Revival, Cape Cod, and Period Cottage. The district's continued development after World War II includes examples of the Minimal Traditional and Ranch styles.

 

Wingate Commercial Historic District, Union County, prepared by S. Argintar, listed 12/01/14

 

Wingate Commercial Historic District, a cluster of brick one- and two-story commercial buildings dating from ca.1904 to ca. 1925, was built immediately north of the railroad line and depot in the center of town. The Austin Store, the State Bank of Wingate, the Wingate Drug Company Store, and Katie Lee Austin's dress shop long served the community and the nearby Wingate College. Through the loss and substantial alteration of other older commercial buildings in the town center, this group of buildings is now the only intact collection of historic commercial buildings in Wingate.  

 

Barker House, Vance County, prepared by H. Fearnbach, listed12/01/14

 

The Barker House, one of Vance County's oldest extant dwellings, is a remarkably intact rural North Carolina plantation house built during the eighteenth century's third quarter. The modest one-and-one-half-story, side-gable-roofed, weatherboarded residence manifests the lasting influence of traditional building practices brought south from tidewater Maryland and Virginia as settlers from those colonies populated North Carolina's northeastern counties. Surry County, Virginia, native Ambrose Barker is the earliest identified owner of the heavy-timber-frame dwelling that has been known as the Barker House for most of its history. He likely occupied the original one-room house soon after its construction around 1764. Dendrochronology results indicate that carpenters expanded the residence with a second room ten years later, perhaps coinciding with Ambrose Barker and Mary Ann Ragland's November 1773 marriage.

 

Rehabilitation Highlights

 

Durham County, Durham, North Carolina Mutual Office Building

 

The ca. 1908 North Carolina Mutual Office Building in the Downtown Durham Historic District was rehabilitated 2011-2012 for commercial and office uses on the first and second floors and a residence on the third floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $1,071,000.

 

North Carolina Mutual Office Building, before and after rehabilitation.

 

 

Durham County, Durham, L. D. Rogers Furniture Store

 

The ca. 1910 L. D. Rogers Furniture Store in the Downtown Durham Historic District was rehabilitated 2007-2009 for a restaurant and brewery on the first floor, offices on the second floor, and two new market-rate apartments on the third floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $1,759,000.

 

L. D. Rogers Furniture Store before and after rehabilitation

 

 

Durham County, Durham, Rogers Drugs Building

 

The ca. 1910 Rogers Drugs Building in the Downtown Durham Historic District was rehabilitated 2007-2009 for a restaurant and branch bank on the first floor and offices on the second floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $2,865,000.

 

Rogers Drugs Building before and after rehabilitation

 

Forsyth County, Winston-Salem, Globe Security Company Building

 

The ca. 1923 Globe Security Company Building in the Downtown North Historic District was rehabilitated 2013-2014 for continued commercial use on the first floor with four new market-rate apartments on the second floor. This project was spurred by the use of the federal and state income-producing historic tax credits with an estimated private investment rehabilitation cost of $308,000.

 

Globe Security Company Building before and after rehabilitation

 

 


*Please remember that the deadline for the FY 2015 Historic Preservation Fund grant applications is approaching. The postmark deadline for applications is February 27th. Visit our grants website for more information.*

 

Welcome to Laurie Mitchell, the Newest HPO Staff Member 

 

Please help us welcome our new Preservation Commission Services/Certified Local Government Coordinator, Sarah Lawrence "Laurie" Mitchell, who started work in the HPO on December 1.  

 

Preservation Commission Services/CLG
Coordinator Laurie Mitchell

An alumna of North Carolina State University where she earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Spanish with a minor in Environmental Science, Laurie was previously Public Policy Coordinator and Program Manager with the Government Relations team at the National Trust for Historic Preservation in Washington, DC, with a strong engagement with historic tax credit policy.  Prior to that position, Laurie earned a Master of Urban and Regional Planning with a historic preservation focus at the University of Minnesota.  She developed a strong professional interest in sustainable community development through her work as a Peace Corps volunteer in Costa Rica and during her time as a LEED Associate with the U. S. Green Building Council.  She has also been a small business entrepreneur in a Main Street community in New England, and an Institutional Sustainability intern with the Minnesota Historical Society.  

 

Welcome, Laurie!


Inaugural HPO Newsletter for Commissioners and Certified Local Governments Released  

 

Laurie Mitchell, the HPO's new Preservation Commission Services/CLG Coordinator, has released the inaugural issue of The NC CLG Update, a newsletter intended for local commissions and local preservation planning staff. Please contact Laurie at laurie.mitchell@ncdcr.gov to subscribe to this newsletter. Also stay in touch with other NC CLGs via the NCPRES listserv, ncpres@listserv.unc.edu; contact Laurie if you would like to be added to the listserv.

 

Smart Roofing Solution 

 

By Reid Thomas


What kind of roof would be appropriate to replace deteriorating wood shingles on a historic house museum?   If you had limited funds for maintenance along with a long list of other repair needs, would you choose to go back with wood or a less expensive option?     

 

A temporary roof on the King-Bazemore House.
Photos courtesy of Harvey Harrison,
 project contractor.

Located on the grounds of Hope Plantation in Bertie County, the 1767 King-Bazemore House needed a new roof. Withstanding over thirty-five years of weathering, the aged wood shingles were in failing condition. With technical guidance from our Restoration Services Branch, a cost-effective and temporary roofing solution was found. "Barn tin," or "5-V" metal roofing panels as they are commonly called, was installed on the upper and lower roof slopes of this eighteenth-century gambrel-roof house.   Fortunately, the wood shingles on the most visible slopes of the gambrel were in serviceable condition and needed only minor patching.     

 

Long-lasting and low-maintenance barn tin has secured the roofs of thousands of older and historic homes and outbuildings in North Carolina since its introduction in the early twentieth century.   On the King-Bazemore House, this roofing choice provided a temporary and economical solution that can provide years of service until a historically appropriate wood-shingle roof becomes an economically feasible option.

 

A similar approach was taken at the ca. 1782 William Richardson Davie House in Halifax with the installation of 3-tab composition shingles.   The inexpensive roof covering provided several years of service until a wood-shingle roof was installed last year in conjunction with exterior restoration work.

 

The c. 1851 Wessington House (listed in the National Register in 1973) in Edenton was built based on Design XX from William Ranlett's book, The Architect: A Series of Original Designs, for Domestic and Ornamental Cottages and Villas, Connected with Landscape Gardening, Adapted to the United States. The stately home has undergone an extensive, five-year rehabilitation. The house was featured on Tarheel Traveller on December 8. You can watch the video here.

 

Local Efforts Can Save Downtowns, Just Look at Asheville 


S&W Cafeteria, Asheville, after rehabilitation

 

In 1981, Asheville residents decided to save a derelict portion of their downtown rather than bulldoze it for a modern shopping mall. Redevelopment plans called for the removal of the blighted commercial area to build a mall to compete with a mall on the outskirts of town in an effort to bring shoppers back to downtown. Local businessman Wayne Caldwell played the point man for a group of shopkeepers, activists, artists, and newcomers who saw potential for the downtown that had fallen on hard times in the 1970s. Click here to read the story and see before and after photos.

 

Complicated Ownership of Grove Arcarde Aids Continued Preservation     

 

Grove Arcade, Asheville

 

With some of the most complicated ownership and preservation easements and covenants in place, the Grove Arcade looks set for continued preservation despite murmuring of a Duke Power sell-out of their lease rights. Read more about this well-preserved and well-protected local landmark here.

 

Chapel Hill Entertainment Institution Threatened with Closure   

 

Varsity Theater, Chapel Hill

 

The 1927 Sorrell Building on Franklin Street in downtown Chapel Hill is the home of the Varsity Theater, a movie theater that has entertained generations of college students and local residents. The theater has been struggling to stay open, as many smaller historic theaters have, due to competition from larger multiplex theaters, but it is technology that may turn the lights out for good. As the movie industry moves away from 35mm film to all digital movies, historic theaters with older equipment, already struggling with dwindling attendance, are now faced with very costly projection equipment upgrades. Are historic downtown theaters soon to follow the drive-in theaters into the sunset? Click here to read more.  

 

Artifacts Found at Suspected Settlement Point of Lost Colony  

  

Further archaeological investigation at the site on the western side of the Albemarle Sound (known as Site X) that may have been the relocation site for the Lost Colony after they fled their initial colony site continues to reveal intriguing information. Researchers have found more Elizabethan artifacts related to domestic activities than they have on Roanoke Island since the earliest English settlers vanished four centuries ago. In addition to the Elizabethan-era domestic artifacts, Algonkian artifacts have been found that point to a possible Native American village very close to Site X. Click here to read the details.

 

Native American Book Set Available from Publications Branch 

 

 



The Publications Branch of the Historical Research Office now offers the Native American Set for a discounted price. The set includes one (1) copy each of Native Americans in Early North Carolina: A Documentary History, Native Carolinians: The Indians of North Carolina, and Indian Wars in North Carolina, 1663-1763.
  • Native Americans in Early North Carolina presents more than 200 transcribed primary documents chronicling the Native American experience in North Carolina from the earliest European explorations in the late 16th century through the last decades of the 18th century. General subjects covered in these primary source materials are folkways, religion, trade, land (possession and dispossession), war, interaction with North Carolina society, and reservations.
  • First published in 1985 and extensively revised in 2010, Native Carolinians discusses the history, life-style, and culture of the native people of the region before the arrival of Europeans and the interaction of the Indians with white settlers during the colonial period. Separate chapters chronicle the experiences of the Cherokees and the Lumbees in the 19th and 20th centuries and the Native Carolinians today.
  •  Indian Wars presents an overview of the various Native American tribes, including the Cherokees, Catawbas, and Tuscaroras, that inhabited colonial North Carolina. Separate chapters are devoted to early Indian wars (1663-1711), the Tuscarora War (1711-1715), the Yamassee and Cheraw Wars (1715-1718), the French and Indian War (1756-1763), and the Cherokee War ( 1759-1761).

Visit the North Carolina Historical Publications Online Shop to see the Publications Branch's many other titles, maps, posters, and CDs that chronicle the state's rich history. For additional information, please contact Bill Owens by telephone at (919) 733-7442, ext. 0 or by e-mail at bill.owens@ncdcr.gov

 

2014 List of Won and Lost Preservation Battles from National Trust 

 

Here is the annual list of "won and lost" threatened resources across the nation as compiled by the National Trust. Click here for the list.

 

National Main Street Program Celebrates 35 Years  

Check out the special edition of Main Street Now!, The Journal of the National Main Street Center, with articles about downtown revitalization strategies from Patrice Frey, Donovan Rypkema, Kennedy Smith, Mary Means, Fred Kent, and Gary Toth. Learn about the Four Point Approach and how to use this framework to effectively address 21st-century revitalization challenges. Read how Main Street has been the single most effective downtown revitalization program in the country. Learn why some Main Streets thrive while others struggle to survive, with five ways Main Street programs can position their districts to achieve long-term economic success. Examine connections between placemaking and Main Street to create "destination downtowns" that invite people to gather as a community.

 

Revolving Funds Impact 

 

Learn more about how revolving funds are used in historic preservation. Students at the Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD), with the support of the 1772 Foundation, produced a short video showing how the funds have worked around the country. SCAD also produced a written report that showed that since these funds began, nearly 5 million square feet of usable space has been saved and reactivated, generating more than $3 million in property tax revenue. See this blog post for more.

 

New World Heritage Sites Itinerary Released by NPS 

 

The National Park Service is pleased to announce its new online World Heritage Sites in the United States Travel Itinerary. The itinerary is available on the National Park Service website here. This itinerary is the 60th in the online Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series, which supports historic preservation, promotes public awareness of history, and encourages visits to historic places throughout the country. The National Park Service's Heritage Education Services and its Office of International Affairs produced this travel itinerary in partnership with the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers.

 

For Your Entertainment and Edification...

  • All issues of Our State magazine, through 2011, have been digitized and can be found here.
  • Most architects do not seem to be in touch with those for which they design. Does this make architectural design irrelevant to common society? If so, how do we make it more relevant? See the thoughts of the New York Times here
  • The BBC drama "The Game" is set in Cold War England and most of the action takes place in Brutalist buildings. Can "The Game" make Brutalist architecture more popular the way "Mad Men" helped mid-century modernist architecture? Read one perspective here.

Events, Awards, and Grants 

 

For statewide events lists, visit the HPO Facebook events list, Preservation North Carolina events list, or a December 2014 - February 2015 calendar of events and workshop and conference list courtesy of the Federation of NC Historical Societies.

 

2015 Advisory Council on Historic Preservation training schedule is now available Visit this page for registration details and pricing. Please contact Cindy Bienvenue at cbienvenue@achp.gov if you have any questions.

 

January 29"18th-Century Architecture in the Upper Tar River Valley." 7:30 PM, Louisburg College, Benson Chapel, Louisburg, NC. Annual Joseph E. Elmore Lecture featuring Michael Southern, Senior Architectural Historian and GIS Coordinator with the North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office.   

 

February 9-12 Engineering for Historic Timber Framing Workshop, Natchitoches, LA. The National Center for Preservation Technology and Training is partnering with the Preservation Trades Network, the Association for the Preservation Historic Natchitoches, and the Friends of NCPTT on this workshop investigating the engineering issues facing historic timber structures. For more information go to this page.    

 

February 18 Save the Date! Preservation commission training, Greensboro. The City of Greensboro and the NC State Historic Preservation Office are co-sponsoring a one-day training session to be held in the auditorium of the Greensboro Historical Museum, 130 Summit Avenue. Join HPO staff, commissioners, preservation commission staff, and interested members of the public for a day of training on key subjects, such as meeting policy, procedures, ethics, and conduct; case studies of old vs. new wood; tours, and more. This training is free. Additional details will follow closer to the training session, with RSVP information or contact Stefan-leih Geary by phone at 336-412-6300.     

 

March 18-20 Save the Date! NC Main Street Conference, Morganton, NC. More information will be on this website 

and registration will open in mid-January.    

 

March 30 - April 2 National Main Streets Conference, Atlanta, GA.  With the  theme "TEAM Main Street: Teamwork and Entrepreneurship across Main Street,"  the conference will focus on bringing partners together to foster new ideas for building economic, financial, and business development successes. For the latest news and information, sign up for conference email alerts here.  

 

April 13-16 Mid-Century Modern Structures: Materials and Preservation 2015 Symposium, Drury Plaza Hotel in St. Louis, MO. Focusing primarily on the history, use, and preservation of materials found in Mid-Century Modern architecture, the three-day symposium will provide in-depth understanding of the complex issues associated with the preservation of these structures. Special emphasis will be on modern architectural metals, but presentations on other materials, such as concrete and curtain wall structures, will be included. The call for papers/posters and registration information can be found at this page.

  

April 15-18 National Council on Public History Annual Conference, Nashville, Tennessee. This year's conference is organized around the theme of "History on the Edge" and will offer a program of sessions, tours, working groups, keynote addresses, and workshops. Visit this page for more information and to read the full conference program.

  

June 17-19 National Rosenwald Schools Conference: Sharing the Past → Shaping the Future, Durham, NC. Riding the wave of the wildly successful 2012 Centennial Rosenwald Schools conference in Tuskegee, AL, the National Trust for Historic Preservation is partnering with the NC Department of Cultural Resources, Preservation Durham, the Conservation Trust of North Carolina, and others to sponsor a second national Rosenwald schools conference that will feature thirty educational sessions, poster sessions, field sessions at area schools, and other thematic tours. For more information in the coming months, see this page. Click here to sign up to receive conference updates by email.

  

Adventures in Preservation is a non-profit that offers trips to heritage sites around the world to teach participants conservation and preservation skills while helping conserve historic sites. Please see the schedule on their website for trips in 2015, including one in Virginia that features archaeology and preservation. Visit the organization's website  for more. 

 

American Battlefield Protection Program Battlefield Preservation Grants. Non-profit groups, academic institutions, and local, regional, state, and tribal governments are invited to apply for grants for eligible projects:  archaeology, cultural landscape inventories, cultural resource documentation, GIS mapping, National Register nominations, and preservation plans.  Project funding ranges from $5,000 to $75,000. Matching funds or in-kind services for the projects are encouraged but not required. The application deadline is January 16. The application form and complete guidelines are available at this page.

 

National Trust Preservation Funds. These grants encourage preservation at the local level by providing seed money for preservation projects. The grants help stimulate public discussion, enable local groups to gain the technical expertise needed for particular projects, introduce the public to preservation concepts and techniques, and encourage financial participation by the private sector.  Grants generally start at $2,500 and range up to $5,000. The selection process is very competitive.  Only members of the National Trust at the Forum or Main Street levels are eligible to apply for funding from the National Trust Preservation Fund. The application deadline is February 2. To learn more about the grant program and how to apply, go to this page. 

Please send any comments or suggestions to Jessica Dockery at jessica.dockery@ncdcr.gov . Please forward this newsletter to others who might be interested in the information.

 

Archived issues are on our website.

   
North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office
Division of Historical Resources | Office of Archives and History
North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources