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In This Issue
Recent National Register Listings
Rehabilitation and Tax Credit Project Highlights
Michael Southern Receives a Governor's Award for Excellence
Heather Fearnbach Receives Book Award
Applications for 2013 Historic Preservation Fund Pass-Through Grants Being Accepted
Western Office Receives Gift of Architectural Plans
HPO Staff Speak at Tax Credit Workshops
National Trust Hosts Workshop for Rosenwald School Support Groups
Tobacco Barns in the News
National Register Consultant Training Workshop Hosted by the Eastern Office
Program Comment for Common Post-1945 Concrete Steel Bridge Issued
Keeping Warm and Saving Energy
Bellamy Mansion Makes Changes for a Truly "Green" Garden
SOS! Materials Now Available
Staff in the Field
Worth Saving
The Newsletter of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office
Events and Awards

For statewide event lists, visit the HPO Facebook event listPreservation North Carolina events list, or a  December 2012-February 2013 courtesy of the Federation of NC Historical Societies.


December 18 Transportation Research Board (TRB) will conduct a webinar from 2:00 p.m.-3:30 p.m. that will explore TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 723, which provides transportation officials and historic preservation professionals with guidance for identifying and evaluating the historic significance of post-World War II residences.  Participants must register in advance of the webinar, and there is a fee for non-TRB Sponsor employees.  Click here for more information.


January 8 HPO staff will lead two tax credit workshops in Durham over the coming months.  The next workshop will be held at the King's Daughters Inn, a local landmark located at 204 N. Buchanan Blvd. at 7 PM. These workshops are free and open to the public. Contact Preservation Durham for more information by email or by phone at (919) 682-3036.


January 2 (postmark) / January 17 (hand delivery) 2013 Battlefield Planning Grants: The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) of the National Park Service invites non-profit groups, academic institutions, and local, regional, state, and tribal governments to submit applications for the 2013 Battlefield Planning Grants. Details can be found here.


April 2 The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation will present The Advanced Section 106 Seminar in Charlotte at the Dunhill Hotel. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 provides that properties and districts listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places be considered in the planning of federal undertakings such as highway construction and community development projects. This is a one-day course designed for advanced Section 106 practitioners, including federal agency representatives, project sponsors, and other Section 106 stakeholders. Contact Cindy Bienvenue, Meeting and Event Manager, at (202) 606-8521 or by email for more information, and click here to read the seminar schedule.


May 2-4 16th Annual US/ICOMOS International Symposium, Savannah, GA. The theme is "The Historic Center and the Next City: Envisioning Urban Heritage Evolution." Symposium sessions will provide planners, architects, educators, heritage managers, and preservationists the opportunity to discuss the evolution of our historic urban centers and how they may provide inspiration for the future. For more information, visit or send an email to [email protected].  


May 13-17 National Park Service's 2013 Archaeological Prospection Workshop, Ogallala, NE.  This is the 22nd year of the workshop dedicated to the use of geophysical, aerial photography, and other remote sensing methods as they apply to the identification, evaluation, conservation, and protection of archaeological resources. Entitled "Current Archaeological Prospection Advances for Non-Destructive Investigations in the 21st Century," it includes lectures on the theory of operation, methodology, processing, and interpretation and on-hands use of the equipment in the field.  Application forms are available on the Midwest Archeological Center's web page For more information, contact Steven L. DeVore by email, or by phone at (402) 437-5392, ext. 141.


Tryon's Historic 1906 Depot renovation project has been awarded the prestigious 2012 North Carolina Small Town Main Street Award in the category of Economic Restructuring. Click here to read the full article.


Recent National Register Listings

Clingmans Dome Observation Tower (Swain County), Federal Nomination, listed 8/15/12


Clingmans Dome Observation Tower, constructed in 1959, is significant as a representation of the National Park Service's Mission 66 program, which resulted in a significant change in National Park Service planning, management, and architecture.  As a result of these changes, the visitor experience in national parks system-wide was fundamentally altered.  The Mission 66 program, which spanned from 1955 to 1966, resulted in the construction of hundreds of building and structures,  only nine of which were towers.  Clingmans Dome Observation Tower is an example of a comparatively rare Mission 66 structure type and merits special consideration by virtue of its design, which was a model for two later National Park Service Mission 66 towers.


Capitola Manufacturing Company Cotton Yarn Mill (Madison County), prepared by S. Argintar, listed 8/28/12


Constructed circa 1905 with a third story added circa 1928, the Capitola Manufacturing Company Cotton Yarn Mill made a significant contribution to the industrial and economic development of Marshall and Madison County.


Bostic Charge Parsonage (Rutherford County), prepared by W. Mueller and C. Donaldson, listed 8/28/12


Serving the Methodist community of Rutherford County from its construction in 1922 until 1957, the Bostic Charge Parsonage is an excellent example of a Craftsman-style bungalow with a high degree of architectural integrity.


Barrett-Faulkner House (Anson County), prepared by Mattson, Alexander, and Associates, listed 9/4/12


Built during the second quarter of the nineteenth century, the Barrett-Faulkner House was moved in 1847 to its current site and altered to its Greek Revival-style appearance.  It is one of a small collection of Greek Revival dwellings that survive in Anson County from the mid-nineteenth century and is the county's only example identified to date of the dogtrot plan, a house type once common in the South. 


Fayetteville Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District (Cumberland County), Federal Nomination, listed 9/19/12


Fayetteville Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District is significant as an intact example of a "Second Generation" Veterans Hospital, a type of constructed from the late 1920s through 1950 that features a smaller campus with a monumental main building serving as the focal point. This type usually was built with only one additional patient ward/treatment building, if any; the incorporation of maintenance/utility functions into a kitchen and dining hall building; enclosed corridors connecting the central core buildings; and residential quarters for staff members slightly distanced from the core group of buildings.


Falkland Historic District (Pitt County), prepared by HPO Eastern Office staff, listed 10/3/12


Falkland Historic District, located in northwestern Pitt County, encompasses one of the best preserved collections of nineteenth- to twentieth-century architecture in Pitt County.  Historic buildings in Falkland include examples of regionally-influenced, nationally-popular architectural styles dating to the period ca. 1859 to 1960. 


Downtown Durham Historic District Additional Documentation (Durham County), prepared by C. de Miranda, listed 10/24/12


Downtown Durham Historic District was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 with a period of significance of 1893-1939.  This additional documentation provides information on the district's history and architecture from 1939 through 1962. In addition, research indicates some existing buildings may date to the 1880s, justifying expansion of the period of significance to ca. 1880-1962. With the longer period of significance as well as many rehabilitation projects throughout the district, the number of properties that now contribute to the significance of the district has increased.


Rehabilitation and Tax Credit Project Highlights


The ca. 1895 Hughes House and Store before (left) and 
after (right) restoration

The ca. 1895 Hughes House and Store, in the Edenton Historic District (Chowan County), was rehabilitated for continued commercial and residential uses with one commercial space and three apartments with an investment of $99,000.

2110-2114 Angier Avenue before (left) and after restoration (right)

The commercial building at 2110-2114 Angier Avenue, in the East Durham Historic District, was rehabilitated, after a devastating fire, into three commercial spaces, including the longtime Samuel & Sons Barber Shop, with an investment of $121,000.


133 North Main Street after restoration

The circa 1910 commercial building at 133 North Main Street, in the Mooresville Historic District (Iredell County), was rehabilitated for commercial office use with an investment of $1,784,900.

The Rouzer Apartments after restoration

The Rouzer Apartments in the Salisbury Historic District (Rowan County) was rehabilitated for continued residential use as four apartments with an investment of $260,700.


Michael Southern Receives a Governor's Award for Excellence

On November 27, HPO Senior Architectural Historian and Geographic Information System (GIS) Coordinator Michael Southern received a Governor's Award for Excellence in the area of Innovation for his outstanding work on the development of the HPOWEB website. 


As part of HPO efforts to make our records available to the public and other state agencies, staff has been transferring data into ArcGIS from our older paper survey maps, as well as recent architectural surveys,  applications to the NC Study List, and National Register nominations.  This information is then posted on HPOWEB, a public website that allows researchers to work remotely rather than visit the HPO offices.


Governor Bev Perdue and the 2012 Governor's Award for Excellence recipients at a lunch reception at the Governor's Mansion. Michael Southern is at the right end of the third row.


Michael began the initiative in 2007, working solo after developing the HPO's survey database.  In 2009 he was joined by two half-time temporary employees, Heather Mounts and Andy Edmonds, who helped build the system, populate the data, and launch HPOWEB in 2010.  Sam Franklin joined the team as part-time intern in 2010.  Heather has since been hired by the DCR IT unit.  NCDOT has benefitted so much from the enterprise that it is funding two GIS specialist positions in DCR, one for the HPO and one for the Office of State Archaeology, which have been filled by Andy and Sam, respectively. We have had wonderful feedback from HPOWEB users and it is all due to the hard work of Michael and his GIS team. Congratulations, Michael!


2012 North Carolina Governor's Award for Excellence: Michael Southern, Cultural Resources
A video tribute to Michael Southern


Michael Southern is a native of Raleigh and a 1973 graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill in Art History. Since 1974 Michael has worked in many capacities for the State Historic Preservation Office, including survey specialist, restoration specialist, Western Office preservation specialist, section historian, and supervisor of the Survey and National Register Branch. He has participated in field studies of historic buildings in all 100 North Carolina counties. He is co-author with colleagues Catherine Bishir and Jennifer Martin Mitchell of guides to the historic architecture of eastern, piedmont, and western North Carolina, published between 1996 and 2003 by the University of North Carolina Press.


Heather Fearnbach Receives a Willie Park Peak History Book Award

Heather Fearnbach. Photograph courtesy of the Winston-Salem Journal online

The North Carolina Society of Historians, Inc., has awarded consultant Heather Fearnbach a Willie Parker Peace History Book Award for three of her reports--"Forsyth County's Agricultural Heritage," "The Bethania Freedmen's Community," and the historic store context that she wrote for the NC Department of Transportation. The society, established in 1941 to collect and preserve "North Carolina history, traditions, artifacts, genealogies and folklore," presents the Willie Parker Peace Award annually to "encourage the writing and publication of the history of a North Carolina county, institution or individual." The judges said "All three books, issued as reports for either the NC Department of Transportation or the Forsyth County Historic Resources Commission, are magnificent!  The researcher performed each job in a sophisticated manner, paying meticulous attention to detail. Each endeavor is prodigiously illustrated via some magnificent current photographs of vintage subject matter; and each has been copiously researched to provide the reader with a remarkable history that will preserve the subject for generations to come." Well done, Heather!


Applications for 2013 Historic Preservation Fund Pass-Through Grants Are Now Being Accepted


The HPO is now accepting applications for FY 2013 federal Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) pass-through grants. Eligible projects include architectural and archaeological surveys, nominations of eligible districts and properties to the National Register of Historic Places, survey publication manuscripts, local preservation design guidelines and preservation plans, educational programs, and restoration of National Register properties. Funds for restoration are limited. Eligible applicants are local governments, local historic preservation commissions, nonprofit organizations, and educational institutions.


Please note that the application process has changed.  Before preparing and submitting an application, applicants must contact HPO staff to discuss the scope of work and budget of their potential project along with the grant standards and requirements. If there are questions about the application process, please contact Michele Patterson McCabe, grants coordinator, at 919-807-6582. For assistance with developing a project proposal and budget, please contact an HPO staff member listed in the instructions


An estimated total of $80,000 to $90,000 may be available for projects in Certified Local Government (CLG) municipalities and counties, in accordance with federal requirements.  A list of local CLG staff contacts is on the HPO websiteUnfortunately, funds for non-CLG projects have not been available in recent years due to reductions in our federal allocation.


Grant awards, which may cover up to sixty per cent (60%) of total project costs, generally range from $1,500 to $15,000 and are available on a reimbursement basis. Local matching funds should cover at least forty per cent (40%). Grant projects will be selected for funding on a competitive basis.


Applications must be postmarked by Friday, February 15, 2013. Applicants must submit the paper original and two paper copies. Applications sent by email or fax will not be accepted. Nonprofits and educational institutions submitting an application through a CLG should submit their proposed application to the CLG by the beginning of January 2013. See the Instructions for Completing the 2013 Application for more details.


Awards will be announced in April 2013. Projects should be under way by the fall of 2013. All projects must be completed by Friday, August 15, 2014.


Western Office Receives Gift of Architectural Plans

The Western Region Archives in the Western Office of the Department of Cultural Resources, Office of Archives and History, has received a sizeable donation of architectural drawings and community plans developed in the 1920s for American Enka, a Buncombe County textile manufacturer. 


The donation was made by Colbond USA, a producer of synthetic industrial textiles and the current owner of the mill.

Incorporated in 1928, American Enka was a subsidiary of the Dutch company Nederlandse Kunstzidefabriek. The American firm's name was derived from the phonetic pronunciation of N and K in Flemish. The Dutch company acquired land in the Hominy Valley, roughly seven miles west of downtown Asheville, for construction of the mill and village.  Conceived as a large company town following the planning principles of the Garden City movement, the community never expanded beyond the mill, gymnasium, lake, and clubhouse, commercial building, and roughly 75 dwellings for management and workers. 


Western Office staff reviewing American Enka plans with Colbond USA intern Mary Archer, whose great-grandfather was one of the Dutch engineers on the company's original management team. From left, Annie McDonald, HPO Preservation Specialist; Jeff Futch, Western Office Regional Supervisor; Heather South, Archivist; Mary Archer, Colbond USA


Nevertheless, American Enka became one of the leading manufacturers of rayon textiles in the United States, adding nylon to its production line in 1953.  In 1985, American Enka was sold to the German firm BASF, which sold the property to the Dutch firm Colbond USA in 2001.


In 2007, Colbond USA sold a portion of the then-unused mill property to an Asheville-area development firm that demolished many of the historic industrial buildings.  The residential areas remain intact, however, and were placed on the National Register Study List in 2006.  Residents of Enka Village have recently expressed interest in pursuing National Register listing, and the donated plans will be invaluable in contributing to the community's historic narrative, as well as aiding in determining the architectural integrity of the contributing resources.


The plans, which date to the late 1920s, include plats of the land purchased by American Enka, plans for rerouting Hominy Creek and the creation of Enka Lake; conceptual plans for a garden city; original plans and elevations for the mill, company store, clubhouse, and dwellings; and some drawings illustrating rayon processing techniques.  The paper, parchment, and linen documents are fragile and require conservation. 


For more information about the National Register eligibility of properties in western North Carolina, contact Annie McDonald, Preservation Specialist, at 828.296.7230, extension 223, or email.


HPO Staff Speak at Preservation Durham-Hosted Tax Credit Workshops


The State Historic Preservation Office has teamed up with local non-profit Preservation Durham to co-host three historic rehabilitation tax credit workshops in the Bull City.


Durham is a veritable poster child for the tax credit program.  The city ranks number one in North Carolina with $349 million of qualified investment in the rehabilitation of commercial properties, nearly equaling the total investment of the next three most active communities.  Rehabilitations of iconic mill campuses like those at the American Tobacco Company and Golden Belt Manufacturing Company have led the way.


Mitch Wilds and Claudia Brown presenting at the October tax credit workshop in Durham

Durham ranks a close third in the state with $33 million of qualified investment in the rehabilitation o owner-occupied properties.  Trinity Park, Watts-Hillandale, and Forest Hills are among the 15 most active National Register Historic Districts in the state in taking advantage of the historic rehabilitation tax credit, but residents in Cleveland-Holloway and the Burch Avenue historic districts are rapidly picking up the pace.


Well over 200 owners in Durham have applied for state tax credits during the last 15 years, but over 3000 properties are eligible!  With this in mind, the HPO and Preservation Durham seek to educate homeowners, realtors, and commercial property owners about the ways in which they can leverage the historic rehabilitation tax credits to facilitate their renovations - especially during tight economic times.


The next workshop is scheduled for Tuesday, January 8, beginning at 7 PM, at the King's Daughters Inn.  The final workshop will take place Tuesday, March 5, beginning at 7 PM, at the historic offices of Measurement, Inc.  Both of these property owners have been tax credit projects and their owners have been pivotal players in revitalizing their respective corners of Durham. Join them!


National Trust Hosts Board Development Workshop in Williamston for Rosenwald School Support Groups


On November 16 and 17, members of the boards of six organizations devoted to the preservation of Rosenwald schools in eastern North Carolina attended the workshop "Planning, Leading, Advancing: African American Historic Sites" conducted in Williamston by the National Trust for Historic Preservation (NTHP) with the assistance of a grant from the 1772 Foundation. The workshop is a training program offered to nonprofits working to save places of importance in African American history with the goal of strengthening the capacity of board members and site directors in governance, fundraising, visioning, planning, and best practices in nonprofit management.  The first day was an intensive curriculum focused on planning for productive partnerships, how to use history to leverage fundraising, techniques for making the "perfect ask," and strategic planning. Day two of the workshop was a half-day meeting with each volunteer director, board chair, and other members with the purpose of refining action items defined by the full board on day one. NTHP staff with follow up with each board by conference calls to review progress on action items and offer guidance 30, 90, and 120 days after the workshop.


The six boards in attendance are affiliated with the C. S. Brown School in Winton, the Hamilton School in Martin County, the E. J. Hayes School in Williamston, the Castalia School in Nash County, the Princeton School in Johnston County, and the Ware Creek School in Beaufort County. The workshop was conducted by Rob Bull Jr., the NTHP's acting director of development and senior vice president of The Compass Group, a fundraising consulting firm, with assistance from Brent Leggs, head of the NTHP's Northeast African American Historic Places Outreach Program, and Tracy Hayes and Katherine Carey with the NTHP's Rosenwald Schools Initiative led from the Charleston office. Claudia Brown and Reid Thomas of the HPO, Melanie Allen of the Conservation Trust of North Carolina, and Michelle Lanier, Director of African American Heritage Development and Cultural Tourism Programs of the NC Arts Council, participated in the workshop as observers and resources with the intention of applying lessons learned to their efforts to establish a formal statewide Rosenwald schools preservation network. Look for more on these efforts in future HPO newsletters.


Tobacco Barns in the News 


The restored barn at Northeast Park, Guilford County, where the interviews took place

Until the 1970s, it was not possible to drive through rural areas in the northern Piedmont or much of eastern North Carolina without being in sight of a flue-cure tobacco barn somewhere on the horizon.  While no one ever counted the barns that stood in the heyday of traditional tobacco production, it is probable that the 160,000 farms producing over 600,000 acres of tobacco in 1950 averaged at least two barns per farm, and there may have been close to a half million of the structures. 


Made obsolete with the advent of modern bulk curing systems and offering little opportunity for adaptive use other than storage, the barns are rapidly succumbing to storms, material salvage operations, and rural clean-up campaigns. They are becoming so rare that when one is saved, it becomes news.


A 1985 photograph, by Michael Southern, of the crew priming tobacco at the Carter Farm, Rockingham County

On September 9, Susan Ladd of the Greensboro News & Record published a story about two tobacco barns on property owned by UNC-Greensboro that are being offered to any taker who will move and preserve them.  In researching her story, Ladd discovered the Celebrate Tobacco Barns site posted by Michael Southern on the HPO website and contacted Michael for information and comments. 


Bob Buckley of WGHP-TV in Greensboro saw Ladd's article and on November 9 invited Michael to meet him at Northeast Park in rural Guilford County, where park staff has restored an early 20th-century farmstead with a log tobacco barn. Michael was joined by his friend Bob Carter, a retired Rockingham County tobacco farmer and historian. Michael provided Buckley with still shots he had made of a work crew on Carter's farm in 1985 - one of the last opportunities to record priming and curing tobacco in the traditional way. Buckley's tribute to the vanishing tobacco barn aired on WGHP-TV on November 14.


National Register Consultant Training Workshop Hosted by the Eastern Office


On November 1 and 2, the HPO conducted a National Register workshop hosted by Eastern Office staff and attended by 14 historic preservation consultants and 9 staff from the Asheville, Greenville, and Raleigh HPO offices. Jim Gabbert, North Carolina's National Register reviewer with the National Park Service, presented most of the program on Thursday, covering numerous topics. These included technical matters such as the new registration form, embedded photographs, mapping, and future plans for electronic submissions and bulletin updates; boundary changes and additional documentation amendments to existing listings, including extension of the period of significance; establishing significance under Criterion A in the area of agriculture; and registration requirements for mid-twentieth-century resources.  The second day of the workshop consisted of a tour of sites in Pitt and Beaufort counties, including Voice of America Site B and Grimesland Plantation in Pitt County and Belfont Plantation, Bath, and districts in Washington and Washington Park in Beaufort County.  Notes taken by staff during Jim Gabbert's presentations as well as his PowerPoint presentation will be posted on the HPO web site. Look for notice of these postings early in 2013. 


Program Comment for Common Post-1945 Concrete Steel Bridge Issued
957 tee-beam bridge on NC 63 in Buncombe
County, near the Madison County line

The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) has issued the Program Comment for streamlining Section 106 review for undertakings affecting post-1945 concrete and steel bridges.  This was done at the request of the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to relieve it and other federal agencies from the requirement under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act to consider the effects of undertakings on common bridges and culverts constructed of concrete or steel after 1945. The federal agencies using the Program Comment must still complete Section 106 review for the undertaking, including the identification of historic properties and consideration of effects of the undertaking on historic properties other than the common bridge itself. NCDOT will be following this guidance. Click here to read the full text. 


Keeping Warm and Saving Energy: Are You Staying Warm and Dry in Your Older Home?
Bracebridge Hall, Edgecombe County, where large volumes of rainwater runoff have eroded the area adjacent to the foundation, even with gutters and downspouts in place


This time of year we are all thinking about staying warm and dry, but in an older home that can sometimes be a challenge. Restoration specialist Reid Thomas shares his advice on how to overcome those challenges to enjoy a warm, dry, and energy efficient season. Click here to read the article.


Bellamy Mansion Makes Changes for a Truly "Green" Garden


Bellamy Mansion Cistern Work Underway

The Bellamy Mansion Museum of History and Design Arts underwent construction on Monday, November 19, to restore the mansion's historic cistern and connect it to the surrounding irrigation system. The museum will now be able to collect and use rainwater when watering the gardens surrounding the site, rather than using the city's municipal water. The project, which was funded by a grant from the Cape Fear Garden Club, was completed by JB Lawn Sprinklers Inc.


The use of the cistern to collect and repurpose rainwater is both environmentally friendly and historically fitting. The cistern was the vital source for water when the Bellamys moved into the mansion in 1861. Each morning a servant pumped the cistern to provide water for use in the house throughout the day. The well holds 6,600 gallons of water and is a bell-shaped, brick-lined tank. It measures 11 feet deep and 10 feet wide.


SOS! Materials Now Available

Materials created for Save Outdoor Sculpture! (SOS!) are now available free of charge online. SOS!, co-sponsored by Heritage Preservation and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, is a program committed to the preservation and celebration of America's outdoor sculptures.


North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office
Division of Historical Resources | Office of Archives and History
North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources