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In This Issue
Events and Awards
Recent National Register Listings
Rehabilitation and Tax Credit Project Highlights
HPO Photographer Bill Garrett in Currituck County
Meet a Hardowrking HPO Intern
Hoyle House West Porch Restoration Complete
New Interest in Henry River Mill Village
QAR Progress Report
NCDOT Programmatic Agreement
A Section 106 Review Success Story
Travel Through North Carolina History
New Book on Cemetery Markers
27 New National Historic and Natural Landmarks
Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-WWII Housing
Keep Your Foundation Dry
Report on Historic Windows Released
Staff in the Field
Worth Saving
The Newsletter of the North Carolina Historic Preservation Office
This newsletter replaces the November issue of "Worth Saving" that was accidentally distributed earlier this week in draft form.
Events and Awards

For statewide event lists, visit the HPO Facebook event listPreservation North Carolina events list, or a September-November calendar of events courtesy of the Federation of NC Historical Societies.


November 9. Kick off your holiday shopping season at the Preservation Durham Fall Preservation Party from 6-9:30 pm, at Morgan Imports in the Brightleaf District of Durham! Mingle with friends and enjoy a drink and some delicious food provided by Durham restaurants. Strolling emcee and Durham history mavin Tom Miller challenges partygoers with the ever-popular Durham History Quiz, awarding fabulous prizes for correct answers. A silent auction also provides a great opportunity to bid on exciting goods and services donated by local businesses. All proceeds of silent auction sales support Preservation Durham's preservation programs. Click here for more information.


The American Institute of Architects (AIA) seeks communities that can demonstrate the capacity to convene a diverse set of community leaders and stakeholders for an intensive, collaborative planning process focused on long-term sustainability.  Selected communities receive pro bono services and funding up to $15,000. A cash match of $5,000 is required. Applications are due November 16, 2012.  For more information and to see examples of project reports, which often include a focus on historic resources, visit the AIA website.


Apply for a Cultural Resources Intern for summer of 2013! The National Park Service's Cultural Resources Diversity Internship Program is a cost share program between the intern host and the NPS Washington Offices of Cultural Resources and Youth Programs. Applications are due by November 30. Please contact Paloma Bolasny by email or by phone at (202) 354-2174. Click here for more information.


On October 18 Preservation Durham presented its annual Preservation and Neighborhood Conservation Awards.  Click here for more information.


Restore Media, LLC, is offering three on-demand webinars on traditional building and design. Click here for more information.

Recent National Register Listings

Summerfield School Gymnasium and Community Center (Guilford County), prepared by C. de Miranda, listed 8/28/12


The Summerfield School Gymnasium and Community Center was built in 1938 and funded through the Works Progress Administration (WPA).  It was intended to be both a new sports facility at the Summerfield School and a community-wide gathering place for the small farming and railroad town north of Greensboro.  It is historically important for its recreational use and its association with the federal New Deal program.  The Rustic Revival style stone building is remarkably intact, and its highly-finished, thick rubblestone walls and beaded mortar joints make it noteworthy among Piedmont North Carolina WPA school projects.


Mount Airy Historic District Boundary Increase

(Surry County), prepared by L. Phillips, listed 8/28/12


The Mount Airy Historic District Boundary Increase enlarges the district to encompass a significant group of historic industrial buildings that formed the heart of Mount Airy's tobacco district in the late nineteenth century and the core of the community's textile industry from the 1920s through the early 1960s.  Located along Willow and Oak streets, the tall, highly decorative brick industrial buildings are some of North Carolina's most intact tobacco factory buildings from the 1880s and 1890s. 


Bethesda Methodist Protestant Church

(Halifax County), prepared by D. York, listed 8/28/12


Located near Brinkleyville, in the piedmont western section of Halifax County, Bethesda Methodist Protestant Church was built in 1853 and is the most significant extant example of Greek Revival-style church architecture in rural Halifax County.  Bethesda Methodist Protestant Church also is important for its association with the Rev. William Henry Wills (1809-1889), a leader in the development of the Methodist Protestant denomination in North Carolina.


Dupree-Moore Farm

(Pitt County), prepared by D. York, listed 8/28/12


Collectively, the buildings and landscape of the Dupree-Moore Farm are important for their role in Pitt County's agricultural history from early-nineteenth-century subsistence farming to the production of cash crops: cotton throughout the antebellum period and into the twentieth century and especially tobacco during the twentieth century.  The farm also derives architectural significance from the antebellum Greek Revival-style Dupree-Moore House and the farm's collection of twentieth-century ancillary buildings, both domestic and agricultural, that supported its historic operations.

Rehabilitation and Tax Credit Project Highlights


The three-story ca. 1920 King James Apartments in Asheville's Chestnut Hill Historic District was rehabilitated for continued commercial and residential uses with three commercial spaces on the street and ten apartments on the upper levels at a construction cost of $2,835,300.

The King James Apartments before and after rehabilitation

The 1905 Henry G. Whitfield House in Durham's Burch Avenue Historic District was converted from two apartments back to its original single-family use as a rental residence with a construction cost of $133,100.

The Henry G. Whitfield House before and after rehabilitation

The ca. 1925 house at 1120 Waughtown Street in Winston-Salem's Waughtown-Belview Historic District was rehabilitated for continued single-family use as a rental residence with a construction cost of $19,500.


1120 Waughtown Street after rehabilitation


The 1903 Sewell-Duguid House in the Wilmington Historic District was rehabilitated for continued single-family use as a rental residence with a construction cost of $65,000.


The Sewell-Duguid House before and after rehabilitation


The 1901 Hambley-Wallace House, a Chateauesque-style mansion in the Salisbury Historic District, was rehabilitated for use as a special events facility with a construction cost of $2,000,000.

The Hambley-Wallace House before and after rehabilitation

The Art Deco-style Neaves Building was constructed in 1937 as the State Theater in Elkin. It was subdivided for office use in the 1970s and was recently rehabilitated for continued office use with a construction cost of $398,100.

The Neaves Building after rehabilitation

Pineview Plantation, located in the small community of Roxobel (Bertie County), has been owned by the same family since construction in 1838.  This property was individually listed in the National Register in 1982In addition to substantial rehabilitation work on the farmhouse, several of the historic outbuildings, including the smokehouse and office, were successfully stabilized and restored. The project also entailed the introduction of energy saving technology, including geothermal heating and cooling.

Pineview Office before rehabilitation


The Pineview Office (left) and the Pineview Plantation (right) after rehabilitation
HPO Photographer Bill Garrett Assists with the Currituck County Architectural Survey Publication
Bill Garrett

Photographer Bill Garrett, a member of the HPO staff, traveled to Currituck County October 1-3 to photograph historic resources on Knotts Island, in Corolla, and on the Currituck mainland; he will make one more visit for this project. Bill often takes the "glamour" shots for architectural survey publications produced after countywide

architectural surveys have been completed. These beautiful publications go on to grace the coffee tables of many historic preservationists and proud residents of the survey area.

View of the Whalehead Club from the Currituck Lighthouse
Poyner's Store in Moyock

Bill has been a photographer since 1978 and a member of the HPO staff for 18 years. Bill began his professional career with the U.S. Navy as a photographer for five years active duty, one year active reserve, and five years inactive reserve. During his time with the HPO, he has produced images for seven county survey publications, the three North Carolina guidebooks, several magazine covers, and quite a few issues of Carolina Comments. Bill also operates the HPO photography lab and assists State Archives with their digitization efforts.

Meet a Hardworking HPO Intern

Matt Harrup

The Eastern Office has a new intern for the fall semester.  Matt Harrup is a student at East Carolina University and will graduate with a Master's degree in Public History in December 2012.  Matt completed his undergraduate studies at Lee University in Tennessee. He is interested in landscape preservation and is researching tar kilns in eastern North Carolina for his thesis. Matt was born in Alexandria, Va., but calls Brussels, Belgium home. He will be assisting the Eastern Office staff by conducting research on the Perry Stables building in Windsor, Bertie County, in order to place the building on the National Register of Historic Places. Matt is accompanying staff on field visits and attended the National Register Advisory Committee meeting in Raleigh in October.

Hoyle House West Porch Restoration Complete


The Hoyle House porch before restoration

Gaston County's oldest extant residence, the historic Hoyle House, will welcome visitors this fall with another phase of its restoration completed.  The west porch has been rehabilitated and restored to its late nineteenth-century appearance with a Historic Preservation Fund pass-through grant from the State Historic Preservation Office and a local match from its owners, the nonprofit educational organization Hoyle Historic Homestead, Inc.


The Hoyle House porch during the 
restoration process

During the summer, a contractor removed a porch that was added to the house in the 1930s. Using documentary photos and advice from HPO senior restoration specialist Paul Fomberg, an 1895 porch floor system and masonry support were reconstructed. Basement access was evaluated and access into the basement was incorporated by inserting a door into the new porch floor.  A ramp to the new porch now enables visitors with disabilities access to the house's interior.


The Hoyle House, a National Register-listed property as well as a locally designated landmark, overlooks the Catawba River near Dallas in Gaston County and dates to at least the late eighteenth century.  It is possible, as related by local and family tradition, that part of the house was built as early as the mid-eighteenth century. The two-story weatherboarded house exhibits German-American construction features.


The Hoyle House is open to the public for special events throughout the year.  For more information, visit the house's website.

New Interest in Henry River Mill Village, Burke County
Henry River company store

On October 18th, Western Office staff members Annie McDonald and Jennifer Cathey joined representatives from the Historic Burke Foundation (HBF), former residents of Henry River Mill Village, and the current property owner of the mill village and his realtor to discuss the process for listing the 55-acre property on the National Register of Historic Places and the potential for a prospective purchaser to then use the rehabilitation tax credits. 


Constructed between 1902 and 1905 for textile production, the site is Burke County's only planned mill village and retains approximately twenty of the original thirty-five dwellings as well as the company store.  Adjacent and nearby parcels contain the cotton warehouse, dam, and mill site as well as owners'/managers' houses. The mill ceased operations in 1970 and the worker housing and store were transferred to a single owner shortly thereafter. The mill burned in 1977.


Henry River Video Tour
A video tour of the Henry River Village


The two parcels containing the majority of the historic resources have been for sale for five to ten years. Though there have been numerous interested parties, no rehabilitation plans have ever come to fruition.  As a result, the last thirty years have seen the gradual deterioration of the structures and, most recently, use of the site for the filming of The Hunger Games and the destruction of one of the dwellings for the movie's special effects. This first movie of the popular trilogy has brought much attention to Henry River from across the country and around the world.  While it has heightened public awareness of and visitation to the site, this visibility also has corresponding risks that are intensified by the fact that the site is currently vacant.

Worker housing on the west side of Henry River Road

It was in this climate that former residents of the mill village, concerned about the potential for demolition or other loss of the historic resources, approached the Historic Burke Foundation (HBF) about preserving the site. Having grown up in the village from the 1940s through the 1960s, they have a personal connection to the community and hoped that HBF could provide some support and assistance to their efforts.  HBF then contacted DCR's Western Office to see what support the State Historic Preservation Office might be able to provide. 


Preservation Specialist Annie McDonald attended a meeting on September 15 with the interested parties and the property owner to begin exploring possible options for preservation. The former residents, having formed a loosely organized Henry River Preservation Committee under the umbrella of HBF, expressed interest in obtaining National Register status for the property to aid in marketing it for rehabilitation.


Worker housing on the east side of Henry River Road

A month later, the group reconvened at the Henry River Mill Village with HPO representatives McDonald and Cathey to investigate the existing condition of the resources and discuss the National Register listing process and the applicability of the various rehabilitation tax credits. The current owner expressed interest in the potential for combining the 20% commercial rehabilitation tax credit along with the 40% state mill credit. Though he is not in a position to rehabilitate the property, he understood the value of the tax credits in marketing it. Eligibility for the state mill credit is determined in consultation with the State Historic Preservation Office. HPO staff will continue to work with the owner and interested parties to determine if this significant incentive may be utilized for redevelopment of the site.


Recently the subject of a Master's Thesis by a student at Columbia University, Henry River Mill Village was placed on North Carolina's National Register Study List in 1973. Except for the loss of the mill, the site is remarkably intact.  With guidance from HPO staff, HBF and the preservation committee will be moving forward with a National Register nomination in the coming months. Wade Shepherd, who purchased the parcel containing  the store and residential portion of the mill village in the mid-1970s, supports the potential National Register listing.

Progress Report Released on the NCDCR Queen Anne's Revenge Shipwreck Project



The N.C. Office of State Archaeology - Underwater Archaeology Branch has released a progress report for work at the Queen Anne's Revenge site and in the QAR lab between July and September 2012. Click here to read the report.

NCDOT Completes 3rd Year of Programmatic Agreement for Minor Transportation Projects


The State Historic Preservation Office (HPO) reviewed the third annual report under the Programmatic Agreement (PA) between the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and HPO for minor projects. The agreement, designed to streamline project planning, delegates FHWA's responsibility for the review of minor transportation projects to NCDOT's cultural resources staff and allows it to complete the Section 106 process up to a finding of adverse effect, at which point FHWA or the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) resumes the consultation process as the responsible federal agency.


Minor projects include such things as paving dirt roads, adding shoulders to or straightening paved roads, safety upgrades at railroad crossings, and small bridge replacements.  During the first two years of the PA's implementation, NCDOT's archaeologists and architectural historians reviewed about 850 projects. In 2011-2012 they reviewed 767 projects, 86% of which had federal involvement. Out of the more than 700 projects, only four were removed from the PA process due to their having an adverse effect upon historic resources. This small number indicates how well the cultural resource staff has reached out to the rest of NCDOT, considered historic resources in project planning, and coordinated with the several parties to reduce adverse impacts.


Given FHWA's emphasis on streamlining project planning and delivery plus the success of the minor project PA, FHWA sponsored a workshop on October 10 to explore the planning and environmental linkages for historic preservation. Hosted by NCDOT and facilitated by the SRI Foundation (a nonprofit historic preservation foundation, with the mission to advance education, training, public outreach, and research in all fields of historic preservation), the workshop included representatives from other areas in NCDOT, the USACE, Office of State Archaeology and HPO. Ideas for the future include a PA for the state's historic bridges and further integration of the HPO's GIS into early planning.

A Section 106 Review Success Story 


North Carolina was recently added to the national Advisory Council on Historic Preservation's Section 106 Success Stories list for the fruitful Montford Point / Camp Lejeune consultation between HPO and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. Click here for more information.


The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) is seeking examples of successful Section 106 cases that illustrate the impact the Section 106 process has had on historic preservation throughout its history.  For more information regarding the nomination of a project click here.

Want to to Travel Through North Carolina History?




The N.C. Department of Cultural Resources has a blog for that!  Researcher Ansley Wegner writes of her travels and shares her knowledge of historic events that took place throughout the state in her blog North Carolina Time Traveler. Bloggers also share North Carolina history in the blog Adventures in North Carolina Culture, which highlights opportunities across the state to experience North Carolina history at special events, historic sites, and museums. Both are official blogs of the department.

New Book About Cemetery Markers in the Carolinas Published

While tramping through such historic church cemeteries as Thyatira Presbyterian in Rowan County, Steele Creek Presbyterian in Charlotte, and Waxhaw Presbyterian in Lancaster County, S.C., folklorist Daniel Patterson began to notice a certain gravestone style rich in artistic design, poetic inscription, and professional detail. The carver didn't sign the stones, but Patterson sensed they came from a single source.


Andrew Bigham's headstone. Photograph courtesy of the Charlotte Observer online.

Through painstaking research, he traced the markers back to a shop near Charlotte run by members of the Bigham family in the 18th century. By the late 1970s, Patterson's hobby had turned into a passion.


Decades of intensive field work and digging into archives and little-used manuscripts have produced a book that not only examines the unique Bigham headstones made before and after the American Revolution, but a vanished pioneer culture.  Published this month by UNC Press, The True Image: Gravestone Art and the Culture of Scotch Irish Settlers in the Pennsylvania and Carolina Backcountry is a story that encompasses how people lived during the violent times of the Revolution and their political and religious battles and provides new insights into slavery.


Click here for more information.

Interior Announces 27 New National Historic and Natural Landmarks
In October, Secretary Salazar announced the designation of 26 National Historic Landmarks and one National Natural Landmark as places that possess exceptional value and quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States. Currently there are only 
2,527 designated historic landmarks and 592 natural landmark sites across the country that bear this highest national distinction.


The North Carolina State Capitol, designated a National Historic Landmark in November 1973.

According to Secretary Salazar, "By designating these sites as national landmarks, we help meet the goals of President Obama's America's Great Outdoors Initiative to establish a conservation ethic for the 21st century and reconnect people, especially young people, to our nation's historic, cultural, and natural heritage."


Click here for descriptions of the newly designated properties. 

A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-WWII Housing Has Been Released

A new streamlined and consistent guide on the application of National Register Criteria for Evaluation to postwar residential housing was just released by the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. The first of its kind, this innovative guide will help state Departments of Transportation, State Historic Preservation Offices and cultural resource professionals address the vast number of post-World War II properties now turning 50 years old when seeking to comply with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.  A digital version can be found here
Transportation Alternatives Guidance Released

The Federal Highway Administration has released official guidance on the new Transportation Alternatives (TA) program, which replaces the former Transportation Enhancements program (TE). The guidance can be found here.  

Preservation Greenlab Release Report on Historic Windows


The Preservation Green Lab of the National Trust for Historic Preservation recently released Saving Windows, Saving Money: Evaluating the Energy Performance of Window Retrofit and Replacement. The study compares retrofit and replacement options for older wood windows and finds retrofit measures can achieve performance results comparable to new replacement windows.

North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office
Division of Historical Resources | Office of Archives and History
North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources