Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"No man was ever wise by chance." - Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Volume 6, Issue 22 - November 27, 2016    
In This Issue
11/22/2016: Avoiding the Land Mines: Dealing Effectively with Emerging Higher Education Issues, by Christine Johnson McPhail and George R. Boggs, HigherEdJobs - When issues or disputes arise in an institution, it's often easy, but ill-advised, to avoid conflict or to simply look the other way. In our book "Practical Leadership in Community Colleges," we discuss ways to manage issues to promote healthy institutions. In this discussion, our conversation focuses on understanding how successful management of issues can help educators navigate today's challenges.

11/21/2016: For-Profits, Phase Three, by Matt Reed, Inside Higher Ed - phase three will involve investors looking for returns in the higher education market looking less at aping existing colleges and more at doing almost everything else.

11/18/2016: It's Time For A Quality Alternative To College Accreditation, by Marcella Bombardieri and Ben Miller, Forbes - The Department of Education is trying to shut down the accreditor that long turned a blind eye to the ills of the now-defunct Corinthian Colleges and ITT Tech chains. That accreditor, the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS), also put on its honor roll a Miami college that used strippers as "admissions representatives."

11/18/2016: Public universities have "really lost our focus", by Mikhail Zinshteyn, The Hechinger Report - Since the 1970s, a "doom loop" has pervaded higher education, writes Christopher Newfield in his new book The Great Mistake: How We Wrecked Public Universities and How We Can Fix Them. Newfield, a professor of American Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, calls this loop "privatization" - the hidden and overt ways that "business practices restructure teaching and research."

11/17/2016: When it comes to career-training programs, for-profit schools don't measure up, feds say, by Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, The Washington Post - Graduates of career-training programs at public colleges earn nearly $9,000 more than those who attended comparable programs at for-profit institutions, according to a report released Thursday by the Education Department.

11/17/2016: Action Needed To Boost College Enrollment Of Low-Income Students, by Harold O. Levy, Forbes - American colleges and universities do a good job helping the sons and daughters of middle- and upper-income parents get the education they need for career success and economic security. But they do too little to help low-income students gain admission and graduate.

11/14/2016: No, Donald Trump Will Not Eliminate the Department of Education, by Alexander Holt, New America - The majority of the dollars that the Department of Education distributes each year is concentrated into four programs. Distributing money to low-income school districts ($15 billion), distributing money to  states for to help pay for education children with disabilities ($13 billion), distributing money for low-income college students in the form of Pell Grants ($30 billion), and administering the federal student loan portfolio (the outstanding portfolio is $1.3 trillion). All four of those areas are from laws passed by Congress, and they are, by and large, popular programs.

11/2016: Advancing Diversity and Inclusion in Higher Education: Key Data Highlights Focusing on Race and Ethnicity and Promising Practices, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, Office of the Under Secretary, U.S. Department of Education - While highlighting the Obama Administration's efforts to promote diversity in institutions of higher education, this report shows the continuing educational inequities and opportunity gaps in accessing and completing a quality postsecondary education.

11/2016: Postsecondary Institutions and Cost of Attendance in 2015-16; Degrees and Other Awards Conferred, 2014-15; and 12-Month Enrollment, 2014-15, by Scott A. Ginder, Janice E. Kelly-Reid and Farrah B. Mann, NCES, IES, U.S. Department of Education - This First Look provides users with access to fully reviewed, edited, and imputed IPEDS data. These provisional data are an update to the previously released preliminary data, which were not extensively reviewed or edited. Final data, including revisions to the provisional data submitted by institutions after the close of data collection, will be available during the next collection year (2016-17).

Online Education
11/14/2016: Report: Private Colleges, Universities Expand Online Learning Opportunities, by Sri Ravipati, Campus Technology - Online education programs and courses are on the rise at private colleges and universities compared to three years ago, according to a new report from the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) and Learning House.

11/10/201: A silver lining for online higher education?, by David Figlio, Brookings - The recent explosion of computing capacity and speed, coupled with the rapidly-rising cost of higher education, have created a "perfect storm" in which traditional institutions are more keen to offer classes online than ever before and where demand for online higher education is high. Meanwhile, the 2006 decision by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) to lift the "50 percent rule" of the Higher Education Act of 1992, thereby allowing institutions offering more than half of all classes through distance education to distribute Title IV student aid, has permitted online only postsecondary institutions to proliferate.

College Readiness
11/21/2016: Student test scores distressing, Salina Journal - Monitoring and promoting "college and career readiness" is a major focus of the public education system in Kansas - particularly now that the Every Student Succeeds Act has given the state a broader warrant to develop its policies. Two of the five factors that the Department of Education is emphasizing with its new KansansCAN program are oriented around students' postsecondary careers: 1) building an "individual plan of study based on career interests" and 2) tracking "postsecondary attendance/attainment."

Remedial Education
11/14/2016: Want Struggling Students to Drop Out? Send Them to Community College, by Joseph Williams, Takepart - A new study shows that most of the Golden State's community college students who are required to take remedial courses don't graduate, don't earn job-training certificates, and don't transfer to four-year schools.

College Completion
college completion
11/17/2016: Five Ways for Administration and Faculty to Support Student Success, by Angela Walmsley, The EvoLLLution - Students must be responsible for their own learning. They must put forth the time and effort in order to be as successful as possible. The famous phrase comes to mind: "You can lead a horse to water but you can't make it drink."

11/2016: Data Point - Employment Status of  Postsecondary Completers in 2009:  Examination of Credential Level  and Occupational Credentials, NCES-U.S. Department of Education - This Data Point uses data from the Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS). BPS follows a nationally representative cohort of students who have enrolled in postsecondary education for the first time. The BPS students examined here were initially surveyed in 2003-04 (at the end of their first academic year), then resurveyed in 2005-06 and in 2008-09. The final BPS:04/09 dataset contains information on nearly 16,700 students.

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Workforce Development
11/18/2016: The manufacturing jobs Trump promises now require education after high school. Are apprenticeships the answer?, by Jeffrey J. Selingo, The Washington Post - Not only do these factories require fewer people to run them, they also call for workers with high-tech skills and some sort of education after high school. And for Siemens and many other advanced manufacturers in the U.S., these modern factory jobs are often difficult to fill.

11/15/2016: Trump has promised manufacturing jobs, but high school grads might want to seek credentialed "middle-skills" posts instead, by Anthony Carnevale, The Hechinger Report - The strong downturn in production industries in this country can be traced to 1983. Ever since then, the percentage of jobs in these industries and the average pay have steadily dwindled. What happened? The popular notion is that the jobs were shipped to low-wage countries like Mexico or China. The reality is that in recent years, 88 percent of job loss in manufacturing is due to gains in productivity, such as increased use of robots.

11/15/2016: Job Training Program Finds Good Home at Community Colleges, by Johnny Magdaleno, Next City - About 90 percent of its more than 2,500 graduates in 2015 were working full-time or enrolled toward a college degree four months after their yearlong tenure with the program came to an end. Those with jobs secured an average starting salary of $36,000.

Technology Adoption
11/16/2016: How to Select the Right E-Portfolio Platform, by Leila Meyer, Campus Technology - As e-portfolios become a more formal part of assessment, many institutions are looking to standardize on one platform campuswide. We asked the experts at colleges and universities across the country to identify their key considerations for e-portfolio technology selection.

Data Analysis & Assessment
11/18/2016: Students: 3 ways we want universities to use our data, by Meris Stansbury, eCampus News - Younger students in colleges and universities say they'd like their personalized data to be leveraged toward a more beneficial, meaningful experience - right away.

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Funding & Economics
11/14/2016: Did the idea of free public higher education go down with the Democrats?, by Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, The Washington Post - Trump policy adviser Sam Clovis made it clear during the campaign that the Republican would not support free public higher education, calling the idea "absurd" in an interview with Inside Higher Ed. And with congressional Republicans calling for the federal government to dial back its role in education, the chances of a federal-state partnership to lower the cost of college appear slim.

11/17/2016: As college costs rise, so do the number of administrators, Hechinger Report - The number of executive, administrative and managerial employees on university campuses nationwide continued its relentless rise right through the recession, up by a collective 15 percent between 2007 and 2014, federal data show.

Transfer & Articulation
11/16/2016: Guaranteed: Get two-year degree, get into Minnesota State University, by Maura Lerner, Star Tribune - For the first time, the seven public universities in the Minnesota State system will offer guaranteed admission to students who earn a two-year degree at one of the state's community colleges.

11/15/2016: "Pushy moms" help underprivileged students find path to top colleges, CBS News - Most of the students at LaGuardia Community College come from families earning less than $25,000 a year. Many are first-generation college students, and some are there for a second chance after dropping out of other schools. For those interested in transferring to a four-year college, it can be an overwhelming process. That's where the "pushy moms" come in, reports CBS News correspondent Michelle Miller.

11/2016: A Longitudinal Analysis of Community College Pathways to Computer Science Bachelor's Degrees, by Shanna Smith Jaggars, John Fink, Jeffrey Fletcher and Afet Dundar of CCRC, Google Inc. - In general, the data suggest that navigating the community college pathway to a CS bachelor's degree is complex and challenging, such that only students who are focused and fortunate are able to navigate the pathway successfully. To create more structured and supported pathways that will help a larger number of underrepresented community college students to attain a CS bachelor's degree, two- and four-year colleges - particularly those in major technology hubs - need to partner more closely together.

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