Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"As a citizen, you need to know how to be a part of it, how to express yourself -  
and not just by voting." -  Sandra Day O'Connor
Volume 6, Issue 21 - November 13, 2016    
In This Issue
11/11/2016: Making Video Games for Higher Ed Requires Major Investment. Is It Worth It?, by George Lorenzo, EdSurge - For higher education, with smaller potential audiences and student outcomes at stake, companies are debating whether return on investment is there for game-based learning experiences.

11/03/2016: Bottom Line: How State Budget Cuts Affect Your Education, by Sarah Brown, The New York Times - State support for public two- and four-year colleges - funding is nearly $10 billion below what it was just before the recession - has begun to recover, though officials at the nation's flagship universities say that doing more with less is the new norm. Some are even finding fresh ways to ease the financial burden on students.

11/02/2016: WGU Tennessee reaches 3,000 enrolled students in 3 years, by Brandon Hutcheson, State Gazette - For working Tennesseans who have dreamed about earning a college degree, your opportunity has arrived. WGU Tennessee, an online university that has been in existence for three years, is designed for working adults who wish to advance their career with a relevant degree. For approximately $3,000 per six-month term, you can be well on your way in earning a respected, accredited degree in business, IT, nursing, or education, on a schedule that works for you.

10/31/2016: Lessons From the Sharing Economy, by Petra Bonfert-Taylor, Inside Higher Ed - Yet for all the evidence that shows the power of active learning, higher education has, on the whole, been slow to adapt. It takes an inordinate amount of effort to produce adequate learning materials such as pre-class videos and quizzes as well as in-class activities. It's utterly unrealistic (as well as unnecessary) to expect every faculty member to create their own.

10/31/2016: Mapping Higher Ed's Future: Introducing the Innovation Initiative, by Dave King, The EvoLLLution - In order to be successful in the next decade, what will be required of the food industry, tech sector, sports merchandising, retailing, local and national government, and/or entertainment industries (as examples)? Learner audiences initially under review include young entrepreneurs, adult learners with some college, community college transfer students, professionals in need of advanced degrees, individuals who may benefit from competency-based education and Native American students, among others.

10/27/2016: How failing to get more Hispanics to college could drag down all Americans' income, by Jon Marcu, The Hechinger Report - It's not politics or altruism. It's math. By far the fastest-growing group of college-age people is Hispanic. If they continue to lag behind the dwindling number of college-age whites in getting university degrees, as they do now, there will be too few workers to take up the slack of baby boomers retiring from essential high-salary positions, and too many in lower-paying jobs.

10/25/2016: Refugee students languish in red tape as they seek to resume their educations, by Jon Marcus, The Hechinger Report - Deep beneath the surface of a massive refugee crisis that's the worst since World War II is the less well understood reality that tens of thousands of university students leaving Syria and other countries have had their educations interrupted - educations needed for those nations to rebuild if and when the conflicts in them end.

10/2016: Strengthening Policies for Foster Youth Postsecondary Attainment, by Molly Sarubbi, Emily Parker and Brian A. Sponsler, Education Commission of the States - This policy report provides an overview of the challenges youth who are in foster care, have been adopted, or have aged out of the foster care system confront when pursuing a postsecondary credential, including those barriers caused - often unintentionally - by public policies. Specifically, the report focuses on the treatment of these youth by state financial aid programs and offers potential remedies that state policy leaders may pursue as part of holistic efforts to support reducing inequities for this population and promoting their collective upward social mobility.

Online Education
11/02/2016: 'First Step' Toward More Digital Undergrad Experience, by Carl Straumsheim , Inside Higher Ed - The Georgia Institute of Technology is expanding its model of low-cost online computer science education to undergraduates. The institute on Tuesday said it has partnered with massive open online course provider edX and McGraw-Hill Education to offer a fully online introductory coding course. Initially, the course will be available to anyone as a MOOC with an optional $99 identity-verified certificate. After piloting the course next spring among its own students, Georgia Tech intends to offer another incentive for completion: college credit.

College Readiness
10/31/2016: Is Attending the 'Best' High School Academically Irrelevant?, by Matt Barnum, The Atlantic - What if the high-school rat race is largely for naught? That's the provocative conclusion of a new study that examined students who attended public high schools in Chicago. Surprisingly, students at selective-enrollment schools didn't seem to benefit academically compared with similar students at different schools.

Remedial Education
11/03/2016: Going "Full Florida", by Matt Reed, Inside Higher Ed - What if students had the option of skipping remediation entirely? The state of Florida has been conducting a forced experiment to answer that. The legislature passed a law declaring that most incoming community college students could decide to bypass remedial classes even if their placement test scores indicated that they needed them.

College Completion
college completion
11/02/2016: How College Friendships May Affect Student Success, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - A new book from a researcher at Dartmouth College puts a new spin on that idea, mapping out the ways differently structured social networks affect students' experiences for good and for ill.

11/02/2016: Achieving Return on Planning and Advising Investments: The Road to Improved Academic Advising (Part 2), by Gates Bryant and Jonathan Hornstein, The EvoLLLution - In the recently released Tyton Partners report, "Driving toward a Degree: Establishing a Baseline on Integrated Approaches to Planning and Advising," we surveyed over 1,400 administrators with active involvement in advising, representing 1,000 different institutions. Among survey respondents, 36 percent reported staffing growth in the last 3 years; 13 percent reported a decline. The picture is even better for technology, as 44 percent of stakeholders reported technology-spending growth at their institution in the last 3 years, versus just 9 percent who reported a decline.

11/01/2016: Q&A: How to Be Successful as a First-Generation College Student, by Briana Boyington, U.S. News & World Report - Michelle Carter-Bailey, senior associate admissions adviser at Stony Brook University in New York, and Yolanda Norman, CEO and founder of FirstGenCollege Consulting in Texas, sat down with U.S. News to discuss how first-generation students can overcome common pitfalls, enjoy college and earn a degree.

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Workforce Development
10/28/2016: Wall Street coders wanted, elite college degrees not necessary, by Hugh Son, The Chicago Tribune - So the industry is looking in places it never did, turning to outside firms to evaluate prospective programmers based on objective measurements, not their pedigree. The idea is that people lacking a computer science degree -- art majors, graphic designers and chemistry graduates from the University of Delaware like Furlong -- can still make the leap to well-paid careers in technology.

Technology Adoption
11/03/2016: 4 ways technology is effectively bridging higher ed to the workforce, by Meris Stansbury, eCampus News - The revitalization of higher education as a critical stepping stone into a meaningful career will come not in the transformation of teaching and learning via technological support, but instead a "new digital language that connects higher education and the labor market and, in doing so, exerts profound changes on both."

11/02/2016: VR's Higher-Ed Adoption Starts With Student Creation, by George Lorenzo, EdSurge - While widespread adoption remains to be seen at colleges and universities, virtual reality research and development is being driven by passionate students who are working in a kind of Wild West of intense experimentation.

10/19/2016: 3D Scanners and Printers, Virtual Reality Gear Top Faculty Wish Lists, by Dian Schaffhauser and Rhea Kelly, Campus Technology - While the majority of faculty believe technology has a positive impact on education, they have plenty of gripes about it too. Here are the top complaints uncovered by our survey.

Data Analysis & Assessment
10/30/2016: How One University Used Big Data To Boost Graduation Rates, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - Working with the help of an outside consulting firm, EAB, GSU analyzed 2.5 million grades earned by students in courses over 10 years to create a list of factors that hurt chances for graduation. EAB then built an early-warning system, which GSU calls GPS, for Graduation and Progression Success. The system is updated daily and includes more than 700 red flags aimed at helping advisers keep students on track to graduation.

10/24/2016: No Walk in the Park: Predictive Analytics in Higher Education, by Manuela Ekowo and Iris Palmer, New America - Despite its potential to make college decision-making processes more data-informed, predictive analytics shouldn't be a standalone tool. That's because predictive tools can help institutions discriminate against certain students, make institutional practices less transparent, and make vulnerable individuals' data privacy and security.

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Funding & Economics
11/03/2016: Even Top Students May Drop Out After Losing Aid, by Andrew Kreighbaum, Inside Higher Ed - Students are more likely to drop out of college if they lose even small amounts of financial aid -- regardless of their grade point average - according to a study from the Education Advisory Board, a research and consulting firm based in Washington.

11/02/2016: College courses for high school kids become a touchy subject in small Minn. districts, by John Reinan, Star Tribune - Fulda isn't the only district that has discouraged students from enrolling in college classes - or shooed from its buildings those who do. Rural districts across the state are worried about the issue.While taking the classes in high school can save students and their families thousands of dollars in college tuition, the state student aid money that would normally go to the high school goes to the college instead. In Fulda, the district could lose as much as $6,174 for a PSEO student who takes no high school classes.

10/28/2016: Trending to Zero: The Lasting Impact of Total State Disinvestment from Public Higher Education, by Thomas Harnisch, The EvoLLLution - The endgame for state funding is fast approaching in some states. According to an analysis of state higher education funding efforts from the Pell Institute, extending trend lines from 1980 indicate that when children born this year graduate high school, six states will have reduced funding to zero, a number that increases to 13 states for children born five years from now.

Transfer & Articulation
11/03/2016: 4-year colleges should admit more community college students, by Harold O. Levy, Community College Daily - Defying the stereotype that they lack the academic preparation and ability to succeed at top colleges and universities, community college students have gone on to distinguish themselves at prestigious four-year institutions year after year. These students have proven to be extraordinarily bright, hard-working and capable of excelling, and have often graduated at or near the top of their classes.

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The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University & Lorenzo Associates, Inc.,
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