Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter.
Try Again. Fail again. Fail better." - Samuel Beckett 
Volume 6, Issue 20 - October 30, 2016    
In This Issue
10/25/2016: A Mighty Time for Community Colleges, by Wicke Sloan, Inside Higher Ed - Thanks to President Obama and Jill Biden and the higher ed staff at the Department of Education and the White House for eight years of the best support community colleges and their embattled students have ever had.

10/20/2016: Higher education should be a public good, not a private commodity, by Lynn Pasquerella, The Washington Post - The ideal of higher education as a public good - once inextricably linked to the American Dream - has been all but abandoned in favor of the college degree as a private commodity. The narrow focus on earning power, coinciding with demographic shifts in the number and diversity of college students, has fueled the understanding of college as a purely private benefit rather than a good for all.

10/20/2016: College Accreditors Need Higher Standards, by The Editorial Board, The New York Times - The federal government spends more than $180 billion a year to support higher education. But the system created by Congress to determine eligibility for federal dollars virtually guarantees that a portion of this money will be wasted by schools that have abysmally low standards, high dropout rates and, in many cases, saddle students with huge debt in exchange for useless degrees. Congress can remedy this problem by changing the way schools are accredited and by giving the Department of Education more say in the process.

10/20/2016: Senate Higher Ed Post Up for Grabs, by Andrew Kreighbaum, Inside Higher Ed - As Election Day nears, it's uncertain who would lead the Senate committee that would handle key higher education legislation - including a "free college" proposal if Hillary Clinton is elected - in the next Congress.

10/18/2016: Community College Enrollments Drop, by Ashley A. Smith, Inside Higher Ed - Some educators see other factors besides a recovering economy as a reasons why their enrollments are low.

10/18/2016: Doubting That 'Record' 83 Percent High School Graduation Rate?, by Catherine Gewertz, Education Week - The question is what those gains mean. How do you make sense of the idea that more students are walking away with diplomas, when the National Assessment of Educational Progress suggests that they're not learning any more these days than they were years ago?

10/17/2016: How the Internet Wrecked College Admissions, by Anne Kim, The Atlantic - In 2013, according to the National Association of College Admissions Counselors (NACAC), 32 percent of college freshmen applied to seven or more colleges - up 10 percentage points from 2008. Almost all of this growth has been online. In the 2015-16 admissions cycle, over 920,000 students used the Common App, more than double the number in 2008-09.

10/17/2016: Lumina Foundation Releases Strategic Plan Advocating a New Postsecondary Learning System, Lumina Foundation - The plan notes that the U.S. economy has added 11.5 million net new jobs for workers with postsecondary education since 2011, but only 80,000 for those with a high school diploma or less. As a result, recovery from the Great Recession has not been possible for the millions of Americans who lack postsecondary education and have limited options for employment and economic security.

Online Education
10/20/2016: Kadenze's March Toward Online Art Education, 1 Year Later, by Antoinette Siu, EdSurge - While online education companies offer engineering, programming and business skills, one company wants to make sure that the fine arts isn't being left behind. Some 100,000 students currently take to Kadenze, an online arts education platform, every month for classes ranging from machine learning for musicians and artists to audio programming.

10/2016: Competency-Based Education, A Study of Four New Models and Their Implications for Bending the Higher Education Cost Curve, by Donna M. Desrochers and Richard L. Staislof, rpk Group - Competency-based education (CBE) is drawing renewed attention within higher education. Concern about the quality and price of traditional academic programs has generated interest in alternate education delivery models. A new generation of emerging CBE programs offer the potential for colleges and universities to set clearer expectations about what students must know, understand, and be able to do to earn degrees in specific disciplines or majors, and at lower cost to students and institutions than in traditional degree programs.

College Readiness
10/11/2016: Out of Gary, Indiana, innovation in preparing students for college, AEI - A crucial goal of education, especially in a town like Gary, is teaching students to pursue higher education and career development beyond their time in high school. In Gary, 21st Century Charter School is helping its students not only to desire education after high school, but also to have the credits necessary to do so without taking on crushing higher education debt.

09/26/2016: How Playing One Game Can Help Students Get Into College, by Colin Campbell, Polygon - One project that's gaining traction is a videogame that teaches kids how to go through the process of applying for college. Played in realtime over the course of a week, Mission: Admission shows students how to meet scholarship deadlines, apply for aid, work on personal statements, request letters of recommendation and take extra curricular activities as well as apply to and enroll in the appropriate college.

Remedial Education
10/19/2016: More MN State college students skip remedial courses, SCTImes - Minnesota State schools are getting their students into credit-bearing college courses faster, saving millions of dollars in tuition and boosting their chances of earning a degree, the higher education system reported Tuesday. Last year, 12 percent of the system's new students were enrolled in remedial courses, which cost money but do not come with college credit. Four years earlier, that figure was 18 percent. That decrease is saving students $15.6 million on tuition and fees this year, officials said.

College Completion
college completion
10/21/2016: 10 Ways High Schools Can Contribute to College Completion, by Tom Vander Ark, Getting Smart - Great schools are coherent-the curriculum, instruction, schedule, structures, symbols, supports and connections are all consistent with their mission. When it comes to a coherent approach to college preparation, University Academy (UA) in Kansas City is one of the best schools in the country.

10/17/2016: '15 to Finish' issues challenge to students, by Hope Lecchi, Sedalia Democrat - The Missouri Department of Higher Education announced a new initiative Oct. 12 designed to increase the odds of students graduating in two years with an associate of arts degree from community colleges and a bachelor's degree in four years if they attend a state university.

10/2016: Integrated Planning and Advising for Student Success (iPASS): State of the Literature (Working Paper No. 90), by Jeffrey Fletcher, Markeisha Grant, Marisol Ramos and Melinda Mechur Karp, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - As iPASS spreads and investment in advising technologies and student supports grow, it is important to assess the impact of this approach on student outcomes. To what extent does iPASS improve persistence and completion rates? Is iPASS an effective strategy to increase the numbers of students obtaining postsecondary credentials?

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Workforce Development
10/26/2016: 'Beyond the Skills Gap', by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed - The notion of a skills gap is problematic because it offers an overly narrow and inaccurate diagnosis of what ails the labor market as well as the role that higher education can and should play in society. It pins the blame for employer challenges with hiring (and sluggish economic growth) solely on higher education, especially the arts and humanities.

10/20/2016: Do Students Need Licenses or Certifications? A Career-Readiness Question, by Catherine Gewertz, Education Week - Defining career readiness continues to be a tricky endeavor. And for those who work to guide teenagers in building solid preparation for the workforce, understanding the world of licenses and certifications can seem daunting.

Technology Adoption
10/24/2016: Doubts About Data: 2016 Survey of Faculty Attitudes on Technology, by Carl Straumsheim, Inside Higher Ed -   Faculty members are still worried that online education can't deliver outcomes equivalent to face-to-face instruction. They are split on whether investments in ed-tech have improved student outcomes. And they overwhelmingly believe textbooks and academic journals are becoming too expensive. The findings also show faculty members are creating new opportunities with technology. Through experimentation with online education, for example, faculty members say they are able to serve a more diverse set of students and think more critically about how to engage students with course content, and with free and open course materials, they say they are increasing access to education.

10/20/2016: University of Michigan Turns Courses Into Games, by George Lorenzo, EdSurge - The Gameful Learning Lab is one of three, large-scale labs supported under a new enterprise at the university called Academic Innovation, currently made up of 66 initiatives "charged with developing a culture of innovation in learning" that can bring about "personalized, engaged and lifelong" learning experiences.

Data Analysis & Assessment
10/2016: The Promise and Peril of Predictive Analytics in Higher Education: A Landscape Analysis, by Manuela Ekowo and Iris Palmer, New America - Predictive analytics in higher education is a hotbutton topic among educators and administrators as institutions strive to better serve students by becoming more data-informed. But in two recent surveys that asked colleges how they use data in their decision making, less than half of responding schools said they were engaging in predictive analytics. A recent KPMG survey found that only 41 percent of colleges surveyed use data for this purpose.

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Funding & Economics
10/18/2016: Student Loan Debt Hits Another Record High, by Kim Clark, Money - Fully 68% of graduating seniors had student loans, and their average debt load rose 4% over the previous year's record to $30,100. That means the majority of new college graduates are facing monthly student loan payments in excess of $300 a month over the next 10 years.
10/18/2016:  Proposed law: Enroll more low-income students, or pay the price, by Ray Bendici, University Business - A bipartisan bill intended to improve college access and graduation rates would impose college-loan program penalties on institutions that perform poorly in these areas.

Transfer & Articulation
10/11/2016: Ohio community colleges partner with online Western Governors University, by Karen Farkas, - Ohio's community college graduates can seamlessly transfer to the online Western Governors University and receive discounted tuition toward a bachelor's degree under a new partnership announced by the Ohio Association of Community Colleges. The agreement, announced Tuesday, extends online, competency-based learning opportunities to all graduates, offers a tuition discount to graduates and employees and establishes a transfer program in nursing.

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