Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something,
 sometime in your life." - Winston Churchill
Volume 6, Issue 19 - October 16, 2016    
In This Issue
10/07/2016: 5 student opinions about higher education you should know, by Meris Stansbury, eCampusNews - As colleges and universities become increasingly focused on student services in order to attract and retain students, it's never been more important to gauge how students feel about some of the larger, innovative - and often tech-based - initiatives leadership spends copious amounts of time and money supporting on campus.

10/06/2016: Elevating Public Views to Rebuild Faith in Higher Education, by Allison Rizzolo, Public Agenda - Experts, including presidential candidates, overwhelmingly assert the importance of education beyond high school. Yet research we released last month suggests these exchanges are not reaching the public. Just 42 percent of Americans say a college education is necessary for success in the workforce.

10/06/2016: University bureaucracies grew 15 percent during the recession, even as budgets were cut and tuition increased, by Jon Marcus, The Hechinger Report - While there's no breakdown about how much central system offices contribute to the cost of running universities - one survey in 2010-11 by the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems put the average at $484 per full-time student, with a high of $3,336, though which system spent what was cloaked from public view - this continued growth has happened at a time when states have collectively cut their higher education spending by 18 percent, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, forcing hikes in tuition.

10/03/2016: To Help Students Get To Class, Community College Partners With Uber, by Lydia Emmanouilidou, WGBG News, On Campus - The community college is paying for the first ten dollars of each ride. To get to the campus from this location, Matos has to pay about $3 out of pocket each way. To cover Matos' and other students' costs, NSCC has allocated about $40,000 in this year's budget - less than half of the $100,000 it usually spends to run a van between its three campuses. For students like Mators, the reliability and flexibility of the Uber rides is making a difference.

10/2016: New Advocates for the Learning Revolution, by Terry U. O'Banion, The League for Innovation - This foundational work on the Learning Revolution idea paved the way for what would prove to be truly bold steps to a desired reality - the idea of the Learning College or the Learning Paradigm College.

10/2016: What's the Payoff? Americans Consider Problems and Promises of Higher Education, by David Schleifer and Rebecca Silliman, Public Agenda - The context for these findings is a surprising shift in public opinion regarding the importance of higher education. In past surveys from Public Agenda, the percentage of Americans saying that a college education is necessary for success in today's working world increased steadily from 31 percent in 2000 to 55 percent in 2009. But today, just 42 percent of Americans say a college degree is necessary, a 13 percent drop from 2009, the last time the question was asked. Over half of Americans - 57 percent - say there are many ways to succeed in today's work world without a college degree, a 14 percent increase from 2009.

09/30/2016: Is it time to rethink the term nontraditional student?, by Meris Stansbury,  eCampusNews - NCES data shows that institutions have been scrambling to accommodate massive numbers of nontraditional students.

09/28/2016: Transformational Teaching: A Team Approach to Adult Education, by Rachel Pleasants McDonnell, Jobs for the Future - Every day, adults come to community colleges across the country to gain the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in their careers. Fortunately, faculty are ready, willing, and able to work together to provide these students with high-quality learning experiences. Matching a content instructor and a basic skills instructor to co-deliver instruction through team teaching is one potentially transformative strategy for student learning.

Online Education
09/28/2016: Online Classes Get a Missing Piece: Teamwork, by Marguerite McNeal, EdSurge - Most online courses are a solitary experience for learners. Students lack the ability to strike up an impromptu conversation about last week's homework or compare notes with whoever's sitting next to them in class. The absence of social interaction could be one reason behind high dropout rates in online classes.

08/22/2016: E-Learning, the Digital Divide, and Student Success at Community Colleges, by Susan Kater, Robert Soza and Lisa Young, EducauseReview - Community colleges have seen growth in the e-learning field. In fact, according to a 2015 national distance education survey: "eLearning enrollments have accounted for nearly all student enrollment growth at community colleges during the past eleven years."

College Readiness
10/05/2016: Experts: Math, Science Underemphasized in College Prep for Minorities, by Jamaal Abdul-Alim, Diverse - Some of the most cherished ideas about what it takes to get more low-income and minority students on the path to college were shattered Wednesday at a conference meant to celebrate and build upon the 50-year-old legacy of a groundbreaking report about inequality in America's public education. Among the ideas that were overturned is the notion that mere exposure to "college knowledge" will make a meaningful difference in closing racial gaps in college enrollment.

08/16/2016: What does it take to get students ready for college?, by Elisabeth Barnett and Elisabeth Ganga, The Hechinger Report - With the increasing focus on preparing students for college and career - not just getting them through high school with a diploma - many states have turned to transition courses to fill in the gaps in students' high school education and get them ready for college.

Remedial Education
10/08/2016: Grim dropout stats force California colleges to rethink remedial education, by Katy Murphy. The Mercury News - With mounting evidence these catch-up courses for reading, writing and math are failing instead of helping students - largely at taxpayers' expense - instructors and policymakers have convinced scores of schools to take a different approach. The early results are promising.

09/2016: Remedial Education - The Cost of Catching Up, by Laura Jimenez, Scott Sargrad, Jessica Morales, and Maggie Thompson, Center for American Progress - Across the country, millions of students enroll in college every year only to learn that they need to take classes that will not count toward their degrees because they cover material that they should have learned in high school. According to the authors' analysis for this report, these remedial courses cost students and their families serious money - about $1.3 billion across the 50 states and the District of Columbia every year. What is more, students who take these classes are less likely to graduate. Simply put, remedial education - or developmental education as it is also known - is a systemic black hole from which students are unlikely to emerge.

College Completion
college completion
10/07/2016: Meet Students Where They Are: Behavioral Insights to Increase College Completion, by Benjamin L. Castleman, John Hopkins University Press - A substantial share of students in college this fall won't actually make it across the graduation stage. This is true even for students who've accumulated most of the credits they need for their diploma. Recent research shows that upwards of 30 percent of students with 75 percent of the credits typically needed for a college degree, withdraw prior to completing their program.

09/30/2016: Alternative Credentialing Can Add Value to Degrees, by Richard DeMillo, EvoLLLution - As traditional postsecondary education costs continue to rise, microcredentials and other alternative approaches to higher education are providing affordable and accessible solutions that likely won't replace, but will complement traditional degrees.

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Workforce Development
10/08/2016: The State of American Jobs, Pew Research Center - Tectonic changes are reshaping U.S. workplaces as the economy moves deeper into the knowledge-focused age. These changes are affecting the very nature of jobs by rewarding social, communications and analytical skills. They are prodding many workers to think about lifetime commitments to retraining and upgrading their skills. And they may be prompting a society-wide reckoning about where those constantly evolving skills should be learned - and what the role of colleges should be.

10/03/2016: Time for a Closer Look: Apprenticeships in American high schools, by Mary Alice McCarthy, New America - The failure of our higher education system to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse student population and rapidly changing labor market has not been lost on policymakers. Apprenticeship systems in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria - widely credited for maintaining low youth unemployment rates even at the height of the Great Recession - have been an inspiration to many. Since 2011, the Obama administration has made historic investments of over $200 million aimed at expanding both the number of American apprentices and the number of industries using Registered Apprenticeships to build their workforce.

09/27/2016: U.S. quietly works to expand apprenticeships to fill white-collar jobs, by Matt Krupnick, The Hechinger Report - Although U.S. apprenticeships have traditionally focused on manual skills such as automotive repair and carpentry, the United States is eyeing European models like this - which provide fast-tracked, on-the-job training in white-collar professions - to prepare people for some of the country's 5.6 million unfilled jobs as college costs, and the time it takes to earn degrees, keep going up.

Technology Adoption
10/04/2016: 'Success-tech' can boost higher ed outcomes - but planning is key, by Jarrett Carter, EducationDive - Technology integration of any kind requires a well-researched, methodical approach based in knowing the needs and predicted reaction of students and faculty. The best technology in the world to provide students an advantage in balancing school requirements and retaining information learned in class will fail if faculty cannot master the technology, or students find it to be incompatible with existing systems.  

09/29/2016: Collaborating with community colleges to innovate educational technology, MIT News, Office of Digital Learning - Now, researchers from MIT's Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Office of Digital Learning, and Teaching and Learning Lab are collaborating with community colleges to develop innovative educational technology.

Data Analysis & Assessment
10/10/2016: OPINION: Colleges Need to Use Predictive Data to Enhance - Not Hinder - Diversity, by Manuela Ekowo, EdSurge - Like most values, diversity does not come cheap. In an era of increasingly competitive college admissions, constrained resources, and the usual uncertainty about where students of all types will enroll, figuring out how and who to attract can be a challenge. Colleges have turned to predictive analytics - using past enrollment data to make predictions about future enrollment trends - to make tough decisions about who to actively recruit, admit, and support financially.

10/06/2016: Stanford Calls for Responsible Use of Student Data in Higher Ed, by Krysten Crawford, EdSurge - The researchers talk excitedly about big data helping higher education discover its Holy Grail: learning that is so deeply personalized that it both keeps struggling students from dropping out and pushes star performers to excel.

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Funding & Economics
10/06/2016: Point of View: Lessons in Resource Development, by George R. Boggs and Dale K. Wallenius, Community College Week - Finding ways to secure adequate funding to support both college operations and student needs has almost always been a challenge for community college leaders. Today's calls for improvements in student outcomes have made resource development even more urgent. While the national economy has rebounded from the depths of the Great Recession of the early part of the twentyfirst century, the recovery has been uneven, and declining student enrollment is now negatively affecting budgets for several colleges.

10/06/2016: Does Performance Funding Work?, by Six Research Scholars, Inside Higher Ed - More than 30 states now provide performance funding for higher education, with several more states seriously considering it. Under PF, state funding for higher education is not based on enrollments and prior-year funding levels. Rather, it is tied directly to institutional performance on such metrics as student retention, credit accrual, degree completion and job placement.

10/03/2016: States Fund More Student Aid, by Rick Seltzer, Inside Higher Ed - States funded and awarded about $12.4 billion in total student financial aid, according to the 46th annual survey from the National Association of State Student Grant and Aid Programs. That's up 6 percent nominally and 5.8 percent adjusting for inflation. It's also higher than the rate of growth reported in NASSGAP's survey for the previous academic year, which found that total aid grew by an adjusted 1.6 percent, to $11.7 billion. Both grant and nongrant student aid grew in 2014-15, the new survey found.

10/03/2016: NCAN Study Confirms Lack of Awareness about Student Aid for College, by Elizabeth Morgan, National College Access Network - NCAN launched the Form Your FutureTM campaign on Sept. 30. We encourage all members and friends to consider how to put the campaign to work in their own communities to promote their FAFSA completion activities as well as to help many more students learn that financial aid exists for them and they can apply at

Transfer & Articulation
10/09/2016: Texas Universities Want to Make it Easier to Transfer From Community Colleges, by Matthew Watkins, The Texas Tribune - Lately, universities across the state have teamed up with community colleges to try to change that. Many have formed new partnerships designed to make the transition from one school to the other seamless. The deals reflect a growing commitment in the state and nationwide to promote two-year colleges as a cost-effective way to begin working toward a four-year degree.

10/02/2016: MCC students can save 40% on Bachelor's degree, The Lowell Sun - Middlesex Community College students taking advantage of the state's new Commonwealth Commitment/MassTransfer Pathways program can save an average of 40 percent on the cost of earning a Bachelor's degree.

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