Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

Education is the ability to listen to almost anything
without losing your temper or your self-confidence."  - Robert Frost
Volume 6, Issue 12 - June 12, 2016    

Terry O'Banion
examines the need for
"essential education"
in new monograph: 
Bread and Roses: Helping Students Make a Good Living and Live a Good Life. 
In This Issue
06/06/2016: OPINION: Help Community Colleges Find Their 'Camelot Moment', by Brett Frazier, EdSurge - Sixty-one percent of community college students believe they are on track to attain their academic goals within two years. But only 39 percent of them actually earn a degree or certificate within six, according to the latest Community College Survey of Student Engagement 2016 national report. That disconnect is alarming, disappointing - and completely avoidable. It is also just one of many statistics that keep community college leaders up at night. Solving this completion challenge necessitates elevated thinking, out-of-the box solutions and a deeper acknowledgement around the very real issues and complexities community college leaders are facing.

06/05/2016: Historian Joins Group That Aims to Advocate for the Humanities Nationally. The Chronicle of Higher Education - Colleges have developed a customer-service approach to education that often means shrinking humanities departments and not providing extra support for scholarship. The key to his new advocacy role, he says, will be connecting everyday "humanities moments" to a general audience. He describes these as "moments when somebody reached out from the humanities and found themselves able to break through an intractable problem."

06/02/2016: Big and Small, Community Colleges Craft Their Own Maker Movement, by Andrew Rikard, EdSurge - Small, flexible "pop up" makerspaces like the one at CSM seemingly stand in the shadows of the $60 million, three-story, museum-style makerspace in the works at Houston Community College (HCC). But during conversations with Library Director Lorrita Ford of CSM and Vice Chancellor of Innovation Edmund "Butch" Herod of HCC, similar concerns emerge-about community, creativity, and experiential learning.

05/31/2016: The Emerging Learning System, by Dewayne, Holly Zanville and Amber Garrison Duncan,  Lumina Foundation - In February, Lumina Foundation hosted more than 40 national experts in a discussion central to Goal 2025. With nine years remaining to reach Goal 2025 and growing concern about the learning that stands behind postsecondary credentials in the U.S., we're pleased to share the discussions from the convening and proposed next steps to advance what is coming to be known as learning systems reform.

05/31/2016: Not So Gainfully Employed, by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed - Students who enroll in certificate, associate and bachelor's programs at for-profit colleges and universities generally see a decline in earnings (and typically greater debt) five or six years after attendance, compared to their earnings before enrollment, according to a [recent] study.

05/29/2016: New Fight for Community Colleges and 4-year Degrees, by David Jesse, Detroit Free Press - Michigan's community colleges have long been fighting for the opportunity to offer four-year degrees, especially in nursing and other trades. Michigan's universities and colleges have fought that expansion at every turn.

05/27/2016: The Graduation Speech Harvard Is Calling 'The Most Powerful' You'll Ever Hear, by Joi-Marie McKenzie, ABC News - Instead of a traditional speech, Livingston used spoken word to perform his poem, "Lift Off." Livingston told ABC News that the "true inspiration behind the piece" was the fact that he couldn't perform a poem when he gave his commencement remarks during his senior year of high school.

05/26/2016: 10 Ways to Reach Underrepresented Students, by Ronald Bethke, eCampusNews - EAB [Education Advisory Board] has released a survey breaking down the college search, timing and communications preferences of minority, first-generation and low-income students, while also offering tips to institutions on how to best recruit these underrepresented students.

05/2016: Improving Student Services for Military Veterans, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - Education is a key component in the transition back to civilian life and employment for many new veterans. Enrollment in college allows veterans to upgrade existing skills or gain new skills in order to transition to a new career. And successful completion of college programs provides veterans with valuable credentials that may validate uncredentialed skills they gained in the military.

Online Education
06/02/2016: 6 Questions to Ask About Flexibility in Online Degree Programs, by Jordan Friedman, U.S. News & World Report, Education - Experts say prospective online learners should research their course scheduling options for each semester and the hours that student services are accessible.

College Readiness
06/05/2016: What Do Millennial Students Really Need? More Confucius, by Tom Bartlett,  The Chronicle of Higher Education - In the book, Puett and his co-author, Christine Gross-Loh, push back against dearly held Western ideas about sincerity, success, and the self. I spoke with Puett about how philosophy departments often exclude Chinese thought, about colleges' moving away from "big-ideas courses," and about why millennials, in particular, need to read more Confucius.

06/03/2016: College Leaders: The Admissions Process is Failing Low-income Students, by Vern Granger and Courtney McAnuff, The Washington Post - Since 2008, despite a steady expansion of private and public financial aid programs, the percentage of low-income students who enroll in college immediately after high school has fallen significantly, from 56 percent to 46 percent. A big reason? As we have both witnessed firsthand, today's college admissions process too often puts low-income, first-generation and otherwise underprivileged students at a serious disadvantage.

05/27/2016: The Anti-Common-Core College-Admissions Test?, by Catherine Gewertz, Education Week - Word about the Vector Assessment of Readiness for College, or Vector A.R.C., has been making its way through the conservative blogosphere, which is pitching it as a tool for families who don't want their children taking college admissions tests that reflect the Common Core State Standards. Families who home school or send their students to private schools, and those who live in states without the common core, are key audiences for Vector A.R.C.

Remedial Education
06/06/2016: Colleges Send Too Many Into Remedial Classes Who Don't Need It, Growing Body of Research Shows, by Jill Barshay, The Hechinger Report - The Alaska study, conducted by a regional research laboratory funded by the U.S. Department of Education, found that SATs, ACTs and the placement tests used by the University of Alaska were all poor predictors of how a student might do in a college-level math or English class. Many students who did well on these exams bombed their college classes, and vice versa. Instead, the researchers found that if college administrators had simply looked at the students' high school GPAs, they would have done a much better job at figuring out who needs to relearn high school material and who doesn't.

06/03/2016: Academic Advisers Who Make a Difference: Mentorship, Retention and the Road to Graduation, by Vyacheslav Khrapak, The EvoLLLution - Academic advisers are in a better position to help students customize their degree plan, organize their financial documentation and overcome the inevitable obstacles that appear on the path to graduation. Accordingly, university leaders must recognize that faculty mentorship is just one piece of the entire student mentoring support system.

College Completion
college completion
05/28/2016: How To Fix A Graduation Rate Of 1 In 10? Ask The Dropouts, by Gabrielle Emanuel, NPR Ed - Just 10 percent of students graduate from this public university in four years. After six years, it's only a bit more than half. Think about that - of 100 students who enrolled four years ago, only 10 will walk across the stage this year.

04/08/2016: New Report Shows National Postsecondary Attainment Rate Rises to More Than 45 Percent, by Lucia Anderson Weathers, Lumina Foundation - The U.S. is making slow, but steady progress in the number of Americans who hold high-quality credentials beyond high school diplomas. New data on nationwide postsecondary attainment released today by Lumina Foundation in its latest A Stronger Nation report indicates that 40.4 percent of working-age Americans (ages 25-64) held high-quality two- or four-year degrees in 2014, the latest U.S. Census Bureau (American Community Survey) figures available, up slightly from 40.0 percent in 2013.

03/10/2016: Outcomes-Based Funding: Important Takeaways for State Policymakers, by Lucia Anderson Weathers, Lumina Foundation - State policymakers increasingly are using these newer funding models to promote changes in institutional climate and culture that benefit both students and society. The latest analyses focus on policy lessons that have emerged from explicitly paying for outcomes such as on-time degree completion and increases in the numbers of at-risk students who graduate.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
06/03/2016: Saddening: Women Say Colleges Not Preparing Them For a Career, by Meris Stansbury, eCampusNews - Only four in 10 (40 percent) college seniors, and a similar number of college students overall, feel their college experience has been helpful in preparing for a career-and percentage that drops to 19 percent for women when asked if they feel very  prepared for their career overall .These are just some of the all-too-real findings part of McGraw-Hill Education's recently released third annual Workforce Readiness Survey, conducted by Hanover Research among 1,360 U.S. college students during March and April 2016, using an online survey.

06/01/2016: Talent Orchestrators: Scaling Youth Employment Through Business-Facing Intermediaries, by Erica Kashiri and Jason A. Tyszko, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, Center for Education and Workforce - In today's economy, young adults are increasingly disconnected from employment at a time when the business community is in dire need of talent. Half of employers are unable to fill vacant positions and only 11% of employers feel newly credentialed graduates are ready for work.

06/01/2016: Only 40 Percent of College Seniors Feel Their College Experience Has Been Very Helpful in Preparing for a Career, by McGraw-Hill Education, MultiVu - Only four in 10 college seniors, and a similar number of college students overall, feel their college experience has been very helpful in preparing for a career, according to the results of McGraw-Hill Education's third annual Workforce Readiness Survey.

Technology Adoption
06/01/2016: OPINION: 5 Reasons We Will Avoid Edtech Conferences, by Joshua Kim and Kristen Eshleman, EdSurge - There are all sorts of costs to attend a conference. There are the direct costs: a dollar spent for travel and registration is a dollar that first has to be found and then can't be spent on anything else. And then there are the opportunity costs: time away at a meeting is time not spent on campus projects. If we are going to invest in going to a conference, then that conference has to provide value that is impossible to achieve in some other way. It is with full realization at the ineffectiveness as a protest to the edtech party (um, conference) scene that we offer the following five reasons for our newfound stance as conscientious objectors...

05/05/2016: ELI Key Issues Series: Faculty Development Still Prominent, But Requires Effective Evaluation, by Kristi DePaul, Next Generation Learning Challenges - While hardly considered a newer 'trend', faculty development has evolved and branched out into new areas in recent years. Advances in technology have enabled universities to make a significant shift toward online and hybrid learning environments, which has incurred its own set of challenges and opportunities in the context of training faculty members.

Data Analysis & Assessment
06/01/2016: A Faculty Stand on Assessment, by Josipa Roksa and Richard Arum, Inside Higher Ed - To do justice to students and as a matter of professional duty, faculty members should be at the center of defining and measuring undergraduate learning outcomes, argue Josipa Roksa and Richard Arum.

06/2016: Data Analytics Rising in Higher Education, by Sandra Beckwith, University Business - The momentum building behind higher ed analytics is hardly surprising, considering the explosion of tech tools available to make sense of institutional data.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Funding & Economics
06/03/2016: Politics In Real Life: The Struggle To Pay For College, by Tamara Keith, NPR, Special Series - Compared to some other four-year public universities, the University of New Mexico is affordable. Tuition and fees are about $7,000 a year, and about a third of the students receive a lottery scholarship from the state which covers most of their tuition costs. And yet many students struggle to cover all their expenses.

06/02/2016: Pell Grant Program Projected to See $7.8 Billion Surplus Next Year, by Melissa Korn, The Wall Street Journal - The Pell Grant program, a federal financial aid offering earmarked for the neediest college students, is expected to have a $7.8 billion surplus next year. The fight is on to claim that money. Reps. Robert Scott (D., Va.) and Rubén Hinojosa (D., Texas) sent a letter urging leaders of the Senate and House appropriations subcommittees that deal with education and human services to keep the funds in the Pell program for fiscal 2017.

06/2016: Looking Backward or Looking Forward?, by Andrew P. Kelly and Kevin J. James, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) - Although federal loans dominate student lending, a
small private student loan market still exists, comprising roughly 9 percent of the student loans disbursed in 2015. With the rise in delinquencies and defaults on federal loans, along with continued concerns about tuition inflation, some have argued that private student loans should play a larger role in financing students.

Transfer & Articulation
06/2016: Do Students Benefit From Going Backward? The Academic and Labor Market Consequences of Four- to Two-Year College Transfer (A CAPSEE Working Paper), by Vivian Yuen Ting Liu, Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment (CAPSEE) - Using public higher education data from one small state and using distance to the closest two-year college as an instrumental variable, this paper examines the effects of 4-2 transfer on "struggling" students, those who earned less than a 3.0 grade point average in the first term.

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