Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"Just remember, once you're over the hill
you begin to pick up speed."  - Arthur Schopenhauer 
Volume 6, Issue 11- May 29, 2016    

Terry O'Banion
examines the need for
"essential education"
in new monograph: 
Bread and Roses: Helping Students Make a Good Living and Live a Good Life. 
In This Issue
05/26/2016: How Los Rios Community College District Overcomes Generational Differences in Tech Adoption, by George Lorenzo, EdSurge - When Victoria Rosario was tasked with developing new initiatives to help more students graduate from Los Rios Community College District, she knew she'd need to use technology to scale solutions across diverse teams. Rosario, associate vice chancellor at Los Rios, drew from her Ph.D. dissertation research on "Generational Differences in Technology Adoption in Community Colleges."

05/23/2016: The Summer Shift, by Matt Reed, Inside Higher Ed - Summer teaching is one of the best-kept secrets at community colleges. Many faculty swear that their summer classes are the best classes they teach all year. Every class is different, of course, but for the most part the reasons given are the same. One is acceleration, and the other is 'visiting' students.

05/23/2016: Overtime Impact at 2-Year Colleges, by Ashley A. Smith, Inside Higher Ed - Community colleges across the country could feel the biggest impact of the Obama administration's recent proposals to change overtime pay rules. That's due to the comparatively low pay of many of their administrative and support staffs, as well as the financial pressures the institutions are under as state budgets have tightened.

05/21/2016: OPINION: Edtech's Next Significant Impact: Health and Wellness, by Don Smithmier, EdSurge - Here is the niche where edtech has the power to make a difference. In a sphere oversaturated by advice, edtech has the ability to simplify and teach organized courses on key health and wellness issues, cultivating an inclusive environment for those who want to care for their minds and bodies.

05/21/2016: The Broken Bargain With College Graduates, The New York Times - The problem is that the economy does not produce enough jobs that require college degrees. Private-sector white-collar jobs can increasingly be moved offshore and automated, while public-sector jobs that require degrees, notably teaching, have been decimated by deep layoffs and feeble hiring. Business investment and consumer spending have suffered in the busts of recent decades, and government spending has not picked up the slack, leading to chronic shortfalls in demand for goods, services and employees.

05/17/2016: U.S. STEM Jobs Will Likely Go to Foreign Workers, eCampus News - The U.S. will be dependent on foreign workers to fill future STEM jobs, according to analysis of the third annual U.S. News/Raytheon STEM Index, unveiled May 17. While the 2016 STEM Index shows increases in STEM degrees granted and STEM hiring, America continues to have a shortage of STEM workers. There were 30,835 additional STEM graduates and 230,246 additional STEM jobs from 2014-2015.

05/17/2016: New Study Links Exercise to College Success, From Better Grades to Graduation Rates, by Eliana Osborn, GoodCall - In the exercise research from Dr. Heather Sanderson and Dr. Jason DeRousie, nearly 50% of students participate in recreation less than once a week. 16.7% never participate, and only 1.4% do these activities at least five times a week. College may be a time for studying, but students are less physically active than the public might expect.

05/16/2016: Dozens of Colleges Set to Partake in Dual-enrollment Experiment, by Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, The Washington Post - The Obama administration selected 44 colleges Monday for an experiment that lets high school students enrolled in college courses pay for them using Pell grants, a form of federal financial aid that covers tuition, books and fees for needy college students.

05/16/2016: Austin's ACCelerator Lab Gives 'Meet Me at The Mall' a Whole New Meaning, by George Lorenzo, EdSurge - When Austin Community College (ACC) saw the city's oldest suburban indoor shopping center slowly dying, it responded with what may go down as one of the most innovative community college-driven, urban-education revitalization projects of the early 21st century.

05/11/2016: Making the Most of Millennial Talent, Young Invincibles - The Lumina Foundation is leading an effort called #TalentTuesday designed to get people talking about the need for more Americans with education beyond high school. Our generation understands this challenge on a very personal level. We know the path to economic security runs through the doors of higher education, but face many barriers along the way. Here's our take on what policymakers and employers can do to alleviate these challenges and ensure our generation reaches its full potential.

05/2016: Making the Case for Competency-Based Education, American Institute for Research (AIR) - In this brief, American Institutes for Research (AIR) identifies seven concrete considerations for leaders of CBE programs who want to begin gathering and using rigorous evidence to make the case for CBE, both within their institution and to external audiences.

03/15/2016: The Urban Higher Education Ecosystem Solution Infographic, Higher Education Infographics - According to this infographic, "the current higher education system isn't working. America is falling behind."
Online Education
05/19/2016: The Guesswork of Going Online, by Carl Strausheim, Inside Higher Ed - The online program management company 2U is hoping to take some of the risk out of offering degree programs online with an algorithm it says can predict whether the program will be a success for the company and the college.

05/17/2016: Take Your Teaching Online: the Micro-Lecture, by Travis Grandy, Inside Higher Ed - If you want to share content quickly in a condensed format, micro-lectures can help cut out excessive verbiage. Beyond creating a good learning experience for students, being conversant about effective online teaching can be a big help when you're doing a job search.

05/16/2016: What Form Does Online Take in Your Institution's Future?, by Kevin Currie, The EvoLLLution - To be successful in online endeavors, the next group of adopters needs to think quickly, integrate solutions into what makes them successful already, realize their limitations and maximize their strengths, revisit markets that were previously rejected, and be first with a new model that will be attractive to a student population that is already evolving.

05/11/2016: 3 Theories Why We Are Intrigued By Mobile Learning, by Joshua Kim, Inside Higher Ed - Over three-quarters of all the time that people in the U.S. spend on social media is done so on a mobile device.  90 percent of people that access Facebook on a daily basis are doing so via mobile, and over 50 percent of Facebook users only access the social network on a mobile device.   Over 80 percent of Twitter users are mobile users.  More than half of YouTube views come from a mobile device.

College Readiness
05/22/2016: More Than Five Years After Adopting Common Core, Kentucky's Black-White Achievement Gap is Widening, by Luba Ostashevsky, The Hechinger Report - Introduced as an ambitious educational reform at the end of the last decade to make sure that, across the U.S., students graduating from the K-12 system are college and career ready, Common Core has ramped up academic expectations that schools everywhere, including those in Kentucky, are still far from meeting.

05/20/2016: You Can Try and Deny It, But Our Schools Need to Do Better Preparing Our Kids for College and Career, by Peter Cunningham, Huffington Post Education - When you can't kill the message, then kill the messenger. That seems to be the tack taken by education bloggers Mark Weber and Alan Singer, who were both frothing recently about the high-profile attention The New York Times editorial writers gave to a research report about the prevalence of college remediation, especially among middle- and higher-income college students.

Remedial Education
05/21/2016: Remedial Education System Needs Fixes, by Latasha Gandy, SCTimes - I know from experience the remedial education system in Minnesota's high schools and colleges isn't working. After graduating near the top of my high school class from a St. Paul public school, I was required to take a year and a half of remedial college classes, at great cost and for no credit. I eventually earned my bachelor's, but at tremendous expense. There has to be a better way.

College Completion
college completion
05/18/2016: Report: Latinos Stick With Studies at High Rates to Get Higher Education, by Suzanne Gamboa, NBC News - Their findings suggest that Latinos may be doing better when it comes to getting college educations than completion rates suggest. Those who did the analysis also say their findings point to a need to adjust how student success is measured in higher education and how to provide higher educations.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
05/02/2016: Credentials Reform: How Technology and the Changing Needs of the Workforce Will Create the Higher Education System of the Future, by Jamie Merisotis, EducauseReview - The shift in postsecondary credentialing and the needs of the 21st-century workforce will revolutionize higher education. Colleges and universities have vast potential to be positive agents of this change.

Technology Adoption
05/18/201: VIDEO: Putting the Ed Into Edtech, by Michael Feldstein, EdSurge - Right now many edtech products are sold as black boxes. "What does the product do?" "Dunno, but it works through the science of neuroplasticity." The lack of understanding in how these products work is bad for at least two reasons. The more obvious one is that it gives us no good way to evaluate if the product could actually help students. The less obvious - but ultimately more important - reason is that it misses an opportunity to engage faculty in thinking about pedagogy.

05/16/2016: Redundant Technology: Which One Do I Use?, by John W. McGuthry, EducauseReview - Campuses across the country have multiple major IT systems in place, such as enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, student information systems (SISs), enterprise content management (ECM) solutions, and learning management systems (LMSs). Many of these systems have overlapping actions, offering similar functionality such as imaging and workflow. Which system is optimal?

Data Analysis & Assessment
05/20/2016: Strayer University Sees Success With Predictive Analytics in Online Learning, by Marguerite McNeal, EdSurge - For the past three years, for-profit Strayer has worked with analytics provider Civitas Learning to identify factors that contribute to student success in online learning. This week the university announced what it's learned so far: The data captured through students' digital footprints is a better indicator of success than other traditional standards, such as race, income or part-time status.

05/17/2016: OPINION: Why Colleges Should Take the Lead in Learning Analytics Development, by Michael Meotti, EdSurge - Colleges are clearly caught between a fascination with the potential of data analytics and the constraints of finances and internal expertise. This conflict explains why a recent survey by KPMG found that less than half of colleges (41 percent) currently use data for predictive analytics.

05/2016: Putting the "Integrated" Back Into IPEDS: Improving the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System to Meet Contemporary Data Needs, by Jamey Rorison and Mamie Voicht, Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP) - The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) is the nation's most comprehensive source for information on more than 7,500 colleges and universities. However, IPEDS - as it currently operates - is insufficient to answer the emerging critical questions that facilitate college choice, transparency, policymaking, institutional improvement, and accountability, and in some cases answers questions that are no longer relevant.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Funding & Economics
05/19/2016: States Have Cut Money for Higher Education 17 Percent Since the Recession, Report Finds, by Mikhail Zinshteyn, The Hechinger Report - States are collectively investing 17 percent less in their public colleges and universities, or $1,525 less per student, since 2007, according to the left-leaning Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, which used inflation-adjusted figures.

05/19/2016: Funding Down, Tuition Up, by Michael Mitchell, Micheal Leachman and Kathleen Masterson, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities - Years of cuts in state funding for public colleges and universities have driven up tuition and harmed students' educational experiences by forcing faculty reductions, fewer course offerings, and campus closings.  These choices have made college less affordable and less accessible for students who need degrees to succeed in today's economy.

05/17/2016: A First: Pell Grants For High School Students Who Take College Classes, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - The U.S. Education Department said this week it will make Pell Grants available to 10,000 high school students who are enrolled in courses at 44 colleges. It's an ambitious experiment aimed at closing the attainment gap between rich and poor students in higher education. The Obama administration wants to give students a head start on college.

05/15/2016: Flurry of Free Tuition Offers, Other Incentives at California Community Colleges, by Katy Murphy, Santa Cruz Sentinel - While Oakland's initiative is far more ambitious and costly than most of the other new programs inspired by Obama's America's College Promise, more than a dozen other colleges statewide are also advertising free tuition, extra advising and mentoring or expanded summer orientation programs for the coming academic year.

Transfer & Articulation
05/2016: The Transfer Playbook: Essential Practices for Two- and Four-Year Colleges, by Joshua Wyner, KC Deane, Davis Jenkins and John Fink, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - This playbook is a practical guide to designing and implementing a key set of practices that will help community colleges and their four-year college partners improve transfer outcomes.

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