Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"Thousands of geniuses live and die undiscovered -
either by themselves or by others." -  Mark Twain 
Volume 6, Issue 10- May 15, 2016    

Terry O'Banion
examines the need for
"essential education"
in new monograph:
Bread and Roses: Helping Students Make a Good Living and Live a Good Life. 
In This Issue
05/10/2016: Defending the Humanities, by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed - In his talk, Burns repeatedly said the humanities - by helping us understand such a broad range of different topics and perspectives - in fact promote unity through understanding. But he freely admitted that the denigrators of the humanities don't see it that way.

05/05/2016: Adviser Dispels 3 Myths on Choosing a School, by Kenya Downs, PBS Newshour - High school seniors are applying to more colleges than ever. But despite being accepted into a first-choice college or university, many students are opting not to enroll for various reasons, including financial constraints. The Higher Education Research Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles, released its annual American Freshman survey, which includes the following statistics on how high school seniors are choosing their colleges.

05/05/2016: The State of U.S. Colleges - The Rich Get Richer, the Poor Get Downgraded, by Timothy W. Martin  and Heather Gillers, The Wall Street Journal - The downgrades also serve as further evidence of a U.S. higher education system that has become increasingly bifurcated. Many schools are struggling with their bottom line as national enrollment falls, many Americans question the value of a college degree and state funding for many public institutions is drying up. Elite institutions, meanwhile, enjoy record levels of popularity with student applications and alumni donations.

05/03/2016: How Colleges Can Again Be Levelers of Society Fixes, by Tina Rosenberg, The New York Times - Most highly rated colleges say they seek qualified low-income students. But a vast majority enroll very few. At the most competitive colleges, only 17 percent of students are poor enough to receive the federal education stipends known as Pell Grants. That's just one percentage point higher than in 2000.

05/03/2016: Student Centricity and Two-Year Colleges: Focus on Students Demands Better Recognition, by Regina Smick-Attisano, The EvoLLLution - In this interview, Regina Smick-Attisano shares her thoughts on the work two-year colleges put into delivering a student-centric experience and discusses what needs to happen for this work to be more widely recognized.

05/03/2016: The Dividing Line Between Haves and Have-nots in Home Ownership: Education, Not Student Debt, by Susan M. Dynarski, Brookings, Economic Studies - The striking gap in homeownership is not between college-educated people who did and did not borrow, but between those with and without a college education.

05/02/2016: How College Students Are Sleeping ... Or Not, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - Sleep has a big impact on learning. And not just when you do it in class. Sleep deprivation affects memory, cognition and motivation, and the effects are compounded when it's long-term. For those reasons, there's been lots of interest in the education world in studying the sleep habits of children and adolescents. But until now, most sleep studies have been limited to short-term surveys with small numbers of participants. That's changing with the advent of wearable activity trackers.

05/01/2016: Prediction: No Commencement Speaker Will Mention This - The Huge 'Gender College Degree Gap' Favoring Women, by Mark J. Perry, American Enterprise Institute - Over the next decade, the gender disparity for college degrees is expected to increase according to Department of Education forecasts, so that by 2025, women will earn 147 college degrees for every 100 degrees earned by men, with especially huge gender imbalances in favor of women for associate's degrees (170 women for every 100 men) and master's degrees (145 women for every 100 men).

05/2016: A Critical Need For Practical Leadership Skills, by George R. Boggs, League for Innovation - While there has been a great deal of research about leadership in general, there has not been much focus on the practical issues that community college leaders face - often on a daily basis - and the impact that their responses can have. Leaders need to understand the different points of view that constituents bring to issues and how these issues can best be dealt with - and how an improper response can create significant problems for an institution and its leadership.

04/27/2015: Our Students Need Bread and Roses, by Terry O'Banion, EducauseReview - In the monograph, liberal education is education that is designed to help us live a richer and fuller life. General education is a subset of liberal education, and both terms are used interchangeably. Roses is a metaphor for liberal and general education. Workforce education, on the other hand, is education that is designed to help us prepare for a job and a career. Career and technical education (CTE) is used as a current and widely accepted term for workforce education, and both terms are used interchangeably. Bread is the metaphor used for workforce education.
Online Education
05/03/2016: Penn State Responds to Surge of Interest in Skills-Based Online Teaching Certificate, EdSurge - "These graduate students who are about to go off and be the professors of the future, they get it. They understand that they're going to be teaching online at some point, and they understand that online education - for better or worse - is not going anywhere." (Laurence Boggess, director of faculty development for the World Campus)

04/27/2016: How to Keep the Human Element in Online Classes, by Michelle Pacansky-Brock, EdSurge - While teaching online certainly changes how instructors communicate with their students, the instructor-student relationship is just as vital to the student learning and engagement in online classes as it is in an offline class.

College Readiness
04/27/2016: Most High School Seniors Aren't College Or Career Ready, Says 'Nation's Report Card', by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - The latest results of the test known as the Nation's Report Card are in. They cover high school seniors, who took the test in math and reading last year. The numbers are unlikely to give fodder either to educational cheerleaders or alarmists: The average score in both subjects was just one point lower in 2015 compared with the last time the test was given, in 2013. This tiny downtick was statistically significant in mathematics, but not for the reading test.

Remedial Education
05/10/2016: Guess Who's Taking Remedial Classes, The New York Times - The idea that schools in privileged communities are failing to prepare significant numbers of students is borne out in a striking new study showing that nearly half of the students who begin their college careers taking remedial courses come from middle- and upper-income families. Not only do remedial courses add more than $1 billion each year to students' bills for tuition, but students who start out in these classes take longer to graduate and are far more likely to drop out.

05/2016: Modularization in Developmental Mathematics in Two States: Implementation and Early Outcomes (Working Paper No. 87), by Susan Bickerstaff, Maggie P. Fay and Madeline Joy Trimble, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - Analysis of qualitative data provides insights into how the modularized curricula and course structures present opportunities and challenges for student progression and learning.

College Completion
college completion
04/28/2016: On the Fast Track to Adulthood With Limited Options, by Emily Deruy, The Altantic - In a report published this month, The Century Foundation takes a look at the cycle of poverty that Baltimore's young people often find themselves in and offers recommendations for how cities and lawmakers might begin to break some of the challenges they face.

04/27/2016: Transforming Retention Efforts at Rend Lake College, by Kristina Shelton, Office of Community College Research and Leadership (OCCRL) - Rend Lake College has participated in several Pathways to Results projects over the last five years. The PTR model has been an essential tool to help us understand how to make and drive evidence-based changes throughout our College. RLC views this model as an important and worthwhile method of helping identify potential issues and create positive solutions for our students' benefit.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
05/03/2016: Leaders Across California Call for Confronting Workforce Skills Gap, California Economic Summit - The importance of building a stronger workforce to compete globally was the topic of this commentary by Valley Vision CEO Bill Mueller and Yuba Community College District Chancellor Doug Houston. The two leaders emphasized that closing the skills gap is key to preparing workers for the jobs of the 21st century.

05/02/2016: New Workers, New Skills, by Marina Gorbis, EducauseReview - What are the most important skills-the work skills and the life skills-that students should acquire from their educational experience, and what is the best way to teach those skills?

05/02/2016: KVCC Tries German Model to Help Manufacturers Solve "Skills Gap", by Robbie Feinberg, NPR, WMUK102.1 - The idea behind it is this: students are recruited shortly out of high school for the program. They spend eight weeks in the classroom, learning CNC machining. Then eight weeks on the job at a manufacturer. Then back to the classroom, then back to the job. They alternate for a total of three years, and by the end of the program, they have a CNC Machinists' degree.

Technology Adoption
05/02/2016: Developing Institutional Cloud Strategies, by Mara Hancock, Lawrence Legge, Bill Wrobleski and Susan Kelley, EducauseReview - This article is the first in a series that presents case studies related to important themes within enterprise IT. Each article in the series begins with a scenario that provides context for the theme, followed by several case studies from different sizes and types of institutions.

05/07/2016: Five Myths About Classroom Technology (And What To Do, Instead), by Rebecca Recco, EdSurge - Classroom technology is everywhere. Schools are filled with shiny, interactive devices, and new gadgets and apps flood the market every day. Teachers in districts with limited funding for technology are turning to crowdfunding sources to obtain technology for their classrooms.

Data Analysis & Assessment
05/10/2016: Data for Kids, by Paige Kowalski, EdTech Digest - The Data Quality Campaign (DQC) recently released a new vision and set of policy recommendations to help states enact policies critical to ensuring that data is used to support student learning.

05/05/2016: Decode Data Science Speak With This Glossary for Higher Ed, by David Kil and Mark Milliron, EdSurge - Colleges and universities are awash in data and under increased pressure to quantify and improve student outcomes. As a result, higher-education practitioners and policymakers have, in turn, welcomed the application of data science in higher education. Pernicious challenges, they hope, can be better understood by data scientists who can bring disparate data sources together to help tell better stories around student progression, challenges, and success.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Funding & Economics
05/05/2016: Free Community College in Boston? Not Quite, by Kirk Carapezza, WGBH News, On Campus - Boston Mayor Marty Walsh has been pushing his new plan to make two years of community college free for some Boston Public School graduates. But few students will be eligible for the program.

05/04/2016: Trying to Simplify Choices in Federal Student Loan Repayment Plans, by Ann Carrns, The New York Times - The federal government offers multiple repayment plans for student loans, including several that tie monthly payments to a borrower's income. Eligibility varies, depending on the type of loan and when it was taken out, and some options have similar names.

05/03/2016: College Affordability Diagnosis, Penn Graduate School of Education - College Affordability Diagnosis is a state-by-state look at the cost of higher education. It is designed to help policymakers and institutional leaders compare what students and families must contribute to pay for college - from percentage of family income to hours worked while in school - across the range of institutions in any given state.

05/02/2016: The (Bigger Than We Realized) Role Race Plays in College Debt, by Richard V. Reeves, Brookings, Research - Student debt is an inequality problem. Borrowing to invest in a good college education is a sound investment for many, if not most, young people. Debt is a problem for those who borrow expensively to attend poor-quality institutions. And the debt problem has a strong racial dimension.

Transfer & Articulation
05/03/2016: Good Outcomes for Transfers, by Doug Lederman, Inside Higher Ed - Study finds that students who start at community college earn bachelor's degrees at much lower rates - but those who transfer fare as well as (or better than) "native" four-year-college students.

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