Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"Give a man a fish and he will ask for
tartar sauce and French fries!"   - Thomas Sowell
Volume 6, Issue 8 - April 17, 2016    

In This Issue
04/12/2016: Jeff Selingo Gives Students a Blueprint for Life After College, by George Anders, EdSurge - Ask people about the value of college today, and you'll get a bewildering mix of answers. Optimists savor a 2014 Federal Reserve study showing that people with diplomas earn $830,000 more than non-graduates over their lifetimes. Skeptics respond that it is impossible to ignore rising student debt, rickety graduation rates - and growing anxiety about many graduates' eventual destiny.

04/11/2016: Community Colleges, Seeking Profit Abroad, Face Pushback at Home, by Melissa Korn, The Wall Street Journal - There's been a quieter rush overseas by the nation's community colleges, which historically focus on training a local workforce. The colleges are seeking profits and prestige in international markets amid uncertain state funding and rising costs, but instead are seeing some pushback to their plans.

04/11/2016: Two-Year Grads Satisfied With Cost of Degree, by Stephanie Marken and Julie Ray, Gallup - Bachelor's degrees are still more common in the U.S. than associate degrees, but the typically less expensive two-year degrees have become increasingly popular in the past decade as college costs have skyrocketed. A new Gallup-USA Funds study of associate degree holders finds that many of those who received these degrees strongly believe they were worth the cost (46%) and were essential to achieving their career goals (41%). But at the same time, associate degree holders trail bachelor's degree holders in several key aspects of their lives.

04/08/2016: Why Starting at a Community College Can Be a Smarter Option, by DeRionne Pollard, The Washington Post - Community colleges enjoy partnerships with local industries, allowing the colleges to align curriculums with industry demands as they evolve. Choices include degree programs areas, certificate programs and noncredit career programs designed for students to obtain entry-level credentials. These programs allow students to step into middle-skills positions such as automotive technician, HVAC repair technician and diagnostic medical sonographer.

04/08/2016: A Brighter Job Market, for Some, by Tara Siegel Bernard, The New York Times - New college graduates looking for their first full-time job have reason to be optimistic. After a string of dismal to lackluster years, the job outlook brightened considerably for the class of 2015. And despite uncertainty about the strength of the economy, recruiters, on-campus career specialists and economists remain generally upbeat about prospects for this year's graduates.

04/08/2016: Effectiveness, Defined Broadly, by Doug Lederman, Inside Higher Ed - Nearly half of students who enter college with the worst academic preparation do not earn any credential at all. Those who get some college education but no credential have little edge in the employment market over students with just a high school degree. Students from low-income backgrounds and those with low test scores are disproportionately among those who strive for but fail to complete a bachelor's degree.

04/2016: Career and Technical Education in High School: Does It Improve Student Outcomes?, by Shaun M. Dougherty, Thomas B. Fordham Institute - Ask any group of high school teachers, and they will report that the most frequently heard question in their classrooms is, "When are we ever gonna use this?" In a traditional college prep program, the honest answer is usually, "Maybe when you get to the university." But in the real world? Depending on the class, maybe not at all.

03/14/2016: 7 Things Higher Education Innovators Want You to Know, by Rhea Kelly, Campus Technology - Experts weigh in on the challenges of student success and the need for innovation in higher ed.

03/10/2016: Infographic: The Urban Higher Education Ecosystem Solution, The Kresge Foundation - With so many low-income students attending postsecondary institutions in urban areas, the Education Program at The Kresge Foundation has focused on a solution - improving the urban higher education ecosystem.
Online Education
04/08/2016: Research Finds Poor Outcomes For Students Who Retake Courses Online, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - High schools around the country are increasingly turning to external, for-profit providers for "online credit recovery." These courses, taken on a computer, offer students who have failed a course a second chance to earn credits they need for graduation, whether after school, in the summer or during the school year.

04/01/2016: Study Big Data Through Online Learning, by Jordan Friedman, U.S. News & World Report - As technology advances and more and more data are collected and used each day to drive business decisions and strategies, there's an increasing demand for employees who are educated in this area, says Daphne Koller, president and co-founder of Coursera, a major provider of massive open online courses, or MOOCs.

College Readiness
04/06/2016: Are High Schools Preparing Students to be College- and Career-ready?, by Sonja Brookins Santelises, The Hechinger Report - On the whole, our analyses found that only 8 percent of high school graduates complete a full college- and career-prep course of study - defined here as the standard 15-course sequence required for entry at many public colleges, along with three or more credits in a broad career field such as health science or business. Fewer than one-third of graduates complete a college-ready course of study only, and just 13 percent finish a career-ready course sequence only.

Remedial Education
04/06/2016: Why Acceleration Works, by Michael Lawrence Collins, Jobs for the Future - The massive attrition between each course in the developmental education sequence provides a strong argument for acceleration. But there is a long way to go from acceleration to default placement in college-level courses with supports. So how did the Core Principles get here? A growing body of rigorous research found no effect from developmental education for students placing in a band beneath the placement cut scores. This research also found no evidence that taking more developmental courses produces better results for the least-prepared learners. Taken together, the research makes a compelling case for acceleration.

04/06/2016: Taking High School Courses In College Costs Students And Families Nearly $1.5 Billion, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - When we talk about remedial courses, we usually talk about community colleges, where more than half of students take them, and where they pose a significant barrier to graduation for many. But a new report from the advocacy group Education Reform Now and the advocacy publication Education Post broadens the lens. According to their analysis of state and federal higher education data, 45 percent of students who place into remedial courses come from middle- and high-income families.

03/30/2016: The Road to College Readiness: Redesigning Developmental Education for Student Success, by Heather L. Fox, Office of Community College Research and Leadership (OCCRL) - Colleges across the country are exploring new approaches to assisting students to gain the reading, writing, and math foundations needed to be successful in their college courses. This involves providing alternatives to the traditional sequence of developmental courses, and includes accelerated models, modularization, contextualization, integrated support services, learning communities, and learning labs.

College Completion
college completion
04/11/2016: A Stronger Nation 2016, Lumina Foundation - Lumina's annual report of progress toward the goal, A Stronger Nation offers detailed data arrays that describe postsecondary attainment at the national, state and county levels. The report also provides postsecondary attainment data for each of the nation's 100 most populous metropolitan regions.

04/08/2016: Community College Enrollment Statistics are Grim and Grimmer, by Sean O'Brien, Affordable College - Why has there been a continued decline in completion rates for students who started at two-year public institutions? According to Signature Report 10, "These students were part of the surge of increased enrollments that accompanied the Great Recession, arriving on campus at a time when institutions were already dealing with reduced public budget support." It continues, "One result was that institutions were forced to increase tuition just as students and their families found themselves with diminished financial resources, leading to questions about growing levels of student debt and whether this might affect rates of degree completion."

04/2016: Meandering Toward Graduation: Transcript Outcomes of High School Graduates, by Marni Bromberg and Christina Theokas, The Education Trust - We dug into the most recent national database of high school transcripts to find out what it could tell us about the experiences and preparation of our nation's graduates. How many of our young people are completing a full college- and career-prep curriculum? How many also have grades that show evidence of mastery? And how do those patterns differ by race and socioeconomic status as well as students' own aspirations?

Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
04/08/2016: Survey: What's the Most Important College Outcome?, by Laura Devaney, eCampus News - Recent university graduates said in a survey that the most important college outcome is to secure a job after graduation. However, while 30 percent of surveyed students identified this as their top goal, only 35 percent said colleges are doing "extremely well" in preparing them for a job and career.

04/04/2016: State Chiefs Asked to Focus on Workforce Skill, by Lauren Camera, U.S. News & World Report - As states begin taking advantage of their newfound flexibility in the federal education law by reimaging their accountability systems, they must incorporate ways to assess workforce readiness and eliminate the stigma of technical and vocational education.

04/01/2016: Not Just College: Technical Education as a Pathway to the Middle Class, by Michael J. Petrilli, Brookings Institute - High-quality career and technical education (CTE) programs, culminating in industry-recognized post-secondary credentials, have great promise in engaging students, helping them succeed academically, boosting college completion rates, and brightening career prospects. By age 20, graduates of such programs have academic credentials, technical credentials, and work experience - and, usually, well-paying jobs.

Technology Adoption
04/11/2016: Redefining Student Success in a Digital Ecosystem, by David Raths, Campus Technology - What does student success mean in a digital ecosystem?  Gardner Campbell, vice provost for learning innovation and student success, dean of University College and associate professor of English at Virginia Commonwealth University, took part in a recent Future Trends Forum video chat hosted by consultant and futurist Bryan Alexander to share his thoughts about how higher education might rethink ideas of student success in a digital age.

Data Analysis & Assessment
04/08/2016: How Do Senior Leaders Use Data to Improve Student Success?, by Tara García Mathewson, Education Dive - In its report, "Leading with Data: How Senior Institution and System Leaders Use Postsecondary Data to Promote Student Success," IHEP finds senior leaders must lead by example in creating a culture that uses data to drive institutional improvement, making decisions based on data every single day and encouraging others far beyond the institutional research office to do the same.

04/04/2016: Data Shady on How Recent HS Grads Really Doing in College, by Meris Stansbury, eCampus News - New report reveals that measuring enrollment, remediation and persistence data is fuzzy thanks to varying state mandates.

04/2016: Leading with Data: How Senior Institution and System Leaders Use Postsecondary Data to Promote Student Success, by Jamey Rorison and Mamie Voight, PostsecData - Though we know that data use drives student success and helps close equity gaps, it is important to understand how institutions are using data for daily and long-term decision making.

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Funding & Economics
04/08/2016: Free College, Political Support: Survey of Community College Leaders, by Ashley A. Smith, Inside Higher Ed - Community college presidents are divided about the likelihood of free two-year college happening any time soon. Inside Higher Ed's second annual Survey of Community College Presidents reveals that 37 percent disagree or strongly disagree that free community college programs will be adopted in at least one-third of states within the next five years; 35 percent agree or strongly agree that this will happen.

04/07/2016: Majority of Millennials Have 'No Idea' When Student Loans Will Be Paid Off, by Polly Mosendz, Bloomberg - More than a third of millennials say they wouldn't have attended college at all had they known the extent of the costs in advance.

04/05/2016: Revamped Loan Payment System, by Michael Stratford, Inside Higher Ed - After years of criticism from companies it hires to collect student loan payments, the Education Department plans to create a single standardized portal for borrowers to make payments.

04/05/2016: Money Matters on Campus-Examining Financial Attitudes and Behaviors of Two-Year and Four-Year College Students, EverFi and Higher One, Money Matters on Campus - Due to the demographic and experiential variations in student populations, the developmental timelines for financial wellness may be quite different for students attending four-year and two-year institutions.

04/04/2016: Trends in College Net Price for Low-Income Students, by Daniel Rossman, Ithaka S+R - New America's Stephen Burd published a report showing that low-income students who receive Pell grants still face a substantial financial burden to attend college, especially at private not-for-profit institutions. Looking at the average net price - "the average amount of money that students and their families have to pay after all grant and scholarship aid is deducted from the listed price" - of low-income students attending 1,400 four-year institutions, Burd found that 94 percent of the private not-for-profit institutions he studied have an average net price for low-income students of more than $10,000.

Transfer & Articulation
08/21/2015: 10 Things Prospective College Transfer Students Need to Know, by Travis Mitchell, U.S. News & World Report - The acceptance rate for transfer students was 62.6 percent for the 2012-2013 academic year, according to research from the National Association for College Admission Counseling. That's only slightly below the first-time freshman average acceptance rate of 64.7 percent.

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