Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"It is not worth an intelligent man's time to be in the majority.
By definition, there are already enough people to do that."  - G. H. Hardy     
Volume 6, Issue 7 - April 3, 2016    

In This Issue
03/27/2016: Retiring Community Colleges Chancellor Discusses Challenges, by Larry Gordon, EdSource - In a recent conversation with EdSource, Harris took a look back and a look forward. Some responses were edited for clarity.

03/27/2016: No, Not New York City..., by Matt Reid, Inside Higher Ed - Because community college funding is substantially local in many states (though not Massachusetts), the increasing austerity of the provinces stands in severe contrast to the resources available in the top five cities. CUNY's ASAP program is the envy of many of us, and it will remain so as long as it includes subway passes. Most of us don't have the option of subway passes, and bus routes are often far less than what students actually need. It rests on a foundation of public wealth that simply isn't present in most places.

03/26/2016: Colorado Dual-enrollment Bill Helps Ease College Path, by Tom Coyne, The Denver Post - One solution to this problem is to make it much easier for Colorado students and families to accumulate low-cost college credits and technical certifications before they graduate from high school. That is just what House Bill 1128 will do, by creating a consistent, easy-to-understand and easy-to- use way for students to access dual-enrollment courses offered by every public institution of higher education in Colorado.

03/26/2016: New Education Secretary: Bold Agenda. Just 10 Months To Get It Done, by Eric Westervelt, NPR Ed - We definitely have an ambitious agenda for the next 10 months. But, you know, the president often tells us big things happen in the fourth quarter. I think that's exactly right. So we expect to get a lot done over the next 10 months.

03/25/2016: I Lead a Community College With Free Tuition. The Impact on Students Has Been Incredible., by Raymond Nadolny, The Washington Post - Enrollment at Williston State has increased by 30 percent. Students have demonstrated a level of appreciation I have rarely seen in my 25-plus years in higher education. Reactions have ranged from "I cannot believe I will be able to graduate with an associate's degree without any debt" to "This scholarship means I won't have to work a full-time job, that I can be a full-time student."

03/24/2016: The Devil Is in the Details, by Robert Samuels, Inside Higher Ed - There has been much attention paid to higher education in the current Democratic debates, but most people still do not know how Hillary Clinton's and Bernie Sanders's policies differ. This lack of information is important because the two candidates have very different proposals. Not only is Clinton talking about debt-free public higher education and not tuition-free education like Sanders, but Sanders is offering a much more comprehensive approach to fixing many higher education issues.

03/24/2016: Ed Dept Report Examines Success Among Low-income Students, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - The U.S. Department of Education's latest report analyzes progress among the nation's public and private nonprofit colleges in opening their doors to low-income, Pell-eligible students, and ensuring they succeed once they arrive on campus.

03/24/2016: 'Lesson Plan', by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed - Bachelor's degrees should be completed in three years. MOOCs should replace general education. Coding boot camps are the game changer. College should be free. Internships are more important than instruction. Eliminate administrative bloat and higher education will be prosperous.

03/22/2016: Detroit Solidifies Free College Degree Program, by Christine Ferretti and Kim Kozlowski, The Detroit News - "We are making a promise to every single child who graduates in the city of Detroit that you have your first two years of college paid for at community college," Mayor Mike Duggan said during a press conference. "It doesn't matter today if you are in 10th grade or you're in third grade, we can promise you that when your time comes, at least your first two years are going to be paid for because you graduated from a school in the city of Detroit."

03/21/2016: Changing Records of Learning Through Innovations in Pedagogy and Technology, by Helen L. Chen, Lisa H. Grocott, and Ashley L. Kehoe, EducauseReview - Innovations in pedagogy and technology could revolutionize the records we use to track learning, moving our approach from one of checking off boxes to one connecting the dots. This article highlights promising, cross-cutting technological and pedagogical models that connect the dots toward agile, personalized evidence of learning.

03/2016: Fulfilling the Promise, Serving the Need - Advancing College Opportunity for Low-Income Students, U.S. Department of Education - For our nation's colleges and universities to serve as gateways to social mobility and economic opportunity, they must succeed in helping all hard-working students - regardless of their income, race, or parents' education - to enroll in college, graduate, and go on to rewarding careers. The good news is that many institutions are doing impressive and inspiring work by increasing college access for low-income students, providing them with the aid and support they need, and sending them into the work place with high quality degrees.
Online Education
03/22/2016: For Adults, Lifelong Learning Happens The Old Fashioned Way, by Elissa Nadworny, NPR Ed - "Learning is still very much a place-based thing," says Pew researcher John Horrigan. "The Internet plays a role, but it's secondary in most respects." For the 74 percent of adults who identified as personal learners, only a third turned to the Internet for most or all of their learning.

College Readiness
03/28/2016: Resources and Downloads to Support College Readiness, Edutopia - Discover resources and information -- including downloads from schools -- related to developing the awareness, knowledge, skills, and attitudes that will prepare students to enroll and succeed in college.

03/17/2016: To Redefine 'College Ready,' Illinois District Changes the Way It's Measured, by Catherine Gewertz, Education Week - A school district outside Chicago has become the first to showcase a new way of measuring students' readiness for the workplace and college. It's using a variety of measurements rather than relying on one test.

03/2016: Improving the Transition to College: Estimating the Impact of High School Transition Courses on Short-Term College Outcomes (Working Paper No. 86), by Lara Pheatt, Madeline Joy Trimble and Elisabeth A. Barnett, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - Many recent high school graduates remain inadequately prepared for college and are required to enroll in remedial or developmental education courses in mathematics or English upon enrollment in college. High rates of college remediation are associated with lower progression and college completion rates. To address this problem, some states, districts, and individual high schools have introduced "transition courses" to prepare students for college-level math and English coursework. 

Remedial Education
03/27/2016: Is Algebra an Unnecessary Stumbling Block in US Schools?, by Karen Matthews, Associated Press - In New York City, home to the nation's largest public school system with 1.1 million pupils, just 52 percent of the students who took last year's statewide Regents test in Algebra I passed, mirroring statistics elsewhere in the country.

03/27/2016: Our Editorial: More College Degrees Good for Detroit, The Detroit News - Many Detroit students aren't graduating from high school prepared to do college-level work. Detroit Public Schools continues to hold its place as the worst urban school district in the country. Although the scholarship fund covers remedial courses, it only applies to two years of college. That means if students have to spend much of the first year doing makeup work, then they'd likely be on the hook for paying for a third year.

03/2016: How to Fix Remediation at Scale, by Iris Palmer, New America - At Pikes Peak Community College, the change made a big difference. After putting the new system into effect, 90 percent of students in English remediation enrolled in the college-level class in the same term that they received learning support.

College Completion
college completion
03/21/2016: New Study Shows Phi Theta Kappa Members Have Higher Degree Attainment Rates, by  Eliana Osborn, GoodCall - In a recent study, 85% of 11,000 students who joined PTK in the 2008-9 school year went on to earn some kind of degree in the next six years.  Notably, this could be a bachelor or associate degree.  The six-year bachelor's completion rate was 68%, with another 7% still enrolled and working toward that degree.

03/15/2016: 3 to 5 from 75: Collaborating to Increase Postsecondary Attainment, by Beth Tankersley Bankhead, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, EdInsight - Last month, nearly 400 dedicated and energetic individuals from across the country gathered in St. Louis for three days to discuss postsecondary education completion in the United States. The space was abuzz with a sense of urgency. A commitment to change lives and communities filled the air.

03/10/2016: Infographic: The Urban Higher Education Ecosystem Solution, Kresge Foundation - With so many low-income students attending postsecondary institutions in urban areas, the Education Program at The Kresge Foundation has focused on a solution - improving the urban higher education ecosystem. This ecosystem includes colleges and universities, nonprofit organizations, employers, K-12 school districts and government agencies, as well as systems such as housing, transportation, food, financial aid, and childcare.

03/2016: Addressing the 61st Hour Challenge: Collaborating in El Paso to Create Seamless Pathways From High School to College, by Nancy Hoffman and Valerie Lundy-Wagner, Jobs For The Future - Practices at UTEP, El Paso Community College (EPCC), and the partner El Paso feeder early college high schools hold lessons for early college advocates and leaders. In El Paso, educators are close to implementing a truly seamless system from grade nine through the bachelor's degree. Since 2009, over 1,100 early college students have entered UTEP with junior-level status having completed an associate's degree either before high school graduation or concurrent with it.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
03/23/2016: Incentives - and Pressures - for U.S. Workers in a 'Knowledge Economy', by Lee Rainie, PewResearchCenter - As automation looms and more and more jobs are being shaped to accommodate the tech-saturated "knowledge economy," 63% of full- and part-time workers say they have taken steps in the past 12 months to upgrade their skills and knowledge.

03/22/2016: Powering Up: Colleges Training New Generation of Substation Workers, by Paul Bradley, Community College Week - The lab forms the bedrock of the college's newest academic program: an associate of science degree in engineering technology with a relay/substation tech specialization. The program is aimed at training some of the most valued and specialized people who keep the nation's electrical grid up and running: protective relay technicians, substation electricians, field service engineers.

03/21/2016: Bridging the Skills Gap, by Paul Fain, Inside Higher Ed - The Markle Foundation, LinkedIn and the state of Colorado team up on a jobs site that seeks to create a common, skills-based language among job seekers, employers and education providers.

Technology Adoption
03/29/2016: Flat World CEO: Content, Not Tech, Should Be Focus of CBE, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - CBE requires entirely new systems for higher education, including recruitment, admissions, financial aid, student tracking and transcripts. This makes it easy to get caught up in technology.

03/24/2016: Higher Ed's Digital Shift Not As Fast As Some Hope, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - An inaugural survey on the state of digital media in higher education by VideoBlocks finds overwhelming support for digital materials by faculty and students. Fully 91% of faculty or administrator respondents said digital media in lectures improves student learning outcomes, and about three-quarters of student respondents said multimedia elements make them more engaged in lectures. But faculty report frustration with levels of institutional support, including for technology resources as well as training.

03/22/2016: Lifelong Learning and Technology, by John B. Horrigan, PewResearchCenter - These findings offer a cautionary note to digital technology enthusiasts who believe that the internet and other tools will automatically democratize education and access to knowledge. The survey clearly shows that information technology plays a role for many as they learn things that are personally or professionally helpful.

Data Analysis & Assessment
03/22/2016: Standardized Assessments of College Learning: Past and Future, by Fredrik deBoer, New America - A call has risen from many corners: the call to assess. In the world of public K-12 education, the United States has seen a rapid increase in the amount of standardized testing taking place. This development has proven controversial, but there is no questioning the overall national trend of more assessment and more data collection.

03/22/2016: PreACT Test, to Help Students Prepare for ACT, Will Debut This Year, by Eric Hoover, The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Ticker - ACT Inc. will offer a new multiple-choice examination for 10th graders this fall, the Iowa-based organization announced on Tuesday. Designed to help students prepare for the ACT exam, the PreACT will test students in English, mathematics, reading, and science. (It will not include a writing portion.)

Back to 'In This Issue'
Funding & Economics
03/22/2016: Report: Little Evidence That Federal Aid Encourages Tuition Hikes, by Brittany Hackett,  NASFAA - Though many make the argument that federal financial aid encourages institutions to increase tuition, a new paper from the American Council on Education found that this is often not the case and that, more often than not, federal student aid reaches its intended target.

03/21/2016: Funding Still a Major Concern for Future Community College Leaders, by Catherine Morris, Diverse - John E. Roueche, president of the Roueche Graduate Center at National American University, said that community colleges across the country should take heed of the lessons to be learned from community colleges districts in Arizona. Arizona is known for its parsimony when it comes to funding higher education, but it made an unusually bold statement on that score when it reduced funding for Maricopa and Pima Community College Districts to zero for 2016. Pima and Maricopa are the two largest community college systems in the state. "It's a harbinger, I think, of things to come," Roueche said.

Transfer & Articulation
03/29/2016: In-state and Interstate Initiatives Aim to Improve Transfer Pathways, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - While the vast majority of community college students enroll with plans to transfer and earn a bachelor's degree, only one in 10 actually do so within six years. Fixing the leaky transfer pipeline has become a major concern of state higher education systems, the federal government and a number of foundations in recent years.

03/27/2016: UC System Partners with Community Colleges to Increase Transfer Outreach, by Kriti Sarin, The Guardian - CCC allocated a total of $2.6 million to the three-year partnership. According to UCOP's press release, these funds will be used to increase outreach to transfer students, establish summer bridge programs for 1,500 students at three of the UC campuses, send outreach representatives to underserved communities and host training workshops for CCC counselors.

03/25/2016: Community Colleges Need More Money to Deal With Influx of Poor Students, Commissioner Says, by Lauren McGaughy, The Dallas Morning News - "As the number of poor students coming through the K-12 system think about going to college, more and more are making the determination that they can't afford four years of university," Paredes told a joint meeting of the House Appropriations and Higher Education Committees. "So they are planning, very intentionally, to go to community colleges for two, three years, before transferring to a university."

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