Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.

"Moving on doesn't mean you forget about things. It just means you
have to accept what's happen and continue living."  - Unknown  

Volume 6, Issue 4 - February 21, 2016    
In This Issue
02/17/2016: Standards, Grades And Tests Are Wildly Outdated, Argues 'End Of Average', by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - Todd Rose tells NPR Ed: "We've come to embrace a way of thinking about ourselves as people that was intentionally designed to ignore all individuality and force everything in reference to an average person."

02/16/2016: After Dual Enrollment, by Matt Reed, Inside Higher Ed - Typically, programs in which students can earn the entire degree are called "Early College High School," while programs with an a la carte approach are called dual or concurrent enrollment. For simplicity, I'll lump them all under "dual enrollment."

02/15/2016: Where Are the Best Educated Americans?, by Dora Mekouar, Voice of America - The best educated Americans live mainly in the northeastern United States or in California, a new study finds.

02/15/2016: Scalia and Higher Ed, by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed - Justice's death may not change outcome on affirmative action, which he opposed. His record includes key votes and dissents on issues of black colleges, hate speech, single-sex public higher education and church-state line.

02/11/2016: The American Freshman: National Norms Fall 2015, by Kevin Eagan, Ellen Bara Stolzenberg, Abigail K. Bates, Melissa C. Aragon, Maria Ramirez Suchard and Cecilia Rios-Aguilar, Higher Education Research Institute (HERI), Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) - Analyses of the 50th administration of the CIRP Freshman Survey find an increased commitment to student activism and augmented interest in community and political engagement among first-time, full-time college students.

02/11/2016: Open-source Textbooks Gain in Push for College Affordability, by Michael Melia, Associated Press - The standard textbook for Fundamentals of General Chemistry I at the University of Connecticut has a list price of $303. For students who use the version professor Edward Neth is preparing for the fall semester, the cost will be zero. An early adopter of open source textbooks, Neth said he turned to the new technology out of frustration with spiraling prices of commercial textbooks.

02/10/2016: Video Chat Your Way Into College: How Tech Is Changing The Admissions Process, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - Kira works with colleges to come up with a specific battery of questions. These are designed to get at various underlying characteristics or "competencies" that might make students successful at that college, such as willpower or the ability to collaborate.

02/09/2016: Apollo Education Group To Go Private In $1.1B Sale, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - A group of investors has agreed to purchase Apollo Education Group, owner of the for-profit college chain University of Phoenix, in a $1.1 billion cash deal.

02/09/2016: New CCC President Puts Focus on Outreach, Student Success, by  Corina Vanek, - Smith said she and her husband have always been passionate about the work done in community colleges, and she said one her goals as president will be to share CCC's story and successes with the community, to broaden understanding of what a community college does.

02/08/2016: Will the Internet Remove Traditional Higher Ed's Prestige Factor?, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - Michael Kinsley writes for The Washington Post that the Internet may be higher education's great disruptor, bringing down traditional institutions by taking away the power of prestige.                       
Online Education
02/10/2016: 8 MOOCs for Better Technology-Enhanced Teaching, by Dian Schaffhauser, Campus Technology - We've culled through hundreds of massive open online courses (MOOCs) that are starting in or after February 2016 to identify seven free courses for fine-tuning the instructional practices in your classrooms.

02/09/2016: Babson Bids Good-bye to Enrollment Numbers, by Carl Straumsheim, Inside Higher Ed - The 13th and final annual report on online education enrollments by the Babson Group shows how much the market has grown since 2002 -- and how little it has changed.

02/08/2016: Report From The Field - And Framework For Thinking About CBE Design, by Becky Klein-Collins, CAEL - Competency-based education (CBE) is the "hot new thing" in higher ed - but as CAEL has learned from our work with 18 institutions and 3 systems in our CBE Jumpstart Initiative, it's important to understand what CBE programs are and the complexities of program development before launching full steam ahead. Regardless of whether you want to do a "hybrid" program that combines self-paced options with traditional courses and PLA, or a full Direct Assessment approach, there are many design considerations that your planning team needs to address.

College Readiness
02/08/2016: Diverse Conversations: Are Colleges Doing Enough to Close the Achievement Gap?, by Matthew Lynch, Diverse - It's only been in the last decade or so that colleges have begun to recognize that different students need different guidance to reach that graduation podium. It's why a crop of programs designed for first-generation and minority college students are flourishing across the country.

02/05/2016: College Readiness of Low-Income Students Stagnates, Inside Higher Ed - Roughly one in four of the 1.9 million high school students who graduated in 2015 and took the ACT are from low-income backgrounds, meaning their annual family incomes are less than $36,000. This group continues to lag in college readiness, according to the latest version of an annual report from the testing organization and the National Council for Community and Education Partnerships.

02/04/2016: New Models Redefine Readiness for Education and Employability, by Paul Smith, Pearson - Pearson's white paper, On Track: Redefining Readiness in Education and the Workplace, describes three promising and complementary approaches to promoting readiness intended to stimulate discussion and offer new directions for exploration. These three models, each based on extensive research with different populations and focused on somewhat different aspects of readiness, are alike in one important respect: all of the models emphasize careful assessment, actionable interventions, and access.

02/2016: Working Paper - What Works for Disconnected Young People A Scan of the Evidence, by Louisa Treskon, MDRC - This paper was commissioned by the Youth Transition Funders Group in 2015. The purpose was to conduct a scan of the current state of the evidence regarding what works in helping disconnected young people, defined as the population of young people ages 16 to 24 who are not connected to work or school.

01/2016: What We Know About Transition Courses, by Elisabeth A. Barnett, Maggie P. Fay, Lara Pheatt and Madeline Joy Trimble, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - Developing high-quality transition curricula for high school students so they can be ready for college is challenging, and achieving good results requires time and commitment. Sharing approaches to implementation and outcomes findings can allow education leaders to make appropriate adjustments to existing programs or help them to start new ones.

Remedial Education
02/18/2016: Many Who Pass State High School Graduation Tests Show Up to College Unprepared, by Luba Ostashevsky, The Hechinger Report - It's a microcosm of a perplexing situation that contributes to the rising cost and low success rate of higher education nationwide: Students pass state tests that say they're good enough to graduate from high school but colleges consider them unprepared to do higher-level work. Nearly 60 percent of students attending two-year colleges end up in costly and time-consuming remedial courses to strengthen their skills before being let into college-level classes, according to figures compiled by the Community College Research Center at Teachers College, Columbia University.

02/17/2016: A Free, Personal Tutor for One College Admissions Exam. But Will It Work?, by Nichole Dobo, The Hechinger Report - Students who took the PSAT, a practice version of the SAT, can log in online and link their score reports to a tool that will produce a study guide specifically tailored to help them improve areas where they are weak.

College Completion
college completion
Jan-Feb/2016: Why College? The Many Implications of Completion, by Jim Geringer and Stan Jones, AGB Trusteeship Magazine - College access and attainment of a postsecondary credential are the remedy to what ails the American economy - greater completion levels will lead to both economic and social success. In the last five years, at least a dozen leading policy and education organizations have initiated efforts to boost college completion.

02/15/2016: One Simple Trick That Boosts Kids' College Graduation Rates, by Francie Diep, Pacific Standard - A new study finds yet another nudge helps more low-income students obtain a bachelor's degree.

02/13/2016: For Many Students, Community College Is The End Of The Academic Road, by OK Watch and Nate Robson, KGOU NPR Morning Edition - Only 17 percent of all students, full-time or part-time, who enrolled in Oklahoma community colleges in 2007 earned a bachelor's degree within six years, according to the Community College Research Center at Columbia University.

02/11/2016: NCSC Program Helps Students Earn College Degrees Faster, by Emily Dech, Richland Source - NCSC offers four different types of PLA. That includes standardized testing, non-sponsored collegiate learning, tech prep and experiential learning portfolios.

02/2016: Supporting Postsecondary Student Success - A Tactical Guidebook, by Bob Coffey and Julie Ajinkya, IHEP - Community partnerships must build strong support systems inside and outside the classroom to help students complete their postsecondary programs. In an effort to support these collaborations, the Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP), supported by Lumina Foundation, developed this tactical guidebook to explain how community sectors work together to ensure that all students succeed in college and go on to high-quality employment.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
02/15/201: Three Ways to Improve Employability Skills during CTE Month, JFF Voices For Opportunity - Career and technical education (CTE) helps students succeed in school and in their chosen career fields by providing opportunities to interact with employers and offering real-world learning opportunities. These work-centered experiences build employability skills - the general skills that are necessary for success in the labor market at all employment levels and in all sectors-such as communication, problem-solving, and the ability to work well with diverse colleagues, which employers value in all hires.

02/11/2016: Delaware Pathways Continues to Prosper, by Mark Brainard and Paul Herdman, DelawareOnline - Throughout the state, a multitude of schools, businesses, and community partners are working together on an ambitious career pathways initiative for our students and our workforce. The goal is simple: to build more comprehensive and meaningful career and college experiences for our young people, and to bolster the local economy, particularly in our high-demand fields.

02/09/2016: How States Are Expanding Apprenticeship, by Angela Hanks and Ethan Gurwitz, Center for American Progress - More Americans are going to college or seeking some other type of educational credential, such as an occupational certificate or an industry-recognized credential awarded through an apprenticeship or other worker training program. This brief profiles states that have found innovative policy solutions to develop the human capital of workers through apprenticeship. The strategies they have deployed occur at all different levels of leadership, and with different levels of financial investment.

Technology Adoption
02/04/2016: Horizon Report - 2016 Higher Education Edition, New Media Consortium (NMC) and EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI) - The experts agreed on two long-term impact trends: advancing cultures of innovation, as well as fundamentally rethinking how universities and colleges work. These are just two of the 18 topics analyzed in the NMC Horizon Report: 2016 Higher Education Edition, indicating the key trends, significant challenges, and important technological developments that are very likely to impact changes in higher education around the world over the next five years.

Data Analysis & Assessment
02/11/2016: Readers Respond to Redesigned and Wordier SAT, by Nancy Wartik, New York Times - Is it unfair to some students that the redesigned SAT, being rolled out next month, will include longer and harder reading passages and wordier math problems than before? Anemona Hartocollis's article on the topic drew more than 900 responses from readers.

02/10/16: New Data Framework for Higher Ed has Massive Implications, by Meris Stansbury, eCampus News - Gates Foundation, IHEP to develop a national metrics framework to factor in today's "post-traditional" students.

02/01/2016: 5 Strategies to Implement Successful University-Wide Student Success Initiatives, by Rick Sluder, EducauseReview - MTSU's student success achievements since then are remarkable, including a three-percent increase in freshmen retention -  the highest retention rate and largest one-year increase in more than 15 years.

Back to 'In This Issue'
Funding & Economics
02/10/2016: Obama Wants To Permanently Link Pell Grants To Inflation, by Tyler Kingkade, HuffPost Politics - In Tuesday's funding request, Obama asked Congress to permanently tie Pell Grant awards to inflation. Pell Grants are given to low-income college students, and unlike student loans, do not need to be paid back. It's potentially the last effort by Obama to boost Pell Grants, which during his presidency fell to a historic low in the proportion of cost of attendance they covered.

02/10/2016: Students Are Still Saddled With Soaring Textbook Costs, Report Says, by Herb Weisbaum, NBC News, Business - Since 2006, the cost of a college textbook has increased by 73 percent -  or more than four times the rate of inflation -  according to Covering the Cost, a new report from the non-profit Student PIRGs (Public Interest Research Groups). It's not uncommon for an individual book to cost more than $200, and some have price tags that go as high as $400, the report said.

02/09/2016: Why Shouldn't Education Be Free?, by Sarah Lewis, AFL-CIO - Higher education is not a commodity. It is a social good. It's increasingly necessary to get a good, middle-class job. A more highly educated workforce can be more adaptable and make the country more competitive. So why shouldn't it be free for everyone?

Transfer & Articulation
01/2016: Tracking Transfer: New Measures of Institutional and State Effectiveness in Helping Community College Students Attain Bachelor's Degrees, by Davis Jenkins and John Fink, Community College Research Center (CCRC) - This report is designed to help improve transfer student outcomes by helping institutional leaders and policymakers better understand current outcomes and providing them with metrics for benchmarking their performance.

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