Updates from The SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies     


Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University   
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.
"We are no longer happy so soon as
we wish to be happier."  - Walter Savage Landor
VOLUME 5, ISSUE 19 - November 1, 2015 
In This Issue



10/27/2015: Learning While Earning: The New Normal, Georgetown University, Center on Education and the Workforce - In this video, Dr. Anthony P. Carnevale and Dr. Nicole Smith contribute insights on the challenges that stem from combining work with ongoing learning. Students who attend college while working have to balance competing priorities. Watch Dr. Carnevale, Dr. Smith and students explain what can be done to improve the education pathway for working college students.

10/27/2015: Grads of Historically Black Colleges Have Well-Being Edge, by Sean Seymour and Julie Ray, Gallup - Black graduates of HBCUs are more likely than black graduates of other colleges to strongly agree they had the support and experiential learning opportunities in college that Gallup finds are strongly related to graduates' well-being later in life. In turn, these experiences may also contribute to black HBCU graduates being more likely to strongly agree that their colleges prepared them for life after graduation (55%) than black graduates of other institutions (29%).

10/27/2015: Open Textbook Network Saves Students $1.5 Million, Inspires OER Senate Bill, by Dian Schaffhauser, Campus Technology - A bill introduced in the United States Senate this month would encourage colleges and universities to try out open educational resources (OER) by funding pilot programs. One of the sponsors of Senate Bill 2176 was Al Franken, senator from the state of Minnesota, where the University of Minnesota's Center for Open Education recently announced that its Open Textbook Network has saved students an estimated $1.5 million in textbook costs.

10/26/2015: Master's Requirement Threatens Equity in Dual Enrollment Access, by Abigail Swisher, EdCentral - The Higher Learning Commission (HLC), which accredits colleges and universities in 19 states across the West and Midwest, recently ruled that in order to teach a dual-enrollment course to high school students teachers must hold a master's degree. Further, if that degree is not in the subject that they teach, they must have at least eighteen graduate-level course credits in that area.

10/26/2015: Poll: Americans Give High Marks to Community Colleges for Quality, Value, by Jon Marcus, The Hechinger Report - If they knew a high school graduate who had inherited $200,000, nearly two-thirds of those polled said they would encourage him or her to go to a community college and keep the rest of the money, instead of spending it all on a four-year degree, the survey, by WGBH News in Boston, found.

10/25/2015: Disconnect: American Higher Education Versus The American People, by Tom Lindsay, Forbes - A Washington Post op ed displays with unusual clarity the growing disconnect between the higher education establishment and the society it serves.

10/23/2015: Want to Change the World? Start With Community Colleges, by Elizabeth Shockman and Sophie Reid, WBEZ91.5 - Community college is often perceived as the underdog in American higher education. Many are plagued by treacherous drop-out rates, poor teaching standards and dismal job prospects. And that's if you're lucky enough to graduate. But inside some of these institutions, revolution is stirring. A lack of opportunities for ordinary Americans is driving colleges to rebuild and rethink. Many of them are finding innovative ways to help their students buck the trend by staying in school and succeeding.

10/22/2015: Accreditation's Real Cost (and Value), by Belle S. Wheelan and Mark A. Elgart, Inside Higher Ed - Unlike the many regulatory requirements that institutions have to deal with that are really only reporting, the process of peer review creates significant benefit to institutions to help them study themselves with expert colleagues, plan for the future, and discover and address their blind spots.

10/22/2015: Report: Higher Ed Spending More on Adjuncts, Admins Than Core Faculty, by Tara Garca Mathewson, EducationDive - A new report from the Campaign for the Future of Higher Education has the American Association of University Professors calling foul over spending priorities in higher ed.

10/21/2015: Should We Turn High School Into College?, by Sarah Butrymowicz, The Hechinger Report - Now, there are 280 early college schools nationwide - nearly 50 of which are in Texas. So far, the model has proven largely successful in graduating students from high school and introducing them to college courses. Most function like magnet schools, though, with students choosing to attend or even needing to apply.

10/20/2015: How Community Colleges Changed the Whole Idea of Education in America, by Sean Trainor, Time Magazine - To appreciate the role that community colleges can be expected to play in reforming higher education today, Americans would do well to consider their long history of innovation.

10/19/2015: Maine High Schoolers Flock to Early College Programs, by Noel K. Gallagher, Portland Press Herald - Participation is at a record level as various courses give students a way to cut tuition costs, get a taste of what's ahead or help decide whether to pursue a degree.

09/30/2015: Curmudgeons in the Community College, YouTube - Terry O'Banion discusses some of the damage caused by community college curmudgeons in this excerpt from his Special Session at the 2015 Innovations conference in Boston.

08/12/2015: What's Behind the Deep South's Low High School Graduation Rates?, by Sarah Butrymowicz, Hechinger Report - When you look at our national high school graduation rate map, it's impossible to miss how low graduation rates are in the Deep South. These states don't have the worst graduation rates in the country. That dubious distinction belongs to Oregon, New Mexico and Nevada.
To view our entire Miscellaneous Resources section, click here.
10/21/2015: Study: Students Feel Prepared, but Not Fully, for Careers, Inside Higher Ed - Less than a tenth of students feel their college education fully prepared them for their careers, according to a new large survey by Instructure, the education technology company behind Canvas.

To view our entire Statistics-Oriented Resources section, click here.
Online Education
10/22/2015: New Project Tackles Alternative Credit, by Laura Devaney, eCampus News - A group 111 of alternative credit course offerings will be part of a new initiative to help nontraditional learners earn college degrees. The American Council on Education's (ACE) Alternative Credit Project features low- or no-cost, lower-division general education online courses that were submitted by a group of non-accredited course providers chosen to participate in the Alternative Credit Project.

10/15/2015: 3 Characteristics of Successful Next-gen Online Learning, by Kevin Gibbs and Claire Stuve, eCampus News - Though the online format expands access to a wide market of students, online learning isn't automatically intuitive or engaging to students. Particularly in large introductory courses, earlier models of online learning often failed to incorporate the types of active learning necessary to keep students engaged and motivated.
To view our entire Online Education section, click here.
College Readiness
10/22/2015: Individual Learning Plans for College and Career Readiness: State Policies and School-Based Practices, The
National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC) and Hobsons -  This report examines how states and schools have responded to these demands through schools' use and implementation of Individual Learning Plans (ILPs) and expands upon two prior reports developed by Hobsons in 2009 and 2011.

10/20/2015: More Students Earning Diplomas, but is Graduation Bar High Enough?, by Kyla Calvert Mason, PBS NewsHour - The easier-to-earn diplomas highlighted in NPR's reporting are widespread. A report from Achieve, an education advocacy group that helped develop the Common Core Standards, concluded 39 states offer at least one type of high school diploma that doesn't require four years of grade-level English and three years of grade-level math. That's the baseline the group sets for students to be college- and career-ready.

10/15/2015: Ensuring College Readiness and Academic System Alignment for All Students, by Julie Ajinkya, Lynn Brabender, Elisa Chen and Melissa Moreland, Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP) - Use this guidebook to learn more about how different communities navigate The Pathway to College for their most underserved students and how you could adopt these practices and tools in your own communities.

To view our entire College Readiness section, click here.
Remedial Education
10/23/2015: Want to Increase Student Success? Redesign Community Colleges, by Sophie Reid, The Take Away - Across the board, community colleges struggle to keep students on track. But what can they do to redesign themselves, to tailor student experiences, and boost graduation rates?

10/06/2015: I-Team: Schools Look at New Placement Techniques After Study Says Tests Fail, by Ann Givens, Pei-Sze Cheng and Vaishali Gauba, News 4 New York - Tom Bailey, director of the Community College Research Center at Columbia University's Teachers College, said another factor is at work. He said the tests students take to determine whether they need remedial classes get unreliable results. Bailey's research showed that about a third of students who placed into remedial classes could have passed for-credit classes with a grade of B or better.

To view our entire Remedial Education section, click here.
College Completion
college completion
10/21/2015: College Completion: Not Just About the Money, by Brad Hershbein, Brookings - The barriers to completion extend far beyond a lack of money to pay for college. In addition to poor academic preparation of students, scholars point to insufficient resources at the college level-students cannot always get into required classes and they forget certain deadlines when they have no one to help them. Poorer students are also disproportionately affected by family and other obligations. Indeed, these issues often become more salient when the initial hurdle of money for tuition is lowered, and students who otherwise may never have even applied enroll in college.

To view our entire College Completion section, click here.
Back to 'In This Issue'
Workforce Development
10/22/2015: When Making Career Moves, Americans Switch Companies, by Brandon Rigoni and Bailey Nelson, Gallup - When Americans make a career move, they most often take a new position outside their organization, instead of one within it. The overwhelming majority -- 93% -- of U.S. adults say that the last time they changed roles, they left their employer to do so. Fewer than one in 10 (7%) say they took a new position within the same company.

10/22/2015: Three-in-Ten U.S. Jobs Are Held by the Self-Employed and the Workers They Hire, PewResearchCenter - Self-employed Americans and the workers they hired accounted for 44 million jobs in 2014, or 30% of the national workforce, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of data the U.S. Census Bureau recently made publicly available for the first time. The self-employed, 14.6 million in all, represented 10% of the nation's 146 million workers, and they in turn provided jobs for 29.4 million other workers.                
To view our entire Workforce Development section, click here.
Technology Adoption
10/26/2015: Pupils Learn Poorly When Using Most Computer Programs, by Lund University, Science Daily - "Most digital learning tools used in schools are unsatisfactory and only test the knowledge the pupils already have," says Bjrn Sjdn, who has reviewed a large number of computer programs in his doctoral thesis "What Makes Good Educational Software?"

10/22/2015: Penn State Technology Allows Faculty and Students to Build Their Own Textbooks from OER, by David Nagel, Campus Technology - Penn State researchers have been piloting a technology that allows faculty (and students) to build e-textbooks algorithmically using keywords to gather together materials from open resources.

To view our entire Technology Adoption section, click here.
Data Analysis & Assessment
10/27/2015: Powered by Predictive Data: How Central Carolina Community College Will Identify and Support At-Risk Students through Proactive Coaching, by Lisa Cook, Academic Impressions - Central Carolina Community College set out to improve completion rates for at-risk students by embedding success coaches in targeted departments in Spring 2013, as part of a larger initiative funded by a 2012 Title III grant that included launching a College Success Center, adding the team of success coaches, and implementing an early alert advising system. The addition of coaching has already led to a 13 percent increase in student persistence.

10/01/2015: Predictive Analytics Solutions for Education, Campus Technology - Educational institutions at every level are facing demands for greater accountability for what students learn and for managing costs and other resources more effectively. Meeting these challenges involves making a host of operational decisions every day, as well as being smarter about strategic decisions around the student life cycle. 
To view our entire Data Analysis & Assessment section, click here.
Back to 'In This Issue'
Funding & Economics
10/22/2015: Biden Backs Free College, by Michael Stratford, Inside Higher Ed - Vice President Joe Biden, announcing on Wednesday that he will not enter the 2016 presidential race, called for a national commitment to free public higher education that goes beyond what the Obama administration has proposed.

10/21/2015: Pay Off Student Debt With Community Service, by Ed Perlmutter and Danielle Mitchell, The Hill - Would you be willing to give back to your country - and gain valuable on-the-job experience rebuilding America - in return for paying off your student loan debt? That's the idea behind the National Design Services Act (NDSA). The bill includes architectural graduates in the same programs that offer loan assistance or tuition forgiveness to graduates with other types of professional degrees in return for providing pro-bono services to the community.

10/20/2015: Make Pell Grants Conditional on College Readiness, by Isabel V. Sawhill, Brookings - So what are we getting for this expenditure? Not as much as we should. Although Pell Grants increase enrollment in higher education, there is no evidence that they increase rates of graduation. A substantial portion of Pell money is used for remedial courses designed to teach students what they didn't learn in high school. But students who are not ready for college are likely to join the millions dropping out every year.

To view our entire Funding & Economics section, click here.
Transfer & Articulation
06/08/2015: 2 + 2 Shouldn't = 5,
by Ashley A. Smith, Inside Higher
Ed - One of the largest barriers to completing a bachelor's degree is losing credits when transferring from a community college. Even with articulation agreements between two-year and four-year institutions, a significant number of credits may end up lost in the shuffle.

To view our entire Transfer & Articulation section, click here.
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