Updates from the SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies     


Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University  
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.
 VOLUME 5, ISSUE 12 - June 21, 2015
"The man who does not read has no advantage over the man who cannot read." -Mark Twain    
In This Issue



Upcoming Summer Break

It is customary for The SOURCE to extend to our loyal readership a brief summer break.

Our next issue of Updates from the SOURCE will be published on August 9, 2015, when we will resume our bi-weekly distribution schedule.

Reports & Articles 


06/15/2015: What Makes A College Veteran Friendly?, by Alexander McCoy, Task & Purpose - So what truly makes a college veteran friendly, and what can other colleges do to improve? Here are some clues to look for when seeking out a veteran-friendly school.

06/14/2015: 7 Seriously Bad Ideas That Rule Higher Education, by Joshua Kim, Inside Higher Ed,  Technology and Learning - In a world of information abundance, an education that is valuable (at least one that anybody will pay for) will be small-scale - one built an environment where the professor and the student know each other as individuals. This is the real lesson of MOOCs, adaptive learning platforms, and all those other technologies that seek to lower the cost of education by prioritizing scale over relationships.

06/12/2015: The Five U.S. Cities With the Most Educated Latinos, by Janie Boschma, NationalJournal - Nowhere is educational attainment higher for Latinos than in Miami, where 26 percent of Latino working adults ages 25-64 hold at least a four-year degree. By comparison, 42 percent of Miami's white population is college educated - a 16-point gap.   

06/12/2015: Lingua Franca for Credentials, by Paul Fain, Inside Higher Ed - Credentialing has exploded in type and number in recent years, as job seekers earn a growing range of certificates, badges, experiential transcripts, industry certifications and licenses, in addition to traditional college degrees. That expansion has led to a chaotic, fragmented system, according to the Lumina Foundation. Students and employers often are confused about what credentials represent and whether rigor is behind them.

06/11/2015: Implementing a CBE Program: Lessons Learned from Community Colleges, by Russ Poulin, WCET Frontiers - There has been tremendous growth and innovation in CBE. This is especially true in programs that map well to specific occupations. While it is hard to summarize all that was shared, this article presents some key takeaways of the recent conference on CBE programs.

06/10/2015: Prepare for Stiff Competition to Get an Associate Degree in Nursing, by Devon Haynie, US News & World Report - Students should make sure their prerequisites count toward another degree, just in case they don't get into a nursing program, experts say.

06/09/2015: High School Graduation Rates: The Good, The Bad And The Ambiguous, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR Ed - Officially, the U.S. has a high school graduation rate of 81 percent - a historic high. But our months-long investigation, in partnership with reporters at 14 member stations, reveals that this number should be taken with a big grain of salt.

06/09/2015: Solving Latino Achievement Gap Critical for Arizona's Future, by Lea Marquez Peterson and Eileen Klein,  Arizona Star, Tucson.com - Hispanic students are less likely than the general population to enroll in either college or graduate school. While 50 percent of Arizona's high-school students pursue post-secondary education, only 44 percent of Hispanic students pursue a college education. Even more startling, only 10 percent of Hispanic students who enroll in our public universities will earn a degree; given that two-thirds of all jobs by 2018 will require a post-secondary education.

06/08/2015: Rich vs. Poor: The Growing 'Class' Gap in Higher Education, by Brian C. Mitchell, HuffPost, College - Through a battery of math and reading tests to determine whether the most disadvantaged students were simply overconfident with their dreams "outstripping their academic skills;" the finding is telling: "educational achievement does not explain the gap in bachelor's degree attainment." Put in other terms: "Class trumps ability when it comes to college graduation." Both reports raise the question of whether education from "cradle to career" is in a crisis from which it can recover.

04/2015: Credentials for All: An Imperative for SREB States, Southern Regional Education Board - The future looks brighter for young people with the right postsecondary credentials. Higher education attainment of any kind benefits individuals in the labor market. Post-recession, jobs for those with bachelor's degrees have increased, and jobs for workers with some college or a postsecondary credential have mostly recovered.


To view our entire Miscellaneous Resources sectionclick here.

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06/10/2015: Mapping College Ready Policies, Atlas - The Mapping College Ready Policies database contains data on state policies collected by New America's Education Policy Program to show how states are currently thinking about college and career readiness. Data collection for the report took place between February and May of 2015, reflecting the policies in effect for the 2014-15 academic year. In this section, we explain the data collected, the criteria used in data selection, and the methodology used for this analysis.


To view our entire Statistics-Oriented Resources section, click here.

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Online Education

Reports & Articles


06/05/2015: Daphne Koller on the Future of Online Education, by Alexandra Wolfe, The Wall Street Journal - The Coursera co-founder on the advantages of learning online-and why traditional universities aren't going to disappear.

06/04/2015: Thrun Sees Nanodegrees as Key to Ed Democratization, by Tara García Mathewson, EducationDive - The Next Web reports that nanodegrees are designed to take six to nine months to finish and cost a flat $200 per month, with coursework completable at any time and graded on demand.


To view our entire Online Education section, click here.

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College Readiness

Reports & Articles


06/13/2015: Collecting Credit Before College Even Begins, by Kimberly Bonvissuto, Crain's Cleveland Business - While many are pursuing college-level courses in high school to combat the skyrocketing costs of higher education, school administrators say exposing high school students to challenging college-level work also is important for their future success.  

06/05/2015: Forum Guide to College and Career Ready Data, National Center for Education Statistics - The Forum Guide to College and Career Ready Data examines how data are being used to support CCR initiatives.

06/2015: Course, Counselor, and Teacher Gaps: Addressing the College Readiness Challenge in High-Poverty High Schools, CLASP - The analysis highlights stark differences in the quality of college preparation that high school students receive based on their schools' concentration of poverty. The paper compares characteristics of high-poverty high schools (more than 75 percent of students eligible for free or reduced lunch) to mid-high poverty (50-75 percent eligible), mid-low poverty (25-50 percent eligible), and low-poverty high schools (fewer than 25 percent of students eligible).


To view our entire College Readiness section, click here.

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Remedial Education

Reports & Articles


06/13/2015: Organizations Try to Close the College Adviser Gap in California, by Lillian Mongeau, KQED News - With few exceptions, 17 and 18-year-olds tend to be terrible at meeting deadlines, finishing tasks without reminders or putting themselves out there to ask questions that might make them look dumb. All of these skills are needed to successfully register for and take college entrance exams, write personal statements, research schools, complete applications, pay fees, fill out financial aid applications, apply for scholarships, and any number of other tasks needed for kids to get into and enroll in college.

06/10/2015: Are Remedial Courses Actually Hurting Community College Students?, by Jay Mathews, The Washington Post - Critics have noted that if the applicants knew how much rode on their scores they might spend some time preparing for the tests. Many of these students are recent high school graduates who haven't looked at a book all summer. Others have been out of school for years.

06/01/2015: New Study Evaluates Remedial Pathways for Community College Students, PhysOrg - Academic programs that provide alternatives to traditional remedial education help students succeed at community colleges, but different programs result in a range of outcomes for various sub-populations of students. Drew Allen, a New York University doctoral student and director of the Office of Research, Evaluation, and Program Support at the City University of New York (CUNY), devoted his doctoral research to the evaluation of three current programmatic approaches at CUNY community colleges.   


To view our entire Remedial Education section, click here.

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College Completion

Reports & Articles


06/11/2015: Getting More Students Across the Finish Line, by Daniel Greenstein, Impatient Optimists - Education after high school has become part of the American Dream. Unfortunately, the odds are against many students striving to realize that dream.  From financial burdens to a lack of clear information on the cost of college and the return on their investment, students face a number of hurdles on their way to earning degrees or credentials.  Although we as a nation have made strides to eliminate some of these obstacles, more than 40 percent of students who start college don't graduate.

06/08/2015: AIR Index: Who Completes College?, by Harry J. Holzer, American Institutes for Research (AIR) - In "Is It Worth It? Postsecondary Education and Labor Market Outcomes for the Disadvantaged", study co-author Harry J. Holzer (of AIR's Center on the Analysis of Longitudinal Data for Education Research, or CALDER) looks at administrative data from the state of Florida on college entrants among high school graduates to portray who completes college and at what kind of degree program - vocational/certificate, associate's degree (AA) or bachelor's degree (BA).

To view our entire College Completion section, click here. 

Workforce Development

Reports & Articles


06/15/2015: Eyeing Tesla, College Offers New 4-year Degree in Logistics, San Jose Mercury News - Truckee Meadows President Maria Sheehan said it's the responsibility of community colleges to respond to changing economic climates as quickly as possible. "And that's the exciting part - when you can do something that is responsive that's going to address certainly jobs for the future and economic revitalization," she said.  "Distribution and logistics are key to so many industries that are here now and industries that are coming," said Michael Pender, the managing director of Porous Power Technologies.   


06/12/2015: Community Colleges Skilled at "Upskilling", by Augusta A. Julian, Kentucky.com - "Upskilling" is the new term for moving through levels of skill development to prepare for the next step in a career. Corporate staffing professionals at the summit gave the community colleges our due as skilled workforce providers, but they also challenged us to do better.

06/11/2015: Remediation for Job Seekers, by Paul Fain, Inside Higher Ed - A new consortium of four community colleges will work on course content with big companies in advanced manufacturing and financial services. The group, announced today, includes Neosho County Community College, a largely rural institution located in Kansas, Everett Community College in Washington State, the City University of New York's LaGuardia Community College and the Alamo Colleges, a five-college system located in San Antonio.

06/05/2015: Institutions Say This Is the New Priority in Higher Education, by Ron Bethke, eCampus News - According to the results the Education Advisory Board (EAB)'s annual Future of Online and Professional Education Survey, improving how institutions track career success has emerged as the highest priority for senior executives of online and professional higher education programs.

06/03/2015: Help Wanted: 11 Million College Grads, by Bill Gates, GatesNotes - By 2025, two thirds of all jobs in the US will require education beyond high school. (That includes two-year and four-year college degrees as well as postsecondary certificates.)  

05/28/2015: Nonacademic Skills Are Key To Success. But What Should We Call Them?, by Anya Kamenetz, NPR, Education - More and more people in education agree on the importance of learning stuff other than academics. But no one agrees on what to call that "stuff". 


To view our entire Workforce Development section, click here.

Technology Adoption

Reports & Articles


06/11/2015: New York Community College Goes Solar, by Joshua Bolkan, Campus Technology - Tompkins Cortland Community College (TC3) has completed a solar photovoltaic installation at its main campus designed to provide 90 percent of the college's electricity, for a savings of approximately $300,000 per year at current utility rates.

06/09/2015: More Bandwidth Per User: Keeping Up With Student Demand, by Toni Fuhrman, Campus Technology - By the year 2019, mobile traffic is expected to grow tenfold, according to a Cisco report released earlier this year. The same report indicates that global mobile data traffic grew 69 percent in 2014 - reaching about 30 times the size of the entire global Internet in 2000. By 2019, there will be nearly 1.5 mobile devices per capita (a total of 11.5 billion), exceeding the world's projected population (7.6 billion) at that time.     


To view our entire Technology Adoption section, click here.

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Data Analysis & Assessment

Reports & Articles  


06/14/2015: Colleges are Using Big Data to Identify When Students are Likely to Flame Out, by Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, The Washington Post - Researchers at the firm pored over the university's files and found that students who were withdrawing from or failing classes were most likely to leave. With that insight, the company created a platform that let VCU advisers flag students who are in that danger zone and intervene. Sometimes that means getting students set up with a tutor or simply making sure they are taking the right classes to complete their degree.

06/05/2015: Forum Guide to College and Career Ready Data, National Center for Education Statistics - The Forum Guide to College and Career Ready Data examines how data are being used to support CCR initiatives. 

To view our entire Data Analysis & Assessment section, click here.

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Funding & Economics

Reports & Articles


06/12/2015: Local Colleges See Record Budgets, by Gary Warth, San Diego Union Tribune - Community colleges throughout the county are seeing record increases and some of their biggest budgets ever this month following a windfall in state funding.

06/11/2015: Federal and State Funding of Higher Education, The Pew Charitable Trusts - Policymakers across the nation face difficult decisions about higher education funding. Federal leaders, for example, are debating the future of the Pell Grant program. The Obama administration has proposed increasing the maximum Pell Grant award to keep pace with inflation in the coming years, while members of Congress have recommended freezing it at its current level.

06/09/2015: Students, Take Note: Your Summer Job Could Affect Your Financial Aid, by Elizabeth Chuck, NBC News - "Depending on the individual circumstances, if you're receiving need-based aid, it may not be financially beneficial for you to work too much," said Mark Kantrowitz, senior vice president and publisher of Edvisors.com, a website about planning and paying for college.

06/08/2015: New Partnerships Add Visibility for College Costs, by Michael Hart, The Journal - College Abacus, a free tool that allows students and their parents to compare the projected cost of higher education across multiple institutions, is operated by the ECMC Innovation Lab, an incubator for new products designed to empower students to succeed in higher education.  


To view our entire Funding & Economics section, click here.

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Transfer & Articulation

Reports & Articles


06/08/2015: LePage, Maine College Systems Announce Sweeping Credit Transfer Deal, by Michael Shepherd, CentralMaine - Maine's university and community college systems signed a sweeping agreement that will allow students to complete more than a year of general education classes and transfer them between any of the state's 14 public institutions.

05/20/2015: Reflections on Arkansas' Reverse Transfer Experiment, by Sara Garcia, Office of Community College Research and Leadership - Through grant funding from the Kresge Foundation, Arkansas is one of 15 states participating in Credit When It's Due (CWID), a project designed to facilitate and improve reverse transfer processes.

05/2015: Does the Associate's Degree Matter? Evidence from Hawaii and Ohio, by Jason L. Taylor, CWID Data Note - A fundamental question associated with reverse transfer policies relates to the value of the associate's degree. Because reverse transfer programs are a relatively new innovation, there is no existing research on the impact of receiving an associate's degree after transfer. The CWID Impact Study currently underway is addressing this question in the context of reverse transfer implementation efforts.


To view our entire Transfer & Articulation section, click here.

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