Updates from the SOURCE on Community College  
Issues, Trends & Strategies     
Published by
The Roueche Graduate Center, National American University  
in partnership with Lorenzo Associates, Inc.
 VOLUME 5, ISSUE 5 - March 8, 2015


"Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little
falls into lazy habits of thinking." - Albert Einstein  
In This Issue




Reports & Articles 


03/01/2015: Community Colleges' Role as MSIs Expanding, by Jamal Eric Watson, Diverse - Although they often operate at the margins, nearly 22 percent of the nation's community colleges are minority-serving institutions and are responsible for enrolling about 55 percent of college-going minorities, according to a new report released by the Center for Minority Servings Institutions at the University of Pennsylvania.

02/26/2015: Day of Protest, by Colleen Flaherty and Kaitlin Mulhere, Inside Higher Ed - It started as a simple question on social media: What would happen if adjuncts across the country walked out on the same day, at the same time? That question got answered Wednesday - sort of - on the first-ever National Adjunct Walkout Day.

02/20/2015: College, Technical Training Key to Success After High School Graduation, by Stuart Hirsch, Center For Digital Education - Three in five employers foresee hiring more four-year college graduates, and about half plan to hire more two-year college, or technical school graduates, according to a recent report.

02/19/2015: Georgia Bill Would Lower Tuition, Increase College Access For Undocumented Students, by Daniel Funke, USA TODAY, College - In Georgia , undocumented individuals are not permitted to attend large, competitive public universities like the University of Georgia (UGA) or Georgia Tech. They can instead apply to colleges that have spots left after their regular applicant pool has been chosen.

02/17/2015: Why We Need to Smash Up the Concept of the Achievement Gap in Tiny Little Pieces, by Andre Perry, The Washington Monthly, College Guide - Outcomes for male collegians of color are lagging because postsecondary leaders aren't held accountable for changing them.

02/16/2015: Who Are the Curmudgeons?, by Terry O'Banion, Community College Week - Curmudgeons are well represented in every kind of American institution-religious organizations, government, corporations, foundations, hospitals, unions, etc. They are particularly visible in the world of education, which may provide a fertile crucible for the production of curmudgeons. A recent study on curmudgeons in community colleges - the first of its kind - tells us who they are.

02/13/2015: Libraries in the Digital Age? Yes, They're Still Crucial, by Jackie Jadrnak, Center For Digital Education - A panel in New Mexico helped open eyes to the many roles already filled by libraries - a reality, panel members said, that many policy-makers sadly are not that familiar with.

02/2015: Transformative Change Initiative (TCI), Office of Community College Research and Leadership, UI at Urbana-Champaign - The Transformative Change Initiative (TCI) is dedicated to assisting community colleges to scale-up innovations that improve student outcomes and program, organization, and system performance. TCI defines transformative change as follows: Raising the individual, organizational, and system performance of community colleges to unprecedented levels without sacrificing their historic commitment to access and equity.

02/2015: Governors' Top Education Issues: 2015 State of the State Addresses, by Stephanie Aragon and Julie Rowland, ECS Education Trends - Eleven governors promised funding to develop or expand preschool and kindergarten opportunities, especially for low-income families. Governors show particular interest in expanding access to full-day kindergarten and improving the overall quality of early learning programs.  


To view our entire Miscellaneous Resources sectionclick here.

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02/27/2015: Basic Facts About U.S. Higher Education Today, Higher Ed Spotlight, ACE - Center for Policy Research & Strategy - In today's society, a postsecondary education is critical to good citizenship, individual opportunity, and national competitiveness. Higher education in the United States comprises thousands of institutions that serve a wide diversity of students and an equally wide variety of academic preparation levels. As the demand for higher education grows, unpacking this diversity has become important to inform public dialogue about how students access higher education and whether or not they are successful.


To view our entire Statistics-Oriented Resources section, click here.

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Online Education

Reports & Articles


03/2015: Improving Online Instruction: A Case Study, League For Innovation - In fall 2009, the Chattanooga State Community College math department faced a problem not uncommon to colleges around the nation: Online course offerings had high failure rates and were not a quality experience for students.

02/24/2014: You Can Now Get College Credit Without Ever Taking a Class, by Matt Krupnick, Time - Critics fear that in the rush to compete for students by promising them credits for experience, some colleges and universities will make getting competency-based credits too easy. Accreditors are still scrambling to set up standards for the practice. And a new study by the American Enterprise Institute raises other questions that remain unresolved, including how students will earn credit in this way, how much they will be charged for it and whether they will really save money over the long term.


To view our entire Online Education section, click here.

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College Readiness

Reports & Articles


02/17/2015: Comprehensive College Readiness Series: Why Does College Readiness Matter?, by Julie Sweitzer,  College and Career Readiness and Success Center - It is increasingly evident that, in the 21st century global economy, completion of a postsecondary credential or degree is the best path to a middle- or upper-class income and standard of living (Goldin & Katz, 2008; Haskins, 2008). In fact, a recent estimate states that, by 2018, 63 percent of all jobs in the United States will require some form of postsecondary education and training (Carnevale, Smith, & Strohl, 2010).

02/2015: College Preparation for African American Students: Gaps in the High School Educational Experience, by Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant, CLASP -  One of the biggest challenges that must be addressed through college and career readiness reform is the grave disparity in preparation for certain racial and ethnic sub-groups, as well as low-income and first-generation college students. In particular, African American students are far less likely to be ready for college, with those in high-poverty schools being the least prepared (ACT, 2013).


To view our entire College Readiness section, click here.

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Remedial Education

Reports & Articles


02/15/2015: My Turn: Critics Overlook the Strengths of Common Core, by Claire Von Karls and Betsey Phillips, Concord Monitor - The Governors Association and State School Officers took stock of our educational needs and shortcomings. They concluded that shared core standards would improve the preparation all of our kids receive in school.  


To view our entire Remedial Education section, click here.

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College Completion

Reports & Articles


03/03/2015: New Cengage Partnership Aims to Boost Community College Completion, by Tara García Mathewson, Education Dive - Boston-based education content, technology, and services company Cengage Learning on Monday announced a partnership with Achieving the Dream, which focuses on helping low-income and minority community college students earn their degrees.

03/2015: Supporting First-gen College Students, by Ioanna Opidee, University Business - Here are 24 ideas for guiding students through the social, academic, financial, and administrative challenges of college.

02/25/2015: Obama Brings Hope to Undocumented Students, by Jamal Eric Watson, Diverse - "President Obama's immigration plan would give millions of undocumented immigrants an opportunity to come out of the shadows to get an education and become law abiding and tax paying citizens," she said. "We must not let partisan politics stand in the way of what is morally right."

02/25/2015: Family Influence on Education, by Kaitlin Mulhere, Inside Higher Ed - Spending your teenage years in a single-parent family puts you at a larger educational disadvantage today than it did 40 years ago, claims a new study.

02/24/2015: The College Dropout Problem May Not Be as Bad as the Government Says, by Akane Otani, Bloomberg Business - In calculating college completion rates, the Department of Education may be undercounting students who start at one school and graduate from another.

02/2015: Completing College: A State-Level View of Student Attainment Rates, by Doug Shapiro, Afet Dundar, Phoebe Khasiala Wakhungu, Xin Yuan and Autumn T. Harrell, National Student Clearinghouse - As a supplement to Completing College: A National View of Student Attainment Rates - Fall 2008 Cohort (2014), hereafter "Completing College," this report focuses on six-year student success outcomes and college completion rates by state. The results are displayed in three sets of tables organized by institution type, showing each state's outcomes for students who started postsecondary education at four-year public institutions, two-year public institutions, and four-year private nonprofit institutions.


To view our entire College Completion section, click here. 

Workforce Development

Reports & Articles


02/27/2015: Nursing - Supply and Demand Through 2020, by Anthony P. Carnevale, Nicole Smith and Artem Gulish, Georgetown University, Center on Education and the Workforce - The end of the Great Recession will signal more nursing shortages. Many of the earlier cases supporting the existence of nursing shortages preceded the Great Recession, and the trends will likely reassert themselves after the recovery reaches full employment, which is projected for 2017.

02/19/2015: 6 Ways the Great Recession Changed Hiring, by Kazim Ladimeji, Recruiter - Employers have likely noticed that more and more resumes contain employment gaps in the post-recession world. This is not surprising, due to the high levels of unemployment experienced during the recession. It's probably also quite worrying for the job applicants who have to present their battle-scarred resumes, which contain a few too many gaps in employment. Still, the fact remains: resumes with gaps are a post-recession reality that employers and candidates must deal with.

02/18/2015: U.S. Millennials Come Up Short in Global Skills Study, by Sarah D. Sparks, Center For Digital Education - The analysis specifically highlights that the skills gap goes beyond young people who are typically seen as more "at-risk," like immigrants and high school dropouts.

02/2015: Making Skills Everyone's Business, U.S. Department of Education Office of Career, Technical and Adult Education - The Department of Education (ED) asked the OECD to perform additional analyses of the U.S. data to provide a more detailed understanding of the low-skilled population and suggest policy recommendations. The resulting report, Time for the U.S. to Reskill?,1 found that 36 million adults in the United States have low skills, scoring below Level 2 on the literacy assessment.  


To view our entire Workforce Development section, click here.

Technology Adoption

Reports & Articles


02/23/2015: 6 Key Trends Accelerating Technology Adoption in Higher Education in 2015, by Chris Parr, Times Higher Education, News - The NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Higher Education Edition came out earlier this month, declaring what its panel of experts believes to be the key trends that will accelerate the adoption of technology in higher education in the coming years. As of last year, these trends were gathered together and give a brief overview of each.

01/12/2015: Top 10 IT Issues, 2015: Inflection Point, by Susan Grajek, EducauseReview - EDUCAUSE presents the top 10 IT issues facing higher education institutions this year. What is new about 2015? Nothing has changed. And everything has changed. Information technology has reached an inflection point.

04/24/2014: Developing the Higher Ed IT Professional, by Jennifer Sparrow, EDUCAUSE - In this conversation with Jennifer Sparrow, Furman University CIO Fred Miller talks about the specific skills needed in higher education IT, including mastery of the technical and an understanding of the strategic.     


To view our entire Technology Adoption section, click here.

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Data Analysis & Assessment

Reports & Articles  


02/26/2015: Performance-Based Funding for Higher Education: What You Need to Know, by Patrick Cain, Academic Impressions - While states and institutions across the country experiment to find successful funding formulas, all will agree that performance-based funding (also termed outcomes-based funding) is once again gaining momentum. A majority (60%) of states have already adopted measures to allocate public funding on the basis of outcomes, and many more plan to follow suit.

To view our entire Data Analysis & Assessment section, click here.

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Funding & Economics

Reports & Articles


02/23/2015: Why American Students are Struggling with Small Debts, by Judy Woodruff, PBS Newshour - Student loan balances climbed to $1.2 trillion at the end of 2014, and delinquencies are rising even as they fall for most other types of debt. In fact, students with the smallest balances are most likely to default. Judy Woodruff learns more from Megan McClean of the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators and William Elliott of the University of Kansas.

02/23/2015: A Student-Debt Revolt Begins, by Vauhini Vara, The New Yorker - They are going on a "debt strike," and will stop repaying their loans. They believe that they have both ethical and legal grounds for what appears to be an unprecedented collective action against the debt charged to students who attended Corinthian schools, and they are also making a broader statement about the trillion dollars of student debt owed throughout the country.  


To view our entire Funding & Economics section, click here.

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Transfer & Articulation

Reports & Articles


02/24/2015: By Counting Transfers, Completion Rate at 4-Year Public Colleges Rises to 63 Percent, by Caralee Adams, Education Week, College Bound - The National Student Clearinghouse released its latest figures on college completion by state, giving a more comprehensive - and encouraging - graduation picture than traditional federal data by including transfer and part-time students.

02/18/2015: Finish a 2-Year Degree at a 4-Year College With a Reverse Transfer, by Kelsey Sheehy,  US News & World Report - When community college students transfer to a four-year school, it's typically with the intent to earn a bachelor's. But sometimes, life gets in the way - and students leave school before they finish the credential. But if students transferred before earning an associate degree, they wind up with nothing to show for their work except student loans, even if they earned the requisite credits.


To view our entire Transfer & Articulation section, click here.

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