Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

American Scientific (June 9, 2013)

The Economist (June 18, 2013)

Oregon Legislature Approves Vaccine Education Bill
Associated Pre
ss (June 19, 2013) 

Associated Press (June 20, 2013) 

Infection Control Today (June 20, 2013)

Minnesota Public Radio (June 21, 2013)  

MedPage Today (June 24, 2013) 

AAFP News Now (June 24, 2013) 

Wisconsin Radio Network (June 24, 2013) 

KSTP News (MN) (June 25, 2013)

Infection Control Today  (June 25, 2013)

NBC Los Angeles (June 27, 2013) 
New York Times (June 29, 2013)

Associated Press (June 30, 2013)

MedPage Today (July 1, 2013) 


Health Department Toolkit: Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) Notifications
CDC recently released a new toolkit to assist local health departments (LHDs) with notifying patients after an infection control lapse or potential disease transmission during medical care. The toolkit includes the key steps a public health department should take to initiate a patient notification. It also provides resources to assist with creating notification documents, planning media and communication strategies, developing communication resources, and releasing notification letters.


U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - Screening for Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection Guidance  The USPSTF recommends screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in persons at high risk for infection. The USPSTF also recommends offering one-time screening for HCV infection to adults born between 1945 and 1965. Please share and read the clinical summary and pass along the consumer fact sheet


RWJF: Extending the Cure Results

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) recently published results from Extending the Cure, CDDEP's "research and consultative effort that frames the growing problem of antibiotic resistance as a challenge in managing a shared societal resource."

11 Year Foodborne Disease Outbreak Summary 

Tracking foodborne disease outbreaks provides valuable insight into the germs and foods that sicken an estimated 48 million Americans each year. CDC's newly released MMWR Surveillance Summary,  "Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks - United States, 1998-2008," offers a comprehensive look at what pathogens, foods, and select settings caused outbreaks during 11 years of a stable surveillance system.  This paper also looks at how outbreak reporting and the foods associated with outbreaks changed over time. 

Updated CDC West Nile Virus Guidelines Available for the 2013 Season

CDC released updated guidelines,  West Nile Virus in the United States: Guidelines for Surveillance, Prevention, and Control, for the 2013 West Nile virus (WNV) season.  This is the first update to the Guidelines since 2003 and provides guidance for communities and public health agencies developing new programs or enhancing existing WNV management programs.


Plan Now: August is National Immunization Awareness Month 

August is recognized as National Immunization Awareness Month. This awareness month highlights the need for improving national immunization coverage levels and encourages all people to protect their health by being immunized against infectious diseases. Refer to the National Health Information Center toolkit to plan your LHD's events and messaging. 


NACCHO's Billing Toolkit for Immunization Programs

NACCHO recently released a toolkit with resources, templates, and tools for LHDs to use and develop capacity to bill third-party payers for immunization services. More than 150 resources are available from state billing guides, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, state health departments, LHDs, insurance companies, and vendors of products such as electronic medical records and billing clearinghouses. Specifically, the toolkit provides the following information:

  • Details on how to get started, such as credentialing steps and contracting processes;
  • How to submit claims; and
  • Steps for establishing billing procedures for other clinical services.
To view and download these tools, please log in or create a NACCHO account hereYou do not have to be associated with an LHD to access these, or any other tools, within NACCHO's website. If you would like to share your tools, resources, or best practices, please email Rebecca Gehring at All tools and resources will be credited to their original author and organization. For general reference, please see the provided fact sheet
NACCHO Immunization Videos Page
NACCHO has gathered videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.

Get Involved

Please join the webinar on Tuesday, July 9 at 2 PM ET, for the launch of the 2013 National Immunization Awareness Month (NIAM) Campaign. 

NIAM activities are being coordinated by the National Public Health Information Coalition (NPHIC) with assistance from the CDC. This important campaign is designed to help public information officers, immunization program managers and Coalition leaders work together to communicate about the importance of immunizations during NIAM and build momentum or "buzz" among provider groups, the media and social networks. 

During the webinar, speakers will unveil a new NIAM toolkit that is designed around themes that will help you communicate about immunizations to a different population each week of the month:

  • Back to School
  • Off to College
  • Not Just For Kids (Adults)
  • A Healthy Start (Expectant mothers and babies)
 Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA) Leadership Award
APUA is now accepting nominations for the 2013 APUA Leadership Award, which recognizes an individual or organization for extraordinary leadership in promoting the prudent use of antibiotics in an effort to contain antibiotic resistance. Deadline for submission is July 15, 2013.

Call for Resources: NACCHO Seeks LHD Billing Tools for HIV/STI/TB Services

Are you currently billing or plan to bill for HIV/STI/TB services? If so, have you developed any resources or tools that could help other LHDs start billing programs?   

Examples of billing resources for HIV/STI/TB services may include:

  • Billing process guidelines or protocols;
  • Billing procedures and training materials for LHD staff;
  • Educational materials to inform clients of billing changes; and
  • Letter of intent to a third-party payer/insurance companies.

Please submit any resources you would like to share to Alyssa Kitlas.


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits
NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide LHDs with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs. 


Comparing Influenza Vaccine Efficacy Against Mismatched and Matched Strains: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Tricco AC, Chit A, Soobiah C, Hallett D, Meier G, Chen MH, Tashkandi M, et al. BMC Medicine. 2013 Jun 25; 11(153).

Cost-Effectiveness of Using 2 vs 3 Primary Doses of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Stoecker C, Hampton LM, Link-Gelles R, Messonnier ML, Zhou F, Moore MR.

Increasing Girls' Knowledge About Human Papillomavirus Vaccination with a Pre-Test and a National Leaflet: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Hofman R, Schiffers PA, Richardus JH, Raat H, de Kok IM, Van Ballegooijen M, et al. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13(611).

Pneumococcal Serotypes Before and After Introduction of Conjugate Vaccines, United States, 1999-2011
Richter SS, Heilmann KP, Dohrn CL, Diekema DJ, Doern GV. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Jul; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.3201/eid1907.121830.  
Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General. 2013 Jun; 24. Report OEI-07-13-00310.

CDC. MMWR. 2013 Jun 28; 62(25): 521-24. 
Schneider et al. Journal of Patient Safety. 2013 march; 9 (1); 8-12. 

Infectious Diseases  

The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


For additional information about NACCHO, visit