Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

Certain Strains of the Cervical Cancer Virus Found in Tumors from Nonsmokers

HealthDay News, WebMD (April 10, 2013) 

Roundworm Infections Threaten Organ Recipients

HealthDay News (April 11, 2013) 


Teen's Death From Chickenpox Highlights Need for Vaccination, CDC Reports

HealthDay News (April 11, 2013)  


Dr. Hilary Koprowski, 96, Developed First Successful Oral Vaccination for Polio

Associated Press (April 14, 2013)  


Andrew Wakefield Tries to Shift Blame for UK Measles Epidemic 

Slate's Bad Astronomy Blog (April 15, 2013)  


Meningitis Not 'a Gay Disease'

The Atlantic (April 15, 2013)   


Health Department Contacting Patients Regarding Potential Exposure to Blood Borne Infection 

Tucson Citizen (April 17, 2013)  


University of Richmond To Hold Vaccination Clinic After Mumps Outbreak

ABC Local (VA) (April 17, 2013)  


Bacterial Meningitis Deaths In Los Angeles Galvanize Activists

Huffington Post (April 17, 2013)   


Whooping-Cough Cases in Illinois Hit 62-year High

Chicago Sun-Times (April 17, 2013) 


Lyme Disease Rate Increasing in the Northern United States

Medscape Today News (April 17, 2013)  


Adult Protection: Take the Next Step, Get Vaccinated 

HHS Health Beat (April 18, 2013) 


OPINION: "Another Voice: HPV Vaccine Is Proven Safe, and It Saves Lives"

Buffalo News (April 18, 2013)  


CDC Cites Increases in Campylobacter, Vibrio Infections
Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (April 18, 2013)

CDC Division of Laboratory Science and Standards (April 18, 2013)
New Jersey 101.5 (April 22, 2013) 
The Southern Illinoisan (April 22, 2013) 
Clinical Advisor (April 22, 2013) 
Associated Press (April 23, 2013)  
Smart Brief (April 23, 2013)  
U.S. News and World Report (April 24, 2013) 
Associated Press (April 24, 2013) 

Taiwan Reports First H7N9 Case Outside of China
Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy News (April 24, 2013) 


New Hampshire Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) Report
The New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Public Health Services, recently released its 2011 Healthcare-Associated Infections Report.

CDC Vaccine Facts Sheets
Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents are updated annually to reflect the most current information available about vaccines, vaccine safety, and vaccine-preventable diseases. CDC recently reviewed and updated (when necessary) the Understanding Vaccines and Vaccine Safety series of fact sheets. Most 2013 updates were minor.

Childhood Immunization as a Tool to Address Health Disparities
The video and presentation slides from the April 2013 session of CDC's Public Health Grand Rounds, "Childhood Immunization as a Tool to Address Health Disparities," are now available.

Promoting Equity Through the Practice of Health Impact Assessment

A Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is an important tool for understanding the health implications of proposed policies, plans, or projects in communities. Equity is a core value of HIAs, yet as the field of HIA practitioners grows, the focus on equity has diminished. To learn more, visit Policy Link.


It's Spring - Time to Prevent Lyme Disease

The CDC has a helpful website on ways to protect people from Lyme disease, including FAQs and a communications toolkit for communities. 


Recreational Water Illness and Injury Prevention Week, May 20-26, 2013

Public health professionals can find various materials to help them inform the public, media, community leaders, and others about Recreational Water Illness and Injury (RWII) Prevention Week. These resources are meant to assist public health professionals engage their target audiences and increase awareness of this yearly observance. 


Adolescent Immunization Brochure from Public Health - Seattle & King County 

The Immunization Program at Public Health - Seattle & King County recently posted a brochure titled Is Your 11 to 18 Year-Old Protected from Serious Diseases? Intended for parents, the double-sided brochure presents clear and convincing reasons for vaccinating preteens and teens against meningococcal disease, pertussis, and human papillomavirus.  


WHO Guide to Making Health Services Adolescent-Friendly

This guidebook by the World Health Organization (WHO) explains the public health rationale for making it easier for adolescents to obtain health services, including sexual and reproductive health services.   


Free Educational Toolkits for Global Immunizations

The AAP, a founding partner of the UN Foundation Shot@Lifecampaign, is offering free educational toolkits for members interested in addressing global immunizations in their local practices. Resources include promotional Shot@Life materials for the office (e.g., posters, pens, and t-shirts) and educational tools such as information cards for parents/patients and talking points on global immunizations. E-mail for more information.


NACCHO's Billing Toolkit for Immunization Programs

NACCHO recently released a toolkit with resources, templates, and tools for LHDs to use and develop capacity to bill third-party payers for immunization services. More than 150 resources are available from state billing guides, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, state health departments, LHDs, insurance companies, and vendors of products such as electronic medical records and billing clearinghouses. Specifically, the toolkit provides the following information:

  • Details on how to get started, such as credentialing steps and contracting processes;
  • How to submit claims; and
  • Steps for establishing billing procedures for other clinical services.
To view and download these tools, please log in or create a NACCHO account hereYou do not have to be associated with an LHD to access these, or any other tools, within NACCHO's website. If you would like to share your tools, resources, or best practices, please email Rebecca Gehring at All tools and resources will be credited to their original author and organization. For general reference, please see the provided fact sheet
NACCHO Immunization Videos Page
NACCHO has gathered
videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.

Get Involved

Daycare Worker and Immunizations
NACCHO is seeking information related to immunizations and daycare workers. Do you have certification programs or local policies, legislation, or ordinances that address this topic? Please email Rebecca Gehring at


Stop TB USA Calls for Working Group Members
NACCHO is seeking local health department (LHD) representatives to serve on the Stop TB USA Working Group. Stop TB USA has organized new working groups related to communications and media, policy education and resources, patients' community forum, and membership and outreach. If you are interested in joining a working group on behalf of NACCHO, please contact

Engaging in Public Health Surveillance Webinar

Join NACCHO Tuesday, April 30, 2013 (3:00-4:00 PM EDT) for a webinar to learn about Chicago Department of Public Health's use of big data and Johns Hopkins University's research on the use of social media as a new data source for public health. Big Data is the capture, storage and management of large data sets that can be analyzed for correlations and valuable change in health improvement. Big data collected from the use of electronic health records, community health, human services, and social media can provide expanded opportunities for LHDs.

May is Hepatitis Awareness Month  

May is designated Hepatitis Awareness Month in the United States, and May 19 is Hepatitis Testing Day. CDC and its public health partners will use this opportunity to raise awareness about viral hepatitis and encourage priority populations to get tested. For more information, visit the CDC's Viral Hepatitis webpage.   


Call for LHD of the Year Award Applications

NACCHO is pleased to announce the new Local Health Department of the Year Award. This award recognizes and honors outstanding accomplishment of local health departments across the country for their innovation, creativity, and impact on communities. Applications are accepted April 1-May 31, 2013. Learn more at


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits
NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide LHDs with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs. 




The Impact of Social Networks on Parents' Vaccination Decisions
Brunson EK. Peds. 2013 April 15; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-2452. 

Infectious Diseases 

Benefits of Universal Gloving on Hospital-Acquired Infections in Acute Care Pediatric Units
Yin J, Schweizer ML, Herwaldt LA, Pottinger JM, Perencevich EN. Peds. 2013 April 22; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-3389.
Roed C, Omland LH, Skinhoj P, Rothman KJ, Sorensen HT, Obel N. JAMA 2013 April 24; 309(16):1714-21. 

Genetic Analysis of Novel A(H7N9) Influenza Viruses Isolated from Patients in China, February to April 2013
Kageyama T, Fujisaki S, Takashita E, Xu H, Yamada S, Uchida Y, et al. Eurosurveillance. 2013 April 11; 18(15).


CDC. MMWR Weekly. 2013 April 19; 62(15) 283-287.


Perspectives on Research with H5N1 Avian Influenza: Scientific Inquiry, Communication, Controversy: Summary of a Workshop
Matchett K, Mazza AM, Kendall S. The National Academies Press. 2013.

Transmission of Strongyloides stercoralis Through Transplantation of Solid Organs - Pennsylvania, 2012
CDC. MMWR Weekly. 2013 April 12; 62(14): 264-66.   

U.S. Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing, 2010
Hicks LA, Taylor TH, Hunkler, RJ. N Engl J Med. 2013 April 11; 368: 1461-62. 

The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


For additional information about NACCHO, visit