Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

HealthDay News (February 15, 2013)

Why Give Tdap During Pregnancy?
Needle Tips (February 15, 2013)

Editorial: The Real Cost of Shrinking Government
The NY Times (February 16, 2013)

Vaccine Information When You Need It
The Philadelphia Inquirer (February 18, 2013)

How Vaccines Have Changed Our World In One Graphic
Forbes (February 19, 2013)

Study: Flu Vaccine Reduces Risk of Premature Babies
Atlanta Business Chronicle (February 19, 2013)

Opinion: The Tragic Myths About Vaccines
The Montreal Gazette (Canada) (February 19, 2013)

NIH-Funded Researchers Begin Trial of Shigella Vaccine Candidates
National Institutes of Health News (February 20, 2013)

Bill Focuses on Restricting Exemptions from Immunizations
Statesman Journal (OR) (February 20, 2013)

ACIP Strengthens Pneumococcal Vaccine Guidance
MedPage Today (February 20, 2013)

CDC Midseason Check Finds Scant Flu Vaccine Effect for Seniors
Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (February 21, 2013)

In U.S., Flu Vaccine Worked in Just Over Half of Those Who Got It
Reuters (February 21, 2013)

Wyoming Senate Passes Pharmacist Vaccination Bill
Associated Press (February 22, 2013)

Los Angeles Health Officials Concerned About TB Outbreak on Skid Row
Chicago Tribune (February 22, 2013)

FDA Rejects Novel Hepatitis B Vaccine
Medscape (February 25, 2013)
Vaccine News Daily (February 26, 2013)  
The Broken Vaccine
Discover Magazine (March 2013)     


CDC Highlights 2011 and 2012 Infectious Disease Accomplishments

CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID) released a report highlighting fiscal year 2011 and 2012 accomplishments, NCEZID Our Work, Our Stories 2011-2012. The report contains over 50 stories highlighting NCEZID's work in and with cities, states, and around the globe. 


Antimicrobial Resistance: A Global Public Health Challenge Requiring a Global One Health Strategy

The Institute of Medicine posted commentary from Guy H. Palmer, Antimicrobial Resistance: A Global Public Health Challenge Requiring a Global One Health Strategy, on February 7, 2013. It emphasizes the need for cooperation across sectors and a global approach to address antimicrobial resistance, a problem that has been exacerbated by global travel and trade. 


Vaccination Scheduler

Vaccination Scheduler allows users to see when vaccines are recommended based on a child's date of birth. Available for download from the Apple App Store for $4.99, Vaccination Scheduler can manage vaccination schedules and history for up to six children.    


Catch-Up Immunization Scheduler

The Catch-Up Immunization Scheduler is an online tool that uses a child's date of birth and vaccination history to automatically create a personalized vaccination schedule. Using this tool, a user can enter, update, or modify a child's vaccination history; load a previously saved vaccination history; print a vaccination schedule; generate an accelerated vaccination schedule (to schedule immunizations as soon as possible); and save the child's vaccination history for future use. 


CDC Releases New Whooping Cough Infographic

Pertussis spiked to nearly a 60-year high last year with more than 41,000 cases in the U.S. CDC has released a colorful new pertussis infographic to put on websites and promote via social media. CDC also has developed a comprehensive web feature for pertussis. 


Pneumococcal Prevention in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease/Stroke    

The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) needs help spreading the word about pneumococcal prevention for adult patients with cardiovascular disease/stroke. NFID has fact sheets on this available for  healthcare professionals and patients  


Hepatitis B and C Educational Postcards in Pacific Islander Languages
The Hawaii State Department of Health and Hepatitis Free Hawaii recently released hepatitis B and C educational postcards developed with assistance from Asian and Pacific Islander communities. The postcards are available in English, Chuukese, Ilocano, Marshallese, Samoan, and Tongan.  


NACCHO's Billing Toolkit for Immunization Programs

NACCHO recently released a toolkit with resources, templates, and tools for LHDs to use and develop capacity to bill third-party payers for immunization services. More than 150 resources are available from state billing guides, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, state health departments, LHDs, insurance companies, and vendors of products such as electronic medical records and billing clearinghouses. Specifically, the toolkit provides the following information:

  • Details on how to get started, such as credentialing steps and contracting processes;
  • How to submit claims; and
  • Steps for establishing billing procedures for other clinical services.

To view and download these tools, please log in or create a NACCHO account here. You do not have to be associated with an LHD to access these, or any other tools, within NACCHO's website. If you would like to share your tools, resources, or best practices, please email Rebecca Gehring at All tools and resources will be credited to their original author and organization. For general reference, please see the provided fact sheet.

NACCHO Immunization Videos Page
NACCHO has gathered
videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.

Get Involved

Request for Proposals: Food Safety Tabletop Exercises
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a request for proposals to provide interested state, local, tribal, or territorial-based entities with strategic guidance and limited financial support (up to $4,000) to conduct an exercise from the Food Related Emergency Exercise - Bundle (FREE-B). FREE-B is designed with the intention of assisting stakeholders in assessing existing food emergency response plans, protocols, and procedures, or to assist in the revision or development of a food emergency response plan. The proposal closing date is March 15, 2013. Additional information can be found at

Request for Proposals: Pilot Project for Public Health Case Reporting Using C-CDA
NACCHO and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) released a funding opportunity for state and local health departments to participate in a pilot project for the implementation of public health case reporting from electronic health records (EHR) to public health agencies using Consolidated Clinical Data Architecture (C-CDA). The deadline is Friday, March 15, 2013. Please click here for additional information and application instructions.

Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease Workshop
On March 18 and 19, 2013, the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats will host a public workshop in Washington, D.C., to explore the scientific and therapeutic implications of microbial ecology in states of health and disease. Forum topics include host-microbe interactions in humans, animals, and plants; emerging insights into how microbes may influence the development and maintenance of states of health and diseases; the impacts of environmental change(s) on the formation, function, and stability of microbial communities; and research challenges and opportunities. The workshop is free and open to the public, but registration is required.

Navigating the Challenges of Risk Adjustment & the Health Insurance Marketplace

America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP) will present best practices for operating an effective risk adjustment program through a webinar on Thursday, March 7, 2013 (2:00 PM-3:30 PM EDT). Topics will include successes of Medicare Advantage and differences between the Health Insurance Marketplace risk score accuracy and Medicare Advantage.

2013 National Infant Immunization Week (NIIW): April 20-27, 2013
National Infant Immunization Week (NIIW) is an annual observance to highlight the importance of protecting infants from vaccine-preventable diseases and celebrate the achievements of immunization programs and their partners in promoting healthy communities. The CDC has developed educational tools and resources, promotional materials, and sample social media posts for local health departments and partners to use.  


"You Call the Shots" New Training Modules
CDC added new Vaccine Storage and Handling and Vaccines for Children (VFC) modules to the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases' (NCIRD's) web-based training course "You Call the Shots." Continuing Education (CE) credit is available for viewing a module and completing an evaluation. 


NACCHO Advisory Groups: Leadership in Action, an Opportunity to Serve

NACCHO is accepting applications for 2013-2014 advisory group appointments March 1-31, 2013. NACCHO's advisory groups are a primary and recognized vehicle for identifying the opportunities and challenges facing local health departments and the public health field at large. See which groups are recruiting members and express your interest in serving by clicking here.  


Open Staff Positions at NACCHO    

NACCHO is currently hiring for multiple positions in emergency preparedness, chronic diseases, and infectious diseases. For more information, please visit the   NACCHO Career Network. 


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits

NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide LHDs with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs.



Are There Socioeconomic Disparities in Women Having Discussions on Human Papillomavirus Vaccine with Health Care Providers?
Wong KY and Do YK.  BMC Womens Health. 2012; 12(33).

Impact of Hospital Policies on Health Care Workers' Influenza Vaccination Rates
Nowalk MP, Lin CJ, Raymund M, Bialor J. Zimmerman RK. AJIC. 18 Feb 2013; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.11.011.

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 22 Feb 2013; 62(7): 119-23.

Langerin Negative Dendritic Cells Promote Potent CD8+ T-Cell Priming by Skin Delivery of Live Adenovirus Vaccine Microneedle Arrays
Bachy V, Hervouet C, Becker PD, Chorro L, Carlin LM, Herath S, et al. Proceedings of the Nat Academy of Sciences of the USA. 5 Feb 2013; E-pub ahead of print. doi:10.1073/pnas.1214449110

Needle Tips
Immunization Action Coalition. 15 Feb 2013; 23(1).

Vaccinate Adults
Immunization Action Coalition. 20 Feb 2013; 17(1).   

Infectious Diseases

Completeness of Reporting of Chronic Hepatitis B and C Virus Infections - Michigan, 1995-2008
CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 15 Feb 2013; 62(6): 99-102.

Fighting Infection in the Doctor's Office
Repertoire. 2013 Feb; 21(2): Article #4188.

Influenza Activity - United States, September 30, 2012-February 9, 2013 (Update)
CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 22 Feb 2013; 62(7): 124-30. 

Notes from the Field: Hospital Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Producing New Delhi Metallo-Beta-Lactamase - Denver, Colorado, 2012
CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 15 Feb 2013; 62(6): 108. 

The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


For additional information about NACCHO, visit