Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

Unnecessary Antimicrobial Use Increases Risk of Recurrent Infectious Diarrhea
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (January 9, 2013)

Official Wants More From Parents Opting Out of Vaccines
Cronkite News (January 16, 2013)

H1N1 Flu Shots are Safe for Pregnant Women
National Institutes of Health News (January 16, 2013)

Pediatric Cases of Equine Encephalitis On The Rise In U.S.
HealthDay News (January 17, 2013)

Novel Influenza Vaccine Gets Federal Approval
HealthDay News (January 17, 2013)

13 Things 'Linked" To Autism
The Week (January 17, 2013)

Inuit Women's Group Hosts Hepatitis C Gathering in Kuujjuaq Next Week
Nunatsiaq Online (Canada) (January 17, 2013)

How Do You Fend Off the Flu?
National Public Radio (January 18, 2013)

The Evolution, and Revolution, of Flu Vaccines
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (January 18, 2013)

Resterilize or Once-and-Done: Is There a Happy Medium for Hospitals?
Health Execs News (January 18, 2013)

Treaty on Mercury Would Not Affect Vaccines with Thimerosal
Washington Times (January 19, 2013)

Simple Intervention Ups Pneumococcal Vaccination Rate
HealthDay News (January 22, 2013)

Nearly Half of U.S. Children Late Receiving Vaccines
NBC News (January 22, 2013)

Insight: Evidence Grows For Narcolepsy Link to GSK Swine Flu Shot
Reuters (January 22, 2013)

On the Front Lines: EM Perspective on the 2013 Influenza Outbreak
Medscape Today (January 22, 2013)

CDC Raises Awareness About Safe Injection Practices
Healthcare Construction & Operation News (January 23, 2013)

U-M Study Flips Tables on Flu Vaccine Recommendation for Children Allergic to Eggs
Ann (MI) (January 23, 2013)

NIH-Developed Candidate Dengue Vaccine Shows Promise in Early-Stage Trial
NIH News (January 23, 2013)

Recommendation for Influenza Antiviral Medications
Medscape, CDC Expert Commentary (January 23, 2013)

New Norovirus Bug Sweeps Nation
USA Today (January 24, 2013)

Vaccinating Kids Against Common Gut Bug Helps Shield Adults Too: Study
HealthDay (January 24, 2013)

HPV Vaccine is All About Cancer Prevention
Shot of Prevention (January 24, 2013)

TN Bill Would Change Vaccination Requirements For Colleges
WSMV (TN) (January 24, 2013)

2012's Top 10 Stories in Infectious Disease that Will Change Practice
Medscape (January 24, 2013)

Rebranding "Get Your Flu Shot": Localities Test New Messages
Governing (January 25, 2013)

Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium Infections Linked to Ground Beef
CDC (January 25, 2013)

Mandate Improves Hospital Workers' Flu Vaccination Rates
Contra Costa Times (CA) (January 27, 2013)

Local Public Health Departments Tackle Flu
New Public Health (January 28, 2013)

Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women Among New Recommendations
HealthDay News (January 28, 2013)

Low Vaccination Rates for U.S. Adults Raise Disease Risk
Bloomberg (January 29, 2013)


Local Health Departments and the Flu

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation recently spoke with Paul Etkind, DrPH, MPH, Senior Director of Infectious Diseases at NACCHO on how local health departments educate communities about flu prevention and help facilitate treatment. 


JAMA Commentary: Responding to the Outbreak of Invasive Fungal Infections

The online edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) features a CDC-authored commentary examining the response to the multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other infections among patients who received contaminated steroid injections. It highlights the collaborative efforts of all levels of the public health system (local, state, and federal) in identifying the source of the outbreak, contacting nearly 14,000 potentially exposed patients and their physicians across 23 states, and providing ongoing information and guidance.   


2013 Immunization Schedules are Available  

The 2013 recommended immunization schedules for children and adolescents (birth through 18 years) and adults (19 years old and older) are now available online in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Supplement (February 1, 2013).


New Paper Offers Guidance for Next Flu Pandemic

"Selecting Nonpharmaceutical Strategies to Minimize Influenza Spread: The 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic and Beyond," published in the November-December issue of Public Health Reports, provides a road map for making decisions about when and how to use nonpharmacologic approaches - strategies that can help control a flu pandemic before a well-matched vaccine becomes available.   


IOM Report on the Childhood Immunization Schedule and Safety
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released the report The Childhood Immunization Schedule and Safety: Stakeholder Concerns, Scientific Evidence, and Future Studies on January 16, 2013. The report can be found online here.    


The CDC Foundation and NFL Team Up to Fight the Flu 

Watch this video of NFL player Matt Birk, of the Baltimore Ravens, explain why he gets vaccinated against the flu.


Lifetime of Vaccines Website

The vaccines a child receives have a long journey before they arrive at a pediatrician's office. All along the way, scientists, public health experts, and government officials work to ensure their safety and effectiveness. Learn more about vaccine development, testing, and safety monitoring in pictures and words through CDC's new infographic.     


Research Plan on Behavioral Counseling to Prevent STIs Open to Comments

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted its draft research plan on behavioral counseling to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for public comment. The draft research plan is available for review and public comment from January 29 to February 25, 2013.   


Prevent Pertussis Website

The Texas Department of State Health Services developed a website to educate pregnant women on pertussis. Information is presented in both English and Spanish.   


Influenza Vaccine Availability Tracking System

The Influenza Vaccine Availability Tracking System (IVATS) addresses difficulties healthcare providers may experience when trying to determine which wholesale distributors or manufacturers have seasonal influenza vaccine in stock.  


Insulin Pen Safety Resources

In light of the possible HIV exposure at a Buffalo VA hospital, the One & Only Campaign has an insulin pen safety page that includes patient/provider education materials demonstrating the proper use of injection devices to give diabetes medication.     

Building Healthier Communities: LHDs Implement the ACHIEVE Initiatives  

Building Healthier Communities: Local Health Departments Implement the ACHIEVE Initiatives is a compendium of success stories highlighting how NACCHO's ACHIEVE Communities have been able to make their communities happier, healthier, and safer places to live.

NACCHO's Billing Toolkit for Immunization Programs

NACCHO recently released a toolkit with resources, templates, and tools for LHDs to use and develop capacity to bill third-party payers for immunization services. More than 150 resources are available from state billing guides, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, state health departments, LHDs, insurance companies, and vendors of products such as electronic medical records and billing clearinghouses. Specifically, the toolkit provides the following information:

  • Details on how to get started, such as credentialing steps and contracting processes;
  • How to submit claims; and
  • Steps for establishing billing procedures for other clinical services.

To view and download these tools, please log in or create a NACCHO account here. You do not have to be associated with an LHD to access these, or any other tools, within NACCHO's website. If you would like to share your tools, resources, or best practices, please email Rebecca Gehring at All tools and resources will be credited to their original author and organization. For general reference, please see the provided fact sheet.

NACCHO Immunization Videos Page
NACCHO has gathered
videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.
Get Involved
2013 Clostridium difficile Educational and Consensus Conference
The Association for Professionals in Infection Control & Epidemiology (APIC) is hosting a new conference on in Baltimore, Maryland (March 11-12, 2013) to address issues related to Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Registration for the 2013 Clostridium difficile Educational and Consensus Conference is open now. LHDs are also encouraged to forward this information to local healthcare providers.

CDC Influenza Application
The CDC Influenza application for clinicians and other healthcare professionals enables users to find CDC's latest recommendations and influenza activity updates on an iPad, iPhone, or iPod Touch. When a device is connected to the internet, new information and content will update automatically. Click here for additional information.

New Adult Vaccine Finder Now Available
Attention immunization providers: if you are interested in letting the public know about vaccines offered at your practice or clinic, visit Health Map. This site already includes more than 54,000 locations that provide flu shots and has provided this information to 500,000 users from the general public. On January 28, 2013, the site expanded to include 10 additional adult vaccines.  You may register here.

National Infant Immunization Week 2013  

In preparation for National Infant Immunization Week (NIIW) 2013, the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) at CDC is hosting a webinar on February 13, 2013 (1:00 PM EDT).  The webinar will include information on best practices and success stories from colleagues at the state and local level. Pre-registration is required.  To register, visit NIIW 2013 Webinar Registration. To view it in other time zones or languages, please click here  


Invitation for Abstract Submissions For GSA 

The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) is now accepting abstracts for its 66th Annual Scientific Meeting (November 20-24, 2013). This is an opportunity to showcase your latest and most important research at one of the most respected and competitive gerontological events of the year. Learn how to submit your abstract by March 15, 2013, at  


SOPHE 64th Annual Conference

Join nearly 500 health and education professionals for the premier health promotion conference of the year, the Society for Public Education's (SOPHE's) 64th Annual Meeting, The Magic of Health Education: Vision, Imagination & Transformation. This year the conference will be in Orlando, Florida (April 17-19, 2013). More information is provided here.  

National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day

For the 8th year, the Office on Women's Health will be leading National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day on March 10, 2013 (though events can be held throughout March). National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day seeks to galvanize the full weight of community, national, public and private-sector resources to offer support and hope, reduce the stigma of HIV, and empower women and girls to take positive actions like getting tested, seeking treatment, educating their peers and preventing new infections. Please visit and bookmark this website for resources and more information in support of this special day.

Voices for Vaccines
Voices for Vaccines (VFV) is a parent-led organization that supports and advocates for on-time vaccinations and the reduction of vaccine-preventable diseases. VFV's website has tools and information on vaccines to share with parents.

NFID Clinical Vaccinology Course, March 8-10, 2013

The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) will hold a Clinical Vaccinology Course on March 8-10, 2013, at the Hyatt Regency Chicago in Illinois.

The course focuses on new developments and issues related to the use of vaccines. Faculty will provide information on both current and prospective vaccines, updated recommendations for vaccinations across the lifespan, and innovative and practical strategies for ensuring timely and appropriate vaccination.  


Present at the 2013 Health Datapalooza IV

The submission portal for individuals and organizations interested in participating in the 2013 Health Datapalooza IV is now open. This year's event will have opportunities for app demonstrations and products on the main stage, in breakout panel discussions, and in the apps demo sessions. The conference will include government health data owners, state and local health data enthusiasts, and health data policymakers. The deadline for speaker/exhibitor submission materials is April 5, 2013. 


2013 Profile of Local Health Departments

NACCHO is launching the 2013 National Profile of Local Health Departments (Profile) study. All local health departments should have received their invitation (via e-mail) to participate on January 10, 2013. The Profile is the only national-level source of critical information on infrastructure and public health practices at the local level. To access reports, research briefs and other publication based on the findings of past Profile studies go to If a local health department does not receive their survey, have them contact the Profile Team at or (800) 758-6471.  


2013 Public Health Preparedness Summit: Infectious Disease Sessions

Join NACCHO at the 2013 Public Health Preparedness Summit March 12-15 in Atlanta! The goal of the summit is to strengthen and enhance the capabilities of public health professionals and other participants to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters and other public health emergencies.


A selection of sessions will examine infectious disease outbreaks and mass dispensing, including:

  • How St. Louis County DOH Partnered With a Community Group to Dramatically Expand Its Closed Point-of-Dispensing Network
  • Operation Medicine Delivery: A Public Health Perspective of a Full Scale Exercise of the Quick Strike Antibiotic Distribution Plan in Partnership with the US Postal Service
  • Scripted Surge: Pharmacy Dispensing Throughput Exercises
  • Best Practices: Evolution of Maryland's SNS Program and State's TAR Scores - Strategies, Successes, and Challenges
  • Effective Strategies for Building and Implementing Dynamic, Interactive Point-of-Dispensing Operations Trainings 

For more details on the summit, including the full agenda and registration information, visit  


Open Staff Positions at NACCHO    

NACCHO is currently hiring for multiple positions in emergency preparedness, chronic diseases, and infectious diseases. For more information, please visit the   NACCHO Career Network. 


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits

NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide LHDs with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs.




Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedules for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 years and Adults Aged 19 Years and Older - United States, 2013
CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Feb 1; 62(01): 1-1.   


Early Estimates of Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness - United States, January 2013 

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Jan 18; 62(2): 32-5.  


Infant Meningococcal Vaccination: Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommendations and Rationale

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Jan 25; 62(3): 52-4.


Influenza Vaccination and Its Association With Clinic Use of Evidence-Based Practices and Individual Patient Characteristics, San Diego County, 2009 

McAuliffe K, Peddecord MK, Wang W, Ralston K, Deguire M, Waters-Montijo K, et al.  

J Public Health Manag Practic. 2013 March/April; 19(2): 178-86. 


Population-Based Cohort Study of Undervaccination in 8 Managed Care Organizations Across the United States  

Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Narwaney KJ, Hambidge SJ, Daley MF, Wagner NM, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Jan 21; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.502.   


Progress in Immunization Information Systems - United States, 2011
CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Jan 25; 62(3): 48-51.

Infectious Diseases  


Attribution of Foodborne Illnesses, Hospitalizations, and Deaths to Food Commodities by using Outbreak Data, United States, 1998-2008 

Painter JA, Hoekstra RM, Ayers T, Tauxe RV, Braden CR, Angulo FJ, et al. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2013 Mar; 19(3).


Characteristics of Severe Bordetella pertussis Infection Among Infants Admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Units - Southern California, September 2009-June 2011 

Murray EL, Nieves D, Bradley JS, Gargas J, Mason WH, Lehman D, et al. J Ped Infect Dis. 2013 Jan 10; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1093/jpids/pis105.


Comparison of 3 School-Based Influenza Surveillance Indicators: Lessons Learned from 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) - Denver Metropolitan Region, Colorado 

Williams NJ, Ghosh TS, Bisgard KM, Vogt RL. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2013 March/April; 19(2): 119-25. 


Federal Funding for Syringe Services Programs: Saving Money, Promoting Public Safety, and Improving Public Health (Issue Brief)  

The Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR). 2013 January: 1-8.


HIV Status Determination Among Tuberculosis Patients from California During 2008
Kong DG, Watt JP, Marks S, Flood J. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2013 March/April; 19(2): 169-77.


Interruptions in Supplies of Second-Line Antituberculosis Drugs - United States, 2005-2012 

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Jan 18; 62(2): 23-6. 


Notes from the Field: Emergence of New Norovirus Strain GII.4 Sydney - United States, 2012 

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Jan 25; 62(3): 55.  


Responding to the Outbreak of Invasive Fungal Infections: The Value of Public Health to Americans 

Bell BP and Khabbaz RF. JAMA. 2013 Jan 30; E-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.526    


Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks - United States, 2009-2010

CDC. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 Jan 25; 62(3): 41-47.  


Unnecessary Antimicrobial Use in Patients with Current or Recent Clostridium difficile Infection 

Shaughnessy MK, Amundson WH, Kuskowski MA, DeCarolis DD, Johnson JR, Drekonja DM. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2013 Feb; 34(2): 109-116.   

The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


For additional information about NACCHO, visit