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P  U  B  L  I  C  A  T  I  O  N  S     &
E  D  U  C  A  T  I  O  N  A  L     R  E  S  O  U  R  C  E  S

recent work from the research and outreach staff of the
Udall Center and Native Nations Institute

many of these publications are available free online

Governance & Policy
Groundwater policy and governance

By R.G. Varady, F. van Weert, S.B. Megdal, A. Gerlak, C.A. Iskandar, and L. House-Peters, with E. McGovern. 2013. Groundwater Governance Project, GEF-FAO, Thematic Paper 5.

Reviews existing modes and key principles of groundwater governance, policy, and management globally.

To see the full report, click here.

Survey of Groundwater
Use and Laws in the U.S.
Groundwater governance in the U.S.: Summary of initial survey results
By A.K. Gerlak, S.B. Megdal, R.G. Varady, and H. Richards. 2013. Water Resources Research Center, University of Arizona.

Presents the results of a survey of state agency officials about the extent and scope of groundwater use and regulation across the United States.

To see this report, click here.

Groundwater and
Energy in Mexico 
Electricity for groundwater use: Constraints and opportunities for adaptive response to climate change
By C.A. Scott. 2013. Environ- mental Research Letters, 8 035005, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035005.

Examines the influence of electricity supply and pricing on groundwater irrigation, and related CO2 emissions, in Mexico.

To see this paper, click here.
 Groundwater and
Energy in India 

Can India raise agricultural productivity while reducing groundwater and energy use?

By M.D. Kumar, C.A. Scott, and O.P. Singh. 2013. International
Journal of Water Resources Development, doi:10.1080/

Examines the impact of pricing and tariff structure on groundwater use and sustainability in India.

To see this paper, click here.
Water Basin Transfers in  the 
U.S.-Mexico Border Region 

Interbasin water transfers at the U.S.-Mexico border city of Nogales, Sonora: Implications for aquifers and water security

By A.H. Prichard and C.A. Scott. 2013. International Journal of Water Resources Development, doi:10.1080/ 

Looks at the impacts of interbasin water transfers on health, livelihoods, and the environment in Sonora, Mexico.

To see this paper, click here.
Water and Climate in the
U.S.-Mexico Border Region

Climate change and U.S.- Mexico border communities
By M.S. Wilder et al. 2013. In
Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest: A Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment, eds. G.A. Garfin, A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. LeRoy. Island Press.

Describes the vulnerability of the U.S.-Mexico border region to climate change, discussing how communities and agencies might adapt to offset these impacts.

To see this chapter, click here

Public Opinion of
Wastewater  Re-use 

Drinking highly treated wastewater: Public trust in the next water frontier

By K-J. Ormerod and C.A. Scott. 2013. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 38(3): 351-373, doi:10.1177/

Assesses the connection of public trust in water management agencies and  willingness to drink reclaimed water.

To see this paper, click here.

Scenario Planning 
for Water Security

Scenario planning to address critical uncertainties for robust and resilient water-wastewater infrastructure under conditions of water scarcity and rapid development

By C.A. Scott, C.J. Bailey, R.P. Marra, G.J. Woods, K-J. Ormerod, and K. Lansey. 2012. Water, 4: 848-868, doi: 10.3390/ w4040848.

Evaluates a 40-year scenario planning process for water management in Tucson, Arizona.

To see this paper, click here.


IWRA Best Paper Award
Honorable Mention
Hydrosolidarity and beyond: Can ethics and equity find a place in today's water resource management?
FREE ONLINE (limited time)

By A.K. Gerlak, R.G. Varady, O. Petit, and A.C. Haverland. 2011.
Water International, 36(3): 251-265.

Traces the intellectual origins of the concept of hydrosolidarity and its application for integrated water resources management.

To see this paper, click here.


Ecosystem Services 
of Migratory Species

How do migratory species add ecosystem service value to wilderness? Calculating the spatial subsidies provided by protected areas

By L. Lopez-Hoffman, D. Semmens, and J. Diffendorfer. 2013. International Journal of Wilderness, 19(1): 14-19.

Presents a method to communicate the "off-site" value of wilderness and protected areas in providing habitat to migratory species.

For a copy of this paper, contact [email protected].


Climate Change Impacts 
on Ecosystems 

Desertification of rangelands

A contribution in the series, Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Essential Resources, R Pielke, editor in chief

By D.P.C. Peters ... L. Lopez-Hoffman, et al. 2013. In
Vulnerability of Ecosystems to Climate Change, eds. T.R. Seastedt and K.N. Suding, series vol. 4. Elsevier.

Discusses the vulnerability of ecosystem services to changes in driving forces and ecosystem states, with a focus on the American Southwest.

To see this chapter, click here

Ecosystem Adaptation
to Climate Change
Key landscape ecology metrics for assessing climate change adaptation options: Rate of change and patchiness of impacts

By L. Lopez-Hoffman, D.D. Breshears, C.D. Allen, and M.L. Miller. Ecosphere 4(8), 18p.

Discusses two measures -- the rate of change and the degree of patchiness of change -- as potential tools to develop climate change adaptation strategies.

To see this article, click here.  


Ecosystem Services
in the Colorado River Delta 

The Colorado River Delta: An Invaluable Resource for People and Wildlife

By L. Lopez-Hoffman, C. Presnall, R. Merideth, and staff of the Sonoran Institute. 2013.
Sonoran Institute.

Written for a broad public audience, describes the value of the Colorado River Delta's ecosystem services to people in the local region and elsewhere.

English and Spanish versions.

For a copy of this brochure, click
here (for English) or here (for Spanish).
Ecosystem Management
in the Colorado River Delta 

Salinity limits of vegetation in the Cienega de Santa Clara, an oligotrophic marsh in the delta of the Colorado River, Mexico: Implications for a salinity increase

By K. Baeza, L. Lopez-Hoffman, E.P. Glenn, K. Flessa, and J. Garcia-Hernandez. In press (available online September 26, 2012). Ecological Engineering.

Determines the salinity tolerance limits of the dominant vegetation in the Cienega de Santa Clara through greenhouse and field studies.

To see this article, click here.

Winner of the 2013
Lillian S. Fisher Prize
Defining the Necessary Role and Appropriate Level of Risk in Helicopter-accessed Wilderness Skiing

By C.J. Goldey Barter. 2013.  Winner of the 2013 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Public Policy. Udall Center Publications.

Explores the idea of and need to protect wilderness, the role and mitigation of risk in wilderness recreation, focusing on heliskiing, and the tension between regulation, economics, safety, and the "wilderness experience."

To see this paper, click here.  

Native American Youth
and Legal Policies

Regaining control over the children:  Reversing the legacy of assimilative policies in education, child welfare, and juvenile justice that targeted Native American youth
By R. Seelau. 2013. American Indian Law Review, 37(1).

Looks at how Native American children have been assimilated over the centuries through social policies, and examines how Native nations are now breaking the cycle of assimilation through the exercise of their right to self-determination.

To see this article, click  here.

Comparative Studies of 
Indigenous Institutions  

Reconstituting Native nations: Colonial boundaries and institutional innovation in Canada, Australia, and the United States

By S. Cornell. 2013. In
Reclaiming Indigenous Planning, ed. R. Walker,  T. Jojola, and D. Natcher. McGill-Queen's University Press.

Argues that as they pursue self-determination, some Native nations in Canada, Australia, and the U.S. not only are asserting substantive, self-governing power but are challenging the political, spatial, and cognitive boundaries into which they were organized by encompassing states -- and in the process, are reconstituting themselves as nations.

For access to this chapter, click here


Pakara of Quitor: An Indigenous Self- Determination Case Study

By R. Seelau and L.M. Seelau. 2013. Project for Indigenous Self-Determination (Santiago, Chile).

Documents the Atacameno community of Quitor (Chile) and its management of the Pukara of Quitor -- an important cultural site.

To see this book, click here.


Native Nations

Rebuilding Native Nations: Strategies for Governance and Development

Produced by I. Record and NNI's Educational Resources Program team. 2011-2013. 3 courses, 9 modules. DVD and online. NNI.

Complete series available, inclu- ding courses/modules on: Tools of Governance, Constitutions, Justice Systems, Administration, Economic Development, Intergovernmental and Intertribal Relations, and Leadership.

Based on the highly acclaimed book, Rebuilding Native Nations: Strategies for Governance and Development, ed. M. Jorgensen, University of Arizona Press, 2013 (see more here).

To see the distance learning courses, click here.

  Native Nations and
Constitutional Reform

Tribal Constitutions: Rebuilding Native Governments

By Native American leaders and NNI staff. 2013. Tribal Constitutions Seminar, April 3-4, 2013, in Tucson, Ariz. Native Nations Institute.

Native leaders and NNI instructors share knowledge and experience in remaking governance systems through constitutional reform and other means.

To see the list of presentations, click here.  

Book Reviews

Native Nations and U.S. Borders: Challenges to Indigenous Culture, Citizenship, and Security

By R.R. Starks, J. McCormack, and S. Cornell. 2011. Native Nations Institute.

Recent reviews of Native Nations and U.S. Borders:

Social & Cultural Geography (June 24, 2013) (link): "An informative and accessible resource that will be invaluable to indigenous leaders and government policy-makers."

Tribal College Journal (Nov. 6, 2012) (link): "A timely and well- researched book."

To learn more about this book, click here.  

Udall Center Update | August 23, 2013
Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy
Established in 1987, the Udall Center sponsors policy-relevant, interdisciplinary research and forums that link scholarship and education with decision-making. The Center specializes in issues concerning: (1) environmental policy, primarily in the Southwest and U.S.-Mexico border region; (2) immigration policy of the United States; and
(3) Indigenous nations policy.

Stephen Cornell, Director  | 
Robert G. Varady, Deputy Director | Stephanie C. Rainie, Assistant Director | Staff Roster

Native Nations Institute for Leadership,
Management, and Policy (NNI)
The Native Nations Institute, founded in 2001 by the Morris K. Udall Foundation (now Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation) and the University of Arizona and housed at the Udall Center, serves as a self-determination, governance, and development resource for Indigenous nations in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere.

Joan Timeche, Executive Director | Miriam Jorgensen, Research Director | Staff Roster

Udall Center Publications
Robert Merideth, Editor in Chief