Workplace Wellness Programs
Increasingly, employers are recognizing and accepting the need for all-around health and wellness programs in the workplace and not dismiss them as just some "touchy-feely" activities that have no bona fide results. Your HR team can design and implement wellness programs fairly easily with little or no cost. Below are some ideas for wellness programs:
- Injury and illness prevention or reduction guide that can be a supplement or reinforcement to OSHA safety training;
- Health Promotion Seminars focused on eating habits and food choices to manage weight and reduce the effects of stress.
- Company Sponsored Health Fairs
- Behavior Change/Improvement Programs (Parenting, Elder Care, Smoking cessation guidelines, Marriage, Dating)
- Walk/Run for the Cause (5K and 10K)
- Blood Drives onsite
- The benefits of frequent exercise and fitness, also to manage weight and reduce the effects of stress:
- This can be tied into a national or international athletic event such as basketball season, the Olympics, Tour de France, US Open - Tennis and Golf
- Hold friendly voluntary exercise challenges to coincide with these events and assign points to level of effort
- Recognize and reward participants and winners. Rewards do not have to be financial
- Free health risk assessments for high blood pressure and cholesterol levels;
- Changes in the work environment, for example, smoke-free workplace and evaluate the ergonomics of the office, guidelines and tips on how to avoid back pain when sitting in an office chair for long hours, and how to lift heavy items.
The programs you decide to offer depend on your business culture and the available support to maintain the programs. Designing, developing, and implementing the programs are important steps that lead to a healthy workplace. However, promoting the programs regularly will help make them successful. Promotion can begin at the recruiting process and continue with managers and the HR team. Ways to promote the programs include:
- Email campaigns
- Company newsletter
- Notices in common areas of the workplace
- Reminders in staff meetings
Communication is key in getting the word out and motivating employees to participate in your wellness programs.
Complying and Tracking Utilization
Should participation in wellness programs be required? Will you incentivize and penalize participants based on the results? While developing your wellness programs, keep in mind that they should comply with certain federal and state requirements. Not all employees can participate in certain activities due any number of reasons, so you will need to decide whether to make your programs voluntary or compulsory. Be certain to comply with laws and regulations, especially the following:
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
- Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)
- Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
- Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) *not applicable to Governmental Entities
Employers must also address, and be sensitive to, any personal concerns that employees might have about participating in wellness programs. Employees might be reluctant to reveal why they cannot participate in a particular activity and at the same time concerned that they might be penalized for not complying. Clear communication and good outline of the program will help to alleviate concerns.
Tracking the utilization of the program is important to measure its success and because it might be required by some health insurance companies for cost containment purposes and to reduce the employer's payment. For a small business, the best way to do this is to:
- Decide what and how often you will need to track participation and completion
- Select a system of how employees will sign up for the program
- Design a spreadsheet to track employees that enroll in the program and participate partially or through completion
- Develop a method for employees to report their activities
- Create a schedule to review results and input the data into the spreadsheet
- Review the information to ensure accuracy
- Address all concerns immediately
- Convert the data to charts and graphs for high-level reporting
If you use an external plan administrator, they might offer an online system to enroll employees, register them for wellness programs, and track utilization of both the health benefits and the wellness programs.
If you need assistance with creating or updating your employee wellness program or promoting your current employee benefits for greater employee utilization, please don't hesitate to call us.
As an owner of a small business, I have a lot of hats to wear. Many of the obstacles in running a small business, I consider an interesting challenge, however human resources is not one of them. Vital Business Solutions has been there for me from the beginning. They provided me with an extensive employee manual made to my specifications and have been an invaluable resource on how to handle problem employees. VBS has given me the assurance that I am taking care of my employees and am doing so according to the law. Using their expertise affords me the time to focus on other aspects of my business and that, to me, is priceless.
Small Business Owner