Unlike the ADA where a set of technical guidelines and scoping was developed in order to fullfill the rights of the disabled through building access, Universal design is broader in nature. It is not part of a civil rights law. It is a common sense philosophy which was developed by the College of Design of North Carolina State University. They developed the Center for Universal Design and catalogued it in seven principles. Their main purpose was to assist in the
1: Principle One: Equitable Use
The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities
2: Principle Two: Flexibility in Use
The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
3: Principle Three: simple and intuitive
Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
4: Principle Four: Perceptible Information
The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.
5: Principle Five: Tolerance for Error
The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
6: Principle Six: Low Physical Effort
The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
7: Principle Seven: Size and Space for Approach and Use
Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user's body size, posture, or mobility.
Copyright © 1997 NC State University, The Center for Universal Design. "The Principles of Universal Design were conceived and developed by The Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University. Use or application of the Principles in any form by an individual or organization is separate and distinct from the Principles and does not constitute or imply acceptance or endorsement by The Center for Universal Design of the use or application."