The Advocacy Newsletter of ILRCSF
Title IX: 40 Years of Opportunities for Women and the Expansion of All Civil Rights Legislation
On June 23rd, 1972, Title IX was signed into law guaranteeing women's rights within the work place and in regard to education. Title IX's key concerns ranged from "Access to Higher Education" and "Employment," to "Sexual Harassment" and "Technology." It is no exaggeration, then, to say that Title IX changed the face of America for women, forever.
"I thought it was about women and sports."
Title IX is about a lot more than just sports. It was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions. The regulations implementing Title IX state:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
One of the most exciting aspects of Title IX is that it created a new way of conferring political power, because it mandated eligibility for funding be linked to inclusion.
Title IX in Practice: A Tale of Two Ladies
Though civil rights successes may feel incremental, their effects can often be felt within the movement from one generation to the next. ILRCSF's Executive Director, Jessie Lorenz, admits, "I first got involved in sports because of Title IX. There were specific guidelines about participation of girls on sports teams that were directly related to it. One day, there was a school announcement that the track team needed one more girl to join in order to be able to keep offering track to boys! I hadn't been involved in organized sports, before, but I decided to give it a go. Being involved in sports opened up a whole new world to me. In many ways, it set the tone for how I would continue to pursue my interests, and not just the interests that the world thought I should pursue. If I hadn't been presented with that initial opportunity to join the track team - which came as a direct result of my school working to adhere to Title IX, mind you - I doubt I would have ended up becoming so involved in athletics, and I highly doubt I would have found myself at the Paralympics." As a member of the U.S. Women's Goal Ball Team, Jessie won a gold medal in Beijing in 2008.
Having been born just a single generation after ILRCSF's Deputy Director, Diane Rovai, Jessie's experience stands in stark contrast to that of women who went to school before Title IX was passed. Diane remembers, "It was a different era when I was in school. Opportunities for girls were very limited. While boys had all sorts of choices, all we could take - outside of academics - was Home Economics...cooking or sewing: activities that were considered 'appropriate' for girls. It didn't matter that many of us had interests outside of the kitchen or away from a sewing machine. But, I was an anomaly. I ended up attending one of the best and most academically rigorous high schools in the country, and eventually forged a career for myself in the corporate sector. For the most part, I did this without Title IX as a safety net, and it was an uphill battle, all the way. Few girls and women of my generation were able to overcome the systemic barriers put before them. I'm glad my daughter and granddaughter have Title IX. It's not an entitlement - it's about basic civil rights."
The Impact of Title IX Has Been Nothing Less Than Dramatic
As data available from the mid 90's makes clear, the number of high school girls participating in athletics increased from 300,000 in 1971, to 2.4 million in 1996. And the reach of Title IX can be felt beyond the world of sports. The percentage of women earning their first professional degree has also increased dramatically:
- In dentistry, the proportion rose more than 26% from 1970 to 1996
- In medicine, it rose more than 31%
- And in law, it rose more than 34%
Clearly, Title IX is a powerful example of civil rights legislation in action. While there's a still a long way to go when it comes to men and women getting equal treatment and compensation in the work place, there is, nevertheless, a much more level playing field than there was 40 years ago. Diane's experiences of academic and professional challenge as a lone woman among a sea of men, in many ways wouldn't likely be as stark for a woman in the corporate sector today. And while the opportunity to participate in organized sports was a new concept when it was presented to Jessie, it's commonplace for school girls, today.
The Long View
ILRCSF has always argued that disability rights are civil rights, and that as such, each law builds upon the last, like a chain reaction, opening new roads to liberty. Title IX is the "mother," so to speak, of the 1973 Federal 504 Rehab Act that required organizations and educational institutions to be accessible to people with disabilities, which, in turn, "birthed" the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990 and extended access requirements to local governments and private businesses.
Changes like these can feel impossibly slow at times. But taking a long view of history can help us recognize how deeply the struggle for disability rights is tied to all other civil rights battles. It can be powerful to remember that Title IX was absolutely foundational for securing the rights guaranteed by the ADA. June 23rd will mark the 40th anniversary of Title IX and we hope that you'll join us in celebrating this civil rights milestone.
Title IX Links
History of Title IX
A Brief History of Title IX
Title IX Wikipedia Article
Title IX Fast Facts
Herb Levine Legacy Fund: Call For Proposals
The Herb Levine Legacy Fund has been established to support grass roots efforts aimed to raise awareness of disability rights issues, address access issues, and encourage the wider public to participate in disability rights advocacy. While projects that benefits individuals will be considered, an emphasis will be placed on projects that address issues from a systems change perspective.
Unlike most funding opportunities, applicants to the Herb Levine Legacy Fund are not required to have not-for-profit status.
May 22 announcement of 2012 grant cycle.
Applications due no later than June 30th
July 26th announcement of recipients is made.
Information and application guidelines
The mission of the American Association on Health and Disability (AAHD) is to contribute to national, state, and local efforts to promote health and wellness in people with disabilities and identify effective intervention strategies that reduce health disparities between people with disabilities and the general population. AAHD accomplishes its mission through research, education and advocacy at the national, state and community level.
In 2009, AAHD created the AAHD Scholarship Program, which supports students with disabilities pursuing higher education. Preference is given to students who plan to pursue undergraduate/graduate studies in the field of public health, health promotion, disability studies, to include disability policy and disability research. Royalties from the DHJO and private donations fund the AAHD Scholarship Program. Applicants must be enrolled as a full time in an undergraduate school (freshman or greater status) or be enrolled part time or full time in a graduate school, and have a documented disability and provide documentation of their disability. (Applicants who have not yet graduated from high school will not be considered.)
The application deadline for the current cycle is November 15, 2012, but this is expected to be a very competitive scholarship program, and applicants are urged to get started ASAP.
For details of application procedure, and to download the application form, checkout AAHD's website.
Information Technology - Not Just For Boys, Anymore
The Bay Area is home to many of the world's innovators in Information Technology. More and more, this field is of interest to girls and women. The National Center for Women and Information Technology(NCWIT) is a not-for-profit coalition that works to increase diversity in IT and computing. NCWIT believes that greater diversity will create a larger and more competitive workforce, and promote the design of technology that is as broad and innovative as the population it serves. NCWIT focuses on improving diversity across the entire spectrum: K-12 through college education, and on to academic, corporate and entrepreneurial careers.
The NCWIT Academic Alliance has partnered with Symantec to offer the NCWIT Student Seed Fund, a $750 award given to student-run programs and initiatives that promote increased participation of women in computing and IT programs. The award is eligible to student organizations residing in an institution that is a US university and a member of the NCWIT Academic Alliance. The award is given to organizations whose initiatives align with NCWIT's mission by proposing activities, events, or other programs that will recruit, retain, and support women in technology- and computing-related majors.
Wheelchair Wisdom: Wheelchair Repair Workshop
Friday, May 25, 2012
10:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.
649 Mission St., 3rd Floor
For info contact Alicia Contreras
415 .543.6222 Ext. 110. firstname.lastname@example.org
Sponsored by The Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation, Paralysis Resource Center and by Title Wheelchairs.
For more information, check out the ILRCSF Blog
In order to be fully accessible to all people with disabilities, ILRCSF is a scent-free office. When visiting ILRCSF, please do not wear any scented products, including perfumes, aftershave, hairspray, etc.
Economic Empowerment Summer Series:
Starting A Small Business
One area where both men and women are making huge strides is in the small business community. A small business can be anything from a store, to a service, to an internet-based enterprise, and everything in between. For some people with disabilities, starting a small business can be a big part of establishing economic independence. Many of us dream about turning our skills and talents into an income stream, but few of us know where to start, or what we need to do in order to take the first steps.
On June 7, 2012 ILRCSF is proud to present a workshop led by
Business Case Manager Supervisor
Of SF's Office of Small Business
Starting A Small Business
- Variables to consider in starting a small business
- Turning an idea into reality
- Registering a small business
- Resources available for small business owners
- Services available to the public from SF's Office of Small Business
When: June 7, 2012 10-11am
Where: 649 Mission Street, 3rd floor
RSVP: Space is limited, so registration is required.
ILRCSF is wheelchair accessible, and reasonable accommodations (including ASL interpretation) are available upon advanced request. ILRCSF is a scent-free office- please do not wear any scented products, including perfume, aftershave, hairspray, etc.
Webinar - Violence against Latina Women with Disabilities and Deaf Women: A Cultural Perspective
Women with disabilities and Deaf women experience violence at greater rates than the general population. Despite this alarming reality, much remains to be done in terms of research and practical interventions to improve the responses of mainstream services' to this problem. Unfortunately, even less has been done to effectively respond to Latinas with disabilities experiencing violence.
During this webinar participants will have the opportunity to analyze the intersection of violence and Latina survivors with disabilities.
Presenter: Heidi Notario-Smull, Training and Technical Assistance Coordinator, National Latina Network of Healthy Families and Communities.
Date: June 27, 2012
Time: 2:00pm Central
Nursing - A Career Choice for People with Disabilities
Nursing is a challenging career choice - and one that more men and women are choosing. It's also a field where people with disabilities can have an opportunity to put their skills and know-how to use, while achieving financial independence. Johnson & Johnson has set up a whole internet portal for nurses with disabilities, and people with disabilities who are interested in pursuing nursing as a career. Among the valuable resource they've compiled is a comprehensive list of scholarship opportunities for nurses with disabilities.
Success through Partnerships: Careers in Government for Urban Youth with Disabilities
The 2012 National Transition Conference, hosted by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS), will take place from May 30 - June 1, 2012 in Washington, D.C. This conference will bring together partners in the transition community, including young adults and families, to promote practices, policy and research that lead to successful employment outcomes and self-sufficiency for young people with disabilities, including Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD).
For more information about this important conference, check out the Disability.Blog
Sailing for People with Disabilites
BAADS seeks to make all aspects of sailing accessible. To fulfill this mission, they offer dinghy sailing every Saturday and keelboat sailing every Sunday out of South Beach Marina, adjacent to AT&T Park.
An Animated Trip Through the Eyes of People With Psych Disabilities
Animated Minds was conceived in 2003 as an attempt to communicate the subjective experience of mental health problems to a wider audience. The idea was simple: to take the testimony of a variety of people who have experienced mental distress, and then to try to animate their experience. The result, it was hoped, would be a series of engaging short films which would give a general audience a greater understanding of what it feels like to live with various mental difficulties.
Unfortunately, the videos on Animated Minds are not captioned, but they are accompanied by descriptive text on the site.
Options Counseling at ILRCSF: How Can It Help You Achieve Independence?
Options Counseling helps consumers make educated, informed choices surrounding their current and/or future long-term services and support needs. ILRCSF offers options counseling - at no cost to consumers - and can help people with disabilities take control of their own futures. This is what Independent Living is all about.
Options Counseling is a 100% free service.
To find out more about options counseling, and how it can help you achieve and maintain independence, call:
(415) 543-6222 Ext. 110
The Independent Living Resource Center San Francisco is a 501(c)3, not-for-profit organization. Donations from the public support our workshops, one-to-one services, multi-cultural outreach, advocacy and systems change work, the Herb Levine Legacy Fund, and this newsletter. Please consider making a donation to help us keep offering information, support and advocacy to people with disabilities.
Tax deductible donations may be sent to:
649 Mission Street, 3rd Floor,
San Francisco, CA 94105
You can find out more about ILRCSF by following us on the Internet: