Additionally, top management must:
- Make TPM a part of their Policy Deployment goals
- Support the creation of a full-time Certified Lean Facilitator position (organizations > 100 people)
- Support, encourage, and discuss the organizational role and culture changes that will be required during this transition
- Ignore the red flags that TPM will create if the organization is using a "Standard Cost" accounting system
- Recognize a World Class level TPM implementation can take many years (again, of all the Lean tools/activities, maintenance is the furthest behind)
Other TPM Implementation Considerations
1) Some thoughts on supporting the maintenance department culture change:
- Treat/respect maintenance as the foundation of our processes (not as an indirect cost!).
- Move maintenance to the center of the processes (if required, 5S during the move).
- Assign maintenance directly to cells, production lines, and value streams (indirectly to maintenance manager).
2) Of the five potential maintenance strategies:
Breakdown - wait until it breaks then scramble or use the "fire-fighting" strategy, also known as reactive maintenance (this is what many organization are currently doing).
Preventative (planned downtime) -- periodic or scheduled maintenance; e.g., oiling, greasing, filter changes, etc., to prevent premature wear and breakdowns, combined with periodic major inspections and overhauls which prevent equipment performance deterioration.
Predictive -- repair or replace components before failure based on historical information, monitoring equipment operation, or life cycles. Life cycles can be based on:
- number of cycles
- operating time in minutes or hours
- calendar time
- component wear data
- variations in component operating parameters
Corrective or Improvement -- Use of "root cause" analysis to determine why a component wore out or failed, followed by equipment modifications or upgrades to prevent recurrence.
Maintenance Prevention -- design or specification of equipment components that do not require maintenance. This can include the design or specification of equipment that is easy to clean, inspect, and lubricate.
Preventative and predictive strategies can account for 75 - 90% of all
improvement in the short term.
3) The key to an effective preventative maintenance component within the TPM initiative is the machine operators. Up to 75% of breakdowns can be detected and prevented by well-trained associates.
4) Component failure analysis studies indicate that from 60-75% of all equipment mechanical failures are a result of lubrication failure (contaminated, wrong type, inadequate, or excessive).
5) The cost of a TPM program is optimized (between spending too much and not spending enough) when roughly 90% of all maintenance activities are planned, and 10% are unplanned.
6) Often, a good place to start your TPM OEE measurement system is with equipment availability.
7) Purchase a TPM computer program only after a manual system, which meets the organization data management and analysis requirements, has been developed.
8) Equipment builders who do not support TPM efforts on their already purchased equipment should not be considered for future equipment purchases.
9) Consider using a measurement system like the one used to measure Lean Supplier performance:
(courtesy John Walter - MarquipWardUnited)
To evaluate new equipment purchases: