Logo

History of Marine Animal Populations 
 
 
Newsletter 
  
IN THIS ISSUE
International Summer School
From 27,000 to 100 whales
Atlas of Historical Fishing Grounds
Asia Synthesis Workshop
Caught by a Fisherman and a Camera
CoML All Program Meeting
What is HMAP all About?
Oceans Past II
Registration is Open
 
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
 
Registration for the Oceans Past II conference is open. Please register now. A preliminary program can be seen below. Six presentations will be held within each theme to discuss the dynamics of marine environmental change over the long-term. 
 
Day 1 - May 26th
9:00-11:30    Plenary          
1:30-4:00      Themes: 1-2-3-4
6:30-            Reception     
 
Day 2 - May 27th
9:00-11:30    Themes: 1-2-4-HNS             
1:30-4:00      Themes: 1-1-2-5
6:30-             First Nation Aboriginal Dance performance             
 
Day 3 - May 28th
9:00-11:30     Themes: 1-4-5              
1:30-4:00       Plenary
 
QUICK LINKS
 
 
 
 
 
JOIN OUR LIST
Join Our Mailing List
Issue: 3 March/2009

 

International Summer School 2009
HMAP Mediterranean and the Black Sea
 
From the 31.08.2009 to 04.09.2009 a five day Summer School will be held at the Abdus Salaam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy. Entitled: When humanities meet ecology: historic changes in Mediterranean and Black Sea marine biodiversity and ecosystems since the Roman period until nowadays. Languages, methodologies and perspectives.

The HMAP Summer School aims to achieve two main goals:
- to strengthen the basis of multidisciplinary approach in the framework of marine environmental and ecological history studies with special emphasis to the Mediterranean Sea, including the Black Sea;
- to contribute to build up bridges between humanities, social sciences, environmental and ecological approaches, especially  students and young scientists, providing a common language and a better understanding of reciprocal needs and potential.
 
From 27,000 to 100 whales in 150 years 
New collaborative study on southern right whale population trajectory.
 
A new study, part funded through the NZ Taking Stock project and the World whaling project, and authored by Jennifer Jackson, Emma Carroll, Nathalie Patenaude and Scott Baker as well as Tim Smith, has produced a report on the historical demography of the New Zealand right whale (the Tohora).
 
The study reconstructions suggest that right whales in New Zealand waters in the late 18th century prior to whaling numbered 27,000 (95% confidence interval of 22,000 and 32,000) whales, but by 1925 the population was reduced to less than 100 individuals, perhaps as low as 25 reproductive females. Current stock size is estimated to be <3% of its pre-whaling abundance.
 
McLintock, Alexander Hare, 1903-1968 Diagram of share of crew in whale [1939?] Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand, Reference No. A-191-009
In a substantial appendix to the report Emma Carroll, Jennifer Jackson, David Paton and Tim Smith detail how right whale catches and removals around east Australia and New Zealand were estimated from historical sources. Both the main report and the appendix are being prepared for publication as two separate papers in the primary literature. The results of the study are currently being incorporated into present day and historical models of the NZ coastal ecosystem. 
Atlas of Historical Fishing Grounds 
HMAP is in the process of developing a global atlas of historical fishing grounds and synthesizing the work and data of all its research projects. This information will be used to develop global perspectives of how marine life and ecosystems in the oceans have changed over the long-term. The goals of the synthesis and mapping projects are to identify areas of historical human-environment interactions and assess the cumulative impact of fishing upon these areas or marine ecosystems. You are more than welcome to visit and view the mapping website and also to add data of fishing grounds. This project will not only provide synthesis products, but also will serve to preserve the legacy of 10 years of HMAP research. 
 
Link to the mapping website 

Example of a map of a fishing ground

Asia Synthesis Workshop
Workshop, Perth. Photo: Kira PravatoOn the 11th of February HMAP Asia held a workshop at Murdoch University, located in Perth, Western Australia. 25 participants contributed to the main theme of the day: "Towards a Regional Synthesis". Associate Professor John Butcher of Griffith University started the day by taking the audience on a guided tour through the papers of the day: Whales, tuna, sharks, pink snapper and management of the seas were some of the topics. Poul Holm, chair of HMAP, wrapped up the day by concluding that Asia is, in a historical perspective, underexploited and that HMAP Asia is a very important step to reveal the past in the area and to develop the historical discipline.
 
View
the power point presentations from the workshop and watch video interviews with Malcolm Tull, the project leader of HMAP Asia and John Butcher here
Caught by a Fisherman and a Camera  
Photos of fish caught by sport fishermen forms the basis of a new HMAP study published in Conservation Biology
 
Fish caught on Key West charter boats, (a) 1957, (b) early 1980s, and (c) 2007.There are many, many ways to conduct historical research. And Loren McClenachan, HMAP Caribbean, has found yet another very unusual way to learn about past abundance and species compositions. She simply looked at photos that were taken of fish landed by sports fishermen at the Key West dock during the years 1956-2007. The historical photographs provide a visual and quantitative evidence of changes in mean individual size and species composition for groups of marine fish. Loren McClenachan measured such trends for 13 groups of recreationally caught "trophy" reef fish. The photos revealed that the mean fish size declined from an estimated 19.9 kg to 2.3 kg, and there was a major shift in species composition. 
 
For example:
Landings from 1956 to 1960 were dominated by large groupers, and other large predatory fish were commonly caught including sharks with an average length of just <2 m. In contrast, landings in 2007 were composed of small snappers with an average length of 34.4 cm.
 
Documenting Loss of Large Trophy Fish from the Florida Keys with Historical Photographs; LOREN MCCLENACHAN, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Link
CoML All Program Meeting
On the mighty ship The Queen Mary, Long Beach, California, all projects under the Census of Marine Life met for five days from the 1st to the 5th of February. The meeting was focused on synthesis and the grant finale when CoML comes to an end in London, October, 2010. HMAP was represented by Poul Holm, Andy Rosenberg, Anne Marboe, Henn Ojaveer and Kira Pravato.
 
AwardDuring the first evening of the meeting, CoML awarded several prizes to its community. HMAP received the prize for "Outstanding Achievement in Outreach and Education", based on its new website and the videos presented on it. Thanks for the accollades! 
What is HMAP all About? 
Video Release 
 End of the 19th century. From the "Archivio Fotografico del Civico Museo del Mare, Trieste - Italy"
 

Follow the link below
Choose HMAP

Lean back,
Relax and watch... 
 
...a quick video introduction to HMAP. In the video Poul Holm, chair of HMAP, explains the purpose and vision of HMAP. Plus you will also get to visit several of the HMAP projects located all over the world.
 
If you want to use some of the videos produced by HMAP, for example for educational purposes, the only thing you have to do is to write an e-mail to the outreach coordinator Kira Pravato, asking for a full quality of a video.
History of Marine Animal Populations is a global research initiative that study the past ocean life and human interaction with the sea. Our goal is to enhance knowledge and understanding of how the diversity, distribution and abundance of marine life in the worlds oceans changes over the long term. HMAP is a part Census of Marine Life.