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March 22, 2012  |  e-newsletter
Recent Publications  
2012 | No. 2
research and outreach

 photo courtesy
Moving Forward from Vulnerability to Adaptation
Climate Change, Drought, and Water Demand in the Urbanizing Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico

Edited by Margaret Wilder, Christopher A. Scott, Nicolás Piñeda-Pablos, Robert G. Varady, and Gregg M. Garfin

Udall Center Publications, 2012, 170 p.

For the past three years, a binational research team led by the University of Arizona and the Colegio de Sonora and supported by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration worked closely with water managers, disaster relief planners, and other decision-makers in Arizona and Sonora to study the vulnerability of the region's water resources to climate variability and change and the capacity governments, private enterprises, and individuals might have to better prepare for, or adapt to, such changes.

This book includes detailed case studies of the water-climate "vulnerability and adaptation" situation for four communities: Tucson, Ariz.; the twinned border cities of Nogales, Ariz., and Nogales, Son.; Hermosillo, Son.; and Puerto Peñasco, Son.

For each of the communities, the researchers determined the vulnerability of the water sector to climate changes, the capacity to plan and respond to these vulnerabilities relative to future water needs, and the ability of water managers and preparedness planners to use climate science and information for improved long-range decision-making and adaptation. The researchers conclude each case study by discussing the overall implications for water resources planning and policymaking in the respective community.

Principal funding for the research project came from NOAA's Sectoral Application Research Program (SARP). Additional support came from NOAA's Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS) based at the UA Institute of the Environment, the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), and the U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Program (TAAP) of the USGS Arizona Water Science Center and UA Water Resources Research Center. Support to publish the casebook came from the International Consortium of Adaptation in Drylands (ICAD), a collaboration of the UA and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).

The casebook is available free online (click here).

Contact Margaret Wilder (lead editor) by email at



 photo courtesy NSF Antarctic Program 
Global Warming and Antarctica
Causes, Effects, and Policies 

By Bernard P. Herber

Environmental Policy Working Paper, No. 3
Udall Center Publications, 2012, 24 p.

Continuing the analysis presented in his book, Protecting the Antarctic Commons: Problems with Economic Efficiency (Udall Center Publications, 2007), Herber, professor emeritus of economics at the University of Arizona and a Udall Center Fellow in 1991-92, discusses the unique role of Antarctica -- as part of the global commons -- in the global warming scenario.

He describes the strategic role of Antarctic science and information related to global warming policy, and examines the ultimate policy challenges, related to global leadership and distributional issues, needed to realize effective and efficient global warming policy.

The working paper is available free online (click here).

Contact Bernard Herber by email at   



 photo courtesy iStock  
Water International (Special Issue)
"Has the privatization peaked? The future of public water governance"

Edited by Bernard de Gouvello and Christopher A. Scott

Water International, 37(2): 87-182, March 2012

The papers in this special issue of Water International examine the changing management structure (public- versus private-sector operation) of water and wastewater service provision. The papers look at the lessons and trends of service privatization and resource commodification, and at the efficiency and effectiveness of the market in ensuring equitible water governance.

The issue editors (de Gouvello and Scott) provide an overview (pp. 87-90) and introduce the seven papers in the volume:

1) "Changing paradigms in water and sanitation services in Argentina: Towards a sustainable model?" (de Gouvello, Lentini, and Brenner, pp. 91-106)

2) "The remunicipalization of Parisian water services: New challenges for local authorities and policy implications" (Valdovinos, pp. 107-120)

3) "A pragmatic approach to multiple water use coordination in Chile" (Guiloff, pp. 121-130)

4) "Hydroelectric power generation in Chile: An institutional critique of the neutrality of market mechanisms" (Prieto and Bauer, pp. 131-146)

5) "The global commodification of wastewater" (Scott and Raschid-Sally, pp. 147-155)

6) "The role of the public and private sectors in water provision in Arizona, USA"  (Megdal, pp. 156-168)

7) "Virtual water hegemony: The role of agribusiness in global water governance" (Sojamo, Keulertz, Warner, and Allan, pp. 169-182)

This special issue of Water International is available online (click here).

Contact Christopher Scott by email at



 photo courtesy iStock  
Climate Research
"Effects of climate change and population growth on the transboundary Santa Cruz aquifer"

By Christopher A. Scott, Sharon Megdal, Lucas Antonio Aroz, James Callegary, and Prescott Vandervoet

Climate Research, 51(2): 159-170, 2012

Reviews past, current, and projected pressures on the Santa Cruz River valley aquifer located between the states of Arizona and Sonora, assesses the relative magnitude of climate change and human demand drivers on the Santa Cruz water balance, and identifies short- and long-term opportunities for binational collaboration on transboundary aquifer assessment.

This article is available online (click here).

Contact Christopher Scott by email at


"Exploring the textured landscape of water insecurity and the human right to water"

By Andrea K. Gerlak and Margaret Wilder

Environment, 54(2): 4-17, March-April 2012

Explores what progress has been made by the international community to address the inequity and insecurity of access to water worldwide, chronicles stories of places where communities working with governments, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and development aid have begun to address these challenges and fulfill the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and human right to water -- paying particular attention to success stories where greater access to water has been achieved and challenging projects and activities that have yielded more mixed results -- and uncovers mismatches between the MDGs and the human right to water reflecting the uneven contours of water insecurity across the world.

This article is available online (click here).

Contact Andrea Gerlak by email at or Margaret Wilder by email at


Global Environmental Politics
"Conflict and cooperation along international rivers: Crafting a model of institutional effectiveness"

By Ramiro Berardo and Andrea K. Gerlak

Global Environmental Politics, 12(1): 101-120, February 2012

Builds a model that explores the conditions under which institutions are most likely to foster meaningful cooperation in the management of shared rivers, drawing from a diverse literature on social and ecological systems, international institutions, and common-pool resources, and providing an initial test of the model by analyzing the conflict between Argentina and Uruguay over the construction of pulp mills along the Uruguay River.

This article is available online (click here).

Contact Andrea Gerlak by email at



 photos courtesy John Rae, Honoring Nations/HPAIED  
Rebuilding Native Nations Distance Learning Module
"Justice Systems" 
Produced by Ian Record and Ryan Seelau

Native Nations Institute, March 2012

This course provides a general overview of Native nation justice systems and demonstrates their importance to the process of nation building. Native justice systems encompass a wide range of related institutions, such as courts, law enforcement, and treatment facilities.

These systems are critical to Native nations for everything from making and implementing decisions to attracting economic development to enacting and protecting tribal sovereignty. Featuring the firsthand perspectives of more than 60 Native leaders and scholars, it presents several case studies of Native nations who have successfully rebuilt their justice systems.

The "Justice Systems" module and others in the Rebuilding Native Nations distance learning program are available online (click here).

Contact Ian Record by email at




Udall Center  

Established in 1987, the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy sponsors policy-relevant, interdisciplinary research and forums that link scholarship and education with decision-making. The Center specializes in issues concerning: (1) environmental policy, primarily in the Southwest and U.S.-Mexico border region; (2) immigration policy of the United States; and (3) Indigenous nations policy.


Stephen Cornell, Director

(520) 626-4393  


Robert G. Varady, Deputy Director
(520) 626-4393  



Native Nations Institute  

The Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy (NNI), founded in 2001 by the Morris K. Udall Foundation (now Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation) and the University of Arizona and housed at the Udall Center, serves as a self-determination, governance, and development resource for Indigenous nations in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere.


Joan Timeche, Executive Director
(520) 626-0664

Miriam Jorgensen, Research Director 

(520) 626-0664  



Robert Merideth, Editor in Chief
(520) 626-4393
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