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March 24, 2010
Biweekly News


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Bob Verady photo
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Stewart L. Udall served as Secretary of the Interior under Presidents John F. Kennedy (left) and Lyndon Baines Johnson (right, shown with Lady Bird Johnson). While secretary, he authored the environmental classic, The Quiet Crisis, in 1963. (Photos by White House staff (left) and Michael A. Geissinger (right) courtesy UA Library Special Collections)

Remembering Stewart L. Udall, 1920-2010

The Udall Center notes with sadness the passing of Stewart L. Udall, former Secretary of the Interior under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. Udall was a longtime advocate for many issues that intersect with the Udall Center's mission.

In 1987, the Arizona Board of Regents established the Udall Center to recognize the Udall family's enormous contributions to public affairs, over three generations, in Arizona and across the nation. Stewart Udall and his brother, Morris K. Udall, were the most prominent members of the family in the area of public service.

"The Udall Center has drawn much of its inspiration from the work of the two Udall brothers," said Robert Varady, deputy director of the Center, director of its environmental policy programs, and co-author with Stewart Udall of a 1994 essay on transboundary environmental conflict.

"Much of our understanding and appreciation of environmental values derive from Stewart Udall's thinking and commitment," Varady said.

Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation

Last year, through an act of Congress, Stewart Udall's name was added to that of his brother to rename the Tucson-based federal agency, the Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation. [LINK]

Since 1995, the Udall Center has received significant funding from the Udall Foundation to support many of the Center's research and outreach programs in environmental policy and Indigenous nations policy. In 2001, the Udall Foundation and University of Arizona founded the Native Nations Institute, an administrative unit of the Udall Center.

Resources about Stewart Udall for Scholars

Under the auspices of the Center's annual workplan with the Foundation, the UA Library receives support to archive documents, photographs, oral histories, and memorabilia that pertain to the careers of the Udalls and other key Arizona political figures.

These resources are available for review by scholars and members of the public at the UA Library Special Collections. [LINK]

Information about the documents and materials of Stewart Udall is available at two websites:

Stewart Lee Udall: Advocate for the Planet Earth, which includes a finding aid to the Udall papers; a biographical note and career chronology; a guide to books, articles, and speeches by Udall; links to the archives of other Udall family members, including Morris K. Udall; and selected images. [LINK]

Stewart L. Udall: Papers of the Mexican Water Treaty and Colorado River, part of the Western Waters Digital Library, with digitized documents pertaining to the Colorado River treaty with Mexico. [LINK]

Research Articles about Stewart Udall

Stewart Udall was himself a scholar and author of many articles and books, including the environmental classic, The Quiet Crisis, published in 1963. He also has been the subject of study by historians and other researchers.

Several key articles focus on Udall's policies and impact as Secretary of the Interior (most of these articles are available via the online database, JSTOR). [LINK]

Bailey, J.M. 2005. Reconsideration and reconciliation: Arizona's "Brothers Udall" and the Grand Canyon Dam controversy. New Mexico Historical Review 80(2): 133-162.

Baker, R.A. 1985. The Conservation Congress of Anderson and Aspinall, 1963-64. Journal of Forest History 29(3): 104-119.

Coate, C. 2001. "You put politics in the scale": Stewart L. Udall and excess land law in California, 1961-1968. Social Science Journal 38(4): 515-526.

Coate, C. 1995. "The biggest water fight in American History": Stewart Udall and the Central Arizona Project. Journal of the Southwest 37(1): 79-101.

Dean, R. 1997. "Dam building still had some magic then": Stewart Udall, the Central Arizona Project, and the evolution of the Pacific Southwest Water Plan, 1963-1968. The Pacific Historical Review 66(1): 81-98.

Riggs, C.K. 2000. American Indians, economic development, and self-determination in the 1960s. The Pacific Historical Review 69(3): 431-463.

Smith, T.G. 1997. Robert Frost, Stewart Udall, and the "Last Go-Down." New England Quarterly 70(1): 3-32.

Smith, T.G. 1995. John Kennedy, Stewart Udall, and New Frontier conservation. The Pacific Historical Review 64(3): 329-362.

Stewart Udall: On Leaving a Legacy

In January 2009, Albuquerque public television station, KNME, broadcast an interview with Stewart Udall, in which he spoke about the legacy he wanted to leave to future generations:

Stewart Udall: Advocate for the Earth [LINK]

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In November 2009, Stewart Udall (shown here with his son, U.S. Senator Tom Udall, D-NM) attended the dedication ceremony renaming the Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation, an independent federal agency based in Tucson, Ariz. (Photo by Jennifer Polixenni Brankin courtesy Udall Foundation)
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Robert Merideth
Editor in Chief

Chrys Gakopoulos
Graphic Designer (Udall Center)

Ariel Mack
Graphic Designer (NNI)

Emily McGovern
Editorial Associate and Research Analyst


Established in 1987, the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy sponsors policy-relevant, interdisciplinary research and forums that link scholarship and education with decision-making. The Center specializes in issues concerning: (1) environmental policy, primarily in the Southwest and U.S.-Mexico border region; (2) immigration policy of the United States; and (3) Indigenous nations policy.


The Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy (NNI), founded in 2001 by the Morris K. Udall Foundation (now Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation) and The University of Arizona and housed at the Udall Center, serves as a self-determination, governance, and development resource for Indigenous nations in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere.

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