Volume 1, Issue 6
September 11, 2011

Mount Ararat

16,854' Mt Ararat (photo by Andrew Sevag) 



Though its 14,000-foot + location on Mount Ararat beautifully suits the biblical description for the resting place of Noah's Ark, NAMI's discovery brings to the fore a scientific dilemma. A local "Flood" could not have raised the Ark to such heights. Hasn't man explored the depths of the earth and the distant heavens? But water seems rare and in short supply? Identifying sources of water that might cover the earth's mountains presents such an insurmountable problem that I would have never become interested in Noah's Flood were it not the difficulty that Jesus' reference to this event posed to my faith.


The latter caused me to do a lot of searching. For many years, I put the question about the water aside because I knew that our scientific knowledge is frequently over-turned. I wanted first to know from the archaeological evidence whether the Flood did in fact take place. If that proved to be negative, there was no point in being concerned about the source of the waters. But if the evidence does show a worldwide Flood, that is a problem for geology instead of the Bible!


After I had gotten my answer from the archaeological search, my interests shifted to the scientific issues: animal migrations, ark size, and, at last, the water. As I was reflecting on the problem, it occurred to me to ask why the earth's continents, that float on a mantel of liquid rock, stick up higher than the oceans. Earth is heavier than water. The earth's surface ought to be completely, not mainly covered with water - unless there is something floating on the liquid mantel like an iceberg on the ocean, one that is lighter or less dense than the oceans. Even after the Flood, there must still be more water inside the continental basins than in the oceans! 


I later learned that the only direct evidence as to what is deep beneath the continents' crustal rocks (from the Russian 7-mile drill) is showing water.This was confirmed this past week with the discovery of a great river of water deep in the oil drills beneath the Amazon basin. The earth's depths are not liquid iron and nickel as assumed by the current theory, which assumes the earth was formed from meteorites. The earth was probably formed from water because the heavens are so full of water. Every day, thousands of micro-comets impact our atmosphere. Great amounts are found in interstellar space. Dark matter may just be water. It may not be just the earth whose interior is filled with water, which is far more compressible and perhaps heavier than liquid rock. The details and documentation supporting this new (and ancient) cosmology are contained in my book.


As explained below, there is plenty of evidence that the earth's climate and surface changed dramatically and suddenly just a little over four thousand years ago, the time when advanced civilizations occupied what are now the earth's deserts. Likewise, there is evidence that the earth's mountains have recently risen and that the oceans have become deeper and wider. We need to understand what philosophers of science already know: the big theories about our world are not based on the evidence, but on fashions and political interest. 


Regards to all,


Philip Williams
New recipients

If this is your first Christian Leaders & Scholars Newsletter, please take a look at our first 5 newsletters.
In this issue
How much of science is fiction?
When rivers flowed in the deserts
Growing mountains, sinking oceans

How much of science is science fiction?

Has mankind entered a new era of darkness and myth? 


It may surprise laymen to learn that those with the most scientific experience are also the most skeptical of broad scientific claims, while those of no experience are the most trusting. Science's strength is its skepticism. Important scientific advances occur by challenging current beliefs. 


No one need make gravity a dogma. If someone believes the law of gravity can be defied, that is something that we all want to see. When science turns into authoritative dogma as is increasingly the case in our politically correct world, we have but another established religion - but without science's advantage of skepticism. Since scientific beliefs are constantly overturned, we must have entered an a new Dark Age of dogma and myth. 


The biggest scientific theories of all, what are referred to as paradigms, are also the most subjective. These cannot be refuted since they are the very way that one looks at the world. Evidence that may seem to conflict with one's worldview can always be explained away or just ignored. But theories that we choose to defend against new evidence are also worthless for discovery


Fortunately, we need not be captive to skepticism. Theories or claims can be tested if they make specific predictions. The same is true of the Bible, inspired by the God of Elijah! (1Kings 18) True accounts of history make predictions that myth's do not or cannot. When a theory or claim is true it will function as a powerful light showing us what we never expected to see.

When rivers flowed in the world's deserts
About 4500 years ago, the earth's desert belts were watered gardens, while elephants roamed what is now the Arctic
photo by Shawn Baldwin, published NY TImes, 9/17/2009


Beneath these little hills are some of hundreds of thousands of stone round houses covered by the sands of Bahrain, each filled with bodies from those living in them more than four thousand years ago. From the same era, satellite photographs reveal a great river flowing from the land of Havilah across Saudi Arabia, intersecting the mouths of the Tigris and Euphrates in present day Kuwait. The late Harvard archaeologist James Sauer noted its close resemblance to the description in Genesis 2 of the Pishon, one of the four rivers flowing from the Garden of Eden.


Similar phenomena are found in the Sahara and most of the other great deserts of the world, including the American Southwest. During the earliest civilizations in Egypt, the Sahara was tropical and full of rivers. 


The earth's desert belts, north and south of the equator, are created by the earth's hydological cycle. Air absorbs moisture from the hot tropics and expands as it rises and spreads above the desert belts. Only when this moisture-laden air reaches the cooler temperate zones does it create rain. It seems that the earth's current hydrological cycle has been created since the time of Noah's Flood.


These rivers in the desert point to a different type of watering system in the era before the Flood. Larger animals suggest a cooler climate, but elephants grazed in what are now Arctic regions. There could not have been an ice cap, for there would have been no vegetation for these animals. As I have already explained, the Ice Age was simply a re-interpretation of what was in fact the Flood. 
Purchase the book 
Click to purchase
The Archaeological Evidence of Noah's Flood
is available from many online booksellers. We notice that the fastest and most reliable way of obtaining the book is from our website which can be accessed by clicking the book icon at right.

S & H:    4.00  (US addresses)  
       2.70   (NC residents only)

Quick Links

Post public questions and comments to our Facebook Discussion group. 

Find us on Facebook
Recent great increases in the oceans and mountains
Archaeological evidence pointing to a recent rising of mountains, sinking of oceans


The earth's land and water have always been rising and sinking. Charles Lyell used the watermarks on these Roman columns in the Bay of Naples to demonstrate that the ocean levels had to have risen and dropped 25-feet since the days of Rome. I don't know how those concerned about sea-level rising manage to overlook this key drawing in the book that launched modern geology, but archaeology provides important clues to geological processes.


For example, scientists know that the earth's highest mountains are also the newest, but just how new? One clue is in the vegetation found in archaeological remains. The vegetation found in Otzi the Iceman (last week's newsletter) now grows only thousands of feet below. This points to thousands of feet growth in the Alps over the last 5000 years. Similar vegetation found in the highlands of Armenia point to the fact that the land around Mt Ararat has experience the same kind of growth over the same period.


Should water have emptied from the continental basins causing Noah's Flood, it would have caused land to rise accordingly. Likely, water emptied from the very places that we observe the rising land and mountains. Smaller mountains of those days reduce the water needed for the Flood, but where did all that water go?


Into the oceans, of course. Sea creatures found in the pre-ceramic archaeological remains on the coast of Peru point to a considerable cooling of the Pacific Ocean over the last 5000 years. That suggests a shallower Pacific Ocean in ancient times. Scientists do know that the ocean floors have been stretching as must happen from the great addition of water released from the continental basins during the Flood.

Trailer for NAMI's Ark discovery documentary
Give image time to download

There will be special screenings of the NAMI documentary next weekend, Sept 17-19 in Charlotte. Details coming!

Join Our Mailing List!

 If I somehow got your email on my mailing list to which you did not want to be subscribed or if you received this at more than one of your email addresses, please accept my apology and unsubscribe by using the SafeUnsubscribe utility below.

About Us
Christian Leaders & Scholars is the newsletter and publication site of Philip Ernest Williams, author of The Archaeological Evidence of Noah's Flood (2011). The site is also a ministry not only to Christian leaders and scholars but all who are interested in the more difficult issues pertaining to the Bible and its implications for science and history. (Read more)