Lifestyle Research Updates 

 July 2012 Olypmic special - focus on exercise

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 "Lifestyle News Updates"  highlights published  research which improve our understanding of how lifestyle can reduce the risk of cancer, help enhance our outcome after treatments and alleviate many of the side effects.

 

With the Olympics starting this week in London the focus is on exercise after Cancer- hopefully, one legacy of the games will be greater motivation for us all to improve our exercise levels ...read more  

 

Previous 2012 news updates

JuneMay | April | March | Feb | Jan

Half of all cancer deaths caused by lifestyle

swimming cancernetA comprehensive meta-analysis of the worlds published studies was conducted from the Wolfson Institute London [1]. The analysis found that 43% of cancer are attributable to lifestyle factors, including:

 

Smoking; lack of exercise; alcohol; diet (meat, fruit, salt & fibre); obesity; occupation; infections; radiation; use of hormones; breast feeding.

 

In the UK this equates to 134,000 cases a year. In terms of death rates the figure increases to 50% of all cancer deaths. Worrying, the figure may even be higher because research relating to other causes (eg. carcinogens & xenoestrogens) were not included - Read more about lifestyle and cancer

 Exercise prevents prostate cancer relapse 
power walkingA study involving over a 1000 men with prostate cancer showed that those walking more that 3 hours a week (or an equivalent exercise level) had a >35% lower chance of their cancer relapsing [2].  Men had to walk greater than 3 miles an hour, however, to get the effect - more about exercise and cancer 
Physical activity linked to lower adverse effects from radiotherapy

woman on bikeA review of 440 men who had been treated with radical pelvic radiotherapy between 2000-10 demonstrated a clear link between physical activity and side effect. Physically active men were  less likely to have urinary tract problems, less rectal urgency and less ED after treatment. [3] -  read abstract

Online micro-nutritional testing - not just for athletes
nutritional testsMost top athletes measure their body's essential micro-nutrients to ensure they have the correct nutritional balance for optimal performance. These tests are now available for everyone especially those concerned about or who have survived cancer. A online micro-nutrient service has been developed by cancernet which measures over 50 of the bodies essential micro-nutrients and anti-cancer enzymes (read evidence base).  The results of the detailed blood test are issued with a comprehensive bespoke advice programme which empowers the recipient to a diet and lifestyle which corrects deficiencies and lowers excesses to restore optimal nutritional status - read more about micro-nutrient testing
exercise A study published in the BMJ evaluated 34 randomised controlled trials from across the world [4]. Twenty two studies assessed aerobic exercise, and four also included resistance or strength training. Physical activity was associated with improvements in insulin-like growth factor-I, bench press, leg press, fatigue, depression, and quality of life. There were significant improvements in body mass index (BMI), body weight, peak oxygen consumption, peak power output, distance walked in six minutes, right handgrip strength, and quality of life. - read more about fatigue
The csp programmeGroup sessions during which cancer survivors are taught meditation, mindful yoga, and communication techniques significantly improve psychological symptoms and quality of life (QoL) according to findings presented at the American Society of Breast Surgeons meeting. Researchers randomly assigned 77 female cancer survivors to either attend weekly two-hour classes for eight weeks plus a single for-hour weekend retreat or be on a waiting list (control group). Patients in the intervention group showed a statistically significant reduction in stress - Find classes in your area
 Exercise rehabilitation course - a continued outstanding success
wrightfoundationThe Wright Foundation, government recognised, qualification in cancer rehabilitation,  has forged a successful new path for UK survivorship programmes. This is a great step forward for cancer rehabilitation in the UK as gyms, who have an instructor with these level 4 skills, are now able to accept referrals on the national exercise referral scheme. Instructors with this qualification also have a another "quiver in their bow" and are able to take on private clients for individual rehab. The course empowers trainers with a knowledge of what, why and how exercise is pivotal for cancer survivors -  read more about the course 
cancerThe number of cancer survivors living in the US is expected to surge by 2022. In the UK this means that over 3 million and the USA over 18 million people will be expected to survive the disease (men prostate 43% and women 41%). This estimate comes form a report from a collaboration between The American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute called Cancer Treatment and Survivorship Facts and Figures. Even though cancer incidence rates are decreasing in many cases, the number of survivors is growing due to the aging and growth of the population, as well as improved rates in cancer survival. The report argues that survivourship issues are even more important  for healthcare providers. - more about Breast | Prostate cancer.
Polyphenol/antioxidant trial completes recruitment 10 months early
Pomi-T nutritional therapyThe national NCRN badged UK Pomi-T study has now completed the statistical power calculated recruitment target 10 months ahead of schedule.  201 men with early or relapsed prostate cancer have been randomised to placebo or a mix of 4 polypenol/anti-oxidant rich superfoods. The trial  was just been granted further approval from the UK ethics sponsored by Prostate Action and supported by the NCRN..read more about the Pomi-t study

Natural remedies aim to ease some of the burdon of chemotherapy.          

Chapped lips can occurs in up to 60% of people during chemotherapy yet this troublesome symptom is rarely mentioned in information materials. Chemotherapy also damages nails which can lead to pain and infection. Two natural products have been designed with these conditions in mind.

 

naturemedical balmnatureMedical lip remedy has been developed to moisturise and soothe the lips during and after chemotherapy. It containing only natural waxes and oils (bees, shea, cocoa, olive) and rare essential oils selected for their anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties - read lip care guidelines.

 

  

nails

natureMedical nail balm aims to moisturising the nail beds and prevent splitting and defects. This cream uses 100% natural, organic waxes and African Sage which has anti-septic and anti-fungal properties...read nail care guidelines)

Lifestyle after Cancer - the facts

Lifestyle after CancerThe new edition of Lifestyle after Cancer dispells the myths by providing clear evidence based advice, to help readers cope with side effects, speed up recovey and reduce the risk of relapse. You can order  online or send to a friend or family (8.95).

 

A new scheme is also now available to advocacy groups - The publishers are able to supply at cost price to groups who can sell on to members at a discount Contact us about joinng this scheme 

 

Read foreword by Paula Radcliffe Download a free Chapter - Avoiding carcinogens 

Reference sources 

[1]  Fraction of cancers attributed to Lifestyle (2011) Parkin DM BJC  105 52-54

[2]  Exercises reduces relapse (2012) Richman et al  JCO, 71 (11) 3889).

[3]  Lifestyle during and after radiotherapy influences late radiotherapy toxicity. R Thomas et al The NCRI conference www.ncriconference/2011abstracts/abstracts/A112.
[4]   Physical activity for cancer survivors: meta-analysis of randomised Controlled Trials (2102) Fong et al BMJ 344:e70

 

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