oww logo

Winter Scene for banner 2


Ozark Waters 
Volume V, Issue 52
December 26, 2011
In This Issue
Frac Sand Mining: Coming to a location near you soon!
Quote of the Week
Removal and Release of Pollutants by Rain Gardens
Water - Biocriteria and Bioassessment Data
Dust Bowl Looms if US Southwest Drought Plans Fail


Click HERE to Visit Ozarks Water Watch Website to find: 

  • Current Events
  • Newsletter Archives
  • Projects Updates
  • Water Quality Info
  • Maps
  • Links
  • Pictures & Videos
  • News Articles






Want to join a Watershed Group? Click on the site you want to join...



Table Rock Lake Water Quality



James River Basin Partnership

Click HERE


Kings River Watershed

Click HERE


Illinois River Watershed Ptshp



Elk River Watershed



Friends of the North Fork and White River

Click Here  


Save the Illinois River







Click HERE to Receive Our Weekly Newsletter by Email!



Comments or Questions? 

Click HERE to email Ozarks Water Watch



Upcoming Events:


Water Watch Week

June 9-16, 2012

More Information to follow





Frac Sand Mining: Coming to a location near you soon!

by David Casaletto



Last week I attended an environmental meeting at the Missouri Department of Natural Resources headquarters in Jefferson City. The subject of frac sand mining in Missouri was brought up. It seems that the sand found in the St. Peter Sandstone formation in Missouri is just the right size and shape for fracking.  Speculators are now buying up Missouri land containing sandstone formations. The latest 20 acre purchase in Missouri netted the land owner 10 times the normal price per acre. 




frac sand
Frac Sand




Frac sand is the rounded sort of sand grains needed to harvest natural gas from shale. The fracking process uses sand mixed with water and chemicals to blast into the shale rock formations, and the sand particles help hold open fractures in the rock, letting the gas escape. Areas where there are natural gas pockets buried within the shale rock deep under the earth's surface, are seeing a fracking boon. Here in the Midwest, places that have an abundance of easily accessible frac sand are experiencing a rush to mine. 




frac sand mining operation
Frac Sand mining operation




I found an article that stated: "It's a gold rush," said Thomas Dolley, mineral commodity specialist at the US Geological Survey. "Demand for 'frac sand' is jumping through the roof." In 2010, US frac sand production doubled to 13 million tons as drilling activity increased and new mines opened, Mr. Dolley said. Hydraulic fracturing consumed about 40% of U.S. industrial sand output last year, up from 27% in 2009. Annual demand for frac sand has since soared further to about 22 million tons. Each drilling job can swallow up to 10 million pounds of sand." 

Frac Sand Mine entrance-Pacific MO
Pacific MO, old sandstone mine entrance



About a year ago, the Friends of the North Fork and White Rivers posted on their web page information on frac sand mining in Izard County, AR. Some of the issues Friends see with frac sand mining include: 

  • Water - depletion of the aquifer
  • Water - discharge of waste water into creeks
  • Risks to fish and wildlife habitat
  • Possible additional erosion of streambanks from non-normal wastewater discharges and higher stormwater runoffs from cleared lands into creeks
  • Air - dangers of silica dust causing silicosis
  • Truck traffic
  • Tourism and Economic Impacts
  • Risks to workers
  • Reclamation/Restoration after mining
  • Noise and light
  • Property Values
frac sand mining sm   frac sand pit sm
Frac Sand Mining Pits


Wisconsin and Minnesota are already experiencing a boom in frac sand mining, which according to some, is resulting in a brighter economic outlook for some communities. While new jobs and economic gains are good, we must insure that steps are taken to protect the environment. Wisconsin state lawmakers are now working on the first frac sand mining regulations in their state. It might be a good time for Arkansas and Missouri to insure our laws and regulations are adequate to protect our natural resources.





Quote of the Week



Nature knows no indecencies; man invents them.
- Mark Twain's Notebook






Current News Articles




Official Launch March 2012


Water's Worth It 

Water's Worth It is a new messaging campaign from the Water Environment Federation that aims to raise awareness about the value and importance of water, water-related issues, and the water profession. WEF is working to develop the campaign that will officially launch on World Water Day 2012. In the meantime, we encourage you to learn more about this exciting new effort and how you can help WEF be a voice for water.


For more information, Click:  HERE.





Posted December 23, 2011

Author: Walter G. Wright


Section 304 (a) (1) of the Clean Water Act requires the federal Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") to develop and publish, and revise from time to time criteria for water quality accurately reflecting the latest scientific knowledge.  Water quality criteria developed in Section 304 (a) are based solely on data and scientific judgments on relationship between pollutants, concentrations and environmental human health effects.  They do not take into account economic impacts or technological feasibility.  Further, the water quality criteria are used to provide guidance to the states in adopting water quality standards. 


Water quality criteria are not regulations.  As a result, states can on their own initiative develop and/or adopt water quality criteria to protect water quality uses.  Of course, the water quality criteria developed by a state must be scientifically defensible (i.e. protective of the designated uses of the bodies of the water).


The federal EPA has announced in a December 21 Federal Register Notice the availability of a draft document titled Recreational Water Quality Criteria. The federal agency states that the document contains draft ambient water quality criteria recommendations for protecting human health in ambient waters that are designated for primary contact recreation.  This draft document is stated to describe the relevant scientific findings, and explain how these findings are used to derive criteria, and list the water quality methods associated with the criteria.  It apparently differs from the current 1986 document in a number of ways.


A copy of the Federal Register Notice can be downloaded  HERE






A U.S. EPA Partnership Program   




WaterSense, a partnership program by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, seeks to protect the future of our nation's water supply by offering people a simple way to use less water with water-efficient products, new homes, and services.


WaterSense brings together a variety of stakeholders to:

  • Promote the value of water efficiency.
  • Provide consumers with easy ways to save water, as both a label for products and an information resource to help people use water more efficiently.
  • Encourage innovation in manufacturing.
  • Decrease water use and reduce strain on water resources and infrastructure.

The program seeks to help consumers make smart water choices that save money and maintain high environmental standards without compromising performance. Products and services that have earned the WaterSense label have been certified to be at least 20 percent more efficient without sacrificing performance.


If one in every 10 homes in the United States were to install WaterSense labeled faucets or faucet accessories in their bathrooms, it could save 6 billion gallons of water per year, and more than $50 million in the energy costs to supply, heat, and treat that water! Learn more about how you can save water and help WaterSense make a positive impact.


For more information, click HERE.

Contact Info
OZARKS WATER WATCH                          MISSOURI OFFICE                                 ARKANSAS OFFICE

David Casaletto, President                         PO Box 636, 2 Kissee Ave., Ste. C         1200 W. Walnut, Ste. 3405
(417) 739-5001                                             Kimberling City, MO  65686                    Rogers, AR  72756

[email protected]