Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

U.S. Health Panel Likely to Make HIV Tests Routine
Medscape Today (August 20, 2012)
Children with Neurologic Disorders at High Risk of Death from Flu
CDC Press Release (August 29, 2012)

Flu Shot Bill Lacks Penalty for Health Workers
Associated Press (August 29, 2012)

Medical Opt-Out Rates for Vaccines Vary by State
ABC News (August 30, 2012)

HHS Plunks Down $50 Million in Public Health Grants
Government Health IT (August 31, 2012)

High Flu Rates Should Be Wake-Up Call
ABC News (September 3, 2012)

Washington and Oregon Health Programs Struggle to Increase Vaccination Rates for Teens, Oregonian (OR) (September 4, 2012)

EU Advises All Girls Need Cervical Cancer Vaccines
Reuters (September 5, 2012)

Rates of Medical Exemptions for School Immunization Low
Health Day (September 5, 2012)

People With Insurance May No Longer Get Health Department Vaccines
Greenfield Patch (WI) (September 5, 2012)

West Nile Cases Up 25% in Latest Week, Deaths Jump 32%, CDC
Reuters (September 5, 2012)

Novel Swine Flu Virus Claims First Fatality
Medscape Today (September 5, 2012)

Hawaii Ranks High Among States in CDC Study
KHON2 (September 6, 2012)

Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Typhimurium Infections Linked to Hedgehogs
CDC (September 6, 2012)

Childhood Vaccination Rates Remain High, CDC Says
Health Day News (September 6, 2012)

Third Death in Yosemite Hantavirus Outbreak
WebMD (September 7, 2012)

Pediatricians' Group Urges Flu Shot for Kids Aged 6 Months and Up
Health Day News (September 10, 2012)

Minnesota Schools Will Report Chickenpox Cases
MPR News (MN) (September 11, 2012)

Good Results Reported in Norovirus Vaccine Trial
Medscape News Today (September 11, 2012)

West Nile Cases in U.S. Up Nearly a Third in Latest Week: CDC
Reuters (September 12, 2012)

August 2012 Issues of Needle Tips and Vaccinate Adults Available Online
IAC (September 12, 2012)

DTaP's Pertussis Protection Waned After 5 Years
Family Practice News (September 12, 2012)
West Nile Resources
CDC has reported a record number of West Nile virus (WNV) cases in the U.S. this year. Visit CDC's WNV webpage for the latest disease information, surveillance data, and guidance. NACCHO's new WNV resource webpage contains links to local health department (LHD) resources, including model practices, issue briefs, and reports. It also highlights LHD websites that contain WNV content.

Updates and Resources on H3N2v Virus Infection
CDC continues to monitor human cases of influenza A (H3N2) variant (H3N2v) virus. Visit "What's New and Updated" on CDC's seasonal influenza webpage for surveillance, guidance, and other news updates. In response to recent cases of H3N2v virus infection, CDC has provided additional information on measures people can take to prevent infection and illness. In addition, the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians has resources aimed to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings.

Standing Orders for Influenza for Adults, Adolescents, and Children

IAC recently revised information on egg allergy in its  Standing Orders for Administering Influenza Vaccine to Adults and  Standing Orders for Administering Influenza Vaccines to Children and Adolescents. In addition, information on which children need two doses of 2012-13 influenza vaccine was added to the influenza standing orders for children and adolescents.

IAC 2012-13 Guide for Influenza Doses for Children

IAC recently revised its Guides for determining the number of doses of influenza vaccine to give to children ages 6 months through 8 years during the 2012-2013 influenza season, based on information in CDC's influenza recommendations for the 2012-13 influenza season.

Updated Gonorrhea Treatment Guidelines
CDC recently published updated gonorrhea treatment guidelines which no longer recommend an exclusively oral gonorrhea treatment regimen. They now recommend a dual therapy of injectable ceftriaxone in combination with a second antibiotic. Clinicians will need to adhere to the new guidelines, monitor patients for treatment failure, and report suspected treatment failures. State and local health departments should maintain or rebuild the ability to perform culture testing, and partner organizations should continue to be stewards of good health by promoting safer sexual practices. For more information, view the U.S. Cephalosporin-Resistant Gonorrhea Response Plan-developed by CDC to offer guidance to state and local health departments; the Gonorrhea Self Study Module-a Web-based training to guide clinicians; and lead author Dr. Robert Kirkcaldy's podcast.

Information About Vaccine Storage and Handling
The current American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Immunization Initiatives newsletter features a special section on vaccine storage and handling, following a report from the Office of the Inspector General regarding temperature fluctuations found in vaccine storage refrigerators. To view this newsletter, visit the AAP website.

Vaccine Confidence Project
goal of the Vaccine Confidence Project is to improve dialogue and understanding of vaccine concerns to inform immunization policies, programs and ultimately improve public confidence in vaccination. Visit the project's website for more details of the project's activities, published papers and vaccination news stories from across the world. 

CDC Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents

Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents are updated regularly to reflect the most current information available about vaccines, vaccine safety, and vaccine-preventable diseases. CDC recently reviewed and updated (when necessary) the Understanding Vaccines and Vaccine Safety series of fact sheets.  

Advocacy For Vaccines - A Leadership Guide
The National Education Association (NEA) Health Information Network recently published Advocacy for Vaccines: A Leadership Guide or School Nurses and Allied Health Professionals, which is intended to give nurses and allied school health professionals the tools they need to inform, educate, and advocate for adult immunizations within their school communities. School nurses and allied health professionals can serve as role models by making sure their own vaccinations are up to date, and can also advocate for vaccination with their health colleagues, other school employees, volunteers, and students' parents and other family members.

CDC's iPad Application Now Includes Disease of the Week Feature
The CDC recently updated its iPad application, available from the iTunes app store, to include a Disease of the Week feature. This feature includes facts, prevention tips, images, videos, and quizzes. The iPad application also includes CDC health articles, Vital Signs, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), and the Public Health Matters blog.

New NACCHO Immunization and Infectious Disease Policy Statements
NACCHO has issued four new policy statements supporting immunization and infectious disease related topics. The policy statements address relative and current public health issues. The statements are: National Adult Immunization Program; National Adolescent Immunization Program; Preservation of Antimicrobials for Medical Treatment of Animals; and U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and Recommendations for TB Treatment as Prevention. The policy statement titles should all be italicized or all not to be consistent.

CSTE Annual Conference Presentations
Presentations from the 2012 Annual Conference of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) are now available online. Topics include healthcare-associated infection (HAI) prevention and control, infectious diseases, and surveillance. You can now view the presentations.

NACCHO's Health Reform Webpage

NACCHO's health reform webpage contains the latest information about how the Affordable Care Act affects LHDs.

NACCHO Immunization Videos Page

NACCHO has gathered
videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.
Get Involved

CDC Grand Rounds on Infectious Diseases

CDC's next Grand Rounds, Explaining the Unexplained - Infectious Diseases, Pathology, and Public Health, will discuss the history of emerging infectious diseases, highlight the importance of pathology in public health, and review case studies. This live webcast is scheduled for Tuesday, September 18 (1:00-2:00 PM EDT). Free training and continuing education/contact hours are available for watching the broadcast.  


Flu + You Campaign

The National Council on Aging's (NCOA's) Flu + You campaign seeks to educate and empower older adults and their caregivers about the dangers of influenza, the importance of annual vaccination, and available vaccination options. It includes a toolkit and key facts. NCOA also will conduct regional programming for Flu + You in Arizona, Florida, and Pennsylvania to reach older adults and their caregivers. See a list of dates and locations.


"Leading by Example" Influenza Vaccination Initiative

The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) is calling on healthcare professionals and community leaders to lead by example and get vaccinated annually for influenza through its Leading by Example initiative. NFID issued an influenza prevention commitment statement calling on these leaders, as well as individuals, to do their part to make influenza prevention a health priority for all. 


List Your Influenza Vaccine Clinic with HealthMap Vaccine Finder

The public can now find real-time influenza vaccination clinics at local health departments, pharmacies, and other influenza vaccination venues by using the free, online HealthMap Vaccine Finder. Local health departments and other providers in your jurisdiction who want to list their influenza vaccine clinics with HealthMap Vaccine Finder can start the process to sign up using the online form. Once approved as a clinic location, the provider will be responsible for providing up-to-date information on clinics and vaccine doses. Contact the HealthMap team at with questions regarding this program. 

NACCHO's Infectious Disease Prevention and Control (IDPC) Workgroup

The IDPC workgroup is one of several advisory groups at NACCHO comprised of staff from LHDs across the country. The group provides valuable programmatic and policy guidance to NACCHO and has monthly conference calls to discuss a wide range of issues related to infectious diseases. If you would like to submit a topic or issue for discussion on a future IDPC workgroup monthly call, please email 


Call for NACCHO Model Practices Applications   

Since 2003, NACCHO's Model Practices Program has honored and recognized outstanding local public health practices and shared these practices through the Model Practices Database. Share what works by submitting a practice and contribute to the overall improvement of public health through evidence-based practice methods. The submission period is open October 1-31, 2012, and the application can be found here. For more information, contact NACCHO's Model Practices team at  


LHDs and Federal 317 Program Funds

After October 1, 2012, vaccines purchased through CDC's Section 317 immunization program cannot be used to immunize anyone who has insurance coverage. How are you preparing for this deadline? Will you be ready? What challenges are you experiencing? Please send feedback to Rebecca Gehring at 


NACCHO Announces Accreditation Support Funding Opportunity

NACCHO, with support from CDC, is pleased to announce a funding opportunity for public health departments (state, local, territorial, and tribal) and organizations that assist local and tribal health departments (e.g., state health departments and public health institutes) to prepare for or undertake accreditation-related activities.  Application requirements and full details about this opportunity are provided in the request for applications (RFA). This opportunity is available as a second round of funding through the Accreditation Support Initiative. Questions about this initiative may be directed to 


Call for Applicants: Training for New Local Health Officials   

NACCHO will launch the third cohort of Survive and Thrive: Roadmap for New Local Health Officials in fall 2012. Applications are now open for fellow and coach applicants. Individuals may apply as new local health officials, aspiring local health officials, or coaches. Applications will be accepted until October 15, 2012. 


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits

NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide LHDs with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs.




National and State Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years - United States, 2011  

MMWR. 2012 Aug 31; 61(34): 671-77.


National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months - United States, 2011 

MMWR. 2012 Sep 7; 61(35): 689-96.   


Infectious Disease


Cryptosporidiosis Surveillance - United States, 2009-2010: Surveillance Summaries 

MMWR. 2012 Sep 7; 61(SS05): 1-12.  


Taubenberger JK, et al. 2012. Reconstruction of the 1918 influenza virus: unexpected rewards from the past. mBio 3(5):e00201-12. doi:10.1128/mBio.00201-12.  


The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


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