Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

Study: Mandatory Vaccines Lead to Higher Immunization Levels
WLS AM (WA)(May 7, 2012)

Most Adults Clueless About Tdap Vaccine
Medscape (May 8, 2012)

Doctors Recommend More Vaccines for Adults (OR) (May 9, 2012)

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (May 11, 2012)

The Desert (CA) (May 11, 2012)

Whooping Cough Vaccines Help, But Aren't Foolproof
Appleton Post Crescent (WI) (May 12, 2012)

Cutbacks Hurt a State's Response to Whooping Cough 

New York Times (May 13, 2012)  


Urban Hospitals May Act as Breeding Ground for MRSA  

Medscape (May 14, 2012)


Third MMR Dose Well-Tolerated During Mumps Outbreak 

Medscape (May 14, 2012) 


How Medical Practices Doubled Their Flu Vaccination Rates 

Medscape (May 15, 2012) 


Vaccine Requirement for Kids Would be Beefed Up Under Maryland Proposals

Baltimore Sun (May 15, 2012)


Concerned Parents Call Out Irresponsible Media

Shot of Prevention (May 16, 2012)  


Unvaccinated Kids Booted from Pennsylvania Classrooms  

Lebanon Daily News (PA) (May 17, 2012)  


Fewer Girls Completing All Three HPV Shots 

Hartford Courant (CT) (May 17, 2012)   


Tougher Requirements Cut Rate Of Immunization Exemption 

KGMI (WA) (May 18, 2012)  


VIDEO: Whooping Cough Outbreak in Wisconsin a Reminder for Vaccinations (WI) (May 18, 2012)  


Whooping Cough Spreads in Johnson County

The Kansas City Star (May 20, 2012)    


Kids Skipping Shots Increases Threat of Dangerous Outbreak

Arizona Daily Star (May 20, 2012)  


State Allows Pharmacies to Offer More Vaccines

The Boston Globe (May 21, 2012)  



Recommendations to Increase Pneumococcal Vaccination  

The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) released a series of task force reports in April 2012 addressing the importance of pneumococcal vaccination for adults with certain medical conditions, current disparities in vaccination rates (African-Americans and Hispanics in particular have lower pneumococcal vaccination rates than other groups, for example), and recommendations for immunization providers such as local health departments (LHDs).


May is Hepatitis Awareness Month

During the month of May, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Division of Viral Hepatitis (DVH) will be observing Hepatitis Awareness MonthButtons, badges, and banners are ready to download and use on emails and websites. Other resources include a hepatitis risk assessment, a hepatitis B poster, free testing fact sheets, and a downloadable materials inventory.


Epidemiology and Philosophy Web Site
Epidemiology and philosophy have traditionally been considered separate academic disciplines, but a new web site, "Philosepi" (Philosophy of Epidemiology), aims to demonstrate the links between the two. One recent post discusses the philosophical concept of "causal fallacy" and how it applies to an article in Pediatrics. 

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and Partners Release the National Preparedness Report (NPR)
The report and accompanying fact sheet identifies significant progress the nation has made in areas of prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. You can contribute ideas to improve emergency preparedness, disaster response and recovery, and other emergency management areas here.    


Six New Vaccine Information Statements (VISs) in Karen for Burmese and Thai Populations 

The Immunization Action Coalition (IAC) recently posted the VISs for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, meningococcal, polio, and Tdap/Td vaccines in Karen (spoken in Burma and Thailand). IAC thanks the Minnesota Department of Health for the translations.  


Standing Orders for Administering Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Tdap/Td Vaccines to Adults Updated

IAC recently updated the Standing Orders for Administering HPV Vaccine to Adults and Standing Orders for Administering Tdap/Td to Adults (formerly titled Standing Orders for Administering Td/Tdap to Adults). The revisions reflect changes CDC recently made to its vaccine recommendations.  


Tips for Locating Old Immunization Records   

This patient fact sheet from IAC contains often-requested information on ways to find immunization records. This new resource is full of practical information patients can use to help them locate their or their child's vaccination records.  


Measles & Rubella Initiative Releases Strategic Plan for 2012-2020

The Measles & Rubella Initiative released the Global Measles and Rubella Strategic Plan: 2012-2020 to reduce deaths from measles and rubella.    


CDC's Guide to Writing for Social Media

This guide provides guidance and shares CDC's lessons learned in over three years of creating social media messages for health communication campaigns, activities, and emergency response efforts.    


CDC's Video on Vaccine Storage and Handling

The Vaccine Storage and Handling page has been updated with a video on proper storage and handling of vaccines from the 2012 Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases course series.


NACCHO Immunization Videos Page
NACCHO has gathered
videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.


Get Involved
Hepatitis C Feedback and Funding Opportunity
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
is soliciting feedback on its draft recommendation that everyone born between 1945-1965 ("baby boomers") get tested for hepatitis C. One out of every 30 individuals in this age group have the disease. Comments will be accepted until June 8. Further details about the proposed recommendations and submission instructions are available at under Docket No. CDC-2012-0005.

CDC also posted a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) named the Prevention Public Health Fund 2012: Viral Hepatitis, Early Identification, and Linkage to Care for Persons with Chronic Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) Infections (No. CDC-RFA-PS12-1209PPHF12). Ten awards of $100,000-$300,000 will be available under Category A - Early Identification and Linkage to Care for Foreign-Born Persons with Hepatitis B to support implementation of viral hepatitis testing initiatives. Eligibility for Category A is limited to applicants in areas with the highest number of foreign-born persons from Asia and Africa (please see the FOA for the full list of eligible geographic areas/cities). The deadline for the letter of intent is June 8, 2012, and the application is due by 5:00 PM EDT, July 2, 2012.  

Get Smart About Antibiotics Webinar
The National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) is hosting a webinar on June 4, 2012 (10:00-11:00 AM EDT) titled Combating Antibiotic Resistance through the Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work Program. Learn about Get Smart About Antibiotic Week (Nov. 22-28, 2012) and how your local health department (LHD) can participate. Registration is not required; participants may access the webinar using the online link and dialing the following number: 1 (877) 952-3618; Participant code: 596890. For additional information, contact Candice Swartwood at

American Public Health Association's (APHA's) Power of Policy Webinar
APHA is hosting a webinar titled Strategies for Working with Local Community Coalitions: A Framework for Local Health Departments and Community Collaboration. The webinar will describe tools and strategies that LHDs can use to effectively work with community coalitions. It will be held June 5, 2012, 2:00-3:00 PM EDT. Please register here.

CDC's Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH) Wants Your Input on 2013 FOA

DASH is interested in receiving input from agencies, organizations, and community partners to inform the development of the DASH grant, which funds state and local education departments to administer STD and HIV prevention programs. The funding opportunity is currently under development for the next funding cycle to begin August 1, 2013. Comments can be e-mailed to through August 1, 2012.   


CDC's Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases 2012 Course Now in Web-On-Demand Format

The Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases 2012 course is now available as an 11-module web-on-demand series. This course contains the latest vaccine recommendations and additional immunization information. Each module lasts 70-90 minutes and includes case studies and answers to frequently asked questions. Continuing education credits may be available.


Bridging Local and State Cancer Control Efforts through Evidence Webinar

A recent study in Lancet Oncology reported that infection-related cancers, such as those resulting from hepatitis B and C, human papillomavirus, and Helicobacter pylori, cause approximately 2 million cancer cases annually. The National Cancer Institute will host a Research to Reality (R2R) cyber-seminar on June 12, 2012 (2:00-3:00 PM EDT) on how LHDs have implemented state cancer plans through comprehensive cancer control coalitions. Registration is available here. E-mail for additional information. 


Submit Comments to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services' (HHS') National Action Plan to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs)   

HHS is seeking comments on three draft chapters released in April 2012 for the HAI Action Plan. These chapters address ambulatory surgical centers, end-stage renal disease facilities, and influenza vaccination of healthcare personnel (HCP).  


These issues can affect communicable disease prevention and control efforts at LHDs. For example, LHDs have been involved in responding to healthcare-associated hepatitis B and C outbreaks in outpatient settings, such as ambulatory care centers. LHDs have also supported policies and implemented activities to improve influenza vaccination rates among HCP. For more information about HAIs, visit CDC's and NACCHO's websites.  


NACCHO is compiling comments on behalf of LHDs. Submit your comments to by June 15.  

Apply for the Roadmaps to Health Prize 

The Roadmaps to Health Prize is a place-based prize that will honor whole communities (rather than individuals or individual organizations). All U.S. communities are eligible to apply. For the purposes of the prize, "communities" are defined as towns, cities, counties, regions (such as contiguous towns, cities, or counties), tribes, and tribal communities. Up to six winners will each receive a $25,000 cash award and their success stories will be celebrated and shared broadly with the goal of raising awareness and inspiring locally-driven change across the country. Notices of intent to apply are due May 31, 2012, and completed applications are due June 7, 2012. Find the application here.        


Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Meeting: June 20-21, 2012

The next ACIP meeting will be held June 20-21, 2012, in Atlanta, Georgia. Please visit the ACIP meeting web page for archived presentation slides, meeting minutes, and additional information.     


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits

NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide LHDs with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs.




Middle School Vaccination Requirements and Adolescent Vaccination Coverage 

Bugenske E, Stokley S, Kennedy A, Dorell C. Pediatrics. 2012 May 7. 


Safety, Immunogenicity, and Tolerability of Meningococcal Serogroup B Bivalent Recombinant Lipoprotein 2086 Vaccine in Healthy Adolescents: A Randomised, Single-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2 Trial
Richmond PC, Marshall HS, Nissen MD, Jiang Q, Jansen KR, Garces-Sanchez M, Martinon-Torres F, Beesler J, Szenborn L, Wysocki J, Eiden J, Harris SL, Jones TR, Perez JL. Lancet Infect Dis. 2012 May 7.  


Infectious Disease   


A Point-Source Norovirus Outbreak Caused by Exposure to Fomites 

Repp KK, Keene WE. J Infect Dis. 2012; 205(11):1639-41. 


 MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 May 18, 2012; 61(19):358-358 


Imported Human Rabies in a U.S. Army Soldier - New York, 2011 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 May 4; 61(17):302-305


Investigation of Viral Hepatitis Infections Possibly Associated with Health-Care Delivery - New York City, 2008-2011 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 May 18; 61(19):333-338 


Multiple Outbreaks of Hepatitis B Virus Infection Related to Assisted Monitoring of Blood Glucose Among Residents of Assisted Living Facilities - Virginia, 2009-2011 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 May 18; 61(19);339-343 

The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


For additional information about NACCHO, visit